9. Subhasutta½

462. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tena kho pana samayena subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto s±vatthiya½ paµivasati aññatarassa gahapatissa nivesane kenacideva karaº²yena. Atha kho subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto yassa gahapatissa nivesane paµivasati ta½ gahapati½ etadavoca– “suta½ meta½, gahapati– ‘avivitt± s±vatth² arahanteh²’ti. Ka½ nu khvajja samaºa½ v± br±hmaºa½ v± payirup±seyy±m±”ti? “Aya½, bhante, bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Ta½, bhante, bhagavanta½ payirup±sass³”ti. Atha kho subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto tassa gahapatissa paµissutv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavat± saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “br±hmaº±, bho gotama, evam±ha½su– ‘gahaµµho ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½, na pabbajito ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusalan’ti. Idha bhava½ gotamo kim±h±”ti?
463. “Vibhajjav±do kho ahamettha, m±ºava; n±hamettha eka½sav±do. Gihissa v±ha½, m±ºava, pabbajitassa v± micch±paµipatti½ na vaººemi. Gih² v± hi *2.0651, m±ºava, pabbajito v± micch±paµipanno micch±paµipatt±dhikaraºahetu na ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½. Gihissa v±ha½, m±ºava, pabbajitassa v± samm±paµipatti½ vaººemi. Gih² v± hi, m±ºava, pabbajito v± samm±paµipanno samm±paµipatt±dhikaraºahetu ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusalan”ti.
“Br±hmaº±, bho gotama, evam±ha½su– ‘mahaµµhamida½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ ghar±v±sakammaµµh±na½ mahapphala½ hoti; appaµµhamida½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ pabbajj± kammaµµh±na½ appaphala½ hot²’ti. Idha bhava½ gotamo kim±h±”ti.
“Etth±pi kho aha½, m±ºava, vibhajjav±do; n±hamettha eka½sav±do. Atthi, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti; atthi, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hoti; atthi, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti; atthi, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hoti. Katamañca, m±ºava kammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti? Kasi kho, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti. Katamañca, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hoti? Kasiyeva kho, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hoti. Katamañca, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti? Vaºijj± kho, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti. Katamañca m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hoti? Vaºijj±yeva kho, m±ºava, kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hoti.
464. “Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, kasi kammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti; evameva kho, m±ºava, ghar±v±sakammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti. Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, kasiyeva kammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hoti; evameva kho, m±ºava, ghar±v±sakammaµµh±na½ mahaµµha½ mah±kicca½ mah±dhikaraºa½ mah±sam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hoti. Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, vaºijj± kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti; evameva kho, m±ºava, pabbajj± kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ vipajjam±na½ appaphala½ hoti. Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, vaºijj±yeva kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hoti; evameva kho m±ºava, pabbajj± kammaµµh±na½ appaµµha½ appakicca½ app±dhikaraºa½ appasam±rambha½ sampajjam±na½ mahapphala½ hot²”ti.
“Br±hmaº± bho gotama, pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya, kusalassa ±r±dhan±y±”ti. “Ye te, m±ºava, br±hmaº± pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya, kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya– sace te agaru– s±dhu te pañca dhamme imasmi½ parisati bh±sass³”ti. “Na kho me, bho gotama, garu yatthassu bhavanto v± nisinno bhavantar³po v±”ti [nisinn± bhavantar³p± v±ti (s². sy±. ka½. p².)]. “Tena hi, m±ºava, bh±sass³”ti. “Sacca½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± paµhama½ dhamma½ paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya, kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya. Tapa½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± dutiya½ dhamma½ paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya, kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya. Brahmacariya½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± tatiya½ dhamma½ paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya, kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya. Ajjhena½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± catuttha½ dhamma½ paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya, kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya. C±ga½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± pañcama½ dhamma½ paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya, kusalassa ±r±dhan±ya. Br±hmaº±, bho gotama, ime pañca dhamme paññapenti puññassa kiriy±ya, kusalassa ±r±dhan±y±ti. Idha bhava½ gotamo kim±h±”ti?
465. “Ki½ pana, m±ºava, atthi koci br±hmaº±na½ ekabr±hmaºopi yo evam±ha– ‘aha½ imesa½ pañcanna½ dhamm±na½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± vip±ka½ pavedem²”’ti? “No hida½, bho gotama”. “Ki½ pana, m±ºava, atthi koci br±hmaº±na½ ek±cariyopi ek±cariyap±cariyopi y±va sattam± ±cariyamahayug±pi yo evam±ha– ‘aha½ imesa½ pañcanna½ dhamm±na½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± vip±ka½ pavedem²”’ti? “No hida½, bho gotama”. “Ki½ pana, m±ºava, yepi te br±hmaº±na½ pubbak± isayo mant±na½ katt±ro mant±na½ pavatt±ro yesamida½ etarahi br±hmaº± por±ºa½ mantapada½ g²ta½ pavutta½ samihita½ tadanug±yanti tadanubh±santi bh±sitamanubh±santi v±citamanuv±centi, seyyathida½– aµµhako v±mako v±madevo vess±mitto yamataggi aªg²raso bh±radv±jo v±seµµho kassapo bhagu, tepi evam±ha½su– ‘maya½ imesa½ pañcanna½ dhamm±na½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± vip±ka½ pavedem±”’ti? “No hida½, bho gotama”.
