4. D²ghanakhasuttavaººan±

201. Khanana½ khata½, s³karassa khata½ ettha atth²ti s³karakhat±, s³karassa v± imasmi½ buddhupp±de paµhama½ khata½ up±d±ya s³karakhat±, t±ya. Eva½n±maketi eva½ itthiliªgavasena laddhan±make. Pa½sudhoteti dhotapa½suke. Otaritv± abhiruhitabbanti pakatibh³mito anekehi sop±naphalakehi otaritv± puna leºadv±ra½ katipayehi abhiruhitabba½.
Ýhitakov±ti m±tulassa µhitatt± tattha sag±ravasapatissavasena µhitakova. Kiñc±pi sabba-saddo avisesato anavasesapariy±d±yako, vatthu-adhipp±y±nurodh² pana saddappayogoti tamattha½ sandh±ya paribb±jako “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti ±ha. Y± loke manussa-upapattiyoti-±dik± upapattiyo, t± anatthasamud±gat± tattha tattheva satt±na½ ucchijjanato, tasm± samayav±d²hi vuccam±n± sabb± ±yati½ uppajjana-upapatti na hoti. Jalabubbu¼ak± viya hi ime satt± tattha tattha samaye uppajjitv± bhijjanti, tesa½ tattha paµisandhi natth²ti assa adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “paµisandhiyo”ti-±di. Assa adhipp±ya½ muñcitv±ti yen±dhipp±yena paribb±jako “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti ±ha, ta½ tassa adhipp±ya½ j±nantopi aj±nanto viya hutv± tassa akkhare t±va dosa½ dassentoti padesasabba½ sandh±ya tena vutta½, sabbasabbavisaya½ katv± tattha dosa½ gaºhanto. Yath± loke kenaci “sabba½ vutta½, ta½ mus±”ti vutte tassa vacanassa sabbantogadhatt± mus±bh±vo ±pajjeyya, eva½ imassapi “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti vadato tath± pavatt± diµµhipi nakkhamat²ti atthato ±pannameva hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “es±pi te diµµhi nakkhamat²”ti. Yath± pana kenaci “sabba½ vutta½ mus±”ti vutte adhipp±y±nurodhin² saddappavatti, tassa vacana½ muñcitv± tadaññesameva mus±bh±vo ñ±y±gato, evamidh±pi “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti vacanato yass± diµµhiy± vasena “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti tena vutta½, ta½ diµµhi½ muñcitv± tadaññameva yath±dhippeta½ sabba½ nakkhamat²ti ayamattho ñ±y±gato, bhagav± pana v±d²varo sukhum±ya ±ºiy± th³la½ ±ºi½ n²haranto viya up±yena tassa diµµhigata½ n²haritu½ tassa adhipp±yena avatv± saddavasena t±va labbham±na½ dosa½ dassento “y±pi kho te”ti-±dim±ha. Tena vutta½– “assa adhipp±ya½ muñcitv± akkhare t±va dosa½ dassento”ti.
