2. Anupadavaggo

1. Anupadasuttavaŗŗan±

93. Eva½ me sutanti anupadasutta½. Tattha etadavoc±ti eta½ (paµi. ma. 3.4) “paŗ¹ito”ti-±din± nayena dhammasen±patis±riputtattherassa guŗakatha½ avoca. Kasm±? Avasesattheresu hi mah±moggall±nattherassa iddhim±ti guŗo p±kaµo, mah±kassapassa dhutav±doti, anuruddhattherassa dibbacakkhukoti, up±littherassa vinayadharoti, revatattherassa jh±y² jh±n±bhiratoti, ±nandattherassa bahussutoti. Eva½ tesa½ tesa½ ther±na½ te te guŗ± p±kaµ±, s±riputtattherassa pana ap±kaµ±. Kasm±? Pańńavato hi guŗ± na sakk± akathit± j±nitu½. Iti bhagav± “s±riputtassa guŗe kathess±m²”ti sabh±gaparis±ya sannip±ta½ ±gamesi. Visabh±gapuggal±nańhi santike vaŗŗa½ kathetu½ na vaµµati, te vaŗŗe kathiyam±ne avaŗŗameva kathenti. Imasmi½ pana divase therassa sabh±gaparis± sannipati, tass± sannipatitabh±va½ disv± satth± vaŗŗa½ kathento ima½ desana½ ±rabhi.
Tattha paŗ¹itoti dh±tukusalat± ±yatanakusalat± paµiccasamupp±dakusalat± µh±n±µµh±nakusalat±ti imehi cat³hi k±raŗehi paŗ¹ito. Mah±pańńoti-±d²su mah±pańń±d²hi samann±gatoti attho.
Tatrida½ mah±pańń±d²na½ n±natta½– tattha katam± mah±pańń±? Mahante s²lakkhandhe pariggaŗh±t²ti mah±pańń±, mahante sam±dhikkhandhe, pańń±kkhandhe, vimuttikkhandhe, vimuttiń±ŗadassanakkhandhe pariggaŗh±t²ti mah±pańń±, mahant±ni µh±n±µµh±n±ni, mahant± vih±rasam±pattiyo mahant±ni ariyasacc±ni, mahante satipaµµh±ne, sammappadh±ne, iddhip±de, mahant±ni indriy±ni, bal±ni, bojjhaŖg±ni, mahante ariyamagge, mahant±ni s±mańńaphal±ni, mahant± abhińń±yo, mahanta½ paramattha½ nibb±na½ pariggaŗh±t²ti mah±pańń±.
Katam± puthupańń±, puthu n±n±khandhesu ń±ŗa½ pavattat²ti puthupańń±. Puthu n±n±dh±t³su, puthu n±n±-±yatanesu, puthu n±n±-atthesu, puthu n±n±paµiccasamupp±desu, puthu n±n±suńńatamanupalabbhesu, puthu n±n±-atthesu, dhammesu, nirutt²su, paµibh±nesu, puthu n±n±s²lakkhandhesu, puthu n±n±sam±dhi-pańń±-vimutti-vimuttiń±ŗadassanakkhandhesu, puthu n±n±µh±n±µµh±nesu, puthu n±n±vih±rasam±patt²su, puthu n±n±-ariyasaccesu, puthu n±n±satipaµµh±nesu, sammappadh±nesu, iddhip±desu, indriyesu, balesu, bojjhaŖgesu, puthu n±n±-ariyamaggesu, s±mańńaphalesu, abhińń±su, puthu n±n±janas±dh±raŗe dhamme samatikkamma paramatthe nibb±ne ń±ŗa½ pavattat²ti puthupańń±.
Katam± h±sapańń±, idhekacco h±sabahulo vedabahulo tuµµhibahulo p±mojjabahulo s²la½ parip³reti, indriyasa½vara½ parip³reti, bhojane mattańńuta½, j±gariy±nuyoga½, s²lakkhandha½, sam±dhikkhandha½, pańń±kkhandha½, vimuttikkhandha½, vimuttiń±ŗadassanakkhandha½ parip³ret²ti h±sapańń±. H±sabahulo p±mojjabahulo µh±n±µµh±na½ paµivijjhati, h±sabahulo vih±rasam±pattiyo parip³ret²ti h±sapańń±, h±sabahulo ariyasacc±ni paµivijjhati. Satipaµµh±ne, sammappadh±ne, iddhip±de, indriy±ni, bal±ni, bojjhaŖg±ni, ariyamagga½ bh±vet²ti h±sapańń±, h±sabahulo s±mańńaphal±ni sacchikaroti, abhińń±yo paµivijjhat²ti h±sapańń±, h±sabahulo vedatuµµhip±mojjabahulo paramattha½ nibb±na½ sacchikarot²ti h±sapańń±.
