418. “Katamo ca, br±hmaºa, puggalo nevattantapo n±ttaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto, na parantapo na paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto; so anattantapo aparantapo diµµheva dhamme nicch±to nibbuto s²t²bh³to sukhappaµisa½ved² brahmabh³tena attan± viharati? Idha, br±hmaºa, tath±gato loke uppajjati araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno sugato lokavid³ anuttaro purisadammas±rathi satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±. So ima½ loka½ sadevaka½ sam±raka½ sabrahmaka½ sassamaºabr±hmaºi½ paja½ sadevamanussa½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedeti. So dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½, kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti. Ta½ dhamma½ suº±ti gahapati v± gahapatiputto v± aññatarasmi½ v± kule pacc±j±to. So ta½ dhamma½ sutv± tath±gate saddha½ paµilabhati. So tena saddh±paµil±bhena samann±gato iti paµisañcikkhati– ‘samb±dho ghar±v±so rajopatho abbhok±so pabbajj±. Nayida½ sukara½ ag±ra½ ajjh±vasat± ekantaparipuººa½ ekantaparisuddha½ saªkhalikhita½ brahmacariya½ caritu½. Ya½n³n±ha½ kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajeyyan’ti. So aparena samayena appa½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya mahanta½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya, appa½ v± ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya mahanta½ v± ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya, kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajati. So eva½ pabbajito sam±no bhikkh³na½ sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, nihitadaº¹o nihitasattho lajj² day±panno sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp² viharati.
“Adinn±d±na½ pah±ya adinn±d±n± paµivirato hoti dinn±d±y² dinnap±µikaªkh². Athenena sucibh³tena attan± viharati.
“Abrahmacariya½ pah±ya brahmac±r² hoti ±r±c±r² virato methun± g±madhamm±.
“Mus±v±da½ pah±ya mus±v±d± paµivirato hoti saccav±d² saccasandho theto paccayiko avisa½v±dako lokassa.
“Pisuºa½ v±ca½ pah±ya pisuº±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti; ito sutv± na amutra akkh±t± imesa½ bhed±ya, amutra v± sutv± na imesa½ akkh±t± am³sa½ bhed±ya. Iti bhinn±na½ v± sandh±t± sahit±na½ v± anuppad±t±, samagg±r±mo samaggarato samagganand² samaggakaraºi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti.
“Pharusa½ v±ca½ pah±ya pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti. Y± s± v±c± nel± kaººasukh± peman²y± hadayaªgam± por² bahujanakant± bahujanaman±p± tath±r³pi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti.
“Samphappal±pa½ pah±ya samphappal±p± paµivirato hoti, k±lav±d² bh³tav±d² atthav±d² dhammav±d² vinayav±d², nidh±navati½ v±ca½ bh±sit± k±lena s±padesa½ pariyantavati½ atthasa½hita½.
“So b²jag±mabh³tag±masam±rambh± paµivirato hoti Ekabhattiko hoti ratt³parato virato vik±labhojan±. Naccag²tav±ditavis³kadassan± paµivirato hoti. M±l±gandhavilepanadh±raºamaº¹anavibh³sanaµµh±n± paµivirato hoti. Ucc±sayanamah±sayan± paµivirato hoti. J±tar³parajatapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti. ¾makadhaññapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti. ¾makama½sapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti. Itthikum±rikapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti. D±sid±sapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti. Aje¼akapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti. Kukkuµas³karapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti. Hatthigavassava¼avapaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti. Khettavatthupaµiggahaº± paµivirato hoti. D³teyyapahiºagaman±nuyog± paµivirato hoti. Kayavikkay± paµivirato hoti. Tul±k³µaka½sak³µam±nak³µ± paµivirato hoti. Ukkoµanavañcananikatis±ciyog± paµivirato hoti. Chedanavadhabandhanavipar±mosa-±lopasahas±k±r± paµivirato hoti.
“So santuµµho hoti k±yaparih±rikena c²varena, kucchiparih±rikena piº¹ap±tena. So yena yeneva pakkamati sam±d±yeva pakkamati. Seyyath±pi n±ma pakkh² sakuºo yena yeneva ¹eti sapattabh±rova ¹eti, evameva bhikkhu santuµµho hoti k±yaparih±rikena c²varena, kucchiparih±rikena piº¹ap±tena. So yena yeneva pakkamati sam±d±yeva pakkamati. So imin± ariyena s²lakkhandhena samann±gato ajjhatta½ anavajjasukha½ paµisa½vedeti.