Paribb±jako pana ya½ sandh±ya “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti may± vutta½, “aya½ so”ti yath±vuttadosapariharaºattha½ tasmi½ atthe vuccam±ne esa doso sabbo na hoti, evampi samaºo gotamo mama v±de dosameva ±ropeyy±ti attano ajjh±saya½ niguhitv± yath±vuttadosa½ pariharituk±mo “es± me”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tampassa t±disamev±ti ya½ “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti gahita½ vatthu, tampi t±disameva bhaveyy±ti. Ayañca sabbantogadhadiµµhi mayhampi diµµhivatthu, ta½ me khameyyav±ti. Yasm± pana “es±pi diµµhi tuyha½ nakkhamat²”ti y±pi diµµhi vutt± bhavat± gotamena, s±pi mayha½ nakkhamati, tasm± sabba½ me nakkhamatev±ti paribb±jakassa adhipp±yo. Ten±ha– “ta½ parihar±m²ti saññ±ya vadat²”ti. Tath± ca vakkhati “tasm±pi ucchedadiµµhi mayha½ nakkhamat²”ti. “Es± me diµµh²”ti y± µhitibh³t± diµµhi, t±ya “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti panettha sabbaggahaºena gahitatt± ±ha– “atthato panassa es± diµµhi na me khamat²ti ±pajjat²”ti. Aya½ dosoti dassento ±ha “yassa pan±”ti-±di. Es±ti diµµhi. Rucitanti diµµhidassanena abhinivisitv± rocetv± gahita½. Tena hi diµµhi-akkhamena arucitena bhavitabbanti sati diµµhiy± akkhamabh±ve tato t±ya gahit±ya khameyya rucceyya yath±, eva½ sabbassa akkhamabh±veti aparabh±ge sabba½ khamati ruccat²ti ±pajjati. Na panesa ta½ sampaµicchat²ti esa “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti eva½ vadanto ucchedav±d² ta½ vuttanayena sabbassa khamana½ ruccana½ na sampaµicchati. ѱyena vuttamattha½ katha½ na sampaµicchat²ti ±ha “kevala½ tass±pi ucchedadiµµhiy± ucchedameva gaºh±t²”ti. Sabbesañhi dhamm±na½ ±yati½ upp±da½ aruccitv± ta½ sandh±ya aya½ “sabba½ me nakkhamat²”ti vadati, ucchedadiµµhikesu ca ucchinnesu kuto ucchedadiµµhisabh±voti.
Ten±ti tena k±raºena, yasm± idhekacce satt± ²disa½ diµµhi½ paggayha tiµµhanti, tasm±ti vutta½ hoti. Pajahanakena v± cittena ekajjha½ gahetv± pajahanakehi appajahanake niddh±retu½ bhagav± “ato…pe… bahutar±”ti avoc±ti ±ha– “pajahanakesu nissakkan”ti yath± “pañcas²lehi pabh±van± paññavantatar±”ti. “Bah³”ti vatv± na kevala½ bah³, atha kho ativiya bah³ti dassento “bahutar±”ti ±ha. “Bah³ h²”ti nayida½ nissakkavacana½, atha kho paccattavacana½. Katha½ hi-saddoti ±ha “hi-k±ro nip±tamattan”ti. Anissakkavacana½ t±va tassa pajahanak±na½ bahubh±vato tepi parato “bahutar±”ti vucc²yanti. M³ladassananti ye t±disa½ dassana½ paµhama½ up±diyanti, tajj±tikameva pacch± gahitadassana½. Vij±tiyañhi paµhama½ gahitadassana½ appah±ya vij±tiyassa gahaºa½ na sambhavati viruddhassa abhinivesassa saha anavaµµh±nato Aviruddha½ pana m³ladassana½ avissajjitv± visay±dibhedabhinna½ aparadassana½ gahetu½ labbhati. Ten±ha “ettha c±”ti-±di.
Tattha kiñc±pi ekaccasassatav±do sassatucched±bhinives±na½ vasena yath±kkama½ sassatucchedagg±hanaj±tiko, ucchedagg±hena pana sassat±bhinivesassa ta½g±hena ca asassat±bhinivesassa virujjhanato ubhayatthapi “ekaccasassata½ v± gahetu½ na sakk±”ti vutta½, tath± “sassata½ v± uccheda½ v± na sakk± gahetun”ti ca. M³lasassatañhi paµhama½ gahita½. ¾yatanesupi yojetabbanti paµhama½ cakkh±yatana½ sassatanti gahetv± aparabh±ge na kevala½ cakkh±yatanameva sassata½, sot±yatanampi sassata½, gh±n±yatan±dipi sassatanti gaºh±t²ti-±din± yojetabba½. ¾yatanesup²ti pi-saddena dh±t³na½ indriy±nampi g±ho daµµhabbo. Ida½ sandh±y±ti “m³le sassatan”ti-±din± vuttapaµhamagg±hassa sam±naj±tiya½ aparagg±ha½ sandh±ya.
