4. R±javaggo

1. Ghaµik±rasuttavaººan±

282. Cariyanti bodhicariya½, bodhisambh±rasambharaºavasena pavattita½ bodhisattapaµipattinti attho. Suk±raºanti bodhiparip±canassa ekantika½ sundara½ k±raºa½, kassapassa bhagavato payirup±san±di½ sandh±ya vadati. Tañhi tena saddhi½ may± idha katanti vattabbata½ labhati. Mandahasitanti ²saka½ hasita½. Kuha½ kuhanti h±sa-saddassa anukaraºameta½. Haµµhapahaµµh±k±ramattanti haµµhapahaµµhamatta½. Yath± gahitasaªket± “pahaµµho bhagav±”ti sañj±nanti, eva½ ±k±radassanamatta½.
Id±ni imin± pasaªgena t±sa½ samuµµh±na½ vibh±gato dassetu½ “hasitañca n±metan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha ajjhupekkhanavasenapi h±so na sambhavati, pageva domanassavasen±ti ±ha “terasahi somanassasahagatacitteh²”ti. Nanu ca keci kodhavasenapi hasant²ti? Na, tesampi ya½ ta½ kodhavatthu, tassa maya½ d±ni yath±k±mak±rita½ ±pajjiss±m±ti duviññeyyantarena somanassacitteneva h±sassa uppajjanato. Tes³ti pañcasu somanassasahagatacittesu. Balav±rammaºeti u¼±ra-±rammaºe yamakamah±p±µih±riyasadise. Dubbal±rammaºeti anu¼±re ±rammaºe. Imasmi½ pana µh±ne…pe… upp±des²ti ida½ por±ºaµµhakath±ya½ tath± ±gatatt± vutta½. Na ahetukasomanassasahagatacittena bhagavato sita½ hot²ti dassanattha½.
Abhidhammaµ²k±ya½ (dha. sa. m³laµ². 568) pana “at²ta½s±d²su appaµihata½ ñ±ºa½ vatv± ‘imehi t²hi dhammehi samann±gatassa buddhassa bhagavato sabba½ k±yakamma½ ñ±ºapubbaªgama½ ñ±º±nuparivattan’ti-±divacanato (mah±ni. 69, 156; c³¼ani. m±ghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 85; paµi. ma. 3.5; netti. 15; d². ni. aµµha. 3.305; vibha. m³laµ². suttantabh±jan²yavaººan±; d². ni. µ². 3.141, 305) ‘bhagavato ida½ citta½ uppajjat²’ti vuttavacana½ vic±retabban”ti vutta½. Tattha imin± hasitupp±dacittena pavattiyam±nampi bhagavato sitakaraºa½ pubbeniv±sa-an±gata½sa-sabbaññutaññ±º±na½ anuvattakatt± ñ±º±nuparivattiyev±ti, eva½ pana ñ±º±nuparivattibh±ve sati na koci p±¼i-aµµhakath±na½ virodho. Tath± hi abhidhammaµµhakath±ya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 568) “tesa½ ñ±º±na½ ciººapariyante ida½ citta½ uppajjat²”ti vutta½. Avassañca eta½ eva½ icchitabba½, aññath± ±vajjanassapi bhagavato pavatti tath±r³pe k±le na sa½yujjeyya, tassapi hi viññattisamuµµh±pakabh±vassa icchitatt±, tath± hi vutta½– “evañca katv± manodv±r±vajjanassapi viññattisamuµµh±pakatta½ upapanna½ hot²”ti, na ca viññattisamuµµh±pakatte ta½samuµµhit±ya viññattiy± k±yakamm±dibh±va½ ±pajjanabh±vo vibandhat²ti tameva sandh±ya vadati. Ten±ha “eva½ appamattakamp²”ti. Saterit± vijjulat± n±ma saterat±vijjulat±. S± hi itaravijjulat± viya khaºaµµhitik± s²ghanirodh± ca na hoti, apica kho dandhanirodh±, tañca sabbak±la½ catud²pikamah±meghatova niccharati ten±ha “c±tudd²pikamah±meghamukhato”ti. Aya½ kira t±sa½ rasmivaµµ²na½ dhammat±, yadida½ tikkhattu½ siravara½ padakkhiºa½ katv± d±µhaggesuyeva antaradh±na½.
