10. Apaººakasuttavaººan±

93. N±n±vidh±ti n±n±vidhadiµµhik± samaºabr±hmaº±ti pabbajj±mattena samaº±, j±timattena br±hmaº± ca. Dassananti diµµhi. Gahitanti abhinivissa gahita½. Iti te attano dassana½ gahetuk±m± pucchanti. Vin± dassanena loko na niyy±t²ti vimokkhabh±van±ya ekena dassanena vin± loko sa½s±radukkhato na nigacchati. Ekadiµµhiyampi patiµµh±tu½ n±sakkhi½su saddh±k±r±bh±vato. Tath± hi te im±ya desan±ya saraºesu patiµµhahi½su. Yasm± avipar²te saddheyyavatthusmi½ uppannasaddh± “±k±ravat²”ti adhippet±, tasm± yo loke avipar²tadhammadesan±, ayameves±ti pavatt± maggas±dhanagat±ya saddh±ya k±raºabh±vato tannissay± saddh±, s± ±k±ravat²ti vutt±. Avatthusmiñhi saddh± ayuttak±raºat±ya na ±k±ravat². ¾k±ravat²ti ettha vat²-saddo na kevala½ atthit±mattad²pako, atha kho atisayatthad²pako p±sa½satthad²pako v± daµµhabbo. Tena ±k±ravat²ti saddheyyavatthuvasena atisayak±raºavat²ti v± p±sa½sak±raºavat²ti v± ayamettha attho. Apaººakoti ettha yath± kañci attha½ s±dhetu½ ±raddhassa payogo viraddho, tattha ak±rako viya hoti punapi ±rabhitabbat±ya. Aviraddho pana atthassa s±dhanato apaººako, eva½ ayampi dhammo abhibhavitv± pavattanato eka½sato “apaººako”ti vutto. Ten±ha “aviraddho advejjhag±m² eka½sag±hiko”ti.
94. Tabbipaccan²kabh³t±ti tass± micch±diµµhiy± paccan²kabh³t±.
95. Nesanti kusal±na½ dhamm±na½. Akusalato nikkhantabh±veti asa½kiliµµhabh±ve. ¾nisa½soti suddhavip±kat±. Visuddhipakkhoti visuddhibh±vo pariyod±tat±. Abh³tadhammassa diµµhibh±vassa saññ±pan± ±cikkhan± abh³tadhammasaññ±pan±. S±vajjesu paramavajje micch±dassane paggahaºanti kuto sus²lyassa paggahoti ±ha– “micch±dassana½ gaºhantasseva sus²lya½ pah²na½ hot²”ti. Micch±diµµhi-±dayoti ettha micch±saªkappo paralok±bh±vacint±, micch±v±c± paralok±bh±vav±dabh³to mus±v±do, ariy±na½ paccan²kat±dayo. Apar±para½ uppajjanavasen±ti punappuna½ citte uppajjanavasena. P±pak± akusal± dhamm±ti paccavekkhaºasaññ±pan±dik±le uppajjanak± tath±pavatt± akusalakhandh±.
Kaliggahoti anatthapariggaho. So pana yasm± diµµheva dhamme abhisampar±yañca par±jayo hot²ti ±ha “par±jayagg±ho”ti. Dussamattoti ettha du-saddo “sam±dinno”ti etth±pi ±netv± yojetabboti ±ha “duppar±maµµho”ti. Yath± duppar±maµµho hoti, eva½ sam±dinno dussamatto dusam±dinno vutto. Sakav±dameva pharitv±ti attano natthikav±dameva “idameva sacca½ moghamaññan”ti (ma. ni. 2.187; 3.27-28) avadh±rento aññassa ok±sa-ad±navasena pharitv±. Ten±ha “adhimuccitv±”ti. “Sambuddho”ti-±di adhimuccan±k±radassana½. Riñcat²ti viveceti apaneti. Ten±ha “vajjet²”ti.
96. Kaµaggahoti kata½ sabbaso siddhimeva katv± gahaºa½. So pana jayal±bho hot²ti vutta½ “jayagg±ho”ti. Suggahitoti suµµhukaraºavasena gahito. Supar±maµµhoti suµµhu par±para½ ±sevanavasena ±maµµho Ubhayenapi tassa kammassa kat³pacitabh±va½ dasseti, sotthibh±v±vahattañca saggupapattisa½vattanato p±pasabh±vapah±nato ca.
