5. Caªk²suttavaººan±

422. Tasminti s±lavane. Uttarena op±s±danti op±s±dag±massa uttaradis±ya½. Uttaren±ti ena-saddayogena hi op±s±danti upayogavacana½. Ajjh±vasat²ti ettha adhi-±-sadd±na½ anatthantarata½ hadaye katv± ±ha “vasat²”ti. Id±ni tesa½ atthavisesabh±vita½ dassento “abhibhavitv± v± ±vasat²”ti-±dim±ha. Etth±ti op±s±dapade. Sattussadanti-±d²su pana kathanti ±ha– “tassa anuppayogatt±va sesapades³”ti. Upa-anu-adhi-iti-eva½-pubbake vasanakiriyay±µµh±ne upayogavacanameva p±puº±t²ti saddavid³ icchant²ti ±ha “lakkhaºa½ saddasatthato pariyesitabban”ti. Tath± hi vutta½ “upasaggavasena panettha bhummatthe upayogavacana½ veditabban”ti. Ussadat± n±mettha bahulat±ti ta½ bahulata½ dassetu½ “bahujanan”ti-±di vutta½. ¾vajjitv±ti parikkhipitv±.
Raññ± viya bhuñjitabbanti v± r±jabhogga½. Rañño d±yabh³tanti kulaparampar±ya bhoggabh±vena raññ± laddhad±yabh³ta½. Ten±ha “d±yajjanti attho”ti. R±jan²h±rena paribhuñjitabbato uddha½ paribhogal±bhassa seµµhadeyyat± n±ma natth²ti ±ha– “chatta½ uss±petv± r±jasaªkhepena paribhuñjitabban”ti. Titthapabbat±d²s³ti nad²titthapabbatap±dag±madv±ra-aµav²mukh±d²su. Nissaµµhapariccattanti muttac±gavasena pariccatta½ katv±. Etesa½ br±hmaºagahapatik±na½.
423. Ti sannipatit±. Yo koci viññ³na½ icchito pañho, tassa pucchitassa y±th±vato kathanasamattho pucchitapañhaby±karaºasamattho.Kul±pades±din± mahat² matt± etass±ti mah±matto.
424. Teti “n±n±verajjak±”ti vuttabr±hmaº±. “Ubhato suj±to”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.303; a. ni. µ². 3.5.134) ettake vutte yehi kehici dv²hi bh±gehi suj±tat± viññ±yeyya, suj±tasaddo ca “suj±to c±rudassano”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.399; su. ni. 553; therag±. 818) ±rohapariº±hasampattipariy±yoti j±tivaseneva suj±tata½ vibh±vetu½ “m±tito ca pitito c±”ti vutta½. Anorasaputtavasenapi loke m±tupitusamaññ± dissati, idha panassa orasaputtavaseneva icch²yat²ti dassetu½ “sa½suddhagahaº²ko”ti vutta½. Pit± ca m±t± ca pitaro, pit³na½ pitaro pit±mah±, tesa½ yugo pit±mahayugo, tasm± y±va sattam± pit±mahayug±ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Yugasaddo cettha ekasesanayena daµµhabbo “yugo ca yugo ca yug±”ti. Evañhi tattha tattha dvinna½ gahitameva hoti. Ten±ha– “tato uddha½ sabbepi pubbapuris± pit±mahaggahaºeneva gahit±”ti. Purisaggahaºañcettha ukkaµµhaniddesavasena katanti daµµhabba½. Evañhi “m±tito”ti p±¼ivacana½ samatthita½ hoti. Akkhittoti appattakhepo. Anavakkhittoti saddhath±lip±k±d²su na avakkhitto. J±tiv±den±ti hetumhi karaºavacananti dassetu½ “kena k±raºen±”ti-±di vutta½. Ettha ca ubhato…pe… pit±mahayug±ti etena br±hmaºassa yonidos±bh±vo dassito sa½suddhagahaºikabh±vakittanato. Akkhittoti imin± kiriy±par±dh±bh±vo. Kiriy±par±dhena hi satt± khepa½ p±puºanti. Anupakuµµhoti imin± ayuttasa½sagg±bh±vo. Ayuttasa½saggampi hi paµicca satt± akkosa½ labhanti.
Issaroti adhipateyyasa½vattaniyakammaphalena ²sanas²lo. S± panassa issarat± vibhavasampattipaccay± p±kaµ± j±t±ti a¹¹hat±pariy±yabh±vena vadanto “a¹¹hoti issaro”ti ±ha. Mahanta½ dhanamassa bh³migatañceva veh±saµµhañc±ti mahaddhano. Tass±ti tassa tassa. Vadanti “anvayato byatirekato ca anupasaªkamanak±raºa½ kittem±”ti.
