Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Majjhimanik±ye

Majjhimapaºº±saµ²k±

1. Gahapativaggo

1. Kandarakasuttavaººan±

1. ¾r±mapokkharaº²-±d²s³ti ±r±mapokkharaº²-uyy±nacetiyaµµh±n±d²su. Ussann±ti bahul±. Asokakaºik±rakovi¼±rakumbh²r±jarukkhehi sammissat±ya ta½ campakavana½ n²l±dipañcavaººakusumapaµimaº¹itanti daµµhabba½, na campakarukkh±na½yeva n²l±dipañcavaººakusumat±y±ti vadanti. Bhagav± kusumagandhasugandhe campakavane viharat²ti imin± na m±panak±le eva tasmi½ nagare campakarukkh± ussann±, atha kho aparabh±gep²ti dasseti. “Pañcasatamattehi a¹¹hate¼aseh²”ti eva½ adassitaparicchedena. Hatthino c±reti sikkh±pet²ti hatth±cariyo hatth²na½ sikkh±pako, tassa puttoti ±ha “hatth±cariyassa putto”ti. Tad± bhagav± tesa½ pas±dajananattha½ attano buddh±nubh±va½ aniguhitv±va nisinnoti dassento “chabbaºº±na½ ghanabuddharasm²nan”ti-±dim±ha. Bhagavato ceva g±raven±ti bhagavato garubh±vena, bhagavati g±raven±ti v± p±µho.
Nicca½ na hot²ti abhiºha½ na hoti, kad±cideva hot²ti attho. Abhiºhaniccat± hi idha adhippet±, na k³µaµµhaniccat±. Loke kiñci vimhay±vaha½ disv± hatthavik±rampi karonti, aªguli½ v± phoµayanti, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “acchara½ paharitu½ yuttan”ti. Abh³tapubba½ bh³tanti aya½ niruttinayo yebhuyyena up±d±ya ru¼h²vasena vuttoti veditabbo. Tath± hi p±¼iya½ “yepi te, bho gotama, ahesu½ at²tamaddh±nan”ti-±di vutta½, kiñci akattabbampi kariyam±na½ dukkarabh±vena vimhay±vaha½ hoti, tath± kiñci kattabba½, purima½ garahacchariya½, pacchima½ pasa½sacchariya½, tadubhaya½ suttapadaso dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½.
Samm± paµip±ditoti samm±paµipad±ya½ µhapito. Es± paµipad± param±ti etaparama½, bh±vanapu½sakaniddesoya½ yath± “visama½ candimas³riy± parivattant²”ti (a. ni. 4.70). Ayañhettha attho– bhagav± bhikkhusaªgho paµipad±ya tumhehi paµip±dito, at²tepi k±le buddh± etaparama½yeva bhikkhusaªgha½ samm± paµip±desu½, an±gatepi k±le etaparama½yeva bhikkhusaªgha½ samm± paµip±dessant²ti paribb±jako nayagg±hena diµµhena adiµµha½ anuminanto sabbesampi buddh±na½ s±sane saªghasuppaµipatti½ majjhe bhinnasuvaººa½ viya samasama½ katv± dasseti, eva½ dassento ca tesa½ sudhammatañca tath± dasseti ev±ti veditabbo, buddhasubuddhat± pana nesa½ sar³peneva dassit±ti. Na ito bhiyyoti imin± p±¼iya½ etaparama½yev±ti avadh±raºena nivattita½ dasseti s²lapadaµµh±natt± sam±dhissa, sam±dhipadaµµh±natt± ca paññ±ya s²lepi ca abhisam±c±rikapubbakatt± ±dibrahmacariyakassa vutta½ “±bhisam±c±rikavatta½ ±di½ katv±”ti.
2. Pucch±nusandhi-±d²su anantogadhatt± “p±µi-ekko anusandh²”ti vatv± tamevattha½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½ “bhagav± kir±”ti-±di vutta½. Upasantak±raºanti upasantabh±vak±raºa½. Tañhi ariy±na½yeva visayo, tatth±pi ca buddh±na½ eva anavasesato visayoti imamattha½ byatirekato anvayato ca dassetu½ na hi tvanti-±di vutta½. Tattha ñ±tatthacariy± k±kaj±tak±divasena veditabb±, lokatthacariy± ta½ta½p±ramip³raºavasena, buddhatthacariy± mah±bodhij±tak±divasena. Acchariya½ bho gotam±ti-±din± kandarakena kata½ pas±dapavedana½ dasseti.