283. Yadipi catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni kapp±na½ satasahassañca paññ±p±ramit± paribh±vit±, tath±pi id±ni ta½ buddhantara½ tass± paµip±detabbatt± vutta½ “aparipakkañ±ºatt±”ti. K±mañcassa ñ±º±ya id±nipi paµip±detabbat± atthi, eva½ santepi nanu samm±sambuddhesu pas±dena sambh±van±ya bhavitabba½ tath± cirak±la½ paribh±vitatt±, katha½ tattha h²¼an±ti ±ha “br±hmaºakule”ti-±di. Cirak±laparicit±pi hi guºabh±van± appakenapi akaly±ºamittasa½saggena viparivattati aññathatta½ gacchati. Tena mah±sattopi j±tisiddh±ya½ laddhiya½ µhatv± j±tisiddhena m±nena evam±ha– “ki½ pana tena muº¹akena samaºakena diµµhen±”ti. Tath± hi vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½
“Tasm± akaly±ºajana½, ±s²visamivoraga½,
±rak± parivajjeyya, bh³tik±mo vicakkhaºo”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.170-172).
Nh±nacuººena suttena kat± sotti, kuruvindagu¼ik±, s± eva sin±yanti k±ya½ visodhenti et±y±ti sin±na½. Ten±ha– “sotti sin±nanti sin±natth±ya katasottin”ti.
284. Ariyaparih±ren±ti ariy±na½ parih±rena, an±g±m²na½ nh±nak±le attano k±yassa parih±raniy±men±ti attho. Attano ñ±ºasampattiy± vibhavasampattiy± pasannak±ra½ k±tu½ sakkhissati. Etadatthanti “ahitaniv±raºa½, hite niyojana½ byasane parivajjanan”ti yadida½, etadattha½ mitt± n±ma honti. Keci “y±vettha ahup²”ti paµhanti, tesa½ y±va ettha kesaggagahaºa½ t±va aya½ nibandho ahup²ti attho.
285. Satipaµil±bhatth±y±ti bodhiy± mah±bhin²h±ra½ katv± bodhisambh±rapaµipad±ya p³raºabh±ve satiy± paµil±bhatth±ya. Id±ni tassa satupp±dan²yakath±ya pavattit±k±ra½ saªkhepeneva dassetu½ “tassa h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha na l±makaµµh±na½ otiººasattoti imin± mah±sattassa paº²t±dhimuttata½ dassetv± eva½ paº²t±dhimuttikassa pam±dakiriy± na yutt±ti dassento “t±disassa n±ma pam±davih±ro na yutto”ti ±ha. Tad± bodhisattassa nekkhammajjh±sayo telappad²po viya visesato nibbatti, ta½ disv± bhagav± tadanur³pa½ dhammakatha½ karonto “t±disassa…pe… kathes²”ti. Parasamuddav±s² ther± aññath± vadanti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana n±ya½ buddh±na½ bh±ro, yadida½ p³ritap±ram²na½ bodhisatt±na½ tath± dhammadesan± tesa½ mah±bhin²h±rasamanantarampi bodhisambh±rassa sayambhuñ±ºeneva paµividitatt±. Tasm± bodhisattabh±vapavedanameva tassa bhagav± ak±s²ti dassetu½ “satipaµil±bhatth±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Satipaµil±bhatth±y±ti samm±paµipattiy± ujjalane p±kaµakarasatipaµil±bh±ya.
286. ѱºañhi kilesadhammavid±lanapad±lanehi siªga½ viy±ti siªga½. Tañhi paµipattiy± upatthambhita½ ussita½ n±ma hoti, tadabh±ve patita½ n±ma. Keci pana v²riya½ siªganti vadanti. Tasmi½ sammappadh±navasena pavatte b±hirapabbajja½ upagat±pi mah±satt± visuddh±say± appicchat±diguºasamaªgino yath±raha½ ganthadhura½ v±sadhurañca paribr³hayant± viharanti, pageva buddhas±sane appicchat±d²h²ti ±ha “catup±risuddhis²le pan±”ti-±di. Vipassana½ br³hent± sikh±ppattavipassan± hont²ti vutta½– “y±va anulomañ±ºa½ ±hacca tiµµhant²”ti, anulomañ±ºato orameva vipassana½ µhapent²ti attho. Maggaphalattha½ v±y±ma½ na karonti paññ±p±ramit±ya sabbaññutaññ±ºagabbhassa aparipuººatt± aparipakkatt± ca.
