2. Pańcattayasuttavaŗŗan±

21. Eva½ me sutanti pańcattayasutta½. Tattha eketi ekacce. Samaŗabr±hmaŗ±ti paribbajupagatabh±vena samaŗ± j±tiy± br±hmaŗ±, lokena v± samaŗ±ti ca br±hmaŗ±ti ca eva½ sammat±. Aparanta½ kappetv± vikappetv± gaŗhant²ti aparantakappik±. Aparantakappo v± etesa½ atth²tipi aparantakappik±. Ettha ca antoti “sakk±yo kho, ±vuso, eko anto”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 6.61) viya idha koµµh±so adhippeto. Kappoti taŗh±diµµhiyo. Vuttampi ceta½ “kappoti udd±nato dve kapp± taŗh±kappo ca diµµhikappo c±”ti. Tasm± taŗh±diµµhivasena an±gata½ khandhakoµµh±sa½ kappetv± µhit±ti aparantakappik±ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Tesa½ eva½ aparanta½ kappetv± µhit±na½ punappuna½ uppajjanavasena aparantameva anugat± diµµh²ti aparant±nudiµµhino. Te eva½diµµhino ta½ aparanta½ ±rabbha ±gamma paµicca ańńampi jana½ diµµhigatika½ karont± anekavihit±ni adhivuttipad±ni abhivadanti. Anekavihit±n²ti anekavidh±ni. Adhivuttipad±n²ti adhivacanapad±ni. Atha v± bh³tamattha½ adhibhavitv± yath±sabh±vato aggahetv± vattanato adhivuttiyoti diµµhiyo vuccanti, adhivutt²na½ pad±ni adhivuttipad±ni, diµµhid²pak±ni vacan±n²ti attho.
Sańń²ti sańń±samaŖg². Arogoti nicco. Ittheketi ittha½ eke, evameketi attho. Imin± so¼asa sańń²v±d± kathit±, asańń²ti imin± aµµha asańń²v±d±, nevasańń²n±sańń²ti imin± aµµha nevasańń²n±sańń²v±d±, sato v± pana sattass±ti imin± satta ucchedav±d±. Tattha satoti vijjam±nassa. Ucchedanti upaccheda½. Vin±santi adassana½. Vibhavanti bhavavigama½. Sabb±net±ni ańńamańńavevacan±neva. Diµµhadhammanibb±na½ ti imin± pańca diµµhadhammanibb±nav±d± kathit±. Tattha diµµhadhammoti paccakkhadhammo vuccati, tattha tattha paµiladdha-attabh±vasseta½ adhivacana½. Diµµhadhamme nibb±na½ diµµhadhammanibb±na½, imasmi½yeva attabh±ve dukkhav³pasamanti attho. Santa½ v±ti sańń²ti-±divasena t²h±k±rehi santa½. T²ŗi hont²ti sańń² att±ti-±d²ni santa-attavasena eka½, itar±ni dveti eva½ t²ŗi.
22. R³pi½ ti karajar³pena v± kasiŗar³pena v± r³pi½. Tattha l±bh² kasiŗar³pa½ att±ti gaŗh±ti, takk² ubhopi r³p±ni gaŗh±tiyeva. Ar³pinti ar³pasam±pattinimitta½ v±, µhapetv± sańń±kkhandha½ sesa-ar³padhamme v± att±ti pańńapent± l±bhinopi takkik±pi eva½ pańńapenti. Tatiyadiµµhi pana missakag±havasena pavatt±, catutth± takkag±heneva. Dutiyacatukke paµhamadiµµhi sam±pannakav±rena kathit±, dutiyadiµµhi asam±pannakav±rena, tatiyadiµµhi suppamattena v± sar±vamattena v± kasiŗaparikammavasena, catutthadiµµhi vipulakasiŗavasena kathit±ti veditabb±.
Eta½ v± panekesa½ up±tivattatanti sańń²tipadena saŖkhepato vutta½ sańń±sattaka½ atikkant±nanti attho. Apare aµµhakanti vadanti. Tadubhaya½ parato ±vibhavissati. Aya½ panettha saŖkhepattho– keci hi et± satta v± aµµha v± sańń± samatikkamitu½ sakkonti, keci pana na sakkonti. Tattha ye sakkonti, teva gahit±. Tesa½ pana ekesa½ up±tivattata½ atikkamitu½ sakkont±na½ yath±pi n±ma gaŖga½ uttiŗŗesu manussesu eko d²ghav±pi½ gantv± tiµµheyya, eko tato para½ mah±g±ma½; evameva eke vińń±ŗańc±yatana½ appam±ŗa½ ±neńjanti vatv± tiµµhanti, eke ±kińcańń±yatana½. Tattha vińń±ŗańc±yatana½ t±va dassetu½ vińń±ŗakasiŗameketi vutta½. Parato “±kińcańń±yatanameke”ti vakkhati. Tayidanti ta½ ida½ diµµhigatańca diµµhipaccayańca diµµh±rammaŗańca. Tath±gato abhij±n±t²ti. Imin± paccayena ida½ n±ma dassana½ gahitanti abhivisiµµhena ń±ŗena j±n±ti.
