8. V±seµµhasuttavaººan±

454. J±ti½ sodhetuk±m± hont²ti sahav±s²na½ br±hmaº±na½ kiriy± par±dhena v± as±ruppattena v± j±tiy± upakkilesa½ ±saªk±ya ta½ sodhetuk±m± honti. Mante sodhetuk±m± hont²ti mantavacane ±cariyamaticodan±ya aññena v±kyena kenaci k±raºena sa½saye uppanne ta½ sodhetuk±m± honti. Antar±ti vemajjhe, aññatthev± antar±saddoti tassa aññ± kath±ti vacana½ avagantabba½. Khant²mett±nudday±diguºasampanno eva “s²lav±ti guºav±”ti-±ha. Tehi s²lassa vissajjanak±lepi “s²lav±”ti vuccati. Sampannas²latt± v± tehi samann±gato eva hot²ti ±ha “s²lav±ti guºav±”ti. ¾c±rasampannoti s±dhu ±c±ravatto.
455. Sikkhit±ti tevijj±na½ sikkhit± tumhe, na d±ni tumhehi kiñci kattabba½ atth²ti attho. Paµiññ±t±ti paµij±nitv± µhit±.
Vedattayasaªkh±t± tisso vijj± ajjhayant²ti tevijj±. Ten±ha “tived±nan”ti. Tayo vede aºanti ajjhayant²ti br±hmaº±, tesa½. Ya½ eka½ padampi akkh±ta½, ta½ atthato byañjanato ca kevalino adhiyino appapayogena. Niµµh±gatamh±ti nipphatti½ gat± amh± tevijj±ya sakasamayassa kathane.
Manokammato hi vattasampad±tik±raº³pac±ren±yamattho vuttoti ±ha– “tena samann±gato hi ±c±rasampanno hot²”ti.
Khay±t²tanti va¹¹hipakkhe µhitanti attho. Sukkapakkhap±µipadato paµµh±ya hi cando va¹¹hat²ti vuccati, na kh²yat²ti. Vandam±n± jan± namakk±ra½ karonti.
Atthadassanen±ti vivaraºena dassanapariº±yakaµµhena lokassa cakkhu hutv± samuppanna½.
456. Tiµµhatu t±va br±hmaºacint±ti– “ki½ j±tiy± br±hmaºo hoti ud±hu bhavati kammun±”ti aya½ br±hmaºavic±ro t±va tiµµhatu J±tidassanattha½ tiºarukkhak²µapaµaªgato paµµh±ya loke j±tivibhaªga½ vitth±rato kathess±m²ti tesa½ cittasampaha½sanattha½ desetabbamattha½ paµij±n±ti. Tattha aññamaññ± hi j±tiyoti ida½ k±raºavacana½, yasm± im± j±tiyo n±ma aññamañña½ visiµµh±, tasm± j±tivibhaªga½ by±kariss±m²ti.
Yasm± idha up±dinnakaj±ti by±k±tabbabh±vena ±gat±, tass± pana nidassanabh±vena itar±, tasm± “j±tivibhaªga½ p±º±nan”ti p±¼iya½ vutta½. Tesa½ tesa½ p±º±na½ j±tiyoti attho. Evanti nidassana½ kathetv± nidassitabbe kathiyam±ne. Tass±ti v±seµµhassa. K±ma½ “tesa½ voha½ byakkhissan”ti ubhopi m±ºave niss±ya desan± ±gat±, tath±pi tattha tattha “eva½, v±seµµha, j±n±h²”ti-±din± v±seµµhameva ±lapanto bhagav± tameva imin± niy±mena pamukha½ ak±si. Tena vutta½ “tass±ti v±seµµhass±”ti. J±tibhedo j±tiviseso, j±tiy± bhedo p±kaµo bhavissati nidassanena vibh³tabh±va½ ±p±ditena paµiññ±tassa atthassa vibh³tabh±v±pattito. ¾ma na vaµµat²ti kamman±nat±ya eva up±dinnan±nat±ya paµikkhepapadameta½, na b²jan±nat±ya anup±dinnan±nat±ya paµikkhepapadanti dassetu½ “kamma½ h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tassattho– ta½ta½yonikhipanamatta½ kammassa s±matthiya½, ta½ta½yoniniyat± pana ye vaººavises±, te ta½ta½yonisiddhiy±va siddh± hont²ti ta½ pana yonikhipanakamma½ ta½ta½yonivisiµµha-vises±bhibh³t±ya payoganipphattiy±, asa½mucchit±ya eva v± paccayabh³t±ya bhavapatthan±ya abhisaªkhatamev±ti viññ±tabbapaccayavisesena vin± phalavises±bh±vato eta½ sam²hitakamma½ patthan±d²hi ca bhinnasattita½ visiµµhas±matthiya½ v± ±pajjitv± cakkhundriy±divisiµµhaphalanibbattaka½ j±yati, eva½ yonikhipanata½yoniniyatavises±vahat± hot²ti. Therena hi b²jan±nat± viya kamman±nat±pi up±dinnakan±nat±ya siy± nu kho paccayoti codana½ paµikkhipitv± paccayavisesavisiµµh± kamman±nat± pana paccayoti nicchitanti daµµhabba½.
