10. K²µ±girisuttavaŗŗan±

174. Pańca ±nisa½seti app±b±dhat±dike pańca guŗe. Tattha akkhirogakucchirog±d²na½ abh±vo app±b±dhat±. Sar²re tesa½ kuppanadukkhassa abh±vo app±taŖka½. Sar²rassa uµµh±nasukhat± lahuµµh±na½. Bala½ n±ma k±yabala½. Ph±suvih±ro iriy±pathasukhat±. Anupakkhand±n²ti duccajanavasena satt±na½ anupaviµµh±ni. Sańj±nissath±ti ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho, tasm± iti eva½ ±nisa½santi attho.
175. ¾v±se niyutt±ti ±v±sik± tassa anativattanato. Ten±ha “nibaddhav±sino”ti, niyatav±sinoti attho. Tannibandh±ti nibandha½ vuccati by±p±ro, tattha bandh± pasut± ussuk±ti tannibandh±. Katha½ te tattha nibandh±ti ±ha “akata½ sen±sanan”ti-±di. Uppajjanakena k±lena pattabba½ k±lika½ so pana k±lo an±gato eva hot²ti ±ha “an±gate k±le pattabban”ti.
178. Ettak± vedan± sevitabb±ti aµµh±rasapi nekkhammanissit± vedan± sevitabb±, gehassit± na sevitbb±.
181. Ta½ kata½ so¼asavidhassapi kiccassa niµµhitatt±. Anulomik±n²ti utusukhabh±vena anur³p±ni. Ten±ha “kammaµµh±nasapp±y±n²”ti. Sam±na½ kurum±n±ti omattata½ adhimattatańca pah±ya samakiccata½ samp±dent±.
182. Te dve hont²ti te ±dito vutt± dve.
Ubhato (a. ni. µ². 3.7.14) ubhayath± ubhohi bh±gehi vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto ekadesasar³pekasesanayena. Tath± hi vutta½ abhidhammaµµhakath±ya½ (pu. pa. aµµha. 24) “dv²hi bh±gehi dve v±re vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti. Tattha keci t±va ther±– “sam±pattiy± vikkhambhanavimokkhena, maggena samucchedavimokkhena vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti vadanti. Ańńe ther±– “aya½ ubhatobh±gavimutto r³pato muccitv± n±ma½ niss±ya µhito puna tato muccanato n±manissitako”ti vatv± tassa ca s±dhaka½–
“Acci yath± v±tavegena khitt±, (upasiv±ti bhagav±,)
attha½ paleti na upeti saŖkha½;
eva½ muni n±mak±y± vimutto,
attha½ paleti na upeti saŖkhan”ti. (Su. ni. 1080; c³¼ani. upas²vam±ŗavapucch± 11; upas²vam±ŗavapucch±niddesa 43)–

Ima½ suttapada½ vatv± “n±mak±yato ca r³pak±yato ca suvimuttatt± ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti vadanti. Sutte hi ±kińcańń±yatanal±bhino upasivabr±hmaŗassa bhagavat± n±mak±y± vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimuttoti akkh±toti. Apare pana “sam±pattiy± vikkhambhanavimokkhena ekav±ra½ vimutto, maggena samucchedavimokkhena ekav±ra½ vimuttoti eva½ ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti vadanti. Ettha paµhamav±de dv²hi bh±gehi vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto. Dutiyav±de ubhatobh±gato vimuttoti ubhatobh±gavimutto. Tatiyav±de pana dv²hi bh±gehi dve v±re vimuttoti ayametesa½ viseso. Kilesehi vimutto kiles± v± vikkhambhanasamucchedehi k±yadvayato vimutt± ass±ti ayamattho daµµhabbo. Ten±ha “dv²hi bh±geh²”ti-±di.

