10. Saªg±ravasutta½

473. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± kosalesu c±rika½ carati mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½. Tena kho pana samayena dhanañj±n² [dh±nañj±n² (s². p².)] n±ma br±hmaº² cañcalikappe [maº¹alakappe (s².), paccalakappe (sy±. ka½.), caº¹alakappe (p².)] paµivasati abhippasann± buddhe ca dhamme ca saªghe ca. Atha kho dhanañj±n² br±hmaº² upakkhalitv± tikkhattu½ ud±na½ ud±nesi– “namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa. Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa. Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhass±”ti
Tena kho pana samayena saªg±ravo n±ma m±ºavo cañcalikappe paµivasati tiººa½ ved±na½ p±rag³ sanighaº¹ukeµubh±na½ s±kkharappabhed±na½ itih±sapañcam±na½ padako, veyy±karaºo, lok±yatamah±purisalakkhaºesu anavayo. Assosi kho saªg±ravo m±ºavo dhanañj±niy± br±hmaºiy± eva½ v±ca½ bh±sam±n±ya. Sutv± dhanañj±ni½ br±hmaºi½ etadavoca– “avabh³t±va aya½ [avabh³t± caya½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] dhanañj±n² br±hmaº², parabh³t±va aya½ [par±bh³t± caya½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] dhanañj±n² br±hmaº², vijjam±n±na½ (tevijj±na½) [( ) s². sy±. ka½. p². potthakesu natthi] br±hmaº±na½, atha ca pana tassa muº¹akassa samaºakassa vaººa½ bh±sissat²”ti [bh±sat²ti (s². sy±. ka½. p²)]. “Na hi pana tva½, t±ta bhadramukha, tassa bhagavato s²lapaññ±ºa½ j±n±si. Sace tva½, t±ta bhadramukha, tassa bhagavato s²lapaññ±ºa½ j±neyy±si, na tva½, t±ta bhadramukha, ta½ bhagavanta½ akkositabba½ paribh±sitabba½ maññeyy±s²”ti. “Tena hi, bhoti, yad± samaºo gotamo cañcalikappa½ anuppatto hoti atha me ±roceyy±s²”ti. “Eva½, bhadramukh±”ti kho dhanañj±n² br±hmaº² saªg±ravassa m±ºavassa paccassosi.
Atha kho bhagav± kosalesu anupubbena c±rika½ caram±no yena cañcalikappa½ tadavasari. Tatra suda½ bhagav± cañcalikappe viharati todeyy±na½ br±hmaº±na½ ambavane. Assosi kho dhanañj±n² br±hmaº²– “bhagav± kira cañcalikappa½ anuppatto, cañcalikappe viharati todeyy±na½ br±hmaº±na½ ambavane”ti. Atha kho dhanañj±n² br±hmaº² yena saªg±ravo m±ºavo tenupasaªkami upasaªkamitv± saªg±rava½ m±ºava½ etadavoca– “aya½, t±ta bhadramukha, so bhagav± cañcalikappa½ anuppatto, cañcalikappe viharati todeyy±na½ br±hmaº±na½ ambavane. Yassad±ni, t±ta bhadramukha, k±la½ maññas²”ti.
474. “Eva½, bho”ti kho saªg±ravo m±ºavo dhanañj±niy± br±hmaºiy± paµissutv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavat± saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho saªg±ravo m±ºavo bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “santi kho, bho gotama, eke samaºabr±hmaº± diµµhadhamm±bhiññ±vos±nap±ramippatt±, ±dibrahmacariya½ paµij±nanti. Tatra, bho gotama, ye te samaºabr±hmaº± diµµhadhamm±bhiññ±vos±nap±ramippatt±, ±dibrahmacariya½ paµij±nanti, tesa½ bhava½ gotamo katamo”ti? “Diµµhadhamm±bhiññ±vos±nap±ramippatt±na½, ±dibrahmacariya½ paµij±nant±nampi kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, vematta½ vad±mi. Santi, bh±radv±ja, eke samaºabr±hmaº± anussavik±. Te anussavena diµµhadhamm±bhiññ±vos±nap±ramippatt±, ±dibrahmacariya½ paµij±nanti; seyyath±pi br±hmaº± tevijj±. Santi pana, bh±radv±ja, eke samaºabr±hmaº± kevala½ saddh±mattakena diµµhadhamm±bhiññ±vos±nap±ramippatt±, ±dibrahmacariya½ paµij±nanti; seyyath±pi takk² v²ma½s². Santi, bh±radv±ja, eke samaºabr±hmaº± pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu s±ma½yeva dhamma½ abhiññ±ya diµµhadhamm±bhiññ±vos±nap±ramippatt±, ±dibrahmacariya½ paµij±nanti. Tatra, bh±radv±ja, ye te samaºabr±hmaº± pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu s±ma½yeva dhamma½ abhiññ±ya diµµhadhamm±bhiññ±vos±nap±ramippatt±, ±dibrahmacariya½ paµij±nanti, tes±hamasmi. Tadamin±peta½, bh±radv±ja, pariy±yena veditabba½, yath± ye te samaºabr±hmaº± pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu s±ma½yeva dhamma½ abhiññ±ya diµµhadhamm±bhiññ±vos±nap±ramippatt±, ±dibrahmacariya½ paµij±nanti, tes±hamasmi.