97. Sahatth± karontass±ti (d². ni. µ². 1.166; sa½. ni. µ². 2.3.211) sahattheneva karontassa. Nissaggiyath±var±dayopi idha sahatthakaraºeneva saªgahit±. Pacana½ dahana½ vib±dhananti ±ha “daº¹ena p²¼entass±”ti. Soka½ saya½ karontass±ti parassa sokak±raºa½ saya½ karontassa, soka½ v± upp±dentassa. Parehi attano vacanakarehi. Sayampi phandatoti parassa vib±dhanapayogena sayampi phandato. Atip±tayatoti pada½ suddhakattu-atthe hetukattu-atthe ca vattat²ti ±ha “hanantassapi han±pentass±p²”ti.
Gharassa bhitti anto bahi ca sandhit± hutv± µhit± gharasandhi. Kiñcipi asesetv± niravasesameva lopoti nillopo. Ek±g±re niyutto vilopo ek±g±riko. Parito sabbaso panthe hanana½ paripantho. P±pa½ na kar²yati pubbe asato upp±detu½ asakkuºeyyatt±, tasm± natthi p±pa½. Yadi eva½ katha½ satt± p±pa½ paµipajjant²ti ±ha– “satt± pana karom±ti eva½saññino hont²”ti. Eva½ kirassa hoti “imesañhi satt±na½ hi½s±dikiriy± na att±na½ phusati tassa niccat±ya nibbik±ratt±, sar²ra½ pana acetana½ kaµµhakaliªgar³pama½, tasmi½ vikopitepi na kiñci p±pan”ti. Khuranemin±ti nisitakhuramayanemin±. Gaªg±ya dakkhiºadis± appatir³padeso, uttaradis± patir³padesoti adhipp±yena “dakkhiºañce”ti-±di vuttanti “dakkhiºat²re manuss± kakkha¼±”ti-±dim±ha.
Mah±y±ganti mah±vijitayaññasadisa½ mah±y±ga½. S²lasa½yamen±ti k±yikav±casikasa½varena. Saccavacanen±ti saccav±c±ya. Tassa visu½ vacana½ loke garutarapuññasammatabh±vato. Yath± hi p±padhammesu mus±v±do garu, eva½ puññadhammesu saccav±c±. Ten±ha bhagav±– “eka½ dhammamat²tass±”ti-±di (dha. pa. 176). Vuttanayenev±ti kaºhapakkhe vuttanayena. Tattha hi– “natthi p±pa½, natthi p±passa ±gamo”ti ±gata½, idha “atthi puñña½, atthi puññassa ±gamo”ti ±gata½, ayameva viseso. Sesa½ vuttasadisamev±ti “tesameta½ p±µikaªkhan”ti evam±di½ sandh±ya vadati, ta½ heµµh± purimav±rasadisa½.
100. Ubhayen±ti hetupaccayapaµisedhavacanena. Sa½kilesapaccayanti sa½s±re paribbhamanena kilinnassa malinabh±vassa k±raºa½. Vuttavipariy±yena visuddhipaccayanti saddattho veditabbo. Balanti-±d²su satt±na½ sa½kiles±vaha½ vod±n±vahañca uss±hasaªkh±ta½ bala½ v±, s³rav²rabh±vasaªkh±ta½ v²riya½ v±, purisena kattabbo purisath±mo v±, so eva para½ para½ µh±na½ akkamanappattiy± purisaparakkamo v± natthi na upalabbhati.
