5. J²vakasuttavaººan±

51. Kum±rena bhato pos±pitoti kum±rabhato, kum±rabhato eva kom±rabhacco yath± “bhisakkameva bhesajjan”ti.
¾rabhant²ti ettha ±rabha-saddo k±ma½ k±m±y³hanayaññuµµh±pana-±patti-±pajjanaviññ±pan±d²supi ±gato, idha pana hi½sane icchitabboti ±ha– “±rabhant²ti gh±tent²”ti. Uddisitv± katanti (a. ni. µ². 3.8.12; s±rattha. µ². mah±vagga 3.294) att±na½ uddisitv± m±raºavasena kata½ nibbattita½. Paµiccakammanti ettha kamma-saddo kammas±dhano at²tak±likoti ±ha– “att±na½ paµicca katan”ti. Nimittakammasseta½ adhivacana½ “paµicca kamma½ phusat²”ti-±d²su (j±. 1.4.75) viya. Nimittakammass±ti nimittabh±vena laddhabbakammassa, na karaºak±r±panavasena. Paµiccakamma½ ettha atth²ti ma½sa½ paµiccakamma½ yath± “buddha½ etassa atth²ti buddho”ti. Tesanti nigaºµh±na½. Aññepi br±hmaº±dayo ta½laddhik± attheva.
K±raºanti ettha yutti adhippet±, s± eva ca dhammato anapetatt± “dhammo”ti vutt±ti ±ha– “k±raºa½ n±ma tikoµiparisuddhamacchama½saparibhogo”ti. Anuk±raºa½ n±ma mah±janassa tath± by±karaºa½ yuttiy± dhammassa anur³pabh±vato ma½sa½ paribhuñjitabbanti anuññ±ta½ tatheva kathananti katv±. Tanti “j±na½ uddissakata½ ma½sa½ paribhuñjat²”ti eva½ vutta½ paribhuñjana½ neva k±raºa½ hoti sabbena sabba½ abh±vato sati ca ayuttiya½ adhammoti katv±. Tath± by±karaºanti “j±na½ uddissakata½ ma½sa½ paribhuñjat²”ti kathana½ yuttiy± dhammassa ananur³pabh±vato na anuk±raºa½ hoti. Parehi vuttak±raºena sak±raºo hutv±ti pare titthiy± ‘j±nan’ti-±din± dhamma½ kathenti vadanti, tena k±raºabh³tena sak±raºo hutv±. Tehi tath± vattabbo eva hutv± tumh±ka½ v±do v± anuv±do v± “ma½sa½ paribhuñjitabban”ti pavatt± tumh±ka½ kath± v± parato parehi tath± pavattit± tass± anukath± v±. Viññ³hi garahitabbak±raºanti titthiy± t±va tiµµhantu, tato aññehi paº¹itehi garahitabbak±raºa½. Koci na ±gacchat²ti garahitabbata½ na ±pajjat²ti attho. Abhibhavitv± ±cikkhant²ti abhibhuyya madditv± kathenti, abhibh³tena akkosant²ti attho.
52. K±raºeh²ti paribhogacittassa avisuddhat±het³hi. Bhikkh³ uddissakata½ diµµha½. T±disama½sañhi paribhog±n±rahatt± citta-avisuddhiy± k±raºa½ cittasa½kiles±vahato. Id±ni diµµhasutaparisaªkit±ni sar³pato dassetu½ “diµµh±d²s³”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tadubhayavimuttaparisaªkitanti “diµµha½ sutan”ti ima½ ubhaya½ aniss±ya– “ki½ nu kho ima½ bhikkhu½ uddissa vadhitv± samp±ditan”ti kevalameva parisaªkita½. Sabbasaªg±hakoti sabbesa½ tiººa½ parisaªkit±na½ saªgaºhanako.
Maªgal±d²nanti ±di-saddena ±hunap±hun±dika½ saªgaºh±ti. Nibbematik± hont²ti sabbena sabba½ parisaªkit±bh±vam±ha. Itaresanti aj±nant±na½ vaµµati, j±nato evettha ±patti hoti. Teyev±ti ye uddissa kata½, teyeva.
Uddissakatama½saparibhogato akappiyama½saparibhogassa visesa½ dassetu½ “akappiyama½sa½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Purimasmi½ sacittak± ±patti, itarasmi½ acittak±. Ten±ha– “akappiyama½sa½ aj±nitv± bhuttassapi ±pattiyev±”ti. Paribhoganti paribhuñjitabbanti vad±m²ti attho.