Yepi teti-±din± tena vuttamattha½ paccanubh±santena bhagavat± sampaµicchitanti caritatt± ±ha– “santi hi kandarak±ti ayampi p±µiyekko anusandh²”ti Yo hi kandarakena bhikkhusaªghassa upasantabh±vo kittito, ta½ vibhajitv± dassentopi tena apucchitoyeva attano ajjh±sayena bhagav± “santi h²”ti-±din± desana½ ±rabhi. Ten±ha “bhagavato kira etadahos²” ti-±di. Kappetv±ti aññath± santameva att±na½ aññath± vidh±ya. Pakappetv±ti sanidassanavasena gahetv±. Ten±ha “kuhakabh±ven±”ti-±di. Paµipada½ p³rayam±n±ti k±ma½ avisesena sekkh± vuccanti, te pana adhigatamaggavasena “p³rayam±n±”ti na vattabb± kiccassa niµµhitatt±. Maggo hi ekacittakkhaºikoti ±ha “uparimaggassa vipassan±ya upasant±”ti. Ito mutt±ti maggen±gat³pasamato mutt±. Kaly±ºaputhujjane sandh±ya vadati. Ten±ha “cat³hi satipaµµh±nehi upasant±”ti.
Satatas²l±ti avicchinnas²l±. S±tisayo hi etesa½ s²lassa akhaº¹±dibh±vo. Suparisuddhas²lat±vasena santat± vutti etesanti santatavuttinoti ±ha “tasseva vevacanan”ti. Eva½ s²lavuttivasena “santatavuttino”ti padassa attha½ vatv± id±ni j²vitavuttivasena dassento “santataj²vik±v±ti attho”ti ±ha. S±sanassa j²vitavutti s²lasannissit± ev±ti ±ha “tasmin”ti-±di.
Nipayati visoseti r±g±disa½kilesa½, tato v± att±na½ nip±t²ti nipako, paññav±. Ten±ha “paññavanto”ti. Paññ±ya µhatv± j²vik±kappana½ n±ma buddhapaµikuµµhamicch±j²va½ pah±ya samm±j²vena j²vananti ta½ dassento “yath± ekacco”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.14) ta½sa½vaººan±yañca (visuddhi. mah±µ². 1.14) vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Rathavin²tapaµipad±dayo tesu tesu suttesu vuttanayena veditabb±. Ito aññattha mah±gop±lakasutt±d²su (ma. ni. 1.346 ±dayo) lokuttarasatipaµµh±n± kathit±ti ±ha– “idha pana lokiyalokuttaramissak± satipaµµh±n± kathit±”ti, satipaµµh±nasuttepi (d². ni. 2.373-374; ma. ni. 1.106 ±dayo) vomissak±va kathit±ti. Ettaken±ti ettak±ya desan±ya.
3. K±rakabh±vanti paµipattiya½ paµipajjanakabh±va½. Mayampi n±ma gih² bahukicc± sam±n± k±lena k±la½ satipaµµh±nesu suppatiµµhitacitt± vihar±ma, kimaªga½ pana vivekav±sinoti attano k±rakabh±va½ pavedento eva½ bhikkhusaªghañca ukkhipati. Ten±ha “ayañhettha adhipp±yo”ti-±di. N±n±rammaºesu apar±para½ uppajjam±n±na½ r±g±dikiles±na½ ghanajaµitasaªkh±t±k±rena pavatti kilesagahanena gahanat±, ten±ha “anto jaµ± bahi jaµ±, jaµ±ya jaµit± paj±”ti (sa½. ni. 1.23, 192). Manuss±na½ ajjh±sayagahaºena s±µheyyamp²ti dassento ±ha “kasaµas±µheyyesupi eseva nayo”ti. Yath± sappimadhuph±ºit±d²su kacavarabh±vo, so kasaµoti vuccati, eva½ sant±ne aparisuddho sa½kilesabh±vo kasaµanti ±ha “aparisuddhaµµhena kasaµat±”ti. Attani asantaguºasambh±vana½ ker±µiyaµµho. J±n±t²ti “ida½ ahita½ na sevitabba½, ida½ hita½ sevitabban”ti vic±reti deseti. Vic±raºatthopi hi hoti j±n±ti-saddo yath± “±yasm± j±n±t²”ti. Sabb±pi…pe… adhippet± “pasup±lak±”ti-±d²su viya. Idha antara-saddo “vijjantarik±y±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.149) viya khaºatthoti ±ha “yattakena khaºen±”ti. Ten±ti hatthin±. T±n²ti s±µheyy±d²ni.
Atthato k±yacittujukat±paµipakkhabh³t±va lobhasahagatacittupp±dassa pavatti-±k±ravises±ti t±ni pavatti-±k±rena dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha yass±ti p±ºabh³tassa assassa v± hatthino v±. Ýhass±m²ti tattheva sappaµibhaye µh±ne gantv± µhass±m²ti na hoti. Imassa s±µheyyat±ya p±kaµakaraºa½ vañcan±dhipp±yabh±vato. Tath± hi cat³su µh±nesu “vañcetv±” icceva vutta½, niguhanto pana tattheva gantv± tiµµheyya. Esa nayo sesesupi. Paµimagga½ ±rohituk±mass±ti ±gatamaggameva nivattitv± gantuk±massa. Leº¹avissajjan±d²su k±lantar±pekkh±bh±va½ “tath±”ti imin± upasa½harati.
