467. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, m±ºava, ye te kosalak± br±hmaºamah±s±l±, seyyathida½– caªk² br±hmaºo t±rukkho br±hmaºo pokkharas±ti br±hmaºo j±ºussoºi br±hmaºo pit± ca [v± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] te todeyyo, katam± nesa½ seyyo [seyy± (sy±. ka½.)], ya½ v± te sammucc± [sammus± (s². p².)] v±ca½ bh±seyyu½ ya½ v± asammucc±”ti? “Sammucc±, bho gotama”.
“Katam± nesa½ seyyo, ya½ v± te mant± v±ca½ bh±seyyu½ ya½ v± amant±”ti? “Mant±, bho gotama”.
“Katam± nesa½ seyyo, ya½ v± te paµisaªkh±ya v±ca½ bh±seyyu½ ya½ v± appaµisaªkh±y±”ti? “Paµisaªkh±ya, bho gotama”.
“Katam± nesa½ seyyo, ya½ v± te atthasa½hita½ v±ca½ bh±seyyu½ ya½ v± anatthasa½hitan”ti? “Atthasa½hita½, bho gotama”.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, m±ºava, yadi eva½ sante, br±hmaºena pokkharas±tin± opamaññena subhagavanikena sammucc± v±c± bh±sit± asammucc±”ti [asammus± v±ti (p².) evamitarapañhattayepi v±saddena saha dissati]? “Asammucc±, bho gotama”.
“Mant± v±c± bh±sit± amant± v±”ti? “Amant±, bho gotama”.
“Paµisaªkh±ya v±c± bh±sit± appaµisaªkh±y±”ti? “Appaµisaªkh±ya, bho gotama”.
“Atthasa½hit± v±c± bh±sit± anatthasa½hit±”ti? “Anatthasa½hit±, bho gotama”.
“Pañca kho ime, m±ºava, n²varaº±. Katame pañca? K±macchandan²varaºa½, by±p±dan²varaºa½, th²namiddhan²varaºa½ uddhaccakukkuccan²varaºa½, vicikicch±n²varaºa½– ime kho, m±ºava, pañca n²varaº±. Imehi kho m±ºava, pañcahi n²varaºehi br±hmaºo pokkharas±ti opamañño subhagavaniko ±vuto nivuto ophuµo [ovuto (s².), ophuto (sy±. ka½. p².)] pariyonaddho. So vata uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanavisesa½ ñassati v± dakkhati v± sacchi v± karissat²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati.
468. “Pañca kho ime, m±ºava, k±maguº±. Katame pañca? Cakkhuviññeyy± r³p± iµµh± kant± man±p± piyar³p± k±m³pasa½hit± rajan²y±, sotaviññeyy± sadd±…pe… gh±naviññeyy± gandh±… jivh± viññeyy± ras±… k±yaviññeyy± phoµµhabb± iµµh± kant± man±p± piyar³p± k±m³pasa½hit± rajan²y±– ime kho, m±ºava, pañca k±maguº±. Imehi kho, m±ºava, pañcahi k±maguºehi br±hmaºo pokkharas±ti opamañño subhagavaniko gathito mucchito ajjhopanno an±d²navadass±v² anissaraºapañño paribhuñjati. So vata uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanavisesa½ ñassati v± dakkhati v± sacchi v± karissat²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, m±ºava, ya½ v± tiºakaµµhup±d±na½ paµicca aggi½ j±leyya ya½ v± nissaµµhatiºakaµµhup±d±na½ aggi½ j±leyya, katamo nu khv±ssa aggi accim± ceva vaººav± ca pabhassaro c±”ti? “Sace ta½, bho gotama, µh±na½ nissaµµhatiºakaµµhup±d±na½ aggi½ j±letu½, sv±ssa aggi accim± ceva vaººav± ca pabhassaro c±”ti. “Aµµh±na½ kho eta½, m±ºava, anavak±so ya½ nissaµµhatiºakaµµhup±d±na½ aggi½ j±leyya aññatra iddhimat±. Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, tiºakaµµhup±d±na½ paµicca aggi jalati tath³pam±ha½, m±ºava, ima½ p²ti½ vad±mi y±ya½ p²ti pañca k±maguºe paµicca. Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, nissaµµhatiºakaµµhup±d±no [nissaµµhatiºakaµµhup±d±na½ paµicca (s². p². ka.)] aggi jalati tath³pam±ha½, m±ºava ima½ p²ti½ vad±mi y±ya½ p²ti aññatreva k±mehi aññatra akusalehi dhammehi.