475. “Idha me, bh±radv±ja, pubbeva sambodh± anabhisambuddhassa bodhisattasseva sato etadahosi– ‘samb±dho ghar±v±so raj±patho, abbhok±so pabbajj±. Nayida½ sukara½ ag±ra½ ajjh±vasat± ekantaparipuººa½ ekantaparisuddha½ saªkhalikhita½ brahmacariya½ caritu½. Ya½n³n±ha½ kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajeyyan’ti. So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, aparena samayena daharova sam±no susuk±¼akeso bhadrena yobbanena samann±gato paµhamena vayas± ak±mak±na½ m±t±pit³na½ assumukh±na½ rudant±na½ kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbaji½. So eva½ pabbajito sam±no ki½kusalagaves² anuttara½ santivarapada½ pariyesam±no yena ±¼±ro k±l±mo tenupasaªkami½; upasaªkamitv± ±¼±ra½ k±l±ma½ etadavoca½– ‘icch±maha½, ±vuso k±l±ma, imasmi½ dhammavinaye brahmacariya½ caritun’ti. Eva½ vutte, bh±radv±ja, ±¼±ro k±l±mo ma½ etadavoca– ‘viharat±yasm±. T±diso aya½ dhammo yattha viññ³ puriso nacirasseva saka½ ±cariyaka½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihareyy±’ti. So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, nacirasseva khippameva ta½ dhamma½ pariy±puºi½. So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, t±vatakeneva oµµhapahatamattena lapital±panamattena ‘ñ±ºav±dañca vad±mi, therav±dañca j±n±mi, pass±m²’ti ca paµij±n±mi, ahañceva aññe ca. Tassa mayha½, bh±radv±ja, etadahosi– ‘na kho ±¼±ro k±l±mo ima½ dhamma½ kevala½ saddh±mattakena saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihar±m²ti pavedeti; addh± ±¼±ro k±l±mo ima½ dhamma½ j±na½ passa½ viharat²’ti.
“Atha khv±ha½, bh±radv±ja, yena ±¼±ro k±l±mo tenupasaªkami½; upasaªkamitv± ±¼±ra½ k±l±ma½ etadavoca½– ‘kitt±vat± no, ±vuso k±l±ma, ima½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihar±m²ti pavedes²’ti? Eva½ vutte, bh±radv±ja, ±¼±ro k±l±mo ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ pavedesi. Tassa mayha½, bh±radv±ja, etadahosi– ‘na kho ±¼±rasseva k±l±massa atthi saddh±, mayha½patthi saddh±; na kho ±¼±rasseva k±l±massa atthi v²riya½…pe… sati… sam±dhi… paññ±, mayha½patthi paññ±. Ya½n³n±ha½ ya½ dhamma½ ±¼±ro k±l±mo saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihar±m²ti pavedeti tassa dhammassa sacchikiriy±ya padaheyyan’ti. So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, nacirasseva khippameva ta½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vih±si½. Atha khv±ha½, bh±radv±ja, yena ±¼±ro k±l±mo tenupasaªkami½; upasaªkamitv± ±¼±ra½ k±l±ma½ etadavoca½– ‘ett±vat± no, ±vuso k±l±ma, ima½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja pavedes²’ti? ‘Ett±vat± kho aha½, ±vuso, ima½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja pavedem²’ti. ‘Ahampi kho, ±vuso, ett±vat± ima½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihar±m²’ti. ‘L±bh± no, ±vuso, suladdha½ no, ±vuso, ye maya½ ±yasmanta½ t±disa½ sabrahmac±ri½ pass±ma. Iti y±ha½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja pavedemi ta½ tva½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharasi; ya½ tva½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharasi tamaha½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja pavedemi. Iti y±ha½ dhamma½ j±n±mi ta½ tva½ dhamma½ j±n±si, ya½ tva½ dhamma½ j±n±si tamaha½ dhamma½ j±n±mi Iti y±diso aha½ t±diso tuva½, y±diso tuva½ t±diso aha½. Ehi d±ni, ±vuso, ubhova sant± ima½ gaºa½ parihar±m±’ti. Iti kho, bh±radv±ja, ±¼±ro k±l±mo ±cariyo me sam±no attano antev±si½ ma½ sam±na½ attan± samasama½ µhapesi, u¼±r±ya ca ma½ p³j±ya p³jesi. Tassa mayha½, bh±radv±ja, etadahosi– ‘n±ya½ dhammo nibbid±ya na vir±g±ya na nirodh±ya na upasam±ya na abhiññ±ya na sambodh±ya na nibb±n±ya sa½vattati, y±vadeva ±kiñcaññ±yatan³papattiy±’ti. So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, ta½ dhamma½ analaªkaritv± tasm± dhamm± nibbijja apakkami½.