Soti ubhatobh±gavimutto. K±mańcettha r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nampi ar³p±vacarajjh±na½ viya duvaŖgika½ ±neńjappattanti vuccati. Ta½ pana padaµµh±na½ katv± arahatta½ patto ubhatobh±gavimutto n±ma na hoti r³pak±yato avimuttatt±. Tańhi kilesak±yatova vimutta½, na r³pak±yato, tasm± tato vuµµh±ya arahatta½ patto ubhatobh±gavimutto na hot²ti ±ha– “catunna½ ar³pa…pe… pańcavidho hot²”ti. “R³p² r³p±ni passat²”ti-±dike nirodhasam±patti-ante aµµha vimokkhe vatv±– “yato ca kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu ime aµµha vimokkhe k±yena phusitv± viharati, pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± honti, aya½ vuccati, ±nanda, bhikkhu ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti yadipi mah±nid±ne (d². ni. 2.129-130) vutta½, ta½ pana ubhatobh±gavimuttaseµµhavasena vuttanti idha sabba-ubhatobh±gavimuttasaŖgahaŗattha½ “pańcavidho hot²”ti vatv± “p±¼i panettha…pe… abhidhamme aµµhavimokkhal±bhino vasena ±gat±”ti ±ha. Idh±pi hi k²µ±girisutte “idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo…pe… ubhatobh±gavimutto”ti ar³pasam±pattivasena catt±ro ubhatobh±gavimutt±, seµµho ca vutto vuttalakkhaŗ³papattito. Yath±vuttesu hi pańcasu purim± catt±ro nirodha½ na sam±pajjant²ti pariy±yena ubhatobh±gavimutt± n±ma. Aµµhasam±pattil±bh² an±g±m² ta½ sam±pajjitv± tato vuµµh±ya vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ pattoti nippariy±yena ubhatobh±gavimuttaseµµho n±ma.
Katamo ca puggaloti-±d²su katamoti pucch±vacana½, puggaloti as±dh±raŗato pucchitabbavacana½. Idh±ti imasmi½ s±sane. Ekaccoti eko Aµµha vimokkhe k±yena phusitv± viharat²ti aµµha sam±pattiyo sahaj±tan±mak±yena paµilabhitv± viharati. Pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± hont²ti vipassan±pańń±ya saŖkh±ragata½, maggapańń±ya catt±ri sacc±ni passitv± catt±ropi ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± hont²ti evamattho daµµhabbo.
Pańń±vimuttoti visesato pańń±ya eva vimutto, na tass± patiµµh±nabh³tena aµµhavimokkhasaŖkh±tena s±tisayena sam±dhin±ti pańń±vimutto. Yo ariyo anadhigata-aµµhavimokkhena sabbaso ±savehi vimutto, tasseta½ adhivacana½. Adhigatepi hi r³pajjh±navimokkhe na so s±tisayasam±dhinissitoti na tassa vasena ubhatobh±gavimutto hot²ti vuttov±yamattho. Ar³pajjh±nesu pana ekasmimpi sati ubhatobh±gavimuttoyeva n±ma hoti. Tena hi aµµhavimokkhekadesena ta½n±mad±nasamatthena aµµhavimokkhal±bh²tveva vuccati. Samud±ye hi pavatto voh±ro avayavepi dissati yath± “sattisayo”ti. P±¼²ti abhidhammap±¼i. Etth±ti etissa½ pańń±vimuttikath±ya½. Aµµhavimokkhapaµikkhepavasenev±ti avadh±raŗena idh±pi paµikkhepavaseneva ±gatabh±va½ dasseti. Ten±ha “k±yena phusitv± viharat²”ti.