Dutiyav±re paµhamav±re vuttasadisa½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Tattha ±d²nava½ disv±ti “yadi r³pa½ sassata½ siy±, nayida½ ±b±dh±ya sa½vatteyya. Yasm± ca kho ida½ r³pa½ asassata½, tasm± abhiºhapaµip²¼anaµµhena udayavayavantat±ya r³pa½ anicca½ saªkhata½ paµiccasamuppanna½, sassat±bhiniveso micch±”ti-±din± tattha sassatav±de ±d²nava½ dosa½ disv±. O¼±rikanti tasm± paµip²¼anaµµhena ay±th±vagg±hat±ya r³pa½ na saºha½ o¼±rikameva. Vedan±d²nampi anicc±dibh±vadassana½ r³pavedan±-±d²na½ sam±nayogakkhamatt±. Vissajjet²ti pajahati.
Tisso laddhiyoti sassatuccheda-ekaccasassatadiµµhiyo. Yasm± sassatadiµµhik± vaµµe rajjanassa ±sann±. Tath± hi te ol²yant²ti vuccanti, bhav±bhavadiµµh²na½ vasena imesa½ satt±na½ sa½s±rato s²sukkhipana½ natth²ti et±va tisso visesato gahetabb±.
Idhaloka½ paralokañca atth²ti j±n±t²ti ett±vat± sassatadassanassa appas±vajjat±k±raºam±ha, vaµµa½ ass±deti, abhinandat²ti imin± dandhavir±gat±ya. Ten±ha “tasm±”ti-±di. Idhaloka½ paralokañca atth²ti j±n±t²ti imin± t±su t±su gat²su satt±na½ sa½saraºa½ paµikkhipat²ti dasseti, sukatadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ atth²ti j±n±t²ti imin± kammaphala½. Kusala½ na karot²ti imin± kamma½, akusala½ karonto na bh±yat²ti imin± puññ±puññ±ni sabh±vato j±yant²ti dasseti. Vaµµa½ ass±deti abhinandati tanninnabh±vato S²gha½ laddhi½ jahitu½ na sakkoti vaµµupacchedassa aruccanato. Ucchedav±d² hi tasmi½ bhave uccheda½ maññati. Tato para½ idhaloka½ paralokañca atth²ti j±n±ti sukatadukkaµ±na½ phala½ atth²ti j±n±ti kammaphalav±d²bh±vato. Yebhuyyena hi ucchedav±d² sabh±vaniyatiyadicch±bhinivesesu aññatr±bhiniveso hoti. S²gha½ dassana½ pajahati vaµµ±bhiratiy± abh±vato. P±ramiyo p³retu½ sakkonto paccekabuddho hutv±, lokavoh±ramatteneva so samm±sambuddho hutv± parinibb±yat²ti yojan±. Asakkontoti buddho hotu½ asakkonto. Abhin²h±ra½ katv± aggas±vak±dibh±vassa abhin²h±ra½ samp±detv±. S±vako hutv±ti aggas±vako mah±s±vako hutv±, tatth±pi tevijjo cha¼abhiñño paµisambhid±ppatto v± sukkhavipassako eva v± buddhas±vako hutv± parinibb±yati. Sabbamida½ ucchedav±dino kaly±ºamittanissayena sammattaniy±mokkamane khippavir±gat±dassanattha½ ±gata½. Ten±ha “tasm±”ti-±di.
202. Kañjiyenev±ti ±ran±¼ena. Kañjiyasadisena ucchedadassanena. P³ritoti paripuººajjh±sayo. Soti paribb±jako. Appah±y±ti abhinditv±. Viggahoti kalaho idameva sacca½, moghamaññanti aññamañña½ viruddhagg±hoti katv±. Viv±danti viruddhav±da½. Vigh±tanti virodhahetuka½ cittavigh±ta½. Vihesanti viggahaviv±danimitta½ k±yika½ cetasikañca kilamatha½. ¾d²nava½ disv±ti et±sa½ diµµh²na½ evar³po ±d²navo, aniyy±nikabh±vat±ya pana sampati ±yatiñca mah±d²navoti eva½ ±d²nava½ disv±.