287. Thereh²ti vuddhatarehi. Niv±se sat²ti yasmi½ µh±ne pabbajito, tattheva niv±se. Vappak±latoti sass±na½ vappak±lato. Pubbe viya tato para½ tikhiºena s³riyasant±pena payojana½ natth²ti vutta½– “vappak±le vit±na½ viya upari vatthakilañja½ bandhitv±”ti. Puµaketi kal±pe.
288. Paccayas±maggihetukatt± dhammappattiy± padesato pariññ±vatthuk±pi ariy± upaµµhite cittavigh±tapaccaye yadeta½ n±tis±vajja½, tadeva½ gaºhant²ti ayamettha dhammat±ti ±ha– “al±bha½ ±rabbha cittaññathattan”ti-±di. Soti kik² k±sir±j±. Br±hmaºabhattoti br±hmaºesu bhatto. Deveti br±hmaºe sandh±y±ha. Bh³midev±ti tesa½ samaññ±, tad± br±hmaºagaruko loko. Tad± hi kassapopi bhagav± br±hmaºakule nibbatti. Dh²tu avaººa½ vatv±ti, “mah±r±ja, tava dh²t± br±hmaºasamaya½ pah±ya muº¹ap±saº¹ikasamaya½ gaºh²”ti-±din± r±japuttiy± aguºa½ vatv±. Vara½ gaºhi½su ñ±tak±. Rajja½ niyy±tesi “m± me vacana½ mus± ahosi, aµµhame divase niggaºhiss±m²”ti.
P±vana-asmanayanavasena samm± p±v²katatt± parisuddhataº¹ul±ni. P±¼iya½ taº¹ulapaµibhast±n²ti taº¹ulakhaº¹±ni. Muggapaµibhastaka¼±yapaµibhastesupi eseva nayo.
289. Ko nu khoti bhummatthe paccattavacananti ±ha– “kuhi½ nu kho”ti p±rip³ri½ yoj²yanti byañjanabhojan±ni etth±ti pariyogo, tato pariyog±. Ten±ha “s³pabh±janato”ti. Sañña½ datv±ti vutta½ sabba½ ±cikkhitv± tumh±ka½ atth±ya samp±detv± nikkhitto upaµµh±koti bhagavato ±roceth±ti sañña½ datv±. Ativissatthoti ativiya vissattho. Pañcavaºº±ti khuddik±divasena pañcappak±r±.
290. Kinti nissakke paccattavacana½, kasm±ti attho? Dhammikoti imin± ±gamanasuddhi½ dasseti Bhikkh³na½ patte bhattasadisoti imin± up±sakena satthu pariccattabh±va½ tattha satthuno ca aparisaªkata½ dasseti. Sikkh±padavel± n±ma natth²ti dhammass±mibh±vato sikkh±padamariy±d± n±ma natthi paººattivajje, pakativajje pana setugh±to eva.
291. Chadanaµµh±ne yad±k±sa½, tadeva tassa gehassa chadananti ±k±sacchadana½. Pakatiy± utupharaºamev±ti ch±dite y±disa½ utu, chadane uttiºabh±vepi tamhi gehe t±disameva utupharaºa½ ahosi. Tesa½yev±ti tesa½ ghaµik±rassa m±t±pit³na½ eva.
292. “Catasso muµµhiyo eko ku¹uvo, catt±ro ku¹uv± eko pattho, catt±ro patth± eko ±¼hako, catt±ro ±¼hak± eka½ doºa½, catt±ri doº±ni ek± m±nik±, catasso m±nik± ek± kh±r², v²sati kh±rik± eko v±hoti tadeva ekasakaµan”ti suttanip±taµµhakath±d²su (su. ni. aµµha. 2.662) vutta½, idha pana “dve sakaµ±ni eko v±ho”ti vutta½. Telaph±ºit±dinti ±di-saddena sappi-±di½ maric±dikaµukabhaº¹añca saªgaºh±ti. N±ha½ raññ± diµµhapubbo, kuto paripphassoti adhipp±yo. Naccitv±ti nacca½ datv±.

Ghaµik±rasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.