6. Esuk±r²sutta½

436. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Atha kho esuk±r² br±hmaºo yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavat± saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho esuk±r² br±hmaºo bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “br±hmaº±, bho gotama, catasso p±ricariy± paññapenti– br±hmaºassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti, khattiyassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti, vessassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti, suddassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti. Tatrida½, bho gotama, br±hmaº± br±hmaºassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti– ‘br±hmaºo v± br±hmaºa½ paricareyya, khattiyo v± br±hmaºa½ paricareyya, vesso v± br±hmaºa½ paricareyya, suddo v± br±hmaºa½ paricareyy±’ti. Ida½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± br±hmaºassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti. Tatrida½, bho gotama, br±hmaº± khattiyassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti– ‘khattiyo v± khattiya½ paricareyya, vesso v± khattiya½ paricareyya, suddo v± khattiya½ paricareyy±’ti. Ida½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± khattiyassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti. Tatrida½, bho gotama, br±hmaº± vessassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti– ‘vesso v± vessa½ paricareyya, suddo v± vessa½ paricareyy±’ti. Ida½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± vessassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti Tatrida½, bho gotama, br±hmaº± suddassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti– ‘suddova sudda½ paricareyya. Ko panañño sudda½ paricarissat²’ti? Ida½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± suddassa p±ricariya½ paññapenti. Br±hmaº±, bho gotama, im± catasso p±ricariy± paññapenti. Idha bhava½ gotamo kim±h±”ti?
437. “Ki½ pana, br±hmaºa, sabbo loko br±hmaº±na½ etadabbhanuj±n±ti– ‘im± catasso p±ricariy± paññapent³”’ti [paññapent²ti (s². ka.)]? “No hida½, bho gotama”. “Seyyath±pi, br±hmaºa, puriso daliddo [da¼iddo (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] assako an±¼hiyo. Tassa ak±massa bila½ olaggeyyu½– ‘ida½ te, ambho purisa, ma½sa½ kh±ditabba½, m³lañca anuppad±tabban’ti. Evameva kho, br±hmaºa, br±hmaº± appaµiññ±ya tesa½ samaºabr±hmaº±na½, atha ca panim± catasso p±ricariy± paññapenti. N±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘sabba½ paricaritabban’ti vad±mi; n±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘sabba½ na paricaritabban’ti vad±mi. Ya½ hissa, br±hmaºa, paricarato p±ricariy±hetu p±piyo assa na seyyo, n±ha½ ta½ ‘paricaritabban’ti vad±mi; yañca khv±ssa, br±hmaºa, paricarato p±ricariy±hetu seyyo assa na p±piyo tamaha½ ‘paricaritabban’ti vad±mi. Khattiya½ cepi, br±hmaºa, eva½ puccheyyu½– ‘ya½ v± te paricarato p±ricariy±hetu p±piyo assa na seyyo, ya½ v± te paricarato p±ricariy±hetu seyyo assa na p±piyo; kamettha paricareyy±s²’ti, khattiyopi hi, br±hmaºa samm± by±karam±no eva½ by±kareyya– ‘yañhi me paricarato p±ricariy±hetu p±piyo assa na seyyo, n±ha½ ta½ paricareyya½; yañca kho me paricarato p±ricariy±hetu seyyo assa na p±piyo tamaha½ paricareyyan’ti. Br±hmaºa½ cepi, br±hmaºa…pe… vessa½ cepi, br±hmaºa…pe… sudda½ cepi, br±hmaºa, eva½ puccheyyu½– ‘ya½ v± te paricarato p±ricariy±hetu p±piyo assa na seyyo, ya½ v± te paricarato p±ricariy±hetu seyyo assa na p±piyo; kamettha paricareyy±s²’ti, suddopi hi, br±hmaºa, samm± by±karam±no eva½ by±kareyya– ‘yañhi me paricarato p±ricariy±hetu p±piyo assa na seyyo, n±ha½ ta½ paricareyya½; yañca kho me paricarato p±ricariy±hetu seyyo assa na p±piyo tamaha½ paricareyyan’ti. N±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘ucc±kul²nat± seyya½so’ti vad±mi, na pan±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘ucc±kul²nat± p±piya½so’ti vad±mi; n±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘u¼±ravaººat± seyya½so’ti vad±mi, na pan±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘u¼±ravaººat± p±piya½so’ti vad±mi; n±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘u¼±rabhogat± seyya½so’ti vad±mi, na pan±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘u¼±rabhogat± p±piya½so’ti vad±mi.