476. “So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, ki½kusalagaves² anuttara½ santivarapada½ pariyesam±no yena udako r±maputto tenupasaªkami½; upasaªkamitv± udaka½ r±maputta½ etadavoca½– ‘icch±maha½, ±vuso [passa ma. ni. 1.278 p±sar±sisutte], imasmi½ dhammavinaye brahmacariya½ caritun’ti. Eva½ vutte, bh±radv±ja, udako r±maputto ma½ etadavoca– ‘viharat±yasm±. T±diso aya½ dhammo yattha viññ³ puriso nacirasseva saka½ ±cariyaka½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihareyy±’ti. So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, nacirasseva khippameva ta½ dhamma½ pariy±puºi½. So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, t±vatakeneva oµµhapahatamattena lapital±panamattena ‘ñ±ºav±dañca vad±mi, therav±dañca j±n±mi, pass±m²’ti ca paµij±n±mi, ahañceva aññe ca Tassa mayha½, bh±radv±ja, etadahosi– ‘na kho r±mo ima½ dhamma½ kevala½ saddh±mattakena saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihar±m²ti pavedesi; addh± r±mo ima½ dhamma½ j±na½ passa½ vih±s²’ti. Atha khv±ha½, bh±radv±ja, yena udako r±maputto tenupasaªkami½; upasaªkamitv± udaka½ r±maputta½ etadavoca½– ‘kitt±vat± no, ±vuso, r±mo ima½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihar±m²ti pavedes²’ti? Eva½ vutte, bh±radv±ja, udako r±maputto nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ pavedesi. Tassa mayha½, bh±radv±ja, etadahosi– ‘na kho r±masseva ahosi saddh±, mayha½patthi saddh±; na kho r±masseva ahosi v²riya½…pe… sati… sam±dhi… paññ±, mayha½patthi paññ±. Ya½n³n±ha½ ya½ dhamma½ r±mo saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihar±m²ti pavedesi tassa dhammassa sacchikiriy±ya padaheyyan’ti. So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, nacirasseva khippameva ta½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vih±si½.
“Atha khv±ha½, bh±radv±ja, yena udako r±maputto tenupasaªkami½; upasaªkamitv± udaka½ r±maputta½ etadavoca½– ‘ett±vat± no, ±vuso, r±mo ima½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja pavedes²’ti? ‘Ett±vat± kho, ±vuso, r±mo ima½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja pavedes²’ti. ‘Ahampi kho, ±vuso, ett±vat± ima½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihar±m²’ti. ‘L±bh± no, ±vuso, suladdha½ no, ±vuso, ye maya½ ±yasmanta½ t±disa½ sabrahmac±ri½ pass±ma. Iti ya½ dhamma½ r±mo saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja pavedesi ta½ tva½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharasi; ya½ tva½ dhamma½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharasi ta½ dhamma½ r±mo saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja pavedesi. Iti ya½ dhamma½ r±mo abhiññ±si ta½ tva½ dhamma½ j±n±si, ya½ tva½ dhamma½ j±n±si ta½ dhamma½ r±mo abhiññ±si. Iti y±diso r±mo ahosi t±diso tuva½, y±diso tuva½ t±diso r±mo ahosi. Ehi d±ni, ±vuso, tuva½ ima½ gaºa½ parihar±’ti. Iti kho, bh±radv±ja, udako r±maputto sabrahmac±r² me sam±no ±cariyaµµh±ne ma½ µhapesi, u¼±r±ya ca ma½ p³j±ya p³jesi. Tassa mayha½, bh±radv±ja, etadahosi– ‘n±ya½ dhammo nibbid±ya na vir±g±ya na nirodh±ya na upasam±ya na abhiññ±ya na sambodh±ya na nibb±n±ya sa½vattati, y±vadeva nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatan³papattiy±’ti. So kho aha½, bh±radv±ja, ta½ dhamma½ analaªkaritv± tasm± dhamm± nibbijja apakkami½.