“Katam± ca, m±ºava, p²ti aññatreva k±mehi aññatra akusalehi dhammehi? Idha, m±ºava, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ayampi kho, m±ºava, p²ti aññatreva k±mehi aññatra akusalehi dhammehi. Puna capara½, m±ºava, bhikkhu vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±…pe… dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ayampi kho, m±ºava, p²ti aññatreva k±mehi aññatra akusalehi dhammehi.
469. “Ye te, m±ºava, br±hmaº± pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya, katamettha [kamettha (ka. s². sy±. ka½. p².)] br±hmaº± dhamma½ mahapphalatara½ paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±y±”ti? “Yeme, bho gotama, br±hmaº± pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya, c±gamettha br±hmaº± dhamma½ mahapphalatara½ paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±y±”ti.
“Ta½ ki maññasi, m±ºava, idha aññatarassa br±hmaºassa mah±yañño paccupaµµhito assa. Atha dve br±hmaº± ±gaccheyyu½– ‘itthann±massa br±hmaºassa mah±yañña½ anubhaviss±m±’ti. Tatrekassa [tatthekassa (p².)] br±hmaºassa evamassa– ‘aho vata! Ahameva labheyya½ bhattagge agg±sana½ aggodaka½ aggapiº¹a½, na añño br±hmaºo labheyya bhattagge agg±sana½ aggodaka½ aggapiº¹an’ti. Ýh±na½ kho paneta½, m±ºava vijjati ya½ añño br±hmaºo labheyya bhattagge agg±sana½ aggodaka½ aggapiº¹a½, na so br±hmaºo labheyya bhattagge agg±sana½ aggodaka½ aggapiº¹a½. ‘Añño br±hmaºo labhati bhattagge agg±sana½ aggodaka½ aggapiº¹a½, n±ha½ labh±mi bhattagge agg±sana½ aggodaka½ aggapiº¹an’ti– iti so kupito hoti anattamano. Imassa pana, m±ºava, br±hmaº± ki½ vip±ka½ paññapent²”ti? “Na khvettha, bho gotama, br±hmaº± eva½ d±na½ denti– ‘imin± paro kupito hotu anattamano’ti. Atha khvettha br±hmaº± anukamp±j±tika½yeva [anukampaj±tika½yeva (sy±. ka½. ka.)] d±na½ dent²”ti. “Eva½ sante, kho, m±ºava, br±hmaº±na½ ida½ chaµµha½ puññakiriyavatthu hoti– yadida½ anukamp±j±tikan”ti. “Eva½ sante, bho gotama, br±hmaº±na½ ida½ chaµµha½ puññakiriyavatthu hoti– yadida½ anukamp±j±tikan”ti.
“Ye te, m±ºava, br±hmaº± pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya, ime tva½ pañca dhamme kattha bahula½ samanupassasi– gahaµµhesu v± pabbajitesu v±”ti? “Yeme, bho gotama, br±hmaº± pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya, im±ha½ pañca dhamme pabbajitesu bahula½ samanupass±mi appa½ gahaµµhesu. Gahaµµho hi, bho gotama, mahaµµho mah±kicco mah±dhikaraºo mah±sam±rambho, na satata½ samita½ saccav±d² hoti; pabbajito kho pana, bho gotama, appaµµho appakicco app±dhikaraºo appasam±rambho, satata½ samita½ saccav±d² hoti. Gahaµµho hi, bho gotama, mahaµµho mah±kicco mah±dhikaraºo mah±sam±rambho na satata½ samita½ tapass² hoti… brahmac±r² hoti… sajjh±yabahulo hoti… c±gabahulo hoti; pabbajito kho pana, bho gotama, appaµµho appakicco app±dhikaraºo appasam±rambho satata½ samita½ tapass² hoti… brahmac±r² hoti… sajjh±yabahulo hoti… c±gabahulo hoti. Yeme, bho gotama, br±hmaº± pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya, im±ha½ pañca dhamme pabbajitesu bahula½ samanupass±mi appa½ gahaµµhes³”ti.
