2. Chabbisodhanasuttavaººan±

98. Eva½ me sutanti chabbisodhanasutta½. Tattha kh²º± j±t²ti-±d²su eken±pi padena aññ± by±kat±va hoti, dv²hipi. Idha pana cat³hi padehi aññaby±karaºa½ ±gata½. Diµµhe diµµhav±dit±ti-±d²su y±ya cetan±ya diµµhe diµµha½ meti vadati, s± diµµhe diµµhav±dit± n±ma. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Ayamanudhammoti aya½ sabh±vo. Abhinanditabbanti na kevala½ abhinanditabba½, parinibbutassa panassa sabbopi kh²º±savassa sakk±ro k±tabbo. Uttari½ pañhoti sace panassa veyy±karaºena asantuµµh± hotha, uttarimpi aya½ pañho pucchitabboti dasseti. Ito paresupi t²su v±resu ayameva nayo.
99. Abalanti dubbala½. Vir±gunanti vigacchanasabh±va½. Anass±sikanti ass±savirahita½. Up±y³p±d±n±ti taºh±diµµh²nameta½ adhivacana½. Taºh±diµµhiyo hi tebh³makadhamme upent²ti up±y±, up±diyant²ti up±d±n±. Cetaso adiµµh±n±bhinives±nusay±tipi t±sa½yeva n±ma½. Cittañhi taºh±diµµh²hi sakk±yadhammesu tiµµhati adhitiµµhat²ti taºh±diµµhiyo cetaso adhiµµh±n±, t±hi ta½ abhinivisat²ti abhinives±, t±hiyeva ta½ anuset²ti anusay±ti vuccanti. Khay± vir±g±ti-±d²su khayena vir±gen±ti attho. Sabb±ni cet±ni aññamaññavevacan±neva.
100. Pathav²dh±t³ti patiµµh±nadh±tu. ¾podh±t³ti ±bandhanadh±tu. Tejodh±t³ti parip±canadh±tu. V±yodh±t³ti vitthambhanadh±tu. ¾k±sadh±t³ti asamphuµµhadh±tu. Viññ±ºadh±t³ti vij±nanadh±tu. Na anattato upagacchinti aha½ att±ti attakoµµh±sena na upagami½. Na ca pathav²dh±tunissitanti pathav²dh±tunissit± sesadh±tuyo ca up±d±r³pañca ar³pakkhandh± ca. Tepi hi nissitavatthur³p±na½ pathav²dh±tunissitatt± ekena pariy±yena pathav²dh±tunissit±va. Tasm± “na ca pathav²dh±tunissitan”ti vadanto sesar³p±r³padhammepi attato na upagacchinti vadati. ¾k±sadh±tunissitapade pana avinibbhogavasena sabbampi bh³tup±d±r³pa½ ±k±sadh±tunissita½ n±ma tath± ta½nissitar³pavatthuk± ar³pakkhandh±. Eva½ idh±pi r³p±r³pa½ gahitameva hoti. Viññ±ºadh±tunissitapade pana sahaj±t± tayo khandh± cittasamuµµh±nar³pañca viññ±ºadh±tunissitanti r³p±r³pa½ gahitameva hoti.
101. R³pe cakkhuviññ±ºe cakkhuviññ±ºaviññ±tabbesu dhammes³ti ettha ya½ at²te cakkhudv±rassa ±p±tha½ ±gantv± niruddha½, yañca an±gate ±p±tha½ ±gantv± nirujjhissati, yampi etarahi ±gantv± niruddha½, ta½ sabba½ r³pa½ n±ma. Ya½ pana at²tepi ±p±tha½ an±gantv± niruddha½, an±gatepi an±gantv± nirujjhissati, etarahipi an±gantv± niruddha½, ta½ cakkhuviññ±ºaviññ±tabbadhammesu saªgahitanti vutte tipiµakac³¼±bhayatthero ±ha– “imasmi½ µh±ne dvidh± karotha, upari chandov±re kinti karissatha, nayida½ labbhat²”ti. Tasm± t²su k±lesu ±p±tha½ ±gata½ v± an±gata½ v± sabbampi ta½ r³pameva, cakkhuviññ±ºasampayutt± pana tayo khandh± cakkhuviññ±ºaviññ±tabbadhamm±ti veditabb±. Ayañhettha attho “cakkhuviññ±ºena saddhi½ viññ±tabbesu dhammes³”ti. Chandoti taºh±chando. R±goti sveva rajjanavasena r±go. Nand²ti sveva abhinandanavasena nand². Taºh±ti sveva taºh±yanavasena taºh±. Sesadv±resupi eseva nayo.