N±n±vaºº±ti n±nappak±ravaºº±. T±lan±¼iker±d²na½ loke abhiññ±tatiºaj±tibh±vato visesena gayhati abhiññ±tasotanayena. J±tiy± br±hmaºov±ti aµµh±napayutto eva-saddo, j±tiy±va br±hmaºo bhaveyy±ti yojan±. Na ca gayhat²ti tiºarukkh±d²su viya br±hmaºesu j±tiniyatassa liªgassa anupalabbhanato, pivanabhuñjanakathanahasan±dikiriy±ya br±hmaºabh±vena ekantikaliªganiyat±ya mantajjhen±di½ vin± anupalabbhanato ca. Vac²bhedenev±ti ±haccavacaneneva.
K²µe paµaªgeti-±d²su j±tin±nat± labbhati aññamaññaliªgavisiµµhat±dassan±. Kunth± k²µak± khajjakh±dak± kipillik±. Uppatitv±ti u¹¹etv± u¹¹etv±. Paµabh±va½ gacchant²ti v± paµaªg±, na khuddakap±ºak± k²µ± n±ma. Tesampi k²µak±na½.
K±¼ak±dayoti kalandak±dayo.
Udara½yeva nesa½ p±d± udareneva sampajjanato.
Saññ±pubbako vidhi aniccoti dassento “udake”ti ±ha yath± “v²rassa bh±vo v²riyan”ti.
Pattasamud±ye pakkhasaddoti “pattehi yant²”ti vutta½. Na hi avayavabyatirekena samud±yo atthi.
Saªkhepena vutto “j±tivasena n±n±”ti-±din±. Ettha padatthe dubbiññeyya½ natth²ti sambandhamatta½ dassetu½ “tatr±ya½ yojan±”ti-±di vutta½. “Na hi br±hmaº±na½ edisa½ s²sa½ hoti, khattiy±na½ edisanti niyamo atthi yath± hatthi-assamig±d²nan”ti idameva v±kya½ sabbattha netabba½. Ta½ sa½ªkhipitv± dassento “imin± nayena sabba½ yojetabban”ti ±ha.
Tass±ti yath±vuttanigamanavacanassa aya½ yojan± id±ni vuccam±n± yojan± veditabb±.
457. Vok±ranti vokaraºa½, yena visiµµhat±ya na vokar²yati j±tibhedoti attho. Ten±ha “n±nattan”ti.
Gorakkh±di-upaj²vanena ±j²vavipanno, hi½s±din± s²lavipanno, nikkhittavattat±din± ±c±ravipannoti. S±maññajotan± visese niviµµh± hot²ti ±ha “gorakkhanti khettarakkhan”ti. “Goti hi pathaviy± n±man”ti. Tehi tehi up±yehi sikkhitabbaµµhena sippa½, tattha kosalla½. Paresa½ ²sanaµµhena hi½sanaµµhena isso, so assa atth²ti isso yodh±j²viko, issassa kamma½ paharaºa½, usu½ sattiñca niss±ya pavatt± j²vik± issatta½. Ten±ha “±vudhaj²vikan”ti. Ya½ niss±ya assa j²vik±, tadeva dassetu½ “usuñca sattiñc±”ti vutta½.
