5. Br±hmaºavaggo

1. Brahm±yusuttavaººan±

383. “Mah±satto mahiddhiko mah±nubh±vo”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 38) u¼±rat± visayo, “mah±janak±yo sannipat²”ti-±d²su sambahulabh±vavisayo, idha pana tadubhayampissa atthoti “mahat±ti guºamahattenapi mahat±”ti-±di vutta½. Appicchat±d²ti ±di-saddena santuµµhisallekhapaviveka-asa½saggav²riy±rambh±d²na½ saªgaho. Diµµhis²las±maññasaªgh±tasaªkh±ten±ti ettha “niyato sambodhipar±yaºo” (sa½. ni. 2.41; 3.998, 1004)– “aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo sañcicca p±ºa½ j²vit± voropeyy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti-±divacanato diµµhis²l±na½ niyatasabh±vatt± sot±pann±pi aññamañña½ diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hat±, pageva sakad±g±mi-±dayo. “Tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± diµµhis±maññagato viharati (d². ni. 3.324, 356; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54; a. ni. 6.11; pari. 274) tath±r³pehi s²lehi s²las±maññagato viharat²”ti (d². ni. 3.324; ma. ni. 1.492; 3.54; a. ni. 6.12; pari. 274) vacanato puthujjan±nampi diµµhis²las±maññena sa½hatabh±vo labbhatiyeva.
Oµµhapahatakaraºavasena atthavibh±gavasena. Sanighaº¹ukeµubh±nanti ettha nighaº¹³ti vacan²yav±cakabh±vena attha½ saddañca khaº¹ati vibhajja dasset²ti nikhaº¹u. So eva idha kha-k±rassa gha-k±ra½ katv± “nighaº¹³”ti vutto. Kiµati gameti kiriy±divibh±ga½, ta½ v± anavasesapariy±d±nato gamento p³ret²ti keµubha½. Vevacanappak±sakanti pariy±yasaddad²paka½, ekekassa atthassa anekapariy±yavacanavibh±vakanti attho. Nidassanamattañceta½ anekesampi atth±na½ ekasaddavacan²yat±vibh±vanavasenapi tassa ganthassa pavattatt±. Vac²bhed±dilakkhaº± kiriy± kapp²yati eten±ti kiriy±kappo, so pana vaººapadasambandhapadatthavibh±gato bahuvikappoti ±ha “kiriy±kappavikappo”ti. Idañca m³lakiriy±kappagantha½ sandh±ya vutta½. So hi satasahassaparim±ºo nalacariy±dipakaraºa½. Ýh±nakaraº±divibh±gato nibbacanavibh±gato ca akkhar± pabhed²yanti eteh²ti akkharappabhed±, sikkh±niruttiyo. Etesanti ved±na½. Te eva vede padaso k±yat²ti padako. Ta½ ta½ sadda½ tadatthañca by±karoti by±cikkhati eten±ti by±karaºa½, saddasattha½. ¾yati½ hita½ tena loko na yatati na ²hat²ti lok±yata½. Tañhi gantha½ niss±ya satt± puññakiriy±ya cittampi na upp±denti. Vayat²ti vayo, na vayo avayo, na avayo anavayo, ±dimajjhapariyos±nesu katthaci aparikilanto avitth±yanto te ganthe sandh±reti p³ret²ti attho. Dve paµisedh± pakati½ gament²ti dassento “avayo na hot²”ti vatv± tattha avaya½ dassetu½ “avayo…pe… na sakkot²”ti vutta½.
384. Gar³ti bh±riya½ att±na½ tato mocetv± gamana½ dukkara½ hoti. Anatthopi uppajjati nind±by±rosa-up±rambh±di. Abbhuggatoti ettha abhisaddayogena itthambh³t±khy±natthe upayogavacana½.
Lakkhaº±n²ti lakkhaºad²pan±ni mantapad±ni. Antaradh±yant²ti na kevala½ lakkhaºamant±niyeva, aññ±nipi br±hmaº±na½ ñ±ºabal±bh±vena anukkamena antaradh±yanti. Tath± hi vadanti “ekasata½ addhariya½ dipaññ±samattato s±m±”ti-±di. Paºidhimahato sam±d±namahatoti-±din± pacceka½ maha-saddo yojetabbo. Paºidhimahantat±di cassa buddhava½sacariy±piµakavaººan±divaseneva veditabbo. Niµµh±ti nipphattiyo. J±tis±maññatoti lakkhaºaj±tiy± lakkhaºabh±vena sam±nabh±vato. Yath± hi buddh±na½ lakkhaº±ni suvisuddh±ni suparibyatt±ni paripuºº±ni ca honti, na eva½ cakkavatt²na½. Ten±ha “na teheva buddho hot²”ti.