Katam± javanapańń±, ya½kińci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½…pe… ya½ d³re santike v±, sabba½ r³pa½ aniccato khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±. Dukkhato khippa½… anattato khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±. Y± k±ci vedan±…pe… ya½kińci vińń±ŗa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½…pe… sabba½ vińń±ŗa½ aniccato dukkhato anattato khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±. Cakkhu…pe… jar±maraŗa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ aniccato dukkhato anattato khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±. R³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ khayaµµhena, dukkha½ bhayaµµhena, anatt± as±rakaµµhen±ti tulayitv± t²rayitv± vibh±vayitv± vibh³ta½ katv± r³panirodhe nibb±ne khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±. Vedan±, sańń±, saŖkh±r±, vińń±ŗa½ cakkhu…pe… jar±maraŗa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ khayaµµhena…pe… vibh³ta½ katv± jar±maraŗanirodhe nibb±ne khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±. R³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½…pe… vińń±ŗa½. Cakkhu…pe… jar±maraŗa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ anicca½ saŖkhata½ paµiccasamuppanna½ khayadhamma½ vayadhamma½ vir±gadhamma½ nirodhadhammanti tulayitv± t²rayitv± vibh±vayitv± vibh³ta½ katv± jar±maraŗanirodhe nibb±ne khippa½ javat²ti javanapańń±.
Katam± tikkhapańń±, khippa½ kilese chindat²ti tikkhapańń±. Uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±seti, uppanna½ by±p±davitakka½, uppanna½ vihi½s±vitakka½, uppannuppanne p±pake akusale dhamme, uppanna½ r±ga½, dosa½, moha½, kodha½, upan±ha½, makkha½, pa¼±sa½, issa½, macchariya½, m±ya½, s±µheyya½, thambha½, s±rambha½, m±na½, atim±na½, mada½, pam±da½, sabbe kilese, sabbe duccarite, sabbe abhisaŖkh±re, sabbe bhavag±mikamme n±dhiv±seti pajahati vinodeti byant²karoti anabh±va½ gamet²ti tikkhapańń±. Ekasmi½ ±sane catt±ro ariyamagg±, catt±ri s±mańńaphal±ni, catasso paµisambhid±yo, cha ca abhińń±yo adhigat± honti sacchikat± passit± pańń±y±ti tikkhapańń±.
Katam± nibbedhikapańń±, idhekacco sabbasaŖkh±resu ubbegabahulo hoti utt±sabahulo ukkaŗµhanabahulo aratibahulo anabhiratibahulo bahimukho na ramati sabbasaŖkh±resu, anibbiddhapubba½ appad±litapubba½ lobhakkhandha½ nibbijjhati pad±let²ti nibbedhikapańń±. Anibbiddhapubba½ appad±litapubba½ dosakkhandha½, mohakkhandha½, kodha½, upan±ha½…pe… sabbe bhavag±mikamme nibbijjhati pad±let²ti nibbedhikapańń±.
Anupadadhammavipassananti sam±pattivasena v± jh±naŖgavasena v± anupaµip±µiy± dhammavipassana½ vipassati, eva½ vipassanto addham±sena arahatta½ patto. Mah±moggall±natthero pana sattahi divasehi. Eva½ santepi s±riputtatthero mah±pańńavantataro. Mah±moggall±natthero hi s±vak±na½ sammasanac±ra½ yaµµhikoµiy± upp²¼ento viya ekadesameva sammasanto satta divase v±yamitv± arahatta½ patto. S±riputtatthero µhapetv± buddh±na½ paccekabuddh±nańca sammasanac±ra½ s±vak±na½ sammasanac±ra½ nippadesa½ sammasi. Eva½ sammasanto addham±sa½ v±yami. Arahattańca kira patv± ańń±si– “µhapetv± buddhe ca paccekabuddhe ca ańńo s±vako n±ma pańń±ya may± pattabba½ pattu½ samattho n±ma na bhavissat²”ti. Yath± hi puriso ve¼uyaµµhi½ gaŗhiss±m²ti mah±jaµa½ ve¼u½ disv± jaµa½ chindantassa papańco bhavissat²ti antarena hattha½ pavesetv± sampattameva yaµµhi½ m³le ca agge ca chinditv± ±d±ya pakkameyya, so kińc±pi paµhamatara½ gacchati, yaµµhi½ pana s±ra½ v± uju½ v± na labhati. Aparo ca tath±r³pameva veŗu½ disv± “sace sampatta½ yaµµhi½ gaŗhiss±mi, s±ra½ v± uju½ v± na labhiss±m²”ti kaccha½ bandhitv± mahantena satthena veŗujaµa½ chinditv± s±r± ceva uj³ ca yaµµhiyo uccinitv± ±d±ya pakkameyya. Aya½ kińc±pi pacch± gacchati, yaµµhiyo pana s±r± ceva uj³ ca labhati. Eva½sampadamida½ veditabba½ imesa½ dvinna½ ther±na½ padh±na½.
