7. Mah±sakulud±yisuttavaººan±

237. Abhiññ±t±ti ediso ediso c±ti abhilakkhaºavasena ñ±t±. Appasaddassa vin²to, appasaddat±ya mandabh±ºit±ya vin²toti ca appasaddavin²toti vuccam±ne aññena vin²tabh±vo d²pito hoti, bhagav± pana sayambhuñ±ºena sayameva vin²to. Tasm± p±¼iya½ “appasaddavin²to”ti na vutta½. Ten±ha “na hi bhagav± aññena vin²to”ti.
238. Hiyyodivasa½ up±d±ya tato ±sann±ni katipay±ni divas±ni purim±ni n±ma honti, purim±n²ti ca pubbak±ni, at²t±n²ti attho. Tato paranti yath± vutta-at²tadivasato anantara½ para½ purimatara½ atisayena purimatt±. Iti imesu dv²su pavattito yath±kkama½ purimapurimatarabh±vo, eva½ santepi yadettha “purimataran”ti vutta½, tato pabhuti ya½ ya½ ora½, ta½ ta½ para½, ya½ ya½ para½, ta½ ta½ “purimataran”ti vutta½ hoti. Kut³halayutt± s±l± kut³halas±l± yath± “±jaññaratho”ti. Ime dassan±dayo.
Ayath±bh³taguºeh²ti ayath±bh³ta½ micch±d²pita-atthamatteneva ugghositaguºehi samuggato ghosito. Taranti atikkamanti eten±ti tittha½, aggamaggo. Diµµhigatikamaggo pana ayath±bh³topi tesa½ tath± vitaraºa½ up±d±ya titthanti vohar²yat²ti ta½ karont± titthakar±. Osarat²ti pavisati.
239. Sahitanti pubb±par±viruddha½. Na kiñci j±tanti paµiññ±dosahetudosa-ud±haraºadosaduµµhadosat±ya na kiñci j±ta½. Ten±ha “±ropito te v±do”ti. Vadanti tena paribh±sant²ti v±do doso. Sabh±vakkosen±ti sabh±vato pavattakoµµh±sena.
240. P²¼eyy±ti madhubhaº¹ena saha bh±jane p²¼etv± dadeyya. Sabrahmac±r²hi sampayojetv±ti sahadhammikehi viheµhanapayoga½ katv±, ten±ha “viv±da½ katv±”ti.
241. Itar²taren±ti paº²tato itarena. Ten±ha “l±makal±maken±”ti.
242. Bhattakosaken±ti kosakabhattena, khuddakasar±vabhattaken±ti attho. Beluvamattabhatt±h±r±ti billapam±ºabhattabhojan±. Oµµhavaµµiy±ti mukhavaµµiy±. Sabb±k±renev±ti sabbappak±reneva. Anapp±h±roti na vattabbo kad±ci app±h±roti katv±. Tattha ativiya aññehi avisayha½ app±h±rata½ bhagavato dassetu½ “padh±nabh³miyan”ti-±di vutta½. May±ti nissakkavacana½. Visesatar±ti tena dhammena visesavantatar±.
Vatasam±d±navaseneva pa½suk³la½ dh±rent²ti pa½suk³lik±ti ±ha– “sam±dinnapa½suk³likaªg±”ti, saddattho pana “visuddhimagge” (visuddhi. 1.24) vuttanayena veditabbo. Piº¹ap±tik± sapad±nac±rinoti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Tattha tattha satthena chinditatt± satthal³kh±ni. Ya½ ya½ sapp±ya½, tasseva gahaºa½ uccinanti ±ha “uccinitv±…pe… thiraµµh±nameva gahetv±”ti. Al±bulomas±n²ti al±bulom±ni viya sukhumatar±ni c²varasutta½s³ni etesa½ sant²ti al±bulomas±ni. P±titas±ºapa½suk³lanti ka¼evarena saddhi½ cha¹¹itas±ºamaya½ pa½suk³la½, ya½ tumbamatte pu¼ave odhunitv± satth± gaºhi.
“Yath±pi bhamaro pupphan”ti-±din± (dha. pa. 49) vutta½ madhukarabhikkh±c±ravata½ “piº¹iy±lopabhojana½ niss±ya pabbajj±”ti (mah±va. 73, 128) vacanato bhikkh³na½ pakatibh³ta½ vatanti vutta½ “uñch±sake vate rat±”ti. Vata-saddo cettha pakativatasaªkh±ta½ sakavata½ vadati. Ten±ha “uñch±cariyasaªkh±te bhikkh³na½ pakativate”ti. Uccan²cagharadv±raµµh±yinoti mahantakhuddakageh±na½ bahidv±rakoµµhakaµµh±yino. Kabaramissaka½ bhatta½ sa½haritv±ti kaº±jakamissaka½ bhatta½ sampiº¹itv±. Umm±rato paµµh±y±ti gharumm±rato paµµh±ya.