438. “Ucc±kul²nopi hi, br±hmaºa, idhekacco p±º±tip±t² hoti, adinn±d±y² hoti, k±mesumicch±c±r² hoti, mus±v±d² hoti, pisuº±v±co hoti, pharus±v±co hoti, samphappal±p² hoti, abhijjh±lu hoti by±pannacitto hoti, micch±diµµhi hoti. Tasm± ‘na ucc±kul²nat± seyya½so’ti vad±mi. Ucc±kul²nopi hi, br±hmaºa, idhekacco p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, adinn±d±n± paµivirato hoti, k±mesumicch±c±r± paµivirato hoti, mus±v±d± paµivirato hoti, pisuº±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, samphappal±p± paµivirato hoti, anabhijjh±lu hoti, aby±pannacitto hoti, samm±diµµhi hoti. Tasm± ‘na ucc±kul²nat± p±piya½so’ti vad±mi.
439. “U¼±ravaººopi hi, br±hmaºa…pe… u¼±rabhogopi hi, br±hmaºa, idhekacco p±º±tip±t² hoti…pe… micch±diµµhi hoti. Tasm± ‘na u¼±rabhogat± seyya½so’ti vad±mi. U¼±rabhogopi hi, br±hmaºa, idhekacco p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhi hoti. Tasm± ‘na u¼±rabhogat± p±piya½so’ti vad±mi. N±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘sabba½ paricaritabban’ti vad±mi, na pan±ha½, br±hmaºa, ‘sabba½ na paricaritabban’ti vad±mi. Ya½ hissa, br±hmaºa, paricarato p±ricariy±hetu saddh± va¹¹hati, s²la½ va¹¹hati, suta½ va¹¹hati, c±go va¹¹hati, paññ± va¹¹hati, tamaha½ ‘paricaritabban’ti (vad±mi. Ya½ hissa, br±hmaºa, paricarato p±ricariy±hetu na saddh± va¹¹hati, na s²la½ va¹¹hati, na suta½ va¹¹hati, na c±go va¹¹hati, na paññ± va¹¹hati, n±ha½ ta½ ‘paricaritabban’ti) [( ) etthantare p±µho s². sy±. ka½. p². potthakesu natthi] vad±m²”ti.
440. Eva½ vutte, esuk±r² br±hmaºo bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “br±hmaº±, bho gotama, catt±ri dhan±ni paññapenti– br±hmaºassa sandhana½ paññapenti, khattiyassa sandhana½ paññapenti, vessassa sandhana½ paññapenti, suddassa sandhana½ paññapenti. Tatrida½, bho gotama, br±hmaº± br±hmaºassa sandhana½ paññapenti bhikkh±cariya½; bhikkh±cariyañca pana br±hmaºo sandhana½ atimaññam±no akiccak±r² hoti gopova adinna½ ±diyam±noti. Ida½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± br±hmaºassa sandhana½ paññapenti. Tatrida½, bho gotama, br±hmaº± khattiyassa sandhana½ paññapenti dhanukal±pa½; dhanukal±pañca pana khattiyo sandhana½ atimaññam±no akiccak±r² hoti gopova adinna½ ±diyam±noti. Ida½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± khattiyassa sandhana½ paññapenti. Tatrida½, bho gotama, br±hmaº± vessassa sandhana½ paññapenti kasigorakkha½; kasigorakkhañca pana vesso sandhana½ atimaññam±no akiccak±r² hoti gopova adinna½ ±diyam±noti. Ida½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± vessassa sandhana½ paññapenti. Tatrida½, bho gotama, br±hmaº± suddassa sandhana½ paññapenti asitaby±bhaªgi½; asitaby±bhaªgiñca pana suddo sandhana½ atimaññam±no akiccak±r² hoti gopova adinna½ ±diyam±noti. Ida½ kho, bho gotama, br±hmaº± suddassa sandhana½ paññapenti. Br±hmaº±, bho gotama, im±ni catt±ri dhan±ni paññapenti. Idha bhava½ gotamo kim±h±”ti?