Id±ni tadeva vitth±rento ye kho te bhontoti-±dim±ha. Y± v± pana et±sa½ sańń±nanti y± v± pana et±sa½ “yadi r³pasańń±nan”ti eva½ vuttasańń±na½. Parisuddh±ti nirupakkiles±. Param±ti uttam±. Agg±ti seµµh±. Anuttariy± akkh±yat²ti asadis± kath²yati. Yadi r³pasańń±nanti imin± catasso r³p±vacarasańń± kathit±. Yadi ar³pasańń±nanti imin± ±k±s±nańc±yatanavińń±ŗańc±yatanasańń±. Itarehi pana dv²hi padehi sam±pannakav±ro ca asam±pannakav±ro ca kathitoti evamet± koµµh±sato aµµha, atthato pana satta sańń± honti. Sam±pannakav±ro hi purim±hi chahisaŖgahitoyeva. Tayida½ saŖkhatanti ta½ ida½ sabbampi sańń±gata½ saddhi½ diµµhigatena saŖkhata½ paccayehi sam±gantv± kata½. O¼±rikanti saŖkhatatt±va o¼±rika½. Atthi kho pana saŖkh±r±na½ nirodhoti etesa½ pana saŖkhatanti vutt±na½ saŖkh±r±na½ nirodhasaŖkh±ta½ nibb±na½ n±ma atthi. Atthetanti iti viditv±ti ta½ kho pana nibb±na½ “atthi etan”ti eva½ j±nitv±. Tassa nissaraŗadass±v²ti tassa saŖkhatassa nissaraŗadass² nibb±nadass². Tath±gato tadup±tivattoti ta½ saŖkhata½ atikkanto samatikkantoti attho.
23. Tatr±ti tesu aµµhasu asańń²v±desu. R³pi½ v±ti-±d²ni sańń²v±de vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni. Ayańca yasm± asańń²v±do, tasm± idha dutiyacatukka½ na vutta½. Paµikkosant²ti paµib±hanti paµisedhenti. Sańń± rogoti-±d²su ±b±dhaµµhena rogo, sadosaµµhena gaŗ¹o, anupaviµµhaµµhena salla½. ¾gati½ v± gati½ v±ti-±d²su paµisandhivasena ±gati½, cutivasena gati½, cavanavasena cuti½, upapajjanavasena upapatti½, punappuna½ uppajjitv± apar±para½ va¹¹hanavasena vu¹¹hi½ vir³¼hi½ vepulla½. K±mańca catuvok±rabhave r³pa½ vin±pi vińń±ŗassa pavatti atthi, sese pana tayo khandhe vin± natthi. Aya½ pana pańho pańcavok±rabhavavasena kathito. Pańcavok±re hi ettake khandhe vin± vińń±ŗassa pavatti n±ma natthi. Vitaŗ¹av±d² panettha “ańńatra r³p±ti-±divacanato ar³pabhavepi r³pa½, asańń±bhave ca vińń±ŗa½ atthi, tath± nirodhasam±pannass±”ti vadati. So vattabbo– byańjanacch±y±ya ce attha½ paµib±hasi, ±gati½ v±ti-±divacanato ta½ vińń±ŗa½ pakkhidvipadacatuppad± viya uppatitv±pi gacchati, padas±pi gacchati, govis±ŗavalli-±d²ni viya ca va¹¹hat²ti ±pajjati. Ye ca bhagavat± anekasatesu suttesu tayo bhav± vutt±, te ar³pabhavassa abh±v± dveva ±pajjanti. Tasm± m± eva½ avaca, yath± vuttamattha½ dh±reh²ti.