Abhir³pat± d²gh±yukat±, app±taªkat± br±hmaº±d²na½ piyaman±pat±ti cat³hi acchariyadhammehi. D±na½ piyavacana½ atthacariy± sam±nattat±ti imehi cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi. Rañjanatoti p²tijananato. Cakka½ cakkaratana½ vatteti pavattet²ti cakkavatt², sampatticakkehi saya½ vatteti, tehi ca para½ sattanik±ya½ vatteti pavattet²ti cakkavatt², parahit±vaho iriy±pathacakk±na½ vatto vattana½ etassa atth²ti cakkavatt², appaµihata½ v± ±º±saªkh±ta½ cakka½ vattet²ti cakkavat², appaµihata½ v± ±º±saªkh±ta½ cakka½ vattet²ti cakkavatt², khattiyamaº¹al±disaññita½ cakka½ sam³ha½ attano vase vattet²ti cakkavatt². Dhamma½ carat²ti dhammiko. Dhammato anapetatt± dhammo rañjanatthena r±j±ti dhammar±j±. Kop±d²ti ±di-saddena k±malobham±namad±dike saªgaºh±ti. Vijit±v²ti vijitav±. Kenaci akampiyaµµhena janapadatth±variyappatto. Da¼habhattibh±vato v± janapado th±variya½ patto etth±ti janapadatth±variyappatto. Citt²katabh±v±din±pi (khu. p±. aµµha. 6.3; d². ni. aµµha. 2.33; sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.5.223; su. ni. aµµha. 1.226; mah±ni. aµµha. 50) cakkassa ratanaµµho veditabbo. Esa nayo sesesupi. Ratinimittat±ya v± citt²kat±dibh±vassa ratijananaµµhena ekasaªgahat±ya visu½ aggahaºa½.
Imehi pana ratanehi r±j± cakkavatt² ya½ yamattha½ paccanubhoti, ta½ ta½ dassetu½ “imesu pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Ajita½ jin±ti mahesakkhat±sa½vattaniyakammanissandabh±vato. Vijite yath±sukha½ anuvicarati hatthiratana½ assaratanañca abhiruhitv± tesa½ ±nubh±vena antop±tar±seyeva sakala½ pathavi½ anusa½y±yitv± r±jadh±niya½ pacc±gamanato. Pariº±yakaratanena vijitamanurakkhati tena tattha tattha kattabbakiccassa sa½vidh±nato. Seseh²ti maºiratana-itthiratanagahapatiratanehi. Tattha maºiratanena yojanappam±ºe dese andhak±ra½ vidhamitv± ±lokadassan±din± sukhamanubhavati, itthiratanena atikkantam±nusar³pasampattidassan±divasena, gahapatiratanena icchiticchitamaºikanakarajat±didhanappaµil±bhavasena. Uss±hasattiyogo yena kenaci appaµihat±º±cakkabh±vasiddhito. Hatthi-assaratan±d²na½ mah±nubh±vatt± kosasampattiy±pi pabh±vasampattisiddhito “hatthi…pe… yogo”ti vutta½. Koso hi n±ma sati uss±hasampattiya½ (uggatejassa sukum±raparakkamassa pasannamukhassa sammukhe p±puº±ti). Pacchimen±ti pariº±yakaratanena. Tañhi sabbar±jakiccesu kusala½ avirajjhanapayoga½. Ten±ha “mantasattiyogo”ti. Tividhasattiyogaphala½ paripuººa½ hot²ti sambandho. Seseh²ti sesehi pañcahi ratanehi. Adosakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±ven±ti adosasaªkh±tena kusalam³lena sahaj±t±dipaccayavasena upp±ditakammassa ±nubh±vena sampajjanti sommatararatanaj±tikatt±. Majjhim±ni maºi-itthigahapatiratan±ni. Alobha…pe… kamm±nubh±vena sampajjanti u¼±radhanassa u¼±radhanapaµil±bhak±raºassa ca paricc±gasampad±hetukatt±. Pacchimanti pariº±yakaratana½. Tañhi amoha…pe… kamm±nubh±vena sampajjati mah±paññeneva cakkavattir±jakiccassa pariºetabbatt±.