Antoj±tak±ti attano d±siy± kucchimhi j±t±. Dhanakk²t±ti dhana½ datv± d±sabh±vena gahit±. Karamar±n²t±ti d±sabh±vena karamaragg±hagahit±. D±sabyanti d±sabh±va½. Pess±ti ad±s± eva hutv± veyy±vaccakar±. Ima½ vissajjetv±ti ima½ attano hatthagata½ vissajjetv±. Ima½ gaºhant±ti ima½ tassa hatthagata½ gaºhant±. Sammukhato aññath± parammukhak±le k±yav±c±samud±c±radassaneneva cittassa nesa½ aññath± µhitabh±vo niddiµµhoti veditabbo.
4. Ayampi p±µiyekko anusandh²ti etth±pi anantare vuttanayeneva anusandhiyojan± veditabb±. Tenev±ha “ayañh²”ti-±di. Catuttho hitapaµipada½ paµipannoti yojan±. Puggalas²sena puggalapaµipatti½ dassento “puggale pah±y±”ti ±ha. Paµipatti hi idha pah±tabb±, na puggal±. Yath± assaddh±dipuggalaparivajjanena saddhindriy±dibh±van± ijjhanti, eva½ micch±paµipannapuggalaparivajjanena micch±paµipad± vajjitabb±ti ±ha– “purime tayo puggale pah±y±”ti. Catutthapuggalass±ti imasmi½ catukke vuttacatutthapuggalassa hitapaµipattiya½yeva paµip±demi pavattem²ti dassento. Sant±ti sama½ vin±sa½ nirodha½ patt±ti ayamettha atthoti ±ha “niruddh± sant±ti vutt±”ti. Puna sant±ti bh±van±vasena kilesapari¼±havigamato sant±ti ayamettha atthoti ±ha “nibbut±”ti. Sant±ti ±netv± yojan±. Santo haveti ettha samabh±vakarena s±dhubh±vassa visesapaccayabh³tena paº¹iccena samann±gat± ariy± “santo”ti vutt±ti ±ha– “santo have…pe… paº¹it±”ti.
¾hito aha½m±no etth±ti att± (a. ni. µ². 2.4.198) attabh±vo, idha pana yo paro na hoti, so att±, ta½ att±na½. Paranti attato añña½. Ch±ta½ vuccati taºh± jighacch±hetut±ya. Anto t±panakiles±nanti attano sant±ne attapari¼±hajananasantappanakiles±na½. Citta½ ±r±dhet²ti citta½ pas±deti, sampaha½set²ti attho. Yasm± pana tath±bh³to citta½ samp±dento ajjh±saya½ gaºhanto n±ma hoti, tasm± vutta½ “citta½ samp±det²”ti-±di.
5. Dukkha½ paµikk³la½ jeguccha½ etass±ti dukkhapaµikk³lo ta½ dukkhapaµikk³la½. Visesanavisesitabbat± hi k±mac±r±. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana dukkhassa visesitabbata½ sandh±ya b±hiratthasam±sa½ an±diyitv± “dukkhassa paµikk³lan”ti attho vutto. Yena hi bh±gena purisassa dukkha½ paµikk³la½, tena dukkhassa purisop²ti. Ten±ha– “paccan²kasaºµhitan”ti.
6. Cat³hi k±raºeh²ti dh±tukusalat±d²hi cat³hi k±raºehi. Kamma½ karot²ti yogakamma½ karoti. Yasm± sambuddh± paresa½ maggaphal±dhigam±ya uss±haj±t±, tattha nirantara½ yuttappayutt± eva honti, te paµicca tesa½ antar±yo na hotiyev±ti ±ha “na pana buddhe paµicc±”ti. Kiriyaparih±niy± desakassa tasseva v± puggalassa tajjapayog±bh±vato. “Desakassa v±”ti ida½ s±vak±na½ vasena daµµhabba½. Mahat± atthen±ti ettha attha-saddo ±nisa½sapariy±yoti ±ha “dv²hi ±nisa½seh²”ti. Pas±da½ paµilabhati “arahanto”ti-±din± saªghasuppaµipattiy± sutatt±. Abhinavo nayo udap±di santatas²lat±divasena anattantapat±divasena, sopi ta½ sutv± d±s±d²su savisesa½ lajj² day±panno hit±nukamp² hutv± sekkhapaµipada½ s²la½ s±dhento anukkamena satipaµµh±nabh±vana½ paribr³heti. Ten±ha bhagav± “mahat± atthena sa½yutto”ti.
8. Paresa½ hananagh±tan±din± rod±panato luddo, tath± vigh±takabh±vena k±yacitt±na½ vid±raºato d±ruºo, viruddhav±dat±ya kakkha¼o, bandhan±g±re niyutto bandhan±g±riko.
9. Khattiy±bhiseken±ti khattiy±na½ kattabba-abhisekena. Santh±g±ranti santh±ravasena kata½ ag±ra½ yaññ±v±µa½. Sappitelen±ti sappimayena telena, yamakasnehena hi tad± k±ya½ abbhañjati. Vacchabh±va½ taritv± µhito vacchataro. Parikkhepakaraºatth±y±ti vanam±l±hi saddhi½ dabbhehi vediy± parikkhepanatth±ya. Yaññabh³miyanti avasesayaññaµµh±ne. Ya½ panettha atthato avibhatta½ ta½ suviññeyyameva.

Kandarakasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.