Adhikar³poti visiµµhar³po uttamasar²ro. Dassana½ arahat²ti dassan²yo. Ten±ha “dassanayoggo”ti. Pas±da½ ±vahat²ti p±s±diko. Ten±ha “cittapas±dajananato”ti. Vaººass±ti vaººadh±tuy± Sar²ranti sannivesavisiµµho karacaraºag²v±s²s±di avayavasamud±yo, so ca saºµh±namukhena gayhat²ti “param±ya vaººapokkharat±y±ti param±ya…pe… sampattiy± c±”ti vutta½. Sabbavaººesu suvaººavaººova uttamoti vutta½ “seµµhena suvaººavaººena samann±gato”ti. Tath± hi buddh± cakkavattino ca suvaººavaºº±va honti. Brahmavacchas²ti uttamasar²r±bho suvaºº±bhoti attho. Imameva hi attha½ sandh±y±ha “mah±brahmuno sar²rasadisena sar²rena samann±gato”ti. Na brahmujugattata½. Akhudd±vak±so dassan±y±ti ±rohapariº±hasampattiy± avayavap±rip³riy± ca dassan±ya ok±so na khuddako. Ten±ha “sabb±nev±”ti-±di.
Yamaniyamalakkhaºa½ s²lamassa atth²ti s²lav±, ta½ panassa rattaññut±ya vuddha½ va¹¹hita½ s²la½ assa atth²ti vuddhas²l², tena ca sabbad± sam±yogato vu¹¹has²lena samann±gato. Pañcas²lamattameva sandh±ya vadanti tato para½ s²lassa tattha abh±vato tesañca aj±nanato.
Ýh±nakaraºasampattiy± sikkh±sampattiy± ca katthacipi an³nat±ya parimaº¹alapad±ni byañjan±ni akkhar±ni etiss±ti parimaº¹alapadabyañjan±. Atha v± pajjati attho eten±ti pada½, n±m±di, yath±dhippetamattha½ byañjet²ti byañjana½ v±kya½, tesa½ paripuººat±ya parimaº¹alapadabyañjan±. Atthañ±panas±dhanat±ya v±c±va karaºanti v±kkaraºa½, ud±haraºaghoso. Guºaparipuººabh±vena tassa br±hmaºassa, tena v± bh±sitabba-atthassa. P³re puººabh±ve. P³reti ca purimasmi½ atthe ±dh±re bhumma½, dutiyasmi½ visaye. Sukhum±lattanen±ti imin± tass± v±c±ya mudusaºhabh±vam±ha. Apalibuddh±ya pittasemh±d²hi. Sandiµµha½ sabba½ dassetv± viya ekadesakathana½. Vilambita½ saºika½ cir±yitv± kathana½. “Sandiddhavilambit±d²”ti v± p±µho. Tattha sandiddha½ sandehajanaka½. ¾di-saddena khalit±nuka¹¹hit±di½ saªgaºh±ti. ¾dimajjhapariyos±na½ p±kaµa½ katv±ti imin± cassa v±c±ya atthap±rip³ri½ vadanti.
425. Sadis±ti ekadesena sadis±. Na hi buddh±na½ guºehi sabbath± sadis± kecipi guº± aññesu labbhanti. Itareti attano guºehi asadisaguºe. Idanti ida½ atthaj±ta½. Gopadakanti g±viy± pade µhita-udaka½. Kulapariy±yen±ti kul±nukkamena.
Tatth±ti mañcake. S²haseyya½ kappes²ti yath± r±hu asurindo ±y±mato vitth±rato ubbedhato ca bhagavato r³pak±yassa pariccheda½ gahetu½ na sakkoti, tath±r³pa½ iddh±bhisaªkh±ra½ abhisaªkharonto s²haseyya½ kappesi.
Parisuddhaµµhena ariyanti ±ha “ariya½ uttama½ parisuddhan”ti. Anavajjaµµhena kusala½, na sukhavip±kaµµhena. Katthaci catur±s²ti p±ºasahass±ni katthaci aparim±º±pi devamanuss± yasm± catuv²satiy± µh±nesu asaªkhyeyy± aparimeyy± maggaphal±mata½ pivanti. Koµisatasahass±diparim±ºenapi bah³ eva. Tasm± anuttar±c±rasikkh±panavaseneva bhagav± bah³na½ ±cariyo. Teti k±mar±gato aññe bhagavat± pah²nakilese.
