2. Raµµhap±lasuttavaººan±

293. Th³lameva thulla½, thull± vipul± mahant± koµµh± j±t± imass±ti thullakoµµhikanti odanap³papah³tavasena laddhan±mo nigamo. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana thullakoµµhanti attho vutto. Tena p±¼iya½ ika-saddena padava¹¹hana½ katanti dasseti.
294. Raµµhap±loti ida½ tassa kulaputtassa n±ma½. Paveºivasena ±gatakulava½s±nugatanti samud±gamato paµµh±ya dassetu½ “kasm± raµµhap±lo”ti-±di vutta½. Sandh±retunti vin±sanato pubbe y±disa½, tatheva sammadeva dh±retu½ samattho. Saddh±ti kammaphalasaddh±ya sampann±. S±maºera½ disv±ti sikkh±k±mat±ya etadagge µhapiyam±na½ disv±.
Saha raññ±ti sar±jika½, raññ± saddhi½ r±japarisa½. C±tuvaººanti br±hmaº±dicatuvaººasamud±ya½. Posetunti vaddhetu½ d±n±d²hi saªgahavatth³hi saªgaºhitu½. Ya½ kula½. Pahossat²ti sakkhissati.
Tena tena me upaparikkhatoti “k±m± n±mete anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±, aµµhikaªkal³pam±”ti (ma. ni. 1.234; p±ci. 417; mah±ni. 3, 6) ca ±din± yena yena ±k±rena k±mesu ±d²nava½ ok±ra½ sa½kilesa½, tabbipariy±yato nekkhamme ±nisa½sa½ guºa½ pak±senta½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi, tena tena pak±rena upaparikkhato v²ma½santassa mayha½ eva½ hoti eva½ upaµµh±ti. Sikkhattayabrahmacariyanti adhis²l±disikkhattayasaªgaha½ seµµhacariya½. Akhaº¹±dibh±v±p±danena akhaº¹a½ lakkhaºavacanañheta½. Kañcipi sikkhekadesa½ asesetv± ekanteneva parip³retabbat±ya ekantaparipuººa½. Cittupp±damattampi sa½kilesamala½ anupp±detv± accantameva visuddha½ katv± pariharitabbat±ya ekantaparisuddha½. Tato eva saªkha½ viya likhitanti saªkhalikhita½. Ten±ha “likhitasaªkhasadisan”ti. D±µhik±pi massuggahaºeneva gahetv± “massu”tveva vutta½, uttar±dharamassunti attho. Kas±yena ratt±ni k±s±y±ni. Ananuññ±ta½ putta½ na pabb±jeti “m±t±pit³na½ lokiyamah±janassa cittaññathatta½ m± hot³”ti. Tath± hi suddhodanamah±r±jassa tath± varo dinno.
295. Piy±yitabbato piyoti ±ha “p²tijanako”ti. Manassa app±yanato man±poti ±ha “manava¹¹hanako”ti. Sukhedhito taruºad±rakak±le. Tato parañca sappikh²r±dis±durasamanuññabhojan±di-±h±rasampattiy± sukhaparibhato. Atha v± da¼habhattikadh±tijan±diparijanasampattiy± ceva paricchadasampattiy± ca u¼±rapaº²tasukhapaccay³pah±rehi ca sukhedhito, akiccheneva dukkhappaccayavinodanena sukhaparibhato. Ajjhattikaªgasampattiy± v± sukhedhito, b±hiraªgasampattiy± sukhaparibhato. Kassac²ti upayogatthe s±mivacana½, kiñc²ti vutta½ hoti, ayameva v± p±µho. Tath± hi “appamattakampi kalabh±ga½ dukkhassa na j±n±s²”ti attho vutto. Eva½ santeti nanu maya½ raµµhap±la maraº±d²su kenaci up±yena appat²k±rena maraºenapi tay± ak±mak±pi vin± bhaviss±ma, eva½ sati. Yen±ti yena k±raºena. Ki½ pan±ti ettha kinti k±raºatthe paccattavacananti dassento ±ha “kena pana k±raºen±”ti.