24. Tatr±ti aµµhasu nevasańń²n±sańń²v±desu bhumma½. Idh±pi r³pi½ v±ti-±d²ni vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni. Asańń± sammohoti nissańńabh±vo n±mesa sammohaµµh±na½. Yo hi kińci na j±n±ti, ta½ asańń² esoti vadanti. Diµµhasutamutavińń±tabbasaŖkh±ramatten±ti diµµhavińń±tabbamattena sutavińń±tabbamattena mutavińń±tabbamattena. Ettha ca vij±n±t²ti vińń±tabba½, diµµhasutamutavińń±tabbamattena pańcadv±rikasańń±pavattimatten±ti ayańhi ettha attho. SaŖkh±ramatten±ti o¼±rikasaŖkh±rapavattimatten±ti attho. Etassa ±yatanass±ti etassa nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanassa Upasampadanti paµil±bha½. Byasana½ hetanti vin±so hesa, vuµµh±na½ hetanti attho. Pańcadv±rikasańń±pavattańhi o¼±rikasaŖkh±rapavatta½ v± appavatta½ katv± ta½ sam±pajjitabba½. Tassa pana pavattena tato vuµµh±na½ hot²ti dasseti. SaŖkh±rasam±pattipattabbamakkh±yat²ti o¼±rikasaŖkh±rapavattiy± pattabbanti na akkh±yati. SaŖkh±r±vasesasam±pattipattabbanti saŖkh±r±na½yeva avases± bh±van±vasena sabbasukhumabh±va½ patt± saŖkh±r±, tesa½ pavattiy± eta½ pattabbanti attho. Evar³pesu hi saŖkh±resu pavattesu eta½ pattabba½ n±ma hoti. Tayidanti ta½ ida½ eta½ sukhumampi sam±na½ saŖkhata½ saŖkhatatt± ca o¼±rika½.
25. Tatr±ti sattasu ucchedav±desu bhumma½. Uddha½ saranti uddha½ vuccati an±gatasa½s±rav±do, an±gata½ sa½s±rav±da½ sarant²ti attho. ¾satti½yeva abhivadanti lagganaka½yeva vadanti. “¾sattan”tipi p±µho, taŗha½yeva vadant²ti attho. Iti pecca bhaviss±m±ti eva½ pecca bhaviss±ma. Khattiy± bhaviss±ma, br±hmaŗ± bhaviss±m±ti evamettha nayo netabbo. V±ŗij³pam± mańńeti v±ŗij³pam± viya v±ŗijapaµibh±g± v±ŗijasadis± mayha½ upaµµhahanti. Sakk±yabhay±ti sakk±yassa bhay±. Te hi yatheva “catt±ro kho, mah±r±ja, abhayassa bh±yanti. Katame catt±ro? Gaŗ¹upp±do kho, mah±r±ja, bhay± pathavi½ na kh±dati ‘m± pathav² khiy²’ti, konto kho, mah±r±ja, ekap±dena tiµµhati ‘m± pathav² os²d²’ti, kik² kho, mah±r±ja, utt±n± seti ‘m± ambh± undriy²’ti, br±hmaŗadhammiko kho, mah±r±ja, brahmacariya½ na carati ‘m± loko ucchijj²’ti ime catt±ro abhayassa bh±yanti, eva½ sakk±yassa bh±yanti”. Sakk±yaparijegucch±ti tameva tebh³makasaŖkh±ta½ sakk±ya½ parijiguccham±n±. S± gaddulabaddhoti daŗ¹ake rajju½ pavesetv± baddhasunakho. Evamevimeti ettha da¼hatthambho viya kh²lo viya ca tebh³makadhammasaŖkh±to sakk±yo daµµhabbo, s± viya diµµhigatiko, daŗ¹ako viya diµµhi, rajju viya taŗh±, gaddulena bandhitv± thambhe v± kh²le v± upanibaddhasunakhassa attano dhammat±ya chinditv± gantu½ asamatthassa anuparidh±vana½ viya diµµhigatikassa diµµhidaŗ¹ake pavesit±ya taŗh±rajjuy± bandhitv± sakk±ye upanibaddhassa anuparidh±vana½ veditabba½.
26. Im±neva pańc±yatan±n²ti im±neva pańca k±raŗ±ni. Iti m±tika½ µhapentenapi pańceva µhapit±ni, nigamentenapi pańceva nigamit±ni, bh±jentena pana catt±ri bh±jit±ni. Diµµhadhammanibb±na½ kuhi½ paviµµhanti. Ekattan±nattavasena dv²su padesu paviµµhanti veditabba½.