Ap±papurekkh±roti ap±pehi purakkhar²yati, na v± p±pa½ purato karot²tipi ap±papurekkh±roti imamattha½ dassetu½ “ap±pe nava lokuttaradhamme”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ap±peti p±papapaµipakkhe p±parahite ca. Brahmani bhav±, brahmuno v± hit± garukaraº±din±, brahm±na½ v± magga½ j±n±t²ti brahmaññ±, tass± brahmaññ±ya paj±ya.
Tiroraµµh± tirojanapad±ti ettha rajja½ raµµha½ r±janti r±j±no eten±ti katv±. Tadekadesabh³t± pades± pana janapado jan± pajjanti ettha sukhaj²vika½ p±puºant²ti katv±. Pucch±ya dosa½ sallakkhetv±ti sambandho. Bhagav± vissajjeti tesa½ upanissayasampatti½ cintetv±ti adhipp±yo. Navak±ti ±gantukabh±vena amh±ka½ abhinav±.
426. Op±teti nipp±tet²ti attho. Tath±bh³to ca tattha pesit± hot²ti vutta½ “paveset²”ti. Sa½purakkharont²ti sakkacca½ pubbaªgama½ karonti. Ten±ha “purato katv± vicarant²”ti.
427. Sudde bahi katv± raho s±sitabbaµµhena mant± eva ta½ta½atthapaµipattihetut±ya padanti mantapada½ veda½. Ten±ha “vedo”ti. Eva½ kir±ti paramparabh±vena ±bhatanti ±cariyaparampar±ya ±bhata½. P±vacanasaªkh±tasampattiy±ti pamukhavacanamhi udatt±disampattiy±. S±vitti-±d²hi chandabandhehi vaggabandhehi c±ti g±yatt²-±d²hi ajjh±y±nuv±k±d²hi chandabandhehi ca vaggabandhehi ca. Samp±detv±ti padasampatti½ ah±petv±. Pavatt±roti v± p±vacanavasena vatt±ro. Sajjh±yitanti g±yanavasena sajjh±yita½, ta½ pana padeneva icchitanti ±ha “padasampattivasen±”ti. Aññesa½ vuttanti p±vacanavasena aññesa½ vutta½. R±sikatanti iruvedayajuvedas±maved±divasena, tatth±pi pacceka½ mantabrahm±divasena ajjh±y±nuv±k±divasena r±sikata½. Dibbena cakkhun± oloketv±ti dibbacakkhuparibhaº¹ena yath±kamm³pagañ±ºena satt±na½ kammassakata½, paccakkhato dassanaµµhena dibbacakkhusadisena pubbeniv±sañ±ºena at²takappe br±hmaº±na½ mantajjhenavidhiñca oloketv±. P±vacanena saha sa½sandetv±ti kassapasamm±sambuddhassa ya½ vacana½ vaµµasannissita½, tena saha aviruddha½ katv±. Na hi tesa½ vivaµµasannissito attho paccakkho hoti. Apar±pareti aµµhak±d²hi apar±pare, pacchim± okk±kar±jak±l±d²su uppann±. Pakkhipitv±ti aµµhak±d²hi ganthitamantapadesu kilesasannissitapad±na½ tattha tattha pade pakkhipana½ katv±. Viruddhe aka½s³ti br±hmaºadhammikasutt±d²su (khu. ni. br±hmaºadhammikasutta½) ±gatanayeneva sa½kilesikatthad²panato paccan²kabh³te aka½su.
428. Paµip±µiy± ghaµit±ti paµip±µiy± sambaddh±. Paramparasa½satt±ti ±d±niy±ya yaµµhiy± sa½satt±. Ten±ha “yaµµhigg±hakena cakkhumat±”ti. Purimass±ti maº¹al±k±rena µhit±ya andhaveºiy± sabbapurimassa hatthena sabbapacchimassa kaccha½ gaºh±petv±. Divasamp²ti anekadivasampi Cakkhussa an±gatabhava½ ñatv± yath±-akkantaµµh±neyeva anupatitv± akkamana½va sallakkhetv± “kaha½ cakkhum± kaha½ maggo”ti pariveditv±.