Phuµµhanta½ sacchikarot²ti phuµµh±na½ anto phuµµhanto, phuµµh±na½ ar³pajjh±n±na½ anantaro k±loti adhipp±yo. Accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½, phuµµh±nantarak±lameva sacchikaroti sacchik±tabbop±yen±ti vutta½ hoti. Bh±vanapu½saka½ v± eta½ “ekamanta½ nis²d²”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 2) viya. Yo hi ar³pajjh±nena r³pak±yato n±mak±yekadesato ca vikkhambhanavimokkhena vimutto, tena nirodhasaŖkh±to vimokkho ±locito pak±sito viya hoti, na pana k±yena sacchikato, nirodha½ pana ±rammaŗa½ katv± ekaccesu ±savesu khepitesu tena so sacchikato hoti, tasm± so sacchik±tabba½ nirodha½ yath±-±locita½ n±mak±yena sacchikarot²ti “k±yasakkh²”ti vuccati, na tu “vimutto”ti ekacc±na½ ±sav±na½ aparikkh²ŗatt±. Ten±ha “jh±naphassa½ paµhama½ phusati, pacch± nirodha½ nibb±na½ sacchikarot²”ti. Aya½ catunna½ ar³pasam±patt²na½ ekekato vuµµh±ya saŖkh±re sammasitv± k±yasakkhibh±va½ patt±na½ catunna½, nirodh± vuµµh±ya aggamaggappatta-an±g±mino ca vasena ubhatobh±gavimutto viya pańcavidho n±ma hoti. Tena vutta½ abhidhammaµ²k±ya½ “k±yasakkhimhipi eseva nayo”ti.
Diµµhanta½ pattoti dassanasaŖkh±tassa sot±pattimaggań±ŗassa anantara½ pattoti vutta½ hoti. “Diµµhatt± patto”tipi p±µho. Etena catusaccadassanasaŖkh±t±ya diµµhiy± nirodhassa pattata½ d²peti. Ten±ha “dukkh± saŖkh±r±, sukho nirodhoti ń±ta½ hot²”ti. Tattha pańń±y±ti maggapańń±ya. Paµhamaphalaµµhato y±va aggamaggaµµh±, t±va diµµhippatto. Ten±ha “sopi k±yasakkhi viya chabbidho hot²”ti. Yath± pana pańń±vimutto pańcavidho vutto, eva½ ayampi sukkhavipassako, cat³hi r³pajjh±nehi vuµµh±ya diµµhippattabh±vappatt± catt±ro c±ti pańcavidho hot²ti veditabbo. Saddh±vimuttepi eseva nayo. Ida½ dukkhanti ettaka½ dukkha½, na ito uddha½ dukkhanti. Yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²ti µhapetv± taŗha½ up±d±nakkhandhapańcaka½ dukkhasaccanti y±th±vato paj±n±ti. Yasm± pana taŗh± dukkha½ janeti nibbatteti, tato ta½ dukkha½ samudeti, tasm± na½ “aya½ dukkhasamudayo”ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti yasm± pana ida½ dukkha½ samudayo ca nibb±na½ patv± nirujjhati appavatti½ gacchati, tasm± “aya½ dukkhanirodho”ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Ariyo pana aµµhaŖgiko maggo ta½ dukkhanirodha½ gacchati, tena “aya½ dukkhanirodhag±minipaµipad±”ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Ett±vat± n±nakkhaŗe saccavavatth±na½ dassita½. Id±ni ta½ ekakkhaŗe dassetu½ “tath±gatappavedit±”ti-±di vutta½, tassattho ±gamissati.
Saddh±ya vimuttoti etena sabbath± avimuttassapi saddh±mattena vimuttabh±vo d²pito hoti. Saddh±vimuttoti v± saddh±ya adhimuttoti attho. Vuttanayenev±ti “sot±pattiphalan”ti-±din± vuttanayena. Saddahantass±ti “eka½sato aya½ paµipad± kilesakkhaya½ ±vahati samm±sambuddhena bh±sitatt±”ti eva½ saddahantassa. Yasm± panassa anicc±nupassan±d²hi niccasańń±pah±navasena bh±van±ya pubben±para½ visesa½ passato tattha tattha paccakkhat±pi atthi, tasm± vutta½ “saddahantassa viy±”ti. Sesapadadvaya½ tasseva vevacana½. Ettha ca pubbabh±gamaggabh±van±ti vacanena ±gaman²yapaµipad±n±nattena saddh±vimuttadiµµhippatt±na½ pańń±n±natta½ hot²ti dassita½. Abhidhammaµµhakath±yampi (pu. pa. aµµha. 28) “nesa½ kilesappah±ne n±natta½ natthi, pańń±ya n±natta½ atthiyev±”ti vatv±– “±gaman²yan±natteneva saddh±vimutto diµµhippatta½ na p±puŗ±t²ti sanniµµh±na½ katan”ti vutta½.