Saraºato paµipakkhavidhamanato s³r±. Ten±ha “abh²rukaj±tik±”ti. Asure vijinitv± µhitatt± v²ro, sakko dev±namindo, tassa aªga½ devaputto senaªgabh±vatoti vutta½ “v²raªgar³p±ti devaputtasadisak±y±”ti. Sabh±voti sabh±vabh³to attho. V²rak±raºanti v²rabh±vak±raºa½. V²riyamayasar²r± viy±ti saviggahav²riyasadis± saviggahañce v²riya½ siy±, ta½sadis±ti attho. Nanu rañño cakkavattissa paµisen± n±ma natthi, yamassa putt± pamaddeyyu½, atha kasm± “parasenapamaddan±”ti vuttanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “sace”ti-±di. Tena parasen± hotu v± m± v±, te pana eva½ mah±nubh±v±ti dasseti. Dhammen±ti kat³pacitena attano puññadhammena. Tena hi sañcodit± pathaviya½ sabbar±j±no paccuggantv± “sv±gata½ te mah±r±j±”ti-±di½ vatv± attano rajja½ rañño cakkavattissa niyy±denti. Tena vutta½ “so ima½…pe… ajjh±vasat²”ti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana tassa yath±vuttadhammassa ciratara½ vipaccitu½ paccayabh³ta½ cakkavattivattasamud±gata½ payogasampattisaªkh±ta½ dhamma½ dassetu½ “p±ºo na hantabboti-±din± pañcas²ladhammen±”ti vutta½. Evañhi “adaº¹ena asatthen±”ti ida½ vacana½ suµµhutara½ samatthita½ hoti, yasm± r±g±dayo p±padhamm± uppajjam±n± sattasant±na½ ch±detv± pariyonandhitv± tiµµhanti, kusalapavatti½ niv±renti, tasm± te “chadan±, chad±”ti ca vutt±.
Vivaµµetv± parivattetv±. P³j±rahat± vutt± “arahat²ti arahan”ti. Tass±ti p³j±rahat±ya. Yasm± samm±sambuddho, tasm± arahanti. Buddhattahetubh³t± vivaµµacchadat± vutt± sav±sanasabbakilesappah±napubbakatt± buddhabh±vasiddhiy±. Araha½ vaµµ±bh±ven±ti phalena hetu-anum±nadassana½. Samm±sambuddho chadan±bh±ven±ti hetun± phal±num±nadassana½. Hetudvaya½ vutta½ “vivaµµo vicchado c±”ti. Dutiyaves±rajjen±ti “kh²º±savassa te paµij±nato”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.150) ±gatena ves±rajjena. Purimasiddh²ti purimassa padassa atthasiddhi. Paµhamen±ti “samm±sambuddhassa te paµij±nato”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.150) ±gatena ves±rajjena. Dutiyasiddh²ti buddhattasiddhi. Tatiyacatuttheh²ti “ye kho pana te antar±yik± dhamm±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.150), “yassa kho pana te atth±y±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.150) ca ±gatehi tatiyacatutthehi ves±rajjehi. Tatiyasiddh²ti vivaµµacchadanat± siddhi. Y±th±vato antar±yikaniyy±nikadhamm±padesena hi satthu vivaµµacchadabh±vo loke p±kaµo ahosi. Purima½ dhammacakkhunti purimapada½ bhagavato dhammacakkhu½ s±dheti kiles±r²na½ sa½s±racakkassa ca ar±na½ hatabh±vad²panato. Dutiya½ pada½ buddhacakkhu½ s±dheti samm±sambuddhasseva ta½ sambhavato. Tatiya½ pada½ samantacakkhu½ s±dheti sav±sanasabbakilesappah±nad²panato. “Samm±sambuddho”ti hi vatv± “vivaµµacchado”ti vacana½ buddhabh±v±vahameva sabbakilesappah±na½ vibh±vet²ti. S³rabh±vanti lakkhaºavibh±vanena visadañ±ºata½.
385. Gaves²ti (d². ni. µ². 1.287) ñ±ºena pariyesana½ ak±si. Sam±nay²ti ñ±ºena saªkalento sam±na½ ±nayi sam±hari. Na sakkoti sa½kucite iriy±pathe yebhuyyena tesa½ dubbibh±vanato. Kaªkhat²ti padassa ±kaªkhat²ti ayamatthoti ±ha– “aho vata passeyyanti patthana½ upp±det²”ti. Kicchat²ti kilamati. “Kaªkhat²”ti padassa pubbe ±s²sanatthata½ vatv± id±ni tassa sa½sayatthattameva vikappantaravasena dassento “kaªkh±ya v± dubbal± vimati vutt±”ti-±di vutta½. T²hi dhammehi tippak±rehi sa½sayadhammehi. K±lussiyabh±voti appasannat±ya hetubh³to ±vilabh±vo. Yasm± bhagavato kosohita½ sabbabuddh±veºika½ vatthaguyha½ suvisuddhakañcanamaº¹alasannik±sa½ attano saºµh±nasannivesasundarat±ya ±j±neyyagandhahatthino varaªgac±rubh±va½ vikasam±natapaniy±ravindasamujjalakesar±vattavil±sa½ sañjh±pabh±nurañjitajalavanantar±bhilakkhita-sampuººacandamaº¹alasobhañca attano siriy± abhibhuyya vir±jati, ya½ b±hirabbhantaramalehi anupakkiliµµhat±ya cirak±la½ suparicitabrahmacariy±dhik±rat±ya susaºµhitasaºµh±nasampattiy± ca kop²nampi santa½ akop²nameva, tasm± vutta½ “bhagavato h²”ti-±di. Pah³tabh±vanti puthulabh±va½. Ettheva hi tassa sa½sayo, tanumudusukum±rat±d²su panassa guºesu tassa vic±raº± eva n±hosi.