Satvayogato, r³p±d²su sattavisattat±ya ca satt±. P±ºanato ass±sapass±savasena pavattiy± p±º±. Te pana so ekindriy±divasena vibhajitv± vadat²ti ±ha “ekindriyo”ti-±di. Aº¹akos±d²su bhavanato bh³t±ti vuccant²ti ±ha “aº¹akosa…pe… vadant²”ti. J²vanato p±ºa½ dh±rento viya va¹¹hanato j²v±ti eva½ sattap±ºabh³taj²vesu saddattho veditabbo. Natthi etesa½ sa½kilesavisuddh²su vasoti avas±. Natthi nesa½ bala½ v²riyañc±ti abal± av²riy±. Niyatat±ti acchejjasutt±vut±bhejjamaºi viya niyatapavattanat±ya gatij±tibandhapajahavasena niy±mo. Tattha tattha gamananti channa½ abhij±t²na½ t±su t±su gat²su upagamana½ samav±yena sam±gamo. Sabh±voyev±ti yath± kaºµakassa tikkhat±, kabiµµhaphal±na½ parimaº¹alat±, migapakkh²na½ vicitt±k±rat±, eva½ sabbassapi lokassa hetupaccayena vin± tath± tath± pariº±mo, aya½ sabh±voyeva akittimoyeva. Ten±ha “yena h²”ti-±di.
Sakuºe hanat²ti s±kuºiko, tath± s³kariko. Luddoti aññopi yo koci m±gaviko nes±do. P±pakammapasutat±ya kaºh±bhij±ti n±ma. Bhikkh³ti s±kiy± bhikkh³, macchama½sakh±danato n²l±bhij±t²ti vadanti. ѱyaladdhepi paccaye bhuñjam±n± ±j²vakasamayassa vilomag±hit±ya “paccayesu kaºµake pakkhipitv± kh±dant²”ti vadanti. Eke pabbajit± ye savisesa½ attakilamath±nuyogamanuyutt±. Tath± hi te kaºµake vattent± viya hont²ti kaºµakavuttik±ti vutt±. Ýhatv± bhuñjanad±napaµikkhep±divatasam±yogena paº¹aratar±. Acelakas±vak±ti ±j²vakas±vake vadati. Te kira ±j²vakaladdhiy± visuddhacittat±ya nigaºµhehipi paº¹aratar±. Nand±dayo hi tath±r³p±ya paµipattiy± pattabb±, tasm± nand±dayo nigaºµhehi ±j²vakas±vakehi ca paº¹aratar±ti vutt± “sukk±bhij±t²”ti.
Ayametesa½ laddh²ti s±kuºik±dibh±v³pagamanena kaºh±bhij±ti-±d²su dukkha½ sukhañca paµisa½vedent± anukkamena mah±kapp±na½ cull±s²tisahass±ni khepetv± ±j²vakabh±v³pagamanena paramasukk±bhij±tiya½ µhatv± sa½s±rato sujjhant²ti aya½ tesa½ niyati ±j²vak±na½ laddhi.
“Natthi dinnan”ti vadanto natthiko d±nassa phala½ paµikkhipat²ti ±ha– “natthikadiµµhi vip±ka½ paµib±hat²”ti. Tath± ceva heµµh± sa½vaººita½ “natthikadiµµhi hi natthitam±h±”ti. Ahetukadiµµhi ubhayanti kamma½ vip±kañca ubhaya½. So hi “ahet³ apaccay± satt± sa½kilissanti visujjhant²”ti vadanto kammassa viya vip±kassapi sa½kilesavisuddh²na½ paccayatt±bh±vavacanato tadubhaya½ paµib±hati n±ma. Vip±ko paµib±hito hoti asati kamme vip±k±bh±vato. Kamma½ paµib±hita½ hoti asati vip±ke kammassa niratthakabh±v±pattito. Atthatoti sar³pena. Ubhayapaµib±hak±ti visu½ visu½ ta½ta½diµµhit± vutt±pi sabbe te natthik±dayo natthikadiµµhi-±divasena pacceka½ tividhadiµµhik± eva ubhayapaµib±hakatt±. “Ubhayapaµib±hak±”ti hi hetuvacana½. Ahetukav±d± c±ti-±di paµiññ±vacana½. Yo hi vip±kapaµib±hanena natthikadiµµhiko, so atthato kammapaµib±hanena akiriyadiµµhiko, ubhayapaµib±hanena ahetukadiµµhiko ca hoti. Sesadvayepi eseva nayo.