296. Paric±reh²ti parito tattha tattha yath±saka½ visayesu c±rehi. Ten±ha “ito cito ca upaneh²”ti. Paric±reh²ti v± sukh³pakaraºehi att±na½ paric±rehi, attano paricaraºa½ k±rehi. Tath±bh³to ca yasm± la¼anto k²¼anto n±ma hoti, tasm± “la¼±”ti-±di vutta½. Niccad±na½ d±na½ n±ma, uposathadivas±d²su d±tabba½ atirekad±na½ pad±na½ n±ma. Paveº²rakkhaºavasena v± d²yam±na½ d±na½ n±ma, attan±va paµµhapetv± d²yam±na½ pad±na½ n±ma. Pacurajanas±dh±raºa½ v± n±ti-u¼±ra½ d±na½ n±ma, anaññas±dh±raºa½ ati-u¼±ra½ pad±na½ n±ma. Uddassetabb±ti uddha½ dassetabb±. Kuto uddha½ te dassetabb±? Pabbajitato uddha½ att±na½ m±t±pitaro dassetabb±, ten±ha “yath±”ti-±di.
299. Bala½ gahetv±ti ettha balaggahaºa½ n±ma k±yabalassa upp±danamev±ti ±ha “k±yabala½ janetv±”ti. Eva½ viharantoti yath± p±¼iya½ vutta½ eva½ eko v³pakaµµho appamatto viharanto. Tasm±ti yasm± neyyo, na ugghaµitaññ³, na ca vipañcitaññ³, tasm±. Cirena pabbajito dv±dasame vasse arahatta½ p±puºi. Ya½ pana vutta½ p±¼iya½ “na cirassev±”ti, ta½ saµµhi vass±ni tato adhikampi vipassan±pariv±sa½ vasante up±d±ya vutta½.
Sattadv±rakoµµhakass±ti sattagabbhantaradv±rakoµµhakas²sena gabbhantar±ni vadati. Pahar±pet²ti vayovu¹¹h±nur³pa½ kapp±pan±din± alaªk±r±peti. Antoj±tat±ya ñ±tisadis² d±s² ñ±tid±s². P³tibh±veneva lakkhitabbo doso v± abhidoso, sova ±bhidosiko, abhidosa½ v± pacc³sak±la½ gato patto atikkantoti ±bhidosiko. Ten±ha “ekaratt±tikkantass±”ti-±di Aparibhog±raho p³tibh³tabh±vena. Ariyavoh±ren±ti ariyasamud±c±rena. Ariy± hi m±tug±ma½ bhaginiv±dena samud±caranti. Nissaµµhapariggahanti pariccatt±laya½. Vattu½ vaµµat²ti nirapekkhabh±vato vutta½, idha pana visesato aparibhog±rahatt±va vatthuno. Nim²yati saññ±yat²ti nimitta½, tath±sallakkhito ±k±roti ±ha “±k±ra½ aggahes²”ti.
300. Ghara½ pavisitv±ti gehas±miniy± nis²ditabbaµµh±nabh³ta½ antogeha½ pavisitv±. ¾lapaneti d±sijanassa ±lapane. Bahi nikkhamant±ti yath±vutta-antogehato bahi nikkhamantiyo. Gharesu s±l± hont²ti gharesu ekamante bhojanas±l± honti p±k±raparikkhitt± susa½vihitadv±rabandh± susammaµµhav±likaªgaº±.
Anokappana½ asaddahana½. Amarisana½ asahana½. An±gatavacana½ an±gatasaddappayogo, attho pana vattam±nak±likova. Ten±ha “paccakkhamp²”ti. Ariyiddhiyanti “paµik³le apaµik³lasaññ² viharat²”ti (a. ni. 5.144) eva½ vutta-ariyiddhiya½.