441. “Ki½ pana, br±hmaºa, sabbo loko br±hmaº±na½ etadabbhanuj±n±ti– ‘im±ni catt±ri dhan±ni paññapent³”’ti? “No hida½, bho gotama”. “Seyyath±pi, br±hmaºa, puriso daliddo assako an±¼hiyo. Tassa ak±massa bila½ olaggeyyu½– ‘ida½ te, ambho purisa, ma½sa½ kh±ditabba½, m³lañca anuppad±tabban’ti. Evameva kho, br±hmaºa, br±hmaº± appaµiññ±ya tesa½ samaºabr±hmaº±na½, atha ca panim±ni catt±ri dhan±ni paññapenti. Ariya½ kho aha½, br±hmaºa, lokuttara½ dhamma½ purisassa sandhana½ paññapemi. Por±ºa½ kho panassa m±t±pettika½ kulava½sa½ anussarato yattha yattheva attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti tena teneva saªkhya½ gacchati. Khattiyakule ce attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti ‘khattiyo’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati; br±hmaºakule ce attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti ‘br±hmaºo’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati; vessakule ce attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti ‘vesso’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati; suddakule ce attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti ‘suddo’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati. Seyyath±pi, br±hmaºa, ya½yadeva paccaya½ paµicca aggi jalati tena teneva saªkhya½ gacchati. Kaµµhañce paµicca aggi jalati ‘kaµµhaggi’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati; sakalikañce paµicca aggi jalati ‘sakalikaggi’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati; tiºañce paµicca aggi jalati ‘tiºaggi’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati; gomayañce paµicca aggi jalati ‘gomayaggi’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati. Evameva kho aha½, br±hmaºa, ariya½ lokuttara½ dhamma½ purisassa sandhana½ paññapemi. Por±ºa½ kho panassa m±t±pettika½ kulava½sa½ anussarato yattha yattheva attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti tena teneva saªkhya½ gacchati.
“Khattiyakule ce attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti ‘khattiyo’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati; br±hmaºakule ce attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti ‘br±hmaºo’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati; vessakule ce attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti ‘vesso’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati; suddakule ce attabh±vassa abhinibbatti hoti ‘suddo’tveva saªkhya½ gacchati.
“Khattiyakul± cepi, br±hmaºa, ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, adinn±d±n± paµivirato hoti, abrahmacariy± paµivirato hoti, mus±v±d± paµivirato hoti, pisuº±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, samphappal±p± paµivirato hoti, anabhijjh±lu hoti, aby±pannacitto hoti, samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½.
“Br±hmaºakul± cepi, br±hmaºa, ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½.
“Vessakul± cepi, br±hmaºa, ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½.
“Suddakul± cepi, br±hmaºa, ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½.
442. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, br±hmaºa, br±hmaºova nu kho pahoti asmi½ padese avera½ aby±bajjha½ mettacitta½ bh±vetu½, no khattiyo no vesso no suddo”ti? “No hida½, bho gotama. Khattiyopi hi, bho gotama, pahoti asmi½ padese avera½ aby±bajjha½ mettacitta½ bh±vetu½; br±hmaºopi hi, bho gotama… vessopi hi, bho gotama… suddopi hi, bho gotama… sabbepi hi, bho gotama, catt±ro vaºº± pahonti asmi½ padese avera½ aby±bajjha½ mettacitta½ bh±vetun”ti. “Evameva kho, br±hmaºa, khattiyakul± cepi ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½.
“Br±hmaºakul± cepi, br±hmaºa… vessakul± cepi, br±hmaºa… suddakul± cepi, br±hmaºa, ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½.
443. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, br±hmaºa, br±hmaºova nu kho pahoti sottisin±ni½ ±d±ya nadi½ gantv± rajojalla½ pav±hetu½, no khattiyo no vesso no suddo”ti? “No hida½, bho gotama Khattiyopi hi, bho gotama, pahoti sottisin±ni½ ±d±ya nadi½ gantv± rajojalla½ pav±hetu½; br±hmaºopi hi, bho gotama… vessopi hi, bho gotama suddopi hi, bho gotama… sabbepi hi, bho gotama, catt±ro vaºº± pahonti sottisin±ni½ ±d±ya nadi½ gantv± rajojalla½ pav±hetun”ti. “Evameva kho, br±hmaºa, khattiyakul± cepi ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½.
