4. Ghoµamukhasutta½

412. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ ±yasm± udeno b±r±ºasiya½ viharati khemiyambavane. Tena kho pana samayena ghoµamukho br±hmaºo b±r±ºasi½ anuppatto hoti kenacideva karaº²yena. Atha kho ghoµamukho br±hmaºo jaªgh±vih±ra½ anucaªkamam±no anuvicaram±no yena khemiyambavana½ tenupasaªkami. Tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± udeno abbhok±se caªkamati. Atha kho ghoµamukho br±hmaºo yen±yasm± udeno tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmat± udenena saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ±yasmanta½ udena½ caªkamanta½ anucaªkamam±no evam±ha– “ambho samaºa, ‘natthi dhammiko paribbajo’ [paribb±jo (s². p².)]– eva½ me ettha hoti. Tañca kho bhavantar³p±na½ v± adassan±, yo v± panettha dhammo”ti.
Eva½ vutte, ±yasm± udeno caªkam± orohitv± vih±ra½ pavisitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Ghoµamukhopi kho br±hmaºo caªkam± orohitv± vih±ra½ pavisitv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Ekamanta½ µhita½ kho ghoµamukha½ br±hmaºa½ ±yasm± udeno etadavoca– “sa½vijjanti [sa½vijjante (bah³su)] kho, br±hmaºa, ±san±ni. Sace ±kaªkhasi, nis²d±”ti. “Etadeva kho pana maya½ bhoto udenassa ±gamayam±n± (na) nis²d±ma. Kathañhi n±ma m±diso pubbe animantito ±sane nis²ditabba½ maññeyy±”ti? Atha kho ghoµamukho br±hmaºo aññatara½ n²ca½ ±sana½ gahetv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ghoµamukho br±hmaºo ±yasmanta½ udena½ etadavoca– “ambho samaºa, ‘natthi dhammiko paribbajo’– eva½ me ettha hoti. Tañca kho bhavantar³p±na½ v± adassan±, yo v± panettha dhammo”ti. “Sace kho pana me tva½, br±hmaºa, anuññeyya½ anuj±neyy±si, paµikkositabbañca paµikkoseyy±si; yassa ca pana me bh±sitassa attha½ na j±neyy±si, mama½yeva tattha uttari paµipuccheyy±si– ‘ida½, bho udena, katha½, imassa kvattho’ti? Eva½ katv± siy± no ettha kath±sall±po”ti. “Anuññeyya½ khv±ha½ bhoto udenassa anuj±niss±mi, paµikkositabbañca paµikkosiss±mi; yassa ca pan±ha½ bhoto udenassa bh±sitassa attha½ na j±niss±mi, bhavanta½yeva tattha udena½ uttari paµipucchiss±mi– ‘ida½, bho udena, katha½, imassa kvattho’ti? Eva½ katv± hotu no ettha kath±sall±po”ti.
413. “Catt±rome, br±hmaºa, puggal± santo sa½vijjam±n± lokasmi½. Katame catt±ro? Idha, br±hmaºa, ekacco puggalo attantapo hoti attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto. Idha pana, br±hmaºa, ekacco puggalo parantapo hoti paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto. Idha pana, br±hmaºa, ekacco puggalo attantapo ca hoti attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto. Idha pana, br±hmaºa ekacco puggalo nevattantapo hoti n±ttaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto, na parantapo na paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto. So anattantapo aparantapo diµµheva dhamme nicch±to nibbuto s²t²bh³to sukhappaµisa½ved² brahmabh³tena attan± viharati. Imesa½, br±hmaºa, catunna½ puggal±na½ katamo te puggalo citta½ ±r±dhet²”ti?
“Yv±ya½, bho udena, puggalo attantapo attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto aya½ me puggalo citta½ n±r±dheti; yop±ya½, bho udena, puggalo parantapo paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto ayampi me puggalo citta½ n±r±dheti; yop±ya½, bho udena, puggalo attantapo ca attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto ayampi me puggalo citta½ n±r±dheti; yo ca kho aya½, bho udena, puggalo nevattantapo n±ttaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto so anattantapo aparantapo diµµheva dhamme nicch±to nibbuto s²t²bh³to sukhappaµisa½ved² brahmabh³tena attan± viharati. Ayameva me puggalo citta½ ±r±dhet²”ti.
“Kasm± pana te, br±hmaºa, ime tayo puggal± citta½ n±r±dhent²”ti? “Yv±ya½, bho udena, puggalo attantapo attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto so att±na½ sukhak±ma½ dukkhapaµikk³la½ ±t±peti parit±peti; imin± me aya½ puggalo citta½ n±r±dheti. Yop±ya½ bho udena, puggalo parantapo paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto so para½ sukhak±ma½ dukkhapaµikk³la½ ±t±peti parit±peti; imin± me aya½ puggalo citta½ n±r±dheti. Yop±ya½, bho udena, puggalo attantapo ca attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto so att±nañca parañca sukhak±ma½ dukkhapaµikk³la½ ±t±peti parit±peti; imin± me aya½ puggalo citta½ n±r±dheti. Yo ca kho aya½, bho udena, puggalo nevattantapo n±ttaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto so anattantapo aparantapo diµµheva dhamme nicch±to nibbuto s²t²bh³to sukhappaµisa½ved² brahmabh³tena attan± viharati, so att±nañca parañca sukhak±ma½ dukkhapaµikk³la½ neva ±t±peti na parit±peti; imin± me aya½ puggalo citta½ ±r±dhet²”ti.
414. “Dvem±, br±hmaºa, paris±. Katam± dve? Idha, br±hmaºa, ekacc± paris± s±rattaratt± maºikuº¹alesu puttabhariya½ pariyesati, d±sid±sa½ pariyesati, khettavatthu½ pariyesati, j±tar³parajata½ pariyesati.
“Idha pana, br±hmaºa, ekacc± paris± as±rattaratt± maºikuº¹alesu puttabhariya½ pah±ya, d±sid±sa½ pah±ya, khettavatthu½ pah±ya, j±tar³parajata½ pah±ya, ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit±. Sv±ya½, br±hmaºa, puggalo nevattantapo n±ttaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto. So anattantapo aparantapo diµµheva dhamme nicch±to nibbuto s²t²bh³to sukhappaµisa½ved² brahmabh³tena attan± viharati. Idha katama½ tva½, br±hmaºa, puggala½ katam±ya paris±ya bahula½ samanupassasi– y± c±ya½ paris± s±rattaratt± maºikuº¹alesu puttabhariya½ pariyesati d±sid±sa½