P³tikumm±so cha¹¹an²yadhammo tassa gehato laddhopi na d±tabbayuttako d±sijanena dinnoti ±ha “deyyadhammavasena neva d±na½ alatthamh±”ti. “Imehi muº¹akeh²”ti-±din± nitthunanavacanena paccakkh±na½ atthato laddhameva, tassa pana ujukaph±susam±c±ravasena aladdhatt± vutta½ “na paccakkh±nan”ti. Ten±ha– “paµisanth±ravasena paccakkh±nampi na alatthamh±”ti. “Neva d±nan”ti-±di pacc±s²s±ya akkhantiy± ca vutta½ viya pacurajano maññeyy±ti tannivattanattha½ adhipp±yamassa vivaritu½ “kasm± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Suttik±paµicchannanti sippik±chad±hi channa½.
Ukkaµµha-ek±sanikat±y±ti ida½ bh³takathanamatta½ therassa tath±bh±vad²panato. Mudukassapi hi ek±sanikassa y±ya nisajj±ya kiñcimatta½ bhojana½ bhutta½, vattas²senapi tato vuµµhitassa puna bhuñjitu½ na vaµµati. Ten±ha tipiµakac³¼±bhayatthero “±sana½ v± rakkheyya bhojana½ v±”ti. Ukkaµµhasapad±nac±rikoti purato pacchato ca ±haµabhikkhampi aggahetv± bahidv±re µhatv± pattavissajjanameva karoti. Eteneva therassa ukkaµµhapiº¹ap±tikabh±vo d²pito. Ten±ha– “sv±tan±ya bhikkha½ n±ma n±dhiv±set²”ti. Atha kasm± adhiv±ses²ti ±ha “m±tu anuggahen±”ti-±di Paº¹it± hi m±t±pit³na½ ±cariyupajjh±y±na½ v± k±tabba½ anuggaha½ ajjhupekkhitv± dhutaªgasuddhik± na bhavanti.
301. Payuttanti vaddhivasena payojita½, taddhitalopa½ katv± vuttanti veditabba½ yath± aññatth±pi “pit±maha½ dhana½ laddh±, sukha½ j²vati sañcayo”ti Jeµµhakitthiyoti padh±nitthiyo. Itoti imasmi½ kule anubhavitabbavibhavasampattito. Aññatoti imassa dinnatt± aññasmi½ kule anubhavitabbasampattito.
302. Cittavicittanti kappan±ya ceva arahar³pena alaªk±r±din± ca cittitañceva vicittitañca. Vaºak±yanti vaºabh³ta½ k±ya½. Samantato ussitanti heµµhimak±yavasena heµµh± upari ca sannissita½. Nicc±turanti abhiºhappaµip²¼ita½, sad± dukkhita½ v±. Bahusaªkappanti r±gavatthubh±vena abhijanehi h±vabh±vavil±savasena, ±misavasena ca soºasiªg±l±d²hi bah³hi saªkappetabba½. Ýhit²ti avaµµh±na½ avipariº±mo natthi. Ten±ha– “bhijjanadhammat±va niyat±”ti, parissavabh±v±patti ceva vin±sapatti ca ekantik±ti attho.
Cittakatamp²ti gandh±d²hi cittakatampi. R³panti sar²ra½.
Alattakakat±ti piº¹i-alattakena suvaººakat±. Ten±ha “alattakena rañjit±”ti. Cuººakamakkhitanti dosan²haraºehi t±padahan±d²hi kat±bhisaªkh±ramukha½ gorocan±d²hi obh±sanakacuººehi makkhita½, ten±ha “s±sapakakken±”ti-±di.
Rasodaken±ti saralaniyy±sarasamissena udakena. ¾vattanaparivatte katv±ti ±vattanaparivattanavasena nate katv±. Aµµhapadakaracan±y±ti bhittik³µaddhacand±divibh±g±ya aµµhapadakaracan±ya.
Viravam±neti “aya½ pal±yati, gaºha gaºh±”ti viravam±ne. Hiraññasuvaººa-orodheti vattabba½.