“Ye te, m±ºava, br±hmaº± pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya cittass±ha½ ete parikkh±re vad±mi– yadida½ citta½ avera½ aby±bajjha½ tassa bh±van±ya. Idha, m±ºava, bhikkhu saccav±d² hoti. So ‘saccav±d²mh²’ti labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½. Ya½ ta½ kusal³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½, cittass±ha½ eta½ parikkh±ra½ vad±mi– yadida½ citta½ avera½ aby±bajjha½ tassa bh±van±ya. Idha, m±ºava, bhikkhu tapass² hoti…pe… brahmac±r² hoti…pe… sajjh±yabahulo hoti…pe… c±gabahulo hoti. So ‘c±gabahulomh²’ti labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½. Ya½ ta½ kusal³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½, cittass±ha½ eta½ parikkh±ra½ vad±mi– yadida½ citta½ avera½ aby±bajjha½ tassa bh±van±ya. Ye te m±ºava, br±hmaº±, pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya, cittass±ha½ ete parikkh±re vad±mi– yadida½ citta½ avera½ aby±bajjha½ tassa bh±van±y±”ti.
470. Eva½ vutte, subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “suta½ meta½, bho gotama– ‘samaºo gotamo brahm±na½ sahabyat±ya magga½ j±n±t²”’ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, m±ºava, ±sanne ito na¼ak±rag±mo, na yito d³re na¼ak±rag±mo”ti?
“Eva½, bho, ±sanne ito na¼ak±rag±mo na yito d³re na¼ak±rag±mo”ti.
“Ta½, ki½ maññasi m±ºava, idhassa puriso na¼ak±rag±me j±tavaddho [j±tava¹¹ho (sy±. ka½. ka.)]; tamena½ na¼ak±rag±mato t±vadeva avasaµa½ [apasakka½ (sy±. ka½. ka.)] na¼ak±rag±massa magga½ puccheyyu½; siy± nu kho, m±ºava, tassa purisassa na¼ak±rag±me j±tavaddhassa na¼ak±rag±massa magga½ puµµhassa dandh±yitatta½ v± vitth±yitatta½ v±”ti?
“No hida½, bho gotama”.
“Ta½ kissa hetu”?
“Amu hi, bho gotama, puriso na¼ak±rag±me j±tavaddho. Tassa sabb±neva na¼ak±rag±massa magg±ni suvidit±n²”ti. “Siy± nu kho, m±ºava, tassa purisassa na¼ak±rag±me j±tavaddhassa na¼ak±rag±massa magga½ puµµhassa dandh±yitatta½ v± vitth±yitatta½ v±ti, na tveva tath±gatassa brahmaloka½ v± brahmalokag±mini½ v± paµipada½ puµµhassa dandh±yitatta½ v± vitth±yitatta½ v±. Brahm±nañc±ha½, m±ºava, paj±n±mi brahmalokañca brahmalokag±miniñca paµipada½; yath±paµipanno ca brahmaloka½ upapanno tañca paj±n±m²”ti
“Suta½ meta½, bho gotama– ‘samaºo gotamo brahm±na½ sahabyat±ya magga½ deset²’ti. S±dhu me bhava½ gotamo brahm±na½ sahabyat±ya magga½ deset³”ti.