“Br±hmaºakul± cepi, br±hmaºa… vessakul± cepi, br±hmaºa… suddakul± cepi br±hmaºa, ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½.
444. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, br±hmaºa, idha r±j± khattiyo muddh±vasitto n±n±jacc±na½ puris±na½ purisasata½ sannip±teyya– ‘±yantu bhonto ye tattha khattiyakul± br±hmaºakul± r±jaññakul± uppann± s±kassa v± s±lassa v± sala¼assa v± candanassa v± padumakassa v± uttar±raºi½ ±d±ya aggi½ abhinibbattentu, tejo p±tukarontu; ±yantu pana bhonto ye tattha caº¹±lakul± nes±dakul± venakul± rathak±rakul± pukkusakul± uppann± s±p±nadoºiy± v± s³karadoºiy± v± rajakadoºiy± v± eraº¹akaµµhassa v± uttar±raºi½ ±d±ya aggi½ abhinibbattentu, tejo p±tukaront³”’ti?
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, br±hmaºa, yo eva½ nu kho so khattiyakul± br±hmaºakul± r±jaññakul± uppannehi s±kassa v± s±lassa v± sala¼assa v± candanassa v± padumakassa v± uttar±raºi½ ±d±ya aggi abhinibbatto tejo p±tukato so eva nu khv±ssa aggi accim± ceva vaººav± ca pabhassaro ca tena ca sakk± aggin± aggikaraº²ya½ k±tu½; yo pana so caº¹±lakul± nes±dakul± venakul± rathak±rakul± pukkusakul± uppannehi s±p±nadoºiy± v± s³karadoºiy± v± rajakadoºiy± v± eraº¹akaµµhassa v± uttar±raºi½ ±d±ya aggi abhinibbatto tejo p±tukato sv±ssa aggi na ceva accim± na ca vaººav± na ca pabhassaro na ca tena sakk± aggin± aggikaraº²ya½ k±tun”ti? “No hida½, bho gotama. Yopi hi so, bho gotama, khattiyakul± br±hmaºakul± r±jaññakul± uppannehi s±kassa v± s±lassa v± sala¼assa v± candanassa v± padumakassa v± uttar±raºi½ ±d±ya aggi abhinibbatto tejo p±tukato sv±ssa aggi accim± ceva vaººav± ca pabhassaro ca tena ca sakk± aggin± aggikaraº²ya½ k±tu½; yopi so caº¹±lakul± nes±dakul± venakul± rathak±rakul± pukkusakul± uppannehi s±p±nadoºiy± v± s³karadoºiy± v± rajakadoºiy± v± eraº¹akaµµhassa v± uttar±raºi½ ±d±ya aggi abhinibbatto tejo p±tukato sv±ssa aggi accim± ceva vaººav± ca pabhassaro ca tena ca sakk± aggin± aggikaraº²ya½ k±tu½. Sabbopi hi, bho gotama, aggi accim± ceva vaººav± ca pabhassaro ca sabbenapi sakk± aggin± aggikaraº²ya½ k±tun”ti.
“Evameva kho, br±hmaºa, khattiyakul± cepi ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti…pe… samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusala½. Br±hmaºakul± cepi, br±hmaºa… vessakul± cepi, br±hmaºa… suddakul± cepi, br±hmaºa, ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito hoti, so ca tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, adinn±d±n± paµivirato hoti, abrahmacariy± paµivirato hoti, mus±v±d± paµivirato hoti, pisuº±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, samphappal±p± paµivirato hoti, anabhijjh±lu hoti, aby±pannacitto hoti, samm±diµµhi hoti, ±r±dhako hoti ñ±ya½ dhamma½ kusalan”ti.
Eva½ vutte, esuk±r² br±hmaºo bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “abhikkanta½, bho gotama, abhikkanta½, bho gotama…pe… up±saka½ ma½ bhava½ gotamo dh±retu ajjatagge p±ºupeta½ saraºa½ gatan”ti.

Esuk±r²sutta½ niµµhita½ chaµµha½.