Pańń±saŖkh±ta½ dhamma½ adhimattat±ya pubbaŖgama½ hutv± pavatta½ anussarat²ti dhamm±nus±r². Ten±ha “dhammo”ti-±di. Saddha½ anussarati saddh±pubbaŖgama½ magga½ bh±vet²ti imamattha½ “eseva nayo”ti atidisati. Pańńa½ v±het²ti pańń±v±h², pańńa½ s±tisaya½ pavattet²ti attho. Ten±ha “pańń±pubbaŖgama½ ariyamagga½ bh±vet²”ti. Saddh±v±hinti ettha vuttanayena attho veditabbo. Ubhatobh±gavimutt±dikath±ti ubhatobh±gavimutt±d²su ±gamanato paµµh±ya vattabbakath±. Etesanti yath±vutt±na½ ubhatobh±gavimutt±d²na½. Idh±ti imasmi½ k²µ±girisutte. Nanu ca aµµhasam±pattil±bhivasena ubhatobh±gavimutto k±yasakkh²-±dayo ca abhidhamme ±gat±, kathamidha ar³pajjh±nal±bh²vaseneva uddhaµ±ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “yasm±”ti-±di.
Phusitv± patv±. Pańń±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²ŗ± hont²ti na ±sav± pańń±ya pass²yanti, dassanak±raŗ± pańń±ya parikkh²ŗ± “disv± pańń±ya parikkh²ŗ±”ti vutt±. Dassan±yattaparikkhayatt± eva hi dassana½ ±sav±na½ khayassa purimakiriy± hot²ti. Tath±gatena pavedit±ti bodhimaŗ¹e nis²ditv± tath±gatena paµividdh± vidit± pacch± paresa½ p±kaµ²kat±. “Catusaccadhamm±”ti vatv± tadantogadhatt± s²l±d²na½ “imasmi½ µh±ne s²la½ kathitan”ti-±di vutta½. Atthen±ti avippaµis±r±dipayojanena tasmi½ tasmi½ p²ti-±dikena atthena. K±raŗen±ti sappuris³panissay±din± k±raŗena tasmi½ tasmi½ sam±dhi-±dipadaµµh±nat±ya s²l±di k±raŗe. Ciŗŗacaritatt±ti saddh±ciŗŗabh±vena sambodh±vahabh±ve. Tattha tattha vicarit± visesena carit±, tesu tena pańń± suµµhu car±pit±ti attho. Patiµµhit± hoti maggena ±gatatt±. Matt±ya parittappam±ŗena. Olokana½ khamanti, pańń±ya gahetabbata½ upenti.
Tayoti k±yasakkhidiµµhippattasaddh±vimutt±. Yath±µhitova p±¼i-attho, na tattha kińci niddh±retv± vattabba½ atth²ti suttantapariy±yena avutta½ vadati. Tassa maggass±ti sot±pattimaggassa ya½ k±tabba½, tassa adhigatatt±. Upari pana tiŗŗa½ magg±na½ atth±ya sevam±n± anulomasen±sana½, bhajam±n± kaly±ŗamitte, samann±nayam±n± indriy±ni anupubbena bh±van±maggappaµip±µiy± arahatta½ p±puŗissanti maggassa anekacittakkhaŗikat±y±ti ayamettha suttapadese p±¼iy± attho.