“Iti kira, m±ºava, natthi koci br±hmaº±na½ ekabr±hmaºopi yo evam±ha– ‘aha½ imesa½ pañcanna½ dhamm±na½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± vip±ka½ pavedem²’ti; natthi koci br±hmaº±na½ ek±cariyopi ek±cariyap±cariyopi y±va sattam± ±cariyamahayug±pi yo evam±ha ‘aha½ imesa½ pañcanna½ dhamm±na½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± vip±ka½ pavedem²’ti; yepi te br±hmaº±na½ pubbak± isayo mant±na½ katt±ro mant±na½ pavatt±ro, yesamida½ etarahi br±hmaº± por±ºa½ mantapada½ g²ta½ pavutta½ samihita½, tadanug±yanti tadanubh±santi bh±sitamanubh±santi v±citamanuv±centi, seyyathida½– aµµhako v±mako v±madevo vess±mitto yamataggi aªg²raso bh±radv±jo v±seµµho kassapo bhagu. Tepi na evam±ha½su– ‘maya½ imesa½ pañcanna½ dhamm±na½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± vip±ka½ pavedem±’ti.
“Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, andhaveºi parampar±sa½satt± purimopi na passati majjhimopi na passati pacchimopi na passati; evameva kho, m±ºava, andhaveº³pama½ maññe br±hmaº±na½ bh±sita½ sampajjati– purimopi na passati majjhimopi na passati pacchimopi na passat²”ti.
466. Eva½ vutte, subho m±ºavo todeyyaputto bhagavat± andhaveº³pamena vuccam±no kupito anattamano bhagavanta½yeva khu½sento bhagavanta½yeva vambhento bhagavanta½yeva vadam±no– ‘samaºo gotamo p±pito bhavissat²’ti bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “br±hmaºo, bho gotama, pokkharas±ti opamañño subhagavaniko evam±ha– ‘evameva panidhekacce [panimeke (sabbattha)] samaºabr±hmaº± uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanavisesa½ paµij±nanti. Tesamida½ bh±sita½ hassaka½yeva sampajjati, n±maka½yeva sampajjati, rittaka½yeva sampajjati, tucchaka½yeva sampajjati. Kathañhi n±ma manussabh³to uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanavisesa½ ñassati v± dakkhati v± sacchi v± karissat²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”’ti?
“Ki½ pana, m±ºava, br±hmaºo pokkharas±ti opamañño subhagavaniko sabbesa½yeva samaºabr±hmaº±na½ cetas± ceto paricca paj±n±t²”ti? “Sak±yapi hi, bho gotama, puººik±ya d±siy± br±hmaºo pokkharas±ti opamañño subhagavaniko cetas± ceto paricca na paj±n±ti, kuto pana sabbesa½yeva samaºabr±hmaº±na½ cetas± ceto paricca paj±nissat²”ti?
“Seyyath±pi, m±ºava, jaccandho puriso na passeyya kaºhasukk±ni r³p±ni, na passeyya n²lak±ni r³p±ni, na passeyya p²tak±ni r³p±ni, na passeyya lohitak±ni r³p±ni, na passeyya mañjiµµhak±ni r³p±ni, na passeyya samavisama½, na passeyya t±rakar³p±ni, na passeyya candimas³riye. So eva½ vadeyya– ‘natthi kaºhasukk±ni r³p±ni, natthi kaºhasukk±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; natthi n²lak±ni r³p±ni, natthi n²lak±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; natthi p²tak±ni r³p±ni, natthi p²tak±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; natthi lohitak±ni r³p±ni, natthi lohitak±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; natthi mañjiµµhak±ni r³p±ni, natthi mañjiµµhak±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; natthi samavisama½, natthi samavisamassa dass±v²; natthi t±rakar³p±ni, natthi t±rakar³p±na½ dass±v²; natthi candimas³riy±, natthi candimas³riy±na½ dass±v². Ahameta½ na j±n±mi, ahameta½ na pass±mi; tasm± ta½ natth²’ti. Samm± nu kho so, m±ºava, vadam±no vadeyy±”ti?
“No hida½, bho gotama. Atthi kaºhasukk±ni r³p±ni, atthi kaºhasukk±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; atthi n²lak±ni r³p±ni, atthi n²lak±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; atthi p²tak±ni r³p±ni, atthi p²tak±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; atthi lohitak±ni r³p±ni, atthi lohitak±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; atthi mañjiµµhak±ni r³p±ni, atthi mañjiµµhak±na½ r³p±na½ dass±v²; atthi samavisama½, atthi samavisamassa dass±v²; atthi t±rakar³p±ni, atthi t±rakar³p±na½ dass±v² atthi candimas³riy±, atthi candimas³riy±na½ dass±v². ‘Ahameta½ na j±n±mi, ahameta½ na pass±mi; tasm± ta½ natth²’ti; na hi so, bho gotama, samm± vadam±no vadeyy±”ti.
“Evameva kho, m±ºava, br±hmaºo pokkharas±ti opamañño subhagavaniko andho acakkhuko. So vata uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanavisesa½ ñassati v± dakkhati v± sacchi v± karissat²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati”.