205. “Esohamasmi, eso me att±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.241; sa½. ni. 3.8) k±ya½ anvet²ti k±yanvayo, soyeva, tassa v± sam³ho k±yanvayat±, k±yapaµibaddho kileso. Ten±ha “k±ya½…pe… attho”ti.
Asammissabh±vanti asaªkarato vavatthitabh±va½. Tena t±sa½ yath±saka½ paccay±na½ uppajjitv± vigama½ dasseti. Evañhi t±sa½ kad±cipi saªkaro natthi. Ten±ha “tatr±ya½ saªkhepattho”ti-±di. Sar³pa½ aggahetv± “aññ± vedan±”ti aniyamena vuttatt± tameva vigama½ dassento “anuppann±va honti antarahit± v±”ti ±ha. Sar³pato niyametv± vuccam±ne k±ci anuppann± v± hoti, k±ci antarahit± v±ti. Cuººavicuººabh±vadassanatthanti khaºe khaºe bhijjam±nabh±vadassanattha½.
Na kenaci sa½vadat²ti kenaci puggalena saddhi½ diµµhir±gavasena sa½kiliµµhacitto na vadati. Ten±ha “sassata½ gahetv±”ti-±di. Na vivadat²ti viruddhabh±vo hutv± na vivadati. Parivattetv±ti uccheda½ gahetv± ekaccasassata½ gahetv± eva½ vuttanayena tayopi v±d± parivattetv± yojetabb± Tena voharat²ti tena lokavoh±rena lokasamañña½ anatidh±vanto satto puriso puggaloti-±din± voharati, na pana ito b±hirak± viya abhinivisati. Ten±ha “apar±masanto”ti. Kañci dhammanti r³p±d²su eka½ dhammampi. Par±m±sagg±hena aggaºhantoti “niccan”ti-±din±, “eta½ mam±”ti-±din± ca dhammasabh±va½ atikkamitv± parato ±masitv± gahaºena aggaºhanto.
Kat±v²ti katakicco. So vadeyy±ti kh²º±savo bhikkhu ahaªk±ramamaªk±resu sabbaso samucchinnesupi aha½ vad±m²ti vadeyya. Tattha ahanti niyakajjhattasant±ne. Mamanti tassa santakabh³te vatthusmi½ lokaniru¼he. Samaññanti tattha sukusalat±ya loke samaññ± kusalo viditv±. Voh±ramatten±ti kevala½ paccekabuddho hutv± mah±bodhip±ramiyo p³retu½ asakkonto s±vako hutv± desavoh±ramattena na appah²nataºho viya andhaputhujjano abhinivesanavasena.
206. Sassat±d²s³ti sassat±bhinives±d²su. Tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±nanti niddh±raºe s±mivacana½. Sassata½ abhiññ±y±ti sassatadiµµhi½ samudayato atthaªgamato ass±dato nissaraºato abhivisiµµh±ya paññ±ya paµivijjhitv±. Pah±nanti accantappah±na½ samuccheda½. R³passa pah±nanti r³passa tappaµibaddhasaññojanappah±nena pah±na½. Anupp±danirodhena niruddhehi ±savehi aggahetv±va citta½ vimucci. “¾savehi citta½ vimucc²”ti ettha kiñcipi aggahetv± asesetv±. So¼asa paññ±ti mah±paññ±dik± so¼asa paññ±. Caturaªgasamann±gatoti puººa-uposathadivasat±, kenaci an±mantitameva anekasat±na½yeva anekasahass±na½ v± bhikkh³na½ sannipatitat±, sabbesa½ ehibhikkhubh±vena upasampannat±, cha¼abhiññat± c±ti. Ten±ha “tatrim±ni aªg±n²”ti-±di. Ya½ panettha atthato avibhatta½, ta½ suviññeyyameva.

D²ghanakhasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.