Imameva p±¼i½ gahetv±ti “katamo ca puggalo saddh±nus±r²”ti maggaµµhe puggale vatv± “imassa kho aha½, bhikkhave”ti-±din± tesa½ vasena anulomasen±sanasevan±d²na½ vuttatt± imameva yath±vutta½ p±¼ipadesa½ gahetv± “lokuttaradhammo bahucittakkhaŗiko”ti vadati. So vattabboti so vitaŗ¹av±d² eva½ vattabbo. Yadi maggaµµhapuggale vatv± anulomikasen±sanasevan±di p±¼iya½ vuttanti maggasamaŖgino eva hutv± te tath± paµipajjanti, eva½ sante sen±sanapaµisa½yuttar³p±divipassanaggahaŗasmi½ tava matena maggasamaŖgino eva ±pajjeyyu½, na ceta½ eva½ hoti, tasm± sutta½ me laddhanti ya½ kińci m± katheh²ti v±retabbo. Ten±ha “yadi ańńena citten±”ti-±di. Tattha eva½ santeti n±n±citteneva sen±sanapaµisevan±dike sati. Tattha p±¼iya½ yadi lokuttaradhammasamaŖgino eva pańcavińń±ŗasamaŖgik±lepi lokuttarasamaŖgita½ sace sampaµicchasi, satth±r± saddhi½ paµivirujjhasi suttavirodhad²panato. Ten±ha “satth±r± h²”ti-±di. Dhammavic±raŗ± n±ma tuyha½ avisayo, tasm± y±gu½ piv±h²ti uyyojetabbo.
183. ¾dikenev±ti paµhameneva. Anupubbasikkh±ti anupubbeneva pavattasikkh±ya. Ten±ha “karaŗatthe paccattavacanan”ti. Saddh± j±t± etass±ti saddh±j±to, agy±hit±tipakkhepena j±ta-saddassa pacch±vacana½ Evametanti adhimuccana½ okappaniyasaddh±. Santike nis²dati upaµµh±navasena. S±dhuka½ katv± dh±ret²ti yath±suta½ dhamma½ v±cuggatakaraŗavasena ta½ paguŗa½ katv± s±ravasena dh±reti. Chando j±yat²ti dhammesu nijjh±nakkhamesu ime dhamme bh±van±pańń±ya paccakkhato uss±m²ti kattukamyat±kusalacchando j±yati. Ussahat²ti chando upp±damatte aµµhatv± tato bh±van±rambhavasena ussahati. Tulayatiti sammasanavasena saŖkh±re. T²raŗavipassan±ya tulayantoti t²raŗaparińń±ya j±nitv± upari pah±naparińń±ya vasena paritulayanto paµij±nanto. Maggapadh±na½ padahat²ti maggalakkhaŗa½ padh±nika½ magga½ padahati. Pesitacittoti nibb±na½ pati pesitacitto. N±mak±yen±ti maggappaµip±µiy± ta½ta½maggasampayuttan±mak±yena. Na pana kińci ±h±ti d³rat±ya sam±na½ na kińci vacana½ bhagav± ±ha te da¼hatara½ niggaŗhitu½.
184. Paŗena voh±rena by±karaŗa½ paŗaviy±, paŗaviy± abh±vena opaŗaviy±, na upet²ti na yujjati. Tanti ida½ idha adhippeta½ paŗo paŗaviya½ dassetu½. Tayida½ sabba½ bhagav± “maya½ kho, ±vuso, s±yańceva bhuńj±m±”ti assajipunabbasukehi vutta½ sikkh±ya avattanabh±vad²panavacana½ sandh±ya vadati.
Ukkhipitv±ti s²sena gahetv± viya sam±d±ya. Anudhammoti anur³po sabh±vo, s±vakabh±vassa anucchavik± paµipatti. Rohan²yanti viru¼hibh±va½. Siniyhati ettha, etena v±ti sineho, k±raŗa½. Ta½ ettha atth²ti sinehavanta½, p±dakanti attho. Taco eka½ aŖganti taco v²rapakkhabh±ve ekamaŖga½. Padh±na½ anuyuńjantassa hi tace palujjam±nepi ta½nimitta½ avos±na½ an±pajjanakasseva v²riyassa eka½ aŖga½ eka½ k±raŗa½. Eva½ sesesu vattabba½. Ten±ha– “arahatta½ appatv± na vuµµhahiss±m²ti eva½ paµipajjat²”ti. Sesa½ suvińńeyyameva.

K²µ±girisuttavaŗŗan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.

Niµµhit± ca bhikkhuvaggavaŗŗan±.