419. “So cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± na nimittagg±h² hoti n±nubyañjanagg±h². Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ cakkhundriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½ tassa sa½var±ya paµipajjati, rakkhati cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjati. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±… manas± dhamma½ viññ±yana na nimittagg±h² hoti n±nubyañjanagg±h² Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ manindriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½ tassa sa½var±ya paµipajjati, rakkhati manindriya½, manindriye sa½vara½ ±pajjati. So imin± ariyena indriyasa½varena samann±gato ajjhatta½ aby±sekasukha½ paµisa½vedeti.
“So abhikkante paµikkante sampaj±nak±r² hoti, ±lokite vilokite sampaj±nak±r² hoti, samiñjite pas±rite sampaj±nak±r² hoti, saªgh±µipattac²varadh±raºe sampaj±nak±r² hoti, asite p²te kh±yite s±yite sampaj±nak±r² hoti, ucc±rapass±vakamme sampaj±nak±r² hoti, gate µhite nisinne sutte j±garite bh±site tuºh²bh±ve sampaj±nak±r² hoti.
“So imin± ca ariyena s²lakkhandhena samann±gato, (im±ya ca ariy±ya santuµµhiy± samann±gato,) [passa ma. ni. 1.296] imin± ca ariyena indriyasa½varena samann±gato, imin± ca ariyena satisampajaññena samann±gato vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajati arañña½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñja½. So pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto nis²dati pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±, uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±ya, parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±. So abhijjha½ loke pah±ya vigat±bhijjhena cetas± viharati, abhijjh±ya citta½ parisodheti; by±p±dapadosa½ pah±ya aby±pannacitto viharati sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp², by±p±dapados± citta½ parisodheti; thinamiddha½ pah±ya vigatath²namiddho viharati ±lokasaññ² sato sampaj±no, th²namiddh± citta½ parisodheti; uddhaccakukkucca½ pah±ya anuddhato viharati ajjhatta½ v³pasantacitto, uddhaccakukkucc± citta½ parisodheti; vicikiccha½ pah±ya tiººavicikiccho viharati akatha½kath² kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicch±ya citta½ parisodheti.
“So ime pañca n²varaºe pah±ya cetaso upakkilese paññ±ya dubbal²karaºe vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. P²tiy± ca vir±g± upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampaj±no, sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedeti ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti– ‘upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²’ti tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n±, pubbeva somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam±, adukkhamasukha½ upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati.
420. “So eva½ sam±hite citte parisuddhe pariyod±te anaªgaºe vigat³pakkilese mudubh³te kammaniye µhite ±neñjappatte pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±º±ya citta½ abhininn±meti. So anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati, seyyathida½– ekampi j±ti½ dvepi j±tiyo tissopi j±tiyo catassopi j±tiyo pañcapi j±tiyo dasapi j±tiyo v²sampi j±tiyo ti½sampi j±tiyo catt±l²sampi j±tiyo paññ±sampi j±tiyo j±tisatampi j±tisahassampi j±tisatasahassampi, anekepi sa½vaµµakappe anekepi vivaµµakappe anekepi sa½vaµµavivaµµakappe– ‘amutr±si½ eva½n±mo eva½gotto eva½vaººo evam±h±ro eva½sukhadukkhappaµisa½ved² evam±yupariyanto; so tato cuto amutra udap±di½; tatr±p±si½ eva½n±mo eva½gotto eva½vaººo evam±h±ro eva½sukhadukkhappaµisa½ved² evam±yupariyanto; so tato cuto idh³papanno’ti. Iti s±k±ra½ sa-uddesa½ anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati.
“So eva½ sam±hite citte parisuddhe pariyod±te anaªgaºe vigat³pakkilese mudubh³te kammaniye µhite ±neñjappatte satt±na½ cut³pap±tañ±º±ya citta½ abhininn±meti. So dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena satte passati cavam±ne upapajjam±ne h²ne paº²te suvaººe dubbaººe sugate duggate yath±kamm³page satte paj±n±ti– ‘ime vata bhonto satt± k±yaduccaritena samann±gat±…pe… ariy±na½ upav±dak± micch±diµµhik± micch±diµµhikammasam±d±n± te k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapann±. Ime v± pana bhonto satt± k±yasucaritena samann±gat±…pe… ariy±na½ anupav±dak± samm±diµµhik± samm±diµµhikammasam±d±n±, te k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapann±’ti. Iti dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena satte passati cavam±ne upapajjam±ne h²ne paº²te suvaººe dubbaººe sugate duggate yath±kamm³page satte paj±n±ti.