Sajjh±yant²ti ta½ diµµhid²paka½ gantha½ uggahetv± paµhanti. V²ma½sant²ti tassa attha½ vic±renti. Tesanti-±di v²ma½san±k±radassana½. Tasmi½ ±rammaºeti yath±parikappitakammaphal±bh±vad²pake “natthi dinnan”ti-±dinayappavatt±ya laddhiy± ±rammaºe. Micch±sati santiµµhat²ti “natthi dinnan”ti-±divasena anussav³paladdhe atthe tad±k±raparivitakkanehi saviggahe viya sar³pato cittassa paccupaµµhite cirak±laparicayena “evametan”ti nijjh±nakkhamabh±v³pagamanena nijjh±nakkhantiy± tath± gahite punappuna½ tatheva ±sevantassa bahul²karontassa micch±vitakkena sam±diyam±n± micch±v±y±mupatthambhit± ata½sabh±va½ “ta½sabh±van”ti gaºhant² micch±sat²ti laddhan±m± ta½laddhisahagat± taºh± santiµµhati Citta½ ekagga½ hot²ti yath±vuttavitakk±dipaccayal±bhena tasmi½ ±rammaºe avaµµhitat±ya anekagga½ pah±ya ekagga½ appita½ viya hoti. Micch±sam±dhipi hi paccayavisesehi laddhabh±van±balehi kad±ci sam±dh±napatir³pakiccakaro hotiyeva v±lavijjhan±d²su viy±ti daµµhabba½. Javan±ni javant²ti anekakkhattu½ ten±k±rena pubbabh±giyesu javanav±resu pavattesu sabbapacchime javanav±re satta javan±ni javanti. Paµhamajavane pana satekicch± honti, tath± dutiy±d²s³ti dhammasabh±vadassanameta½, na pana tasmi½ khaºe tesa½ satekicchabh±v±p±dana½ kenaci sakk± k±tu½.
Tatth±ti tesu t²su micch±dassanesu. Koci eka½ dassana½ okkamat²ti yassa ekasmi½yeva abhiniveso ±sevan± ca pavatt±, so eka½yeva dassana½ okkamati. Yassa pana dv²su, t²supi v± abhinivesan± pavatt±, so dve t²ºi okkamati. Etena y± pubbe ubhayapaµib±hanat±mukhena vutt± atthasiddh± sabbadiµµhikat±, s± pubbabh±giy±. Y± pana micchattaniy±mokkanti bh³t±, s± yath±saka½ paccayasamud±gamasiddhito bhinn±rammaº±na½ viya vises±dhigam±na½ aññamañña½ ekajjha½ anuppattiy± asa½kiºº± ev±ti dasseti. Ekasmi½ okkantep²ti-±din± tissannampi diµµh²na½ sam±nabalata½ sam±naphalatañca dasseti, tasm± tissopi cet± ekassa uppann± aññamañña½ abbokiºº± eva, ek±ya vip±ke dinne itar± anubalappad±yik± honti. Vaµµakh±ºu n±m±ti ida½ vacana½ neyyattha½, na n²tatthanti ta½ vivaritv± dassetu½ ki½ panes±ti-±di vutta½, akusala½ n±meta½ abala½ dubbala½, na kusala½ viya mah±balanti ±ha– “ekasmi½yeva attabh±ve niyato”ti. Aññath± sammattaniy±mo viya micchattaniy±mopi accantiko siy±. Yadi eva½ vaµµakh±ºukajotan± kathanti ±ha “±sevanavasena pan±”ti-±di, tasm± yath± “saki½ nimuggo nimuggova hot²”ti (a. ni. 7.15) vutta½, eva½ vaµµakh±ºukajotan±. Y±dise hi paccaye paµicca aya½ ta½ta½dassana½ okkanto puna kad±ci tappaµipakkhe paccaye paµicca tato s²sukkhipanamassa na hot²ti na vattabba½. Tena vutta½ “yebhuyyen±”ti.