C²var±nuggahatthanti c²var±nurakkhaºattha½. Ettha ca yasm± buddh± n±ma sadevake loke anuttara½ puññakkhetta½, s± cassa puññakkhettat± paramukka½sagat±, tasm± satt±na½ t±disa½ upak±ra½ ±cikkhitv± te ca anuggaºhant± gahapatic²vara½ s±diyanti, catupaccayasantose pana ne paramukka½sagat± ev±ti daµµhabba½.
244. Sappaccayanti sahetuka½ sak±raºa½ hutv± dhamma½ deset²ti ayamettha attho. Codako pana adhipp±ya½ aj±nanto “ki½ pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Itaro “no na deset²”ti-±din± adhipp±ya½ vivarati. Nid±nanti cettha ñ±paka½ uppattik±raºa½ adhippeta½, tañca tassa tassa anuppattiyuttassa atthassa paµipakkhaharaºato “sapp±µih±riyan”ti vuccat²ti ±ha “purimasseveta½ vevacanan”ti. R±g±d²na½ v± paµiharaºa½ paµih±riya½, tadeva p±µih±riya½, saha p±µih±riyen±ti sapp±µih±riya½. R±g±dipaµisedhavaseneva hi satth± dhamma½ deseti.
245. Tassa tassa pañhass±ti ya½ ya½ pañha½ paro abhisaªkharitv± bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± pucchati, tassa tassa pañhassa. Upari ±gamanav±dapathanti vissajjane kate tato upari ±gacchanaka½ v±damagga½. Visesetv± vadantoti vattati, “bho gotama, vattumarahat²”ti attano v±dabhedanattha½ ±hata½ k±raºa½ attano m±raºattha½ ±vudha½ nidassento viya visesetv± vadanto pah±rakena vacanena. Antarantareti may± vuccam±nakath±pabandhassa antarantare. Dadeyya vadeyya. Evar³pesu µh±nes³ti parav±d²hi saddhi½ v±dapaµiv±daµµh±nesu. Te niggahetu½ may± desita½ suttapada½ ±netv± mamayeva anus±sani½ ov±da½ pacc±s²santi.
246. Samp±dem²ti manoratha½ samp±demi. Parip³rem²ti ajjh±saya½ parip³remi. Adhis²leti adhike uttamas²le. S±vakas²lato ca paccekabuddhas²lato ca buddh±na½ s²la½ adhika½ ukkaµµha½ paramukka½sato anaññas±dh±raºabh±vato. Ten±ha “buddhas²la½ n±ma kathitan”ti. Ýh±nuppattikapaññ±ti tattha tattha µh±naso uppannapaññ±. Ten±ha “tatth±”ti-±di. Avases± paññ±ti idha p±¼iya½ ±gat± an±gat± ca yath±vuttañ±ºadvayavinimutt± paññ±.
247. Vises±dhigam±nanti satipaµµh±n±d²na½ adhigandhabbavises±na½. Abhiññ± n±ma cha abhiññ±, t±su ukkaµµhaniddesena cha¼abhiññ±rahatova aggamaggapaññ± idha abhiññ±ti adhippet±, tassa vos±na½ pariyos±na½ p±ram² paramukka½s±ti avaka½s±ti ca aggaphala½ vuccat²ti ±ha “abhiññ±…pe… arahatta½ patt±”ti.
Up±yapadh±neti ariyaphal±dhigamanassa up±yabh³te padh±ne. “Anuppannap±pak±nupp±d±di-atth±”ti gahit± tatheva honti, ta½ attha½ s±dhentiyev±ti etassa atthassa d²pako samm±-saddoti yath±-adhippetatthassa anuppannap±pak±nupp±d±dino up±yabh³te, padh±na-up±yabh³teti attho. Samm±-saddassa v± yoniso atthad²pakata½ sandh±ya “yoniso padh±ne”ti vutta½. Chanda½ janet²ti kattukamyat±kusalacchanda½ upp±deti pavatteti v±. V±yamat²ti payogaparakkama½ karoti. V²riya½ ±rabhat²ti k±yikacetasikav²riya½ karoti. Citta½ ukkhipat²ti teneva sahaj±tav²riyena kosajjapakkhato citta½ ukkhipati. Padahat²ti sammappadh±nabh³ta½ v²riya½ pavatteti. Paµip±µiy± panet±ni catt±ri pad±ni ±sevan±bh±van±bahul²kammas±taccakiriy±hi yojetabb±ni. “Padahat²”ti v± imin± ±sevan±d²hi saddhi½ sikh±patta½ usso¼hiv²riya½ yojetabba½. Va¹¹hiy± parip³raºatthanti y±vat± bh±van±p±rip³riy± parip³raºattha½. Y± µhit²ti y± kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ paµipakkhavigamena avaµµhiti. So asammosoti so avin±so. Ya½ vepullanti yo sabbaso vipulabh±vo mahantat±. Bh±van±p±rip³r²ti bh±van±ya parip³rit±. Atthotipi veditabba½ purimapacchimapad±na½ sam±natthabh±vato.