Eva½ pana addham±sa½ v±yamitv± dhammasen±pati s±riputtatthero s³karakhataleŗadv±re bh±gineyyassa d²ghanakhaparibb±jakassa vedan±pariggahasuttante desiyam±ne dasabala½ b²jayam±no µhito desan±nus±rena ń±ŗa½ pesetv± pabbajitadivasato pannarasame divase s±vakap±ramiń±ŗassa matthaka½ patv± sattasaµµhi ń±ŗ±ni paµivijjhitv± so¼asavidha½ pańńa½ anuppatto.
Tatrida½, bhikkhave, s±riputtassa anupadadhammavipassan±y±ti y± anupadadhammavipassana½ vipassat²ti anupadadhammavipassan± vutt±, tatra anupadadhammavipassan±ya s±riputtassa ida½ hoti. Id±ni vattabba½ ta½ ta½ vipassan±koµµh±sa½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½.
94. Paµhame jh±neti ye paµhame jh±ne antosam±pattiya½ dhamm±. Ty±ss±ti te assa. Anupadavavatthit± hont²ti anupaµip±µiy± vavatthit± paricchinn± ń±t± vidit± honti. Katha½? Thero hi te dhamme olokento abhiniropanalakkhaŗo vitakko vattat²ti j±n±ti. Tath± anumajjanalakkhaŗo vic±ro, pharaŗalakkhaŗ± p²ti, s±talakkhaŗa½ sukha½, avikkhepalakkhaŗ± cittekaggat±, phusanalakkhaŗo phasso vedayitalakkhaŗ± vedan±, sańj±nanalakkhaŗ± sańń±, cetayitalakkhaŗ± cetan±, vij±nanalakkhaŗa½ vińń±ŗa½, kattukamyat±lakkhaŗo chando, adhimokkhalakkhaŗo adhimokkho, pagg±halakkhaŗa½ v²riya½ upaµµh±nalakkhaŗ± sati, majjhattalakkhaŗ± upekkh±, anunayamanasik±ralakkhaŗo manasik±ro vattat²ti j±n±ti. Eva½ j±na½ abhiniropanaµµhena vitakka½ sabh±vato vavatthapeti…pe… anunayamanasik±raŗaµµhena manasik±ra½ sabh±vabh±vato vavatthapeti. Tena vutta½ “ty±ssa dhamm± anupadavavatthit± hont²”ti.
Vidit± uppajjant²ti uppajjam±n± vidit± p±kaµ±va hutv± uppajjanti. Vidit± upaµµhahant²ti tiµµham±n±pi vidit± p±kaµ±va hutv± tiµµhanti. Vidit± abbhattha½ gacchant²ti nirujjham±n±pi vidit± p±kaµ±va hutv± nirujjhanti. Ettha pana ta½ń±ŗat± ceva ń±ŗabahut± ca mocetabb±. Yath± hi teneva aŖgulaggena ta½ aŖgulagga½ na sakk± phusitu½, evameva teneva cittena tassa cittassa upp±do v± µhiti v± bhaŖgo v± na sakk± j±nitunti. Eva½ t±va ta½ń±ŗat± mocetabb±. Yadi pana dve citt±ni ekato uppajjeyyu½, ekena cittena ekassa upp±do v± µhiti v± bhaŖgo v± sakk± bhaveyya j±nitu½. Dve pana phass± v± vedan± v± sańń± v± cetan± v± citt±ni v± ekato uppajjanak±ni n±ma natthi, ekekameva uppajjati. Eva½ ń±ŗabahut± mocetabb±. Eva½ sante katha½? Mah±therassa antosam±pattiya½ so¼asa dhamm± vidit± p±kaµ± hont²ti. Vatth±rammaŗ±na½ pariggahitat±ya. Therena hi vatthu ceva ±rammaŗańca pariggahita½, tenassa tesa½ dhamm±na½ upp±da½ ±vajjantassa upp±do p±kaµo hoti, µh±na½ ±vajjantassa µh±na½ p±kaµa½ hoti, bheda½ ±vajjantassa bhedo p±kaµo hoti. Tena vutta½ “vidit± uppajjanti vidit± upaµµhahanti vidit± abbhattha½ gacchant²”ti. Ahutv± sambhont²ti imin± udaya½ passati. Hutv± paµivent²ti imin± vaya½ passati.