303. Ussit±ya ussit±y±ti kulavibhavab±husaccapaññ±sampattiy± uggat±ya uggat±ya. Abhilakkhito u¼±rabh±vena.
304. Parijuññ±n²ti parih±n±ni. Ye by±dhin± abhibh³t± satt± jiººakapp± vayoh±nisatt± viya honti, tato nivattento “jar±jiººo”ti ±ha. Vayovu¹¹ho, na s²l±divu¹¹ho. Mahatta½ l±ti gaºh±t²ti mahallako, j±tiy± mahallako, na vibhav±din±ti j±timahallako Dvattir±japarivattasaªkh±ta½ addh±na½ k±la½ gato v²tivattoti addhagato. Tath± ca paµhamavaya½ majjhimavayañca at²to hot²ti ±ha “addh±na½ atikkanto”ti. Jiºº±dipadehi paµhamavayamajjhimavayassa bodhitatt± anuppattat±visiµµho vaya-saddo os±navayavisayoti ±ha “pacchimavaya½ anuppatto”ti.
“Appiccho, appa¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphasso”ti (a. ni. 10.11) evam±d²su viya appa-saddo abh±vatthoti adhipp±yen±ha “app±b±dhoti arogo, app±taªkoti niddukkho”ti. Appattho v± idha, tatth±pi appa-saddo daµµhabbo. Evañhi “yo hi, gahapati, ima½ p³tik±ya½ pariharanto muhuttampi ±rogya½ paµij±neyya kimaññatra b±ly±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.1) suttapada½ samatthita½ hoti. Vipaccana½ vip±ko, so eva vep±ko. Samo vep±ko etiss± atth²ti samavep±kin², t±ya. Teneva samavep±kinibh±vena sabbampi sammadeva gaºh±ti dh±ret²ti gahaº². Gahaºisampattiy± hi yath±bhutta-±h±ro sammadeva j²ranto sar²re tiµµhati, no aññath± bhuttabhutto ±h±ro j²rati gahaºiy± tikkhabh±vena. Tatheva tiµµhat²ti bhutt±k±reneva tiµµhati gahaºiy± mandabh±vato. Bhattacchando uppajjateva bhutta-±h±rassa samm± pariº±ma½ gatatt±. Tenev±ti samavep±kinibh±veneva. Patt±na½ bhog±na½ parikkhiyam±na½ na sahas± ekajjha½yeva parikkhaya½ gacchanti, atha kho anukkamena, tath± ñ±tayop²ti ±ha “anupubben±”ti. Ch±takabhay±din±ti ±di-saddena by±dhibhay±di½ saªgaºh±ti.
305. Uddesas²sena niddeso gahitoti ±ha “dhammaniddes± uddiµµh±”ti. Yasm± v± ye dhamm± uddisitabbaµµhena “uddes±”ti vuccanti. Teva dhamm± niddisitabbaµµhena niddes±ti “dhammaniddes± uddiµµh±”ti attho vutto. Atha v± ye dhamm± aniccat±divibh±vanavasena uddha½ uddha½ desessanti, te dhamm± tatheva nissesato desessant²ti eva½ uddesaniddesapad±na½ anatthantarat± veditabb±. Tatth±ti jar±maraºasantike. Addhuvoti niddhuvo na thiro, aniccoti attho. Ten±ha “dhuvaµµh±navirahito”ti, aj±t±bh³t±saªkhatadhuvabh±vak±raºavivittoti attho. Upan²yyat²ti v± jar±maraºena loko samm± n²yati, tasm± addhuvoti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. T±yitunti j±ti-±dibyasanato rakkhitu½ samatthena issarena attan± virahitoti. “Ima½ loka½ ito vaµµadukkhato mocess±mi, jar±by±dhimaraº±na½ ta½ adhibhavitu½ na dass±m²”ti eva½ abhisarat²ti abhissaraºa½, lokassa sukhassa d±t± hitassa vidh±t± koci issaro, tadabh±vato ±ha “anabhissaroti asaraºo”ti. Nissako mam±yitabbavatthu-abh±vato, ten±ha “sakabhaº¹avirahito”ti-±di. Taºh±ya vase j±to taºh±ya vijitoti katv± “taºh±ya d±so”ti vutta½.