102. Ahaªk±ramamaªk±ram±n±nusay±ti ettha ahaªk±ro m±no, mamaªk±ro taºh±, sveva m±n±nusayo. ¾sav±na½ khayañ±º±y±ti ida½ pubbeniv±sa½ dibbacakkhuñca avatv± kasm± vutta½? Bhikkh³ lokiyadhamma½ na pucchanti, lokuttarameva pucchanti, tasm± pucchitapañha½yeva kathento evam±ha. Ekavissajjitasutta½ n±meta½, chabbisodhanantipissa n±ma½. Ettha hi catt±ro voh±r± pañca khandh± cha dh±tuyo cha ajjhattikab±hir±ni ±yatan±ni attano saviññ±ºakak±yo paresa½ saviññ±ºakak±yoti ime cha koµµh±s± visuddh±, tasm± “chabbisodhaniyan”ti vutta½. Parasamuddav±sitther± pana attano ca parassa ca viññ±ºakak±ya½ ekameva katv± cat³hi ±h±rehi saddhinti cha koµµh±se vadanti.
Ime pana cha koµµh±s± “ki½ te adhigata½, kinti te adhigata½, kad± te adhigata½, kattha te adhigata½, katame te kiles± pah²n±, katamesa½ tva½ dhamm±na½ l±bh²”ti (p±r±. 198) eva½ vinayaniddesapariy±yena sodhetabb±.
Ettha hi ki½ te adhigatanti adhigamapucch±, jh±navimokkh±d²su sot±pattimagg±d²su v± ki½ tay± adhigata½. Kinti te adhigatanti up±yapucch±. Ayañhi etth±dhipp±yo– ki½ tay± aniccalakkhaºa½ dhura½ katv± adhigata½, dukkh±nattalakkhaºesu aññatara½ v±, ki½ v± sam±dhivasena abhinivisitv± ud±hu vipassan±vasena, tath± ki½ r³pe abhinivisitv±, ud±hu ar³pe, ki½ v± ajjhatta½ abhinivisitv±, ud±hu bahiddh±ti. Kad± te adhigatanti k±lapucch±, pubbaºhamajjhanhik±d²su katarasmi½ k±leti vutta½ hoti.
Kattha te adhigatanti ok±sapucch±, kismi½ ok±se, ki½ rattiµµh±ne div±µµh±ne rukkham³le maº¹ape katarasmi½ v± vih±reti vutta½ hoti. Katame te kiles± pah²n±ti pah²nakilese pucchati, kataramaggavajjh± tava kiles± pah²n±ti vutta½ hoti.
Katamesa½ tva½ dhamm±na½ l±bh²ti paµiladdhadhammapucch±, paµhamamagg±d²su katamesa½ tva½ dhamm±na½ l±bh²ti vutta½ hoti.
Tasm± id±ni cepi koci bhikkhu uttarimanussadhamm±dhigama½ by±kareyya, na so ett±vat±va sakk±tabbo. Imesu pana chasu µh±nesu sodhanattha½ vattabbo “ki½ te adhigata½, ki½ jh±na½ ud±hu vimokkh±d²su aññataran”ti? Yo hi yena adhigato dhammo, so tassa p±kaµo hoti. Sace “ida½ n±ma me adhigatan”ti vadati, tato “kinti te adhigatan”ti pucchitabbo. Aniccalakkhaº±d²su ki½ dhura½ katv±, aµµhati½s±ya v± ±rammaºesu r³p±r³pa-ajjhattabahiddh±dibhedesu v± dhammesu kena mukhena abhinivisitv±ti? Yo hi yass±bhiniveso, so tassa p±kaµo hoti.
Sace pana “aya½ n±ma me abhiniveso, eva½ may± adhigatan”ti vadati, tato “kad± te adhigatan”ti pucchitabbo, “ki½ pubbaºhe, ud±hu majjhanhik±d²su aññatarasmi½ k±le”ti Sabbesañhi attan± adhigatak±lo p±kaµo hoti. Sace “amukasmi½ n±ma me k±le adhigatan”ti vadati, tato “kattha te adhigatan”ti pucchitabbo, “ki½ div±µµh±ne, ud±hu rattiµµh±n±d²su aññatarasmi½ ok±se”ti? Sabbesañhi attan± adhigatok±so p±kaµo hoti. Sace “amukasmi½ n±ma me ok±se adhigatan”ti vadati, tato “katame te kiles± pah²n±”ti pucchitabbo, “ki½ paµhamamaggavajjh±, ud±hu dutiy±dimaggavajjh±”ti? Sabbesañhi attan± adhigatamaggena pah²nakiles± p±kaµ± honti.