Anup±yoti r±gavasena anupagamano hutv±. Anap±yoti paµighavasena anapagato. Anissitoti taŗh±diµµhinissayehi anissito. Appaµibaddhoti chandar±gena abaddho. Vippamuttoti k±mar±gato vippamutto. Visa½yuttoti cat³hi yogehi sabbakilesehi v± visa½yutto. Vimariy±d²katen±ti nimmariy±d²katena. Cetas±ti eva½vidhena cittena viharati.
Tattha dve mariy±d± kilesamariy±d± ca ±rammaŗamariy±d± ca. Sace hissa antosam±pattiya½ pavatte so¼asa dhamme ±rabbha r±g±dayo uppajjeyyu½, kilesamariy±d± tena kat± bhaveyya, tesu panassa ekopi na uppannoti kilesamariy±d± natthi. Sace panassa antosam±pattiya½ pavatte so¼asa dhamme ±vajjantassa ekacce ±p±tha½ n±gaccheyyu½. Evamassa ±rammaŗamariy±d± bhaveyyu½. Te panassa so¼asa dhamme ±vajjantassa ±p±tha½ an±gatadhammo n±ma natth²ti ±rammaŗamariy±d±pi natthi.
Apar±pi dve mariy±d± vikkhambhanamariy±d± ca samucchedamariy±d± ca. T±su samucchedamariy±d± upari ±gamissati, imasmi½ pana µh±ne vikkhambhanamariy±d± adhippet±. Tassa vikkhambhitapaccan²katt± natth²ti vimariy±dikatena cetas± viharati.
Uttari nissaraŗanti ito uttari nissaraŗa½. Ańńesu ca suttesu “uttari nissaraŗan”ti nibb±na½ vutta½, idha pana anantaro viseso adhippetoti veditabbo. Tabbahul²k±r±ti tassa paj±nanassa bahul²karaŗena. Atthitvevassa hot²ti tassa therassa atth²tiyeva da¼hatara½ hoti. Imin± nayena sesav±resupi attho veditabbo.
Dutiyav±re pana sampas±danaµµhena sampas±do. Sabh±vato vavatthapeti.
Catutthav±re upekkh±ti sukhaµµh±ne vedanupekkh±va. Passaddhatt± cetaso an±bhogoti yo so “yadeva tattha sukhan”ti cetaso ±bhogo, eteneta½ o¼±rikamakkh±yat²ti eva½ passaddhatt± cetaso an±bhogo vutto, tassa abh±v±ti attho. Satip±risuddh²ti parisuddh±satiyeva. Upekkh±pi p±risuddhi-upekkh±.
95. Sato vuµµhahat²ti satiy± samann±gato ń±ŗena sampaj±no hutv± vuµµh±ti. Te dhamme samanupassat²ti yasm± nevasańń±n±sańń±yatane buddh±na½yeva anupadadhammavipassan± hoti, na s±vak±na½, tasm± ettha kal±pavipassana½ dassento evam±ha.
Pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± hont²ti maggapańń±ya catt±ri sacc±ni disv± catt±ro ±sav± kh²ŗ± honti. S±riputtattherassa samathavipassana½ yuganaddha½ ±haritv± arahatta½ pattav±ropi atthi, nirodhasam±pattisam±pannav±ropi. Arahatta½ pattav±ro idha gahito, nirodha½ pana ciŗŗavasit±ya apar±para½ sam±pajjissat²ti vadanti.
Tatthassa yasmi½ k±le nirodhasam±patti s²sa½ hoti, nirodhassa v±ro ±gacchati, phalasam±patti g³¼h± hoti. Yasmi½ k±le phalasam±patti s²sa½ hoti, phalasam±pattiy± v±ro ±gacchati, nirodhasam±patti g³¼h± hoti. Jambud²pav±sino ther± pana vadanti “s±riputtatthero samathavipassana½ yuganaddha½ ±haritv± an±g±miphala½ sacchikatv± nirodha½ sam±pajji, nirodh± vuµµh±ya arahatta½ patto”ti. Te dhammeti antosam±pattiya½ pavatte tisamuµµh±nikar³padhamme, heµµh± nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasam±pattiya½ pavattadhamme v±. Tepi hi imasmi½ v±re vipassitabbadhamm±va, tasm± te v± vipassat²ti dassetu½ ida½ vuttanti veditabba½.
97. Vasippatoti ciŗŗavasita½ patto. P±ramippattoti nipphatti½ patto. Orasoti-±d²su thero bhagavato ure nibbattasadda½ sutv± j±toti oraso, mukhena pabh±vita½ sadda½ sutv± j±toti mukhato j±to, dhammena pana j±tatt± nimmitatt± dhammajo dhammanimmito, dhammad±yassa ±diyanato dhammad±y±do, ±misad±yassa an±diyanato no ±misad±y±doti veditabbo. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Anupadasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.