“Tena hi, m±ºava, suº±hi, s±dhuka½ manasi karohi, bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½ bho”ti kho subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto bhagavato paccassosi. Bhagav± etadavoca–
471. “Katamo ca, m±ºava, brahm±na½ sahabyat±ya maggo? Idha, m±ºava, bhikkhu mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharati, tath± dutiya½, tath± tatiya½, tath± catuttha½; iti uddhamadho tiriya½ sabbadhi sabbattat±ya sabb±vanta½ loka½ mett±sahagatena cetas± vipulena mahaggatena appam±ºena averena aby±bajjhena pharitv± viharati. Eva½ bh±vit±ya kho, m±ºava, mett±ya cetovimuttiy± ya½ pam±ºakata½ kamma½ na ta½ tatr±vasissati, na ta½ tatr±vatiµµhati. Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, balav± saªkhadhamo appakasireneva c±tuddis± viññ±peyya [evameva kho m±ºava eva½ bh±vit±ya mett±ya (s². sy±. ka½. p². d². ni. 1.556) tath±pi idha p±µhoyeva upam±ya sa½sandiyam±no paripuººo viya dissati]; evameva kho, m±ºava…pe… eva½ bh±vit±ya kho, m±ºava, mett±ya [evameva kho m±ºava eva½ bh±vit±ya mett±ya (s². sy±. ka½. p². d². ni. 1.556) tath±pi idha p±µhoyeva upam±ya sa½sandiyam±no paripuººo viya dissati] cetovimuttiy± ya½ pam±ºakata½ kamma½ na ta½ tatr±vasissati, na ta½ tatr±vatiµµhati. Ayampi kho, m±ºava, brahm±na½ sahabyat±ya maggo. “Puna capara½, m±ºava, bhikkhu karuº±sahagatena cetas±…pe… mudit±sahagatena cetas±…pe… upekkh±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharati, tath± dutiya½, tath± tatiya½, tath± catuttha½; iti uddhamadho tiriya½ sabbadhi sabbattat±ya sabb±vanta½ loka½ upekkh±sahagatena cetas± vipulena mahaggatena appam±ºena averena aby±bajjhena pharitv± viharati. Eva½ bh±vit±ya kho, m±ºava, upekkh±ya cetovimuttiy± ya½ pam±ºakata½ kamma½ na ta½ tatr±vasissati, na ta½ tatr±vatiµµhati. Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, balav± saªkhadhamo appakasireneva c±tuddis± viññ±peyya; evameva kho, m±ºava…pe… eva½ bh±vit±ya kho, m±ºava, upekkh±ya cetovimuttiy± ya½ pam±ºakata½ kamma½ na ta½ tatr±vasissati, na ta½ tatr±vatiµµhati. Ayampi kho, m±ºava, brahm±na½ sahabyat±ya maggo”ti.
472. Eva½ vutte, subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “abhikkanta½, bho gotama, abhikkanta½, bho gotama! Seyyath±pi, bho gotama, nikkujjita½ v± ukkujjeyya, paµicchanna½ v± vivareyya, m³¼hassa v± magga½ ±cikkheyya, andhak±re v± telapajjota½ dh±reyya– cakkhumanto r³p±ni dakkhant²ti– evameva½ bhot± gotamena anekapariy±yena dhammo pak±sito. Es±ha½ bhavanta½ gotama½ saraºa½ gacch±mi dhammañca bhikkhusaªghañca. Up±saka½ ma½ bhava½ gotamo dh±retu ajjatagge p±ºupeta½ saraºa½ gata½. Handa, ca d±ni maya½, bho gotama, gacch±ma; bahukicc± maya½ bahukaraº²y±”ti. “Yassad±ni tva½, m±ºava, k±la½ maññas²”ti. Atha kho subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi.
Tena kho pana samayena j±ºussoºi br±hmaºo sabbasetena va¼av±bhirathena [va¼abh²rathena (s².)] s±vatthiy± niyy±ti div± divassa. Addas± kho j±ºussoºi br±hmaºo subha½ m±ºava½ todeyyaputta½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½. Disv±na subha½ m±ºava½ todeyyaputta½ etadavoca– “handa, kuto nu bhava½ bh±radv±jo ±gacchati div± divass±”ti? “Ito hi kho aha½, bho ±gacch±mi samaºassa gotamassa santik±”ti. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, bhava½ bh±radv±jo, samaºassa gotamassa paññ±veyyattiya½ paº¹ito maññeti”? “Ko c±ha½, bho, ko ca samaºassa gotamassa paññ±veyyattiya½ j±niss±mi? Sopi n³nassa t±disova yo samaºassa gotamassa paññ±veyyattiya½ j±neyy±”ti. “U¼±r±ya khalu, bhava½ bh±radv±jo, samaºa½ gotama½ pasa½s±ya pasa½sat²”ti. “Ko c±ha½, bho, ko ca samaºa½ gotama½ pasa½siss±mi? Pasatthapasatthova so bhava½ gotamo seµµho devamanuss±na½. Ye cime, bho, br±hmaº± pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya; cittassete samaºo gotamo parikkh±re vadeti– yadida½ citta½ avera½ aby±bajjha½ tassa bh±van±y±”ti.
Eva½ vutte, j±ºussoºi br±hmaºo sabbaset± va¼av±bhirath± orohitv± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± ud±na½ ud±nesi– “l±bh± rañño pasenadissa kosalassa, suladdhal±bh± rañño pasenadissa kosalassa yassa vijite tath±gato viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti.

Subhasutta½ niµµhita½ navama½.