Sace “ime n±ma me kiles± pah²n±”ti vadati, tato “katamesa½ tva½ dhamm±na½ l±bh²”ti pucchitabbo, “ki½ sot±pattimaggassa, ud±hu sakad±g±mimagg±d²su aññatarass±”ti? Sabbesañhi attan± adhigatadhammo p±kaµo hoti. Sace “imesa½ n±m±ha½ dhamm±na½ l±bh²”ti vadati, ett±vat±pissa vacana½ na saddh±tabba½. Bahussut± hi uggahaparipucch±kusal± bhikkh³ im±ni cha µh±n±ni sodhetu½ sakkonti. Imassa bhikkhuno ±gamanapaµipad± sodhetabb±, yadi ±gamanapaµipad± na sujjhati, “im±ya paµipad±ya lokuttaradhamm± n±ma na labbhant²”ti apanetabbo.
Yadi panassa ±gamanapaµipad± sujjhati, “d²gharatta½ t²su sikkh±su appamatto j±gariyamanuyutto cat³su paccayesu alaggo ±k±se p±ºisamena cetas± viharat²”ti paññ±yati, tassa bhikkhuno by±karaºa½ paµipad±ya saddhi½ sa½sandati sameti. “Seyyath±pi n±ma gaªgodaka½ yamunodakena saddhi½ sa½sandati sameti, evameva supaññatt± tena bhagavat± s±vak±na½ nibb±nag±min² paµipad± sa½sandati sameti nibb±nañca paµipad± c±”ti (d². ni. 2.296) vuttasadisa½ hoti.
Apica kho ettaken±pi sakk±ro na k±tabbo. Kasm±? Ekaccassa hi puthujjanass±pi sato kh²º±savapaµipattisadis± paµipad± hoti. Tasm± so bhikkhu tehi tehi up±yehi utt±setabbo. Kh²º±savassa n±ma asaniy±pi matthake patam±n±ya bhaya½ v± chambhitatta½ v± lomaha½so v± na hoti, puthujjanassa appamattaken±pi hoti.
Tatrim±ni vatth³ni– d²ghabh±ºaka-abhayatthero kira eka½ piº¹ap±tika½ pariggahetu½ asakkonto daharassa sañña½ ad±si. So ta½ nh±yam±na½ kaly±º²nad²mukhadv±re nimujjitv± p±de aggahesi. Piº¹ap±tiko kumbh²loti saññ±ya mah±saddamak±si, tad± na½ puthujjanoti sañj±ni½su. Candamukhatissar±jak±le pana mah±vih±re saªghatthero kh²º±savo dubbalacakkhuko vih±reyeva acchi. R±j± thera½ pariggaºhiss±m²ti bhikkh³su bhikkh±c±ra½ gatesu appasaddo upasaªkamitv± sappo viya p±de aggahesi. Thero sil±thambho viya niccalo hutv± ko etth±ti ±ha Aha½, bhante, tissoti. Sugandha½ v±yasi no tiss±ti? Eva½ kh²º±savassa bhaya½ n±ma natth²ti.
Ekacco pana puthujjanopi atis³ro hoti nibbhayo. So rañjan²yena ±rammaºena pariggaºhitabbo. Vasabhar±j±pi hi eka½ thera½ pariggaºham±no ghare nis²d±petv± tassa santike badaras±¼ava½ maddam±no nis²di. Mah±therassa khe¼o cali, tato therassa puthujjanabh±vo ±vibh³to. Kh²º±savassa hi rasataºh± n±ma suppah²n±, dibbesupi rasesu nikanti n±ma na hoti. Tasm± imehi up±yehi pariggahetv± sacassa bhaya½ v± chambhitatta½ v± lomaha½so v± rasataºh± v± uppajjati, na tva½ arah±ti apanetabbo. Sace pana abh²r³ acchambh² anutr±s² hutv± s²ho viya nis²dati, dibb±rammaºepi nikanti½ na janeti. Aya½ bhikkhu sampannaveyy±karaºo samant± r±jar±jamah±matt±d²hi pesita½ sakk±ra½ arahat²ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Chabbisodhanasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.