27. Evańca catucatt±l²sa aparantakappike dassetv± id±ni aµµh±rasa pubbantakappike dassetu½ santi, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Tattha at²takoµµh±sasaŖkh±ta½ pubbanta½ kappetv± vikappetv± gaŗhant²ti pubbantakappik±. Pubbantakappo v± etesa½ atth²ti pubbantakappik±. Eva½ sesampi pubbe vuttappak±ra½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Sassato att± ca loko c±ti r³p±d²su ańńatara½ att±ti ca lokoti ca gahetv± sassato amaro nicco dhuvoti abhivadanti. Yath±ha “r³pa½ att± ceva loko ca sassato c±ti att±nańca lokańca pańńapent²”ti vitth±ro. Asassat±d²supi eseva nayo. Ettha ca paµhamav±dena catt±ro sassatav±d± vutt±, dutiyav±dena satta ucchedav±d±.
Nanu cete heµµh± ±gat±, idha kasm± puna gahit±ti. Heµµh± tattha tattha mato tattha tattheva ucchijjat²ti dassanattha½ ±gat±. Idha pana pubbeniv±sal±bh² diµµhigatiko at²ta½ passati, na an±gata½, tassa eva½ hoti “pubbantato ±gato att± idheva ucchijjati, ito para½ na gacchat²”ti imassatthassa dassanattha½ gahit±. Tatiyav±dena catt±ro ekaccasassatav±d± vutt±, catutthav±dena catt±ro amar±vikkhepik± vutt±. Antav±ti sapariyanto paricchinno parivaµumo. Ava¹¹hitakasiŗassa ta½ kasiŗa½ att±ti ca lokoti ca gahetv± eva½ hoti. Dutiyav±do va¹¹hitakasiŗassa vasena vutto, tatiyav±do tiriya½ va¹¹hetv± uddhamadho ava¹¹hitakasiŗassa, catutthav±do takkivasena vutto. Anantaracatukka½ heµµh± vuttanayameva.
Ekantasukh²ti nirantarasukh². Aya½ diµµhi l±bh²j±tissaratakk²na½ vasena uppajjati. L±bhino hi pubbeniv±sań±ŗena khattiy±dikule ekantasukhameva attano j±ti½ anussarantassa eva½ diµµhi uppajjati. Tath± j±tissarassa paccuppanna½ sukhamanubhavato at²t±su sattasu j±t²su t±disameva attabh±va½ anussarantassa. Takkissa pana idha sukhasamaŖgino “at²tep±ha½ evameva ahosin”ti takkeneva uppajjati.
Ekantadukkh²ti aya½ diµµhi l±bhino nuppajjati. So hi ekanteneva idha jh±nasukhena sukh² hoti. Idha dukkhena phuµµhassa pana j±tissarassa takkisseva ca s± uppajjati. Tatiy± idha vokiŗŗasukhadukkh±na½ sabbesampi tesa½ uppajjati, tath± catutth± diµµhi. L±bhino hi id±ni catutthajjh±navasena adukkhamasukhassa, pubbe catutthajjh±nikameva brahmaloka½ anussarantassa J±tissarass±pi paccuppanne majjhattassa, anussarantass±pi majjhattabh³taµµh±nameva anussarantassa, takkinopi paccuppanne majjhattassa, at²tepi eva½ bhavissat²ti takkeneva gaŗhantassa es± diµµhi uppajjati. Ett±vat± catt±ro sassatav±d±, catt±ro ekaccasassatik±, catt±ro ant±nantik±, catt±ro amar±vikkhepik± dve adhicca-samuppannik±ti aµµh±rasapi pubbantakappik± kathit± honti.
28. Id±ni diµµhuddh±ra½ uddharanto tatra, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Tattha paccatta½yeva ń±ŗanti paccakkhań±ŗa½. Parisuddhanti nirupakkilesa½. Pariyod±tanti pabhassara½. Sabbapadehi vipassan±ń±ŗa½yeva kathita½. Saddh±dayo hi pańca dhamm± b±hirasamayasmimpi honti, vipassan±ń±ŗa½ s±sanasmi½yeva. Tattha ń±ŗabh±gamattameva pariyodapent²ti mayamida½ j±n±m±ti eva½ tattha ń±ŗakoµµh±sa½ ot±rentiyeva. Up±d±namakkh±yat²ti na ta½ ń±ŗa½, micch±dassana½ n±meta½, tasm± tadapi tesa½ bhavant±na½ diµµhup±d±na½ akkh±yat²ti attho. Ath±pi ta½ j±nanamattalakkhaŗatt± ń±ŗabh±gamattameva, tath±pi tassa dassanassa anup±tivattanato up±d±napaccayato ca up±d±nameva. Tadup±tivattoti ta½ diµµhi½ atikkanto. Ett±vat± catt±ro sassatav±d±, catt±ro ekaccasassatik±, catt±ro ant±nantik±, catt±ro amar±vikkhepik±, dve adhiccasamuppannik±, so¼asa sańń²v±d±, aµµha asańń²v±d±, aµµha nevasańń²n±sańń²v±d±, satta ucchedav±d±, pańca diµµhadhammanibb±nav±d±ti brahmaj±le ±gat± dv±saµµhipi diµµhiyo kathit± honti. Brahmaj±le pana kathite ida½ sutta½ akathitameva hoti. Kasm±? Idha tato atirek±ya sakk±yadiµµhiy± ±gatatt±. Imasmi½ pana kathite brahmaj±la½ kathitameva hoti.