Pubbabh±gapaµipad± kathit±ta½ta½vises±dhigamassa paµipad±vibh±van±ya ±raddhatt±. Akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ anuppajjanena anatth±vahat± n±ma natth²ti vutta½– “uppajjam±n±”ti vacana½ uppann±na½ r±santarabh±vena gahitatt±. Tath± kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ uppajjanen±ti vutta½– anuppajjam±n±ti vacana½ uppann±na½ r±santarabh±vena gahitatt±. Nirujjham±n±ti paµipakkhasam±yogena vinassam±n±, na khaºanirodhavasena nirujjham±n±.
Lobh±dayo veditabb±, ye ±raddhavipassak±na½ uppajjan±rah±. Saki½ uppajjitv±ti sabh±vakathanamattameta½. Ekav±rameva hi maggo uppajjati. Nirujjham±noti saraseneva nirujjham±no. Na hi tassa paµipakkhasam±yogo n±ma atthi. Phalass±ti anantarak±leva uppajjanakaphalassa. Paccaya½ datv±va nirujjhat²ti imin± maggo sampati ±yatiñca ekanteneva atth±vahoti dasseti. Purimasmimp²ti “anuppann± me kusal± dhamm± anuppajjam±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun”ti etasmi½ tatiyav±repi. “Samathavipassan± gahetabb±”ti vutta½ aµµhakath±ya½, ta½ pana maggassa anuppannat±ya sabbh±vato, anuppajjam±ne ca tasmi½ vaµµ±natthasabbh±vatoti maggassapi s±dh±raºabh±vato na yuttanti paµikkhipati. Yadi samathavipassan±nampi anuppatti anatth±vah±, maggassa anuppattiy± vattabba½ natth²ti.
Mahanta½ g±rava½ hoti, tasm± “saªghag±ravena yath±ruci vanditu½ na labh±m²”ti saªghena saha na nikkhami. Ettaka½ dh±t³na½ nidh±na½ n±ma aññatra natthi, mah±dh±tunidh±nato hi n²haritv± katipay± dh±tuyo tattha tattha cetiye upan²t±, idha pana r±mag±math³pe vinaµµhe n±gabhavana½ paviµµh± doºamatt± dh±tuyo upan²t±. Atimand±ni noti nanu ativiya mand±ni.
Sa½vijjitv±ti “kathañhi n±ma m±diso ²disa½ anattha½ p±puºissat²”ti sa½vega½ janetv±. ¿disa½ n±ma m±disa½ ±rabbha vattabbanti ki½ vadat²ti ta½ vacana½ an±diyanto.
Santasam±pattito añña½ santhambhanak±raºa½ balava½ natth²ti tato parih²no samm±paµipattiya½ patiµµh± katha½ bhavissat²ti ±ha “sant±ya…pe… na sakkot²”ti. Na hi mah±rajjuy± chinn±ya suttatant³ santhambhetu½ sakkont²ti. Samathe dassetv± tena sam±nagatik± imasmi½ visaye vipassan±p²ti imin± adhipp±yen±ha “eva½ uppann± samathavipassan±…pe… sa½vattant²”ti.
K±s±vanti k±s±vavattha½. Kaccha½ p²¼etv± nivatthanti pacchima½ ovaµµika½ p²¼ento viya da¼ha½ katv± nivattha½ addasa½s³ti yojan±.
Vuttanayen±ti (a. ni. µ². 1.1.394) “k±m± n±mete anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±”ti-±din± vatthuk±makilesak±mesu ±d²navadassanapubbakanekkhammapaµipattiy± chandar±ga½ vikkhambhayato samucchindantassa ca “anuppanno ca k±m±savo na uppajjat²”ti-±din± heµµh± sabb±savasuttavaººan±d²su (ma. ni. 1.15 ±dayo; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.15 ±dayo) vuttanayena. ¾rammaºarasa½ anubhavitv± niruddhavip±koti tad±rammaºam±ha. Anubhavitv± bhavitv± ca vigata½ bh³tavigata½. Anubh³tabh³t± hi bh³tat±s±maññena bh³ta-saddena vutt±. S±maññameva hi upasaggena vises²yat²ti. Anubh³tasaddo ca kammavacanicch±ya abh±vato anubhavakav±cako daµµhabbo. Vip±ko ±rammaºe uppajjitv± niruddho bhutv±vigatoti vattabbata½ arahati, vikappag±havasena r±g±d²hi tabbipakkhehi ca akusala½ kusalañca kamma½ ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavitv± vigatanti vattabbata½ arahati. Yath±vutto pana vip±ko kevala½ ±rammaºaras±nubhavanavaseneva pavattat²ti anubhavitv± vigatatt± nippariy±yeneva vutto, tassa ca tath± vuttatt± kamma½ bhavitv± vigatapariy±yena, ya½ “uppann±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya, uppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ µhitiy±”ti ettha “uppannan”ti gahetv± ta½sadis±na½ pah±na½, vuddhi ca vutt±. Vipaccitu½ ok±sakaraºavasena uppatita½ at²takammañca tato uppajjitu½ ±raddho an±gato vip±ko ca “ok±sakatuppanno”ti vutto. Ya½ uppannasaddena vin±pi viññ±yam±na½ uppanna½ sandh±ya “n±ha½, bhikkhave, sañcetanik±nan”ti-±di (a. ni. 10.217, 219) vutta½.