306. Hatthivisayatt± hatthisannissitatt± v± hatthisippa½ “hatth²”ti gahitanti ±ha– “hatthisminti hatthisippe”ti, sesapadesupi eseva nayo. S±tisaya½ ³rubala½ etassa atth²ti ³rubal²ti ±ha– “³rubalasampanno”ti, tamevattha½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassetu½ “yassa h²”ti-±di vutta½. Abhinna½ parasena½ bhindato bhinna½ sakasena½ sandh±rayato upatthambhayato. B±hubal²ti etth±pi “yassa hi phalakañca ±vudhañca gahetv±”ti-±din± attho vattabbo, idha pana parahatthagata½ rajja½ ±haritu½ b±hubalanti yojan±. Yath± hi “³rubal²”ti etth±pi b±hubala½ an±masitv± attho, eva½ “b±hubal²”ti ettha ³rubala½ an±masitv± attho veditabbo, ±hito aha½m±no etth±ti att±, attabh±vo. Ala½ samattho att± etass±ti alamatthoti ±ha “samattha-attabh±vo”ti.
Pariyodh±y±ti v± parito ±rakkha½ odahitv±. “Sa½vijjante kho, bho raµµhap±la, imasmi½ r±jakule hatthik±y±pi…pe… vattissant²”ti idampi so r±j± upari dhammuddesassa k±raºa½ ±haranto ±ha.
Vuttasseva anu pacch± g±yanavasena kathana½ anug²ti. T± pana g±th± dhammuddes±na½ desan±nupubbi½ an±diyitv±pi yath±raha½ saªgaºhanavasena anug²t±ti ±ha “catunna½ dhammuddes±na½ anug²tin”ti.
307. Ekanti ekaj±tiya½. Vatthuk±makilesak±m± visayabhedena bhinditv± tath± vutt±ti daµµhabbo.
S±garanten±ti s±garapariyantena.
Aho vat±ti socane nip±to, “aho vata p±pa½ kata½ may±”ti-±d²su viya. Amar±ti-±d²su ±h³ti kathenti. Mata½ uddissa “amhan”ti vattabbe sokavasena “amaran”ti vuccati.
Vos±nanti niµµha½, pariyos±nanti attho. S±v±ti paññ± eva. Dhanatoti sabbadhanato. Uttamatar± seµµh±, tenev±ha “paññ±j²vi½ j²vitam±hu seµµhan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 184).
Tesu p±pa½ karontesu sattesu, niddh±raºe ceta½ bhummavacana½. Parampar±y±ti attabh±vaparampar±ya. Sa½s±ra½ ±pajjitv±ti bhav±d²su sa½s±rassa ±pajjanahetu½ ±pajjanto paraloka½ upeti, paraloka½ upentova bahuvidhadukkhasaªkh±ta½ gabbhañca upeti. T±disass±ti tath±r³passa gabbhav±sadukkh±d²na½ adhiµµh±nabh³tassa appapaññassa añño appapañño ca abhisaddahanto hitasukh±vahanti pattiy±yanto.
“P±padhammo”ti vuttatt± t±disassa paraloko n±ma duggati ev±ti ±ha “paramhi ap±yaloke”ti.
Vividhar³pen±ti r³pasadd±divasena tatthapi paº²tatar±divasena bahuvidhar³pena.
S±maññamev±ti samaºabh±vo eva seyyo. Ettha ca ±dito dv²hi g±th±hi catuttho dhammuddeso anug²to. Catutthag±th±ya tatiyo. Pañcamag±th±ya dutiyo. Chaµµhag±th±ya dutiyatatiy±. Sattamag±th±ya paµhamo dhammuddeso anug²to, aµµham±d²hi pavattinivatt²su k±mesu nekkhamme ca yath±raha½ ±d²nav±nisa½sa½ vibh±vetv± attano pabbajjak±raºa½ paramato dassento yath±vuttadhammuddesa½ nigameti, tena vutta½ “t± pana g±th± dhammuddes±na½ desan±nupubbi½ an±diyitv±pi yath±raha½ saªgaºhanavasena anug²t±”ti. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Raµµhap±lasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.