30. Id±ni im± dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo uppajjam±n± sakk±yadiµµhipamukheneva uppajjant²ti dassetu½ idha, bhikkhave, ekaccoti-±dim±ha. Tattha paµinissagg±ti paricc±gena. K±masa½yojan±na½ anadhiµµh±n±ti pańcak±maguŗataŗh±na½ nissaµµhatt±. Paviveka½ p²tinti sapp²tikajjh±nadvayap²ti½. Nirujjhat²ti jh±nanirodhena nirujjhati. Sam±pattito pana vuµµhitassa niruddh± n±ma hoti. Yatheva hi “adukkhamasukh±ya vedan±ya nirodh± uppajjati nir±misa½ sukha½, nir±misasukhassa nirodh± uppajjati adukkhamasukh± vedan±”ti ettha na ayamattho hoti– catutthajjh±nanirodh± tatiyajjh±na½ upasampajja viharat²ti. Aya½ panettha attho– catutthajjh±n± vuµµh±ya tatiya½ jh±na½ sam±pajjati, tatiyajjh±n± vuµµh±ya catuttha½ jh±na½ sam±pajjat²ti, eva½sampadamida½ veditabba½. Uppajjati domanassanti h²najjh±napariy±d±nakadomanassa½. Sam±pattito vuµµhitacittassa pana kamman²yabh±vo kathito.
Pavivek± p²t²ti s± eva jh±nadvayap²ti. Ya½ ch±y± jahat²ti ya½ µh±na½ ch±y± jahati. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yasmi½ µh±ne ch±y± atthi, tasmi½ ±tapo natthi. Yasmi½ ±tapo atthi, tasmi½ ch±y± natth²ti.
31. Nir±misa½ sukhanti tatiyajjh±nasukha½.
32. Adukkhamasukhanti catutthajjh±navedana½.
33. Anup±d±nohamasm²ti niggahaŗo ahamasmi. Nibb±nasapp±yanti nibb±nassa sapp±ya½ upak±rabh³ta½ Nanu ca maggadassana½ n±ma sabbattha nikantiy± sukkh±pit±ya uppajjati, kathameta½ nibb±nassa upak±rapaµipad± n±ma j±tanti, sabbattha anup±diyanavasena aggaŗhanavasena upak±rapaµipad± n±ma j±ta½. Abhivadat²ti abhim±nena upavadati. Pubbant±nudiµµhinti aµµh±rasavidhampi pubbant±nudiµµhi½. Aparant±nudiµµhinti catucatt±r²savidhampi aparant±nudiµµhi½. Up±d±namakkh±yat²ti ahamasm²ti gahaŗassa sakk±yadiµµhipariy±pannatt± diµµhup±d±na½ akkh±yati.
Santivarapadanti v³pasantakilesatt± santa½ uttamapada½. Channa½ phass±yatan±nanti bhagavat± “yattha cakkhu ca nirujjhati r³pasańń± ca nirujjhati so ±yatano veditabbo”ti ettha dvinna½ ±yatan±na½ paµikkhepena nibb±na½ dassita½.
“Yattha ±po ca pathav², tejo v±yo na g±dhati;
ato sar± nivattanti, ettha vaµµa½ na vattati;
ettha n±mańca r³pańca, asesa½ uparujjhat²”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.27)–

Ettha pana saŖkh±rapaµikkhepena nibb±na½ dassita½.

“Kattha ±po ca pathav², tejo v±yo na g±dhati;
kattha d²ghańca rassańca, aŗu½ th³la½ subh±subha½;
kattha n±mańca r³pańca, asesa½ uparujjhat²”ti. (D². ni. 1.498).
Tatra veyy±karaŗa½ bhavati–
“Vińń±ŗa½ anidassana½, ananta½ sabbato pabhan”ti–
Ettha saŖkh±rapaµikkhepena nibb±na½ dassita½. Imasmi½ pana sutte cha-±yatanapaµikkhepena dassita½. Ańńattha ca anup±d±vimokkhoti nibb±nameva dassita½, idha pana arahattaphalasam±patti. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Pańcattayasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.