Tasm±ti yasm± eva½ sa½s±rakh±ºubh±vassapi paccayo akaly±ºajano, tasm±. Bh³tik±moti diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatth±na½ vasena attano guºehi va¹¹hik±mo. Ya½ panettha keci vadanti “yath± cirak±labh±van±ya parip±k³pagamaladdhabalatt± upanissayakusal± akusale sabbaso samucchindanti, eva½ akusaladhamm± tatopi cirak±labh±van±sambhavato laddhabal± hutv± kad±ci kusaladhammepi samucchindanti. Evañca katv± da¼hamicch±bhinivesassa micch±diµµhikassa vaµµakh±ºukabh±vajotan±pi samatthit± hot²”ti yath± ta½ “vassabhaññ±na½ diµµh²”ti, ta½ na, micchattaniyatadhamm±na½ cirak±labh±van±mattena na paµipakkhassa pajahanasamatthat±, atha kho dhammat±siddhena paccayavises±hitas±matthiyena attano pah±yakasabh±vena pah±yakabh±vo bh±van±kusal±na½yeva vutto, akusal±na½yeva ca pah±tabbabh±vo “dassanena pah±tabb±”ti-±din± nayena, akusal±na½yeva dubbalabh±vo “abal±na½ bal²yant²”ti-±din± (su. ni. 776; mah±ni. 5) (yuttin±pi n±mato v± adhigamaniyo ±loko ±lokabh±vato b±hir±raºek± viya na cettha paµiññatte bh±vesat± sotuno ±sa½kitabb± visesavassa s±dhetabbato s±maññassa ca sotubh±vena adhippetatt± veda-saddassa lopo d²pe sabh±ve s±dhane yath± ta½ saddayabh±vassa n±pi visuddhaka-anum±n±divirodhasambh±vato. Na hi sakk± antar±lokassa b±hir±lokassa viya r³pak±ya½ up±d±ya r³pat± cakkhuviññeyyatt±dike patiµµh±petu½ sakk±ti vutta½, nanupi antar±loko aviggahatt± vedan± viy±ti saddheva ñ±º±lokassa avijjandhak±r± viya vidhamaniyabh±ve sabbesampi kusaladhamm±na½ kenacipi akusaladhammena samucchindaniyat± siddh±va hoti). Vaµµakh±ºukacodan±ya ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttamev±ti tiµµhates± b±lajanavikatthan±.
103. Jh±nacittamay±ti r³p±vacarajjh±nacittena nibbatt±. Tath± hi tesa½ visesena jh±namanas± nibbattatt± “manomay±”ti vutt±, avisesena pana abhisaªkh±ramanas± sabbepi satt± manomay± eva. Saññ±may±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Ten±ha “ar³pajjh±nasaññ±y±”ti. Ayanti r³pit±bh±vapaµipajjanakapuggalo. Appaµiladdhajjh±noti anadhigatar³pajjh±no. Tassap²ti takkinopi. R³pajjh±ne kaªkh± natthi anussavavasena laddhavinicchayatt±.
104. S±r±g±y±ti sar±gabh±v±ya. Santiketi sam²pe, na th±magat± diµµhin±tid³ratt± sar±g±, na sampayuttatt±. S± hi na th±magat± vaµµapariy±pannesu dhammesu rajjat²ti viññ±yat²ti ±ha– “r±gavasena vaµµe rajjanass±”ti. Sabbepi sa½yojan± taºh±vaseneva sambhavant²ti ±ha– “taºh±vasena sa½yojanatth±y±”ti. ¾ruppe panassa kaªkh± natth²ti anussavavasena laddhanicchaya½ sandh±ya vutta½. K±ma½ duggatidukkh±na½ ekantasa½vattanena natthikadiµµhi-±d²na½ apaººakat± p±kaµ± eva, nippariy±yena pana anavajjassa atthassa ekantas±dhaka½ apaººakanti katv± codan±, s±vajjassapi atthassa s±dhane eka½sikabh±va½ gahetv± parih±ro. Ten±ha “gahaºavasen±”ti-±di. Tena ru¼h²vasena “natthi dinnan”ti-±d²ni apaººakaªg±ni j±t±n²ti dasseti.
105. Heµµh± tayo puggal±va hont²ti attantapo parantapoti imasmi½ catukke heµµh± tayo puggal± honti. Yath±vutt± pañcapi puggal± duppaµipann±va, tato atthikav±d±dayo pañcapuggal± samm±paµipannat±ya imasmi½ catukke eko catutthapuggalova hoti. Etamattha½ dassetunti idha heµµh± vuttapuggalapañcakadvaya½ imasmi½ catukke eva saªgaha½ gacchat²ti vibh±gena duppaµipattisuppaµipattiyo dassetu½ bhagav± ima½ desana½ ±rabh²ti. Ya½ panettha atthato avibhatta½, ta½ suviññeyyameva.

Apaººakasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.

Niµµhit± ca gahapativaggavaººan±.