“So eva½ sam±hite citte parisuddhe pariyod±te anaªgaºe vigat³pakkilese mudubh³te kammaniye µhite ±neñjappatte ±sav±na½ khayañ±º±ya citta½ abhininn±meti. So ‘ida½ dukkhan’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhasamudayo’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhanirodho’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti; ‘ime ±sav±’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ ±savasamudayo’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ ±savanirodho’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ ±savanirodhag±min² paµipad±’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Tassa eva½ j±nato eva½ passato k±m±sav±pi citta½ vimuccati, bhav±sav±pi citta½ vimuccati, avijj±sav±pi citta½ vimuccati. Vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ñ±ºa½ hoti. ‘Kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±’ti paj±n±ti.
“Aya½ vuccati, br±hmaºa, puggalo nevattantapo n±ttaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto, na parantapo na paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto. So anattantapo aparantapo diµµheva dhamme nicch±to nibbuto s²t²bh³to sukhappaµisa½ved² brahmabh³tena attan± viharat²”ti.
421. Eva½ vutte, ghoµamukho br±hmaºo ±yasmanta½ udena½ etadavoca– “abhikkanta½, bho udena, abhikkanta½, bho udena! Seyyath±pi, bho udena, nikkujjita½ v± ukkujjeyya, paµicchanna½ v± vivareyya, m³¼hassa v± magga½ ±cikkheyya, andhak±re v± telapajjota½ dh±reyya– cakkhumanto r³p±ni dakkhant²ti– evameva½ bhot± udenena anekapariy±yena dhammo pak±sito. Es±ha½ bhavanta½ udena½ saraºa½ gacch±mi dhammañca bhikkhusaªghañca. Up±saka½ ma½ bhava½ udeno dh±retu ajjatagge p±ºupeta½ saraºa½ gatan”ti. “M± kho ma½ tva½, br±hmaºa, saraºa½ agam±si. Tameva bhagavanta½ saraºa½ gacch±hi yamaha½ saraºa½ gato”ti. “Kaha½ pana, bho udena, etarahi so bhava½ gotamo viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti? “Parinibbuto kho, br±hmaºa, etarahi so bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti.
“Sacepi [sace hi (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] maya½, bho udena, suºeyy±ma ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ dasasu yojanesu, dasapi maya½ yojan±ni gaccheyy±ma ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ dassan±ya arahanta½ samm±sambuddha½. Sacepi [sace (s². p².), sace hi (sy±. ka½.)] maya½, bho udena, suºeyy±ma ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ v²satiy± yojanesu… ti½s±ya yojanesu… catt±r²s±ya yojanesu… paññ±s±ya yojanesu, paññ±sampi maya½ yojan±ni gaccheyy±ma ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ dassan±ya arahanta½ samm±sambuddha½. Yojanasate cepi [yojanasatepi (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] maya½ bho udena, suºeyy±ma ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½, yojanasatampi maya½ gaccheyy±ma ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ dassan±ya arahanta½ samm±sambuddha½.
“Yato ca kho, bho udena, parinibbuto so bhava½ gotamo, parinibbutampi maya½ ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ saraºa½ gacch±ma dhammañca bhikkhusaªghañca. Up±saka½ ma½ bhava½ udeno dh±retu ajjatagge p±ºupeta½ saraºa½ gata½. Atthi ca me, bho udena, aªgar±j± devasika½ niccabhikkha½ dad±ti tato aha½ bhoto udenassa eka½ niccabhikkha½ dad±m²”ti. “Ki½ pana te, br±hmaºa, aªgar±j± devasika½ niccabhikkha½ dad±t²”ti? “Pañca, bho udena, kah±paºasat±n²”ti. “Na kho no, br±hmaºa, kappati j±tar³parajata½ paµiggahetun”ti. “Sace ta½ bhoto udenassa na kappati vih±ra½ bhoto udenassa k±r±pess±m²”ti. “Sace kho me tva½, br±hmaºa, vih±ra½, k±r±petuk±mo, p±µaliputte saªghassa upaµµh±nas±la½ k±r±peh²”ti. “Imin±p±ha½ bhoto udenassa bhiyyosomatt±ya attamano abhiraddho ya½ ma½ bhava½ udeno saªghe d±ne sam±dapeti. Es±ha½, bho udena, etiss± ca niccabhikkh±ya apar±ya ca niccabhikkh±ya p±µaliputte saªghassa upaµµh±nas±la½ k±r±pess±m²”ti. Atha kho ghoµamukho br±hmaºo etiss± ca niccabhikkh±ya apar±ya ca niccabhikkh±ya p±µaliputte saªghassa upaµµh±nas±la½ k±r±pesi. S± etarahi ‘ghoµamukh²’ti vuccat²ti.

Ghoµamukhasutta½ niµµhita½ catuttha½.