P±¼i-±gatesu dv²s³ti saddh± anussavoti imesu dv²su. Evar³peti yath± saddh±nussav±, evar³pe eva paccakkhag±hinoti attho. Tayoti ruci-±k±raparivitakkadiµµhinijjh±nakkhantiyo. Bh³tavip±k±ti bh³tatthaniµµh±yak± adhippetatthas±dhak±, vuttavipariy±yena abh³tatthavip±k± veditabb± Etth±ti etesu saddh±yit±divatth³su. Eka½seneva niµµha½ gantu½ n±la½ anekantikatt± saddh±digg±hassa. Upari pucch±ya magga½ vivaritv± µhapesi sacc±nurakkh±ya ñ±tuk±mat±ya upp±ditatt±. Passati hi bhagav±– may± “saccamanurakkhat±…pe… niµµha½ gantun”ti vutte sacc±nurakkhaºa½ ñ±tuk±mo m±ºavo “kitt±vat±”ti-±din± pucchissati, tassa ta½ vissajjetv± sacc±nubodhe pucch±ya avasara½ datv± tassa upanissaye upak±radhamme kathess±m²ti. Tena vutta½– “upari pucch±ya magga½ vivaritv± µhapes²”ti.
430. Att±naññeva sandh±ya vadati, yato vutta½ p±¼iya½– “ya½ kho pan±yam±yasm± dhamma½ deseti, gambh²ro so dhammo duddaso duranubodho”ti-±di. Lubbhant²ti lobhan²y± yath± “ap±yagaman²y±”ti ±ha “lobhan²yesu dhammes³ti lobhadhammes³”ti. Yath± v± r³p±didhamm± lobhan²y±, eva½ lobhoti ±ha “lobhan²yesu dhammes³ti lobhadhammes³”ti. Tenev±ha– “ya½ loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½, etthes± taºh± uppajjam±n± uppajjati, ettha nivisam±n± nivisat²”ti (d². ni. 2.400; ma. ni. 1.133; vibha. 203). Ese nayo sesapadadvayepi.
432. Niveset²ti µhapeti paµµhapeti. Payirup±sat²ti upaµµh±navasena upagantv± nis²dati. Suyyati eten±ti sotanti ±ha “pas±dasotan”ti. Tañhi savan±ya odahitabbanti. Dh±reti sandh±reti tattheva mana½ µhapeti. Atthatoti yath±vuttassa dhammassa atthato. K±raºatoti yuttito hetud±haraºehi upapattito. Olokananti evametanti yath±sabh±vato paññ±cakkhun± daµµhabbata½ khamanti, tañca mahantassa maºino pajjalantassa viya ±vikatv± atthassa citte upaµµh±nanti ±ha “idh±”ti-±di. Kattukamyat±chandoti kattuk±mat±saªkh±to kusalacchando. V±yamat²ti-±dito catunnampi v²riy±na½ vasena v±y±ma½ parakkama½ karoti. Maggapadh±na½ padahat²ti magg±vaha½ maggapariy±pannañca sammappadh±na½ padahati, padahanavasena ta½ parip³reti. Paramasaccanti amoghadhammatt± paramatthasacca½. Sahaj±tan±mak±yen±ti maggapaññ±sahaj±tan±mak±yena Tadev±ti tadeva paramasacca½ nibb±na½. Tenev±ha– “sacchikiriy±bhisamayena vibh³ta½ p±kaµa½ karonto passat²”ti.
433-4. Magg±nubodhoti maggapaµip±µiy± bodho bujjhana½, yesa½ kiles±na½ samucchindanavasena maggappaµivedho, tesa½ paµipassambhanavasena pavattam±na½ s±maññaphala½, maggena paµividdh±ni sacc±ni, paramatthasaccameva v± anur³pabujjhananti adhipp±yo. “Sacc±nuppatt²ti phalasacchikiriy±”ti vutta½. Evañhi sati heµµh± vutt± saddh±paµil±bh±dayo dv±dasa dhamm± sacc±nuppattiy± upak±r± honti, tasm± vutta½ “tesa½yev±ti heµµh± vutt±na½ dv±dasannan”ti. N±ya½ “tesa½yev±”ti padassa attho. Satipi kusalavip±k±dibh±vena n±natte vatth±rammaºabh³mikicc±divasena pana sadis±ti up±yatova maggadhamm± ±sevit± bahul²kat± phalabh³t±ti vattabbata½ arahat²ti ta½sadise tabboh±ra½ katv± “tesa½ maggasampayuttadhamm±nan”ti vutta½. Evañhi ±sevan±gahaºa½ samatthita½, na aññath±. Na hi ekacittakkhaºik±na½ maggadhamm±na½ ±sevan±, bahul²kamma½ v± atth²ti. Tulan±ti vipassan±. S± hi vuµµh±nag±minibh³t± maggappadh±nassa bahuk±r± tassa abh±ve maggappadh±nasseva abh±vato, eva½ uss±ho tulan±ya chando uss±hassa bahuk±roti-±din± heµµhimassa uparim³pak±rata½ suviññeyyamev±ti ±ha– “imin± nayena sabbapadesu attho veditabbo”ti. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Caªk²suttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.