Brahma½ vuccati vedo, ta½ aºati j±n±t²ti br±hmaºo, j±nanañca por±ºehi br±hmaºehi vihitaniy±mena br±hmaºehi katopasamena anuµµh±natapena yath± “±j²vas²l±c±ravipanno natth²”ti br±hmaºadhammikehi lokiyapaº¹itehi ca sampaµicchito, tath± paµipajjanamev±ti ±ha “eva½ br±hmaºasamayena…pe… s±dhetv±”ti. Eva½ santeti eva½ ±j²vas²l±c±ravipannassa abr±hmaºabh±ve sati na j±tiy± br±hmaºo hoti, guºehi pana ±j²vas²l±c±rasampattisaªkh±tehi br±hmaºo hoti, tasm± guº±na½yeva br±hmaºabh±vakaraºato catuvaººavibh±ge yattha katthaci kule j±to yo s²l±diguºasampannat±ya guºav±, so vuttalakkhaºena nippariy±yato b±hitap±pat±ya br±hmaºoti ayamettha br±hmaºabh±ve ñ±yoti, eva½ ñ±ya½ atthato ±panna½ katv±. Nanti tameva yath±vutta½ ñ±ya½. Yo br±hmaºassa sa½vaººit±y±ti m±tuy± ubhatosuj±tat±dikulavaººena sa½vaººit±ya pasatth±ya yath±r³p±ya br±hmaºassa m±t± bhavitu½ yutt±, tath±r³p±ya m±tarisambh³to. Etena catunna½ yon²na½ yattha katthaci visesaniµµh± kat±. Ten±ha “tatr±pi visesen±”ti. Eva½ s±maññato visesaniµµh±vasena “yonija½ mattisambhavan”ti padassa attha½ vatv± id±ni s±maññajotana½ an±diyitv± visesajotan±vaseneva attha½ vattu½ “y±c±yan”ti-±di vutta½. Parisuddha-uppattimaggasaªkh±t± yoni vutt±ti anupakkuµµhabh±vena parisuddha-uppattimaggasaªkh±t± y± c±ya½ yoni vutt±ti sambandho. Tatopi j±tasambh³tatt±ti tato yonito j±tatt± m±t±pettisampattito sambh³tatt±.
Visiµµhatt±ti samud±yabh³t± manuss± r±g±din± visiµµhatt±. R±g±din± saha kiñcanen±ti sakiñcano. Tatheva r±g±disaªkh±tena palibodhanaµµhena saha palibodhen±ti sapalibodho. Sabbagahaºapaµinissaggen±ti up±d±nasaªkh±tassa sabbassa gahaºassa paµinissajjanena. Yasm± b±hitap±po attano sant±nato bahikatap±po, tasm± tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºanti attho vattabbo. Evar³po etiss± kath±ya upadeso n±nappak±rato vibhatto, tasm± tattha tattha vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
458. Gahitadaº¹es³ti paresa½ daº¹ena viheµhana½ anidh±ya ±dinnadaº¹esu.
459. Kiñci gahaºanti taºh±g±h±d²su kiñci g±ha½.
Yena k±mabhavena m±nusakehi pañcahi k±maguºehi yuñjati, ta½ m±nusaka½ yoga½. “M±nusaka½ yogan”ti ettha ca ekadesa½ gahetv± vutta½, esa nayo “dibbayogan”ti etth±pi. Sabbayogavisa½yuttanti padadvayena vuttehi sabbakilesayogehi vippayutta½.
Ratinti abhirati½ ±satti½. Kusalabh±van±y±ti k±yabh±van±di kusaladhammabh±van±ya ukkaºµhita½. V²riyavantanti v²riyasabbh±vena v²ra½ niddisati, v²rabh±vo hi v²riyanti.
Sundara½ µh±nanti nibb±na½. Sundar±ya paµipattiy± ariyapaµipattiy±.
Nibbattinti pariyos±na½. At²teti at²takoµµh±se. Kiñcanak±rakoti palibodhahetubh³to.
Asekkhe s²lakkhandh±dike mahante guºe. Pañcanna½ m±r±na½ vijitatt± vijitavijaya½.