53. T±disass±ti tikoµiparisuddhassa macchama½sassa paribhoge. Mett±vih±rinop²ti api-saddena amett±vih±rinopi. Mett±vih±rino paribhoge sikh±ppatt± anavajjat±ti dassetu½ “idha, j²vaka, bhikkh³”ti-±di vutta½. Aniyametv±ti avisesetv± s±maññato. Yasm± bhagavat±– “yato kho, vaccha, bhikkhuno taºh± pah²n± hot²”ti-±din± mah±vacchagottasutte (ma. ni. 2.194) att± aniyametv± vutto. Tath± hi vacchagotto– “tiµµhatu bhava½ gotamo, atthi pana bhoto gotamassa ekabhikkhupi s±vako ±sav±na½ khay±…pe… upasampajja viharat²”ti ±ha, “idha, bh±radv±ja, bhikkhu aññatara½ g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± upaniss±ya viharat²”ti-±din± caªk²sutte (ma. ni. 2.430) att± aniyametv± vutto. Tath± hi tattha parato– “ya½ kho pana ayam±yasm± dhamma½ deseti, gambh²ro so dhammo duddaso duranubodho santo paº²to atakk±vacaro nipuºo paº¹itavedan²yo, na so dhammo sudesan²yo ludden±”ti-±din± desan± ±gat±, tasm± vutta½ “bhagavat± hi mah±vacchagottasutte, caªk²sutte imasmi½ sutteti t²su µh±nesu att±na½yeva sandh±ya desan± kat±”ti. Ma½s³pasecanova adhippeto macchama½sasahitassa ±h±rassa paribhogabh±vato macchama½sassa ca idha adhippetatt±.
Agathito appaµibaddho. Taºh±mucchan±y±ti taºh±yanavasena mucch±pattiy±. Anajjhopanno taºh±ya abhibhavitv± na ajjhotthaµo, gilitv± pariniµµhapetv± na saºµhitoti attho. Ten±ha– “sabba½ ±lumpitv±”ti-±di. Idha ±d²navo ±h±rassa paµik³labh±voti ±ha “ekarattiv±sen±”ti-±di. Ayamattho ±h±raparibhogoti atthasa½yojanaparicchedik± “y±vadeva imassa k±yassa µhitiy±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 3.182; ma. ni. 1.23; 2.24; 3.75; sa½. ni. 4.120) pavatt± ±h±rapaµibaddhachandar±ganissaraºabh³t± paññ± assa atth²ti nissaraºapañño. Idamatthanti etamatth±ya. Eva½ santeti “brahm±ti ca mett±vih±rino samaññ±”ti avatv± ye dhamm± mett±vih±rassa paµipakkhabh³t±, tattha s±vasesa½ pah±si brahm±, anavasesa½ pah±si bhagav±ti sace te ida½ sandh±ya bh±sita½, eva½ sante tava ida½ yath±vuttavacana½ anuj±n±mi, na mett±vih±rit±s±maññamattatoti attho.
55. “P±µiyekko anusandh²”ti vatv± visu½ anusandhibh±va½ dassetu½ “imasmi½ h²”ti-±di vutta½. Dv±ra½ thaket²ti macchama½saparibhog±nuññ±ya aññesa½ vacanadv±ra½ pidahati, codan±patha½ nirundhati. Katha½ satt±nuddaya½ dasseti? Satt±nuddayamukhena b±hirak±na½ macchama½saparibhogapaµikkhepo tayida½ micch±, tikoµiparisuddhasseva macchama½sassa paribhogo bhagavat± anuññ±to. Tath± hi vutta½– ‘t²hi kho aha½, j²vaka, µh±nehi ma½sa½ paribhoganti vad±m²’ti-±di (ma. ni. 2.52). Vinayepi (p±r±. 409; c³¼ava. 343) vutta½– “tikoµiparisuddha½, devadatta, macchama½sa½ may± anuññ±tan”ti. Tikoµiparisuddhañca bhuñjant±na½ sattesu anudday± niccal±. “Satt±nuddaya½ dasset²”ti saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaranto “sace h²”ti-±dim±ha.
Paµhamena k±raºen±ti desan±vasenapi payogavasenapi paµhamena par³pagh±tahetun±. Ka¹¹hito so p±ºo. Galena pavedhenten±ti yottagalena karaºena asayham±nena. Bahupuññameva hoti ±s±dan±pekkh±ya abh±vato, hitajjh±sayatt± v±ti adhipp±yo. Es±ha½, bhanteti-±di kasm± vutta½, saraºagamanavaseneva gahitasaraºoti codana½ sandh±y±ha “ayan”ti-±di. Og±hantoti-±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n± sutta½ anussaranto attha½ upadh±rento. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

J²vakasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.