460. Ida½ aj±nant±ti “j±tiy± br±hmaºo”ti ida½ lokasamaññ±mattanti aj±nant±. Ye br±hmaºesu n±magotta½ n±ma tatiya½ diµµh±bhinivesa½ janenti, s±va nesa½ diµµhi. Kata½ abhisaªkhatanti parikappanavaseneva kata½ µhapita½ tadupacita½, na hetupaccayasam±yogena. Samucc±ti sammutiy±. K± pana s± sammut²ti ±ha “samaññ±y±”ti, lokasamaññ±ten±ti attho. Samm± pana paramatthato aj±nant±na½ n±magotta½ eva½ kappet²ti ±ha “no ce”ti-±di. Ta½ pana asantampi paramatthato santat±yeva abhinivisanti, tesamaya½ dosoti dassetu½ “eva½ pakappitan”ti-±di vutta½. Ten±ha bhagav±– “janapadanirutti½ n±bhiniveseyy±”ti (ma. ni. 3.331). Aj±nant± noti ettha no-saddo avadh±raºattho– “na no sama½ atthi tath±gaten±”ti-±d²su (khu. p±. 6.3) viy±ti ±ha “aj±nant±va eva½ vadant²”ti.
Nippariy±yanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso, nippariy±yena ujukamev±ti attho, na pubbe viya “yo hi koc²”ti pariy±yavasena. “Na jacc±”ti g±th±ya pubbaddhena j±tiv±da½ paµikkhipanto pacchimaddhena kammav±da½ patiµµhapento. Tatth±ti tissa½ g±th±ya½. Upa¹¹hag±th±ya vitth±raºatthanti upa¹¹hag±th±ya attha½ vitth±retu½ “kassako kammun±”ti vutta½. Tattha purim±ya cat³hi p±dehi, pacchime dv²hi dvinnampi s±dh±raºato attho vitth±rito. Tattha kasikamm±d²ti ±di-saddena sippakammav±ºij±di saªgaho.
Paµiccasamupp±dapadh±navacanaviññeyyo paccayo paµiccasamupp±dasaddassa attho paccayuppann±pekkh±ya hot²ti ±ha– “imin± paccayena eta½ hot²”ti. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.570) ta½sa½vaººan±yañca (visuddhi. mah±µ². 2.570) vuttanayena veditabba½. Samm±n±vam±n±rahakuleti samm±n±rahe khattiy±dikule, avam±n±rahe caº¹±l±dikule kammavasena upapatti hoti kammassa vipaccam±nok±sakarat±ya vin± t±dis±ya uccan²cakulanibbattiy± abh±vato. A¹¹hadaliddat±di aññ±pi h²napaº²tat±.
Kammun±ti cettha yath± lokapaj±sattasaddehi eko evattho vutto, eva½ sesasaddehipi, adhipp±yaviseso pana tattha atth²ti dassetu½ “purimapadena cetth±”ti-±di vutta½. N±ya½ loko brahmanimmito kammena uppajjanato. Na hi sannihitak±raº±na½ phal±na½ aññena uppattidiµµhi yujjati. Ten±ha “diµµhiy± paµisedho veditabbo”ti. Ya½ panettha vattabba½ ta½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±d²suvuttanayena veditabba½. Tath± lokassa paµhamuppatti na brahmun±ti “kammun± hi t±su t±s³”ti-±di vutta½. Tatiyena “aya½ loko ±dito pabhuti pabhavakammun± vattat²”ti vuttamattha½ nigameti.Vuttassevatthassa s³canañhi nigamana½. Ta½ pana niyamattha½ hot²ti ±ha “kammeneva baddh± hutv± pavattanti, na aññath±”ti Catutthena padena. Y±yatoti gacchato. Nibbattatoti nibbattantassa. Pavattatoti pavattantassa.
Dhutadhamm± visesato taºh±ya santattavasena vattant²ti ±ha “tapen±ti dhutaªgatapen±”ti. Methunavirati visesato br±hmaº±na½ brahmacariyanti s± idha brahmacariyen±ti adhippet±ti ±ha “brahmacariyen±ti methunaviratiy±”ti. Eten±ti imin± “tapen±”ti-±d²hi cat³hi padehi vuttena. Seµµhen±ti uttamena. Sa½kilesavisuddhiy± parisuddhena. Brahmanti brahmabh±va½ seµµhabh±va½. So panettha atthato br±hmaºabh±voti ±ha “br±hmaºabh±va½ ±vahat²”ti.
Brahm± ca sakko c±ti sakkagaruk±na½ sakko sakkenapi garuk±tabbato, brahmagaruk±na½ brahm± brahmun±pi garuk±tabbato. Vij±natanti paramatthabr±hmaºassa visesa½ j±nant±na½ viññ³na½. Aviññuno hi appam±ºa½. Ten±ha– “paº¹it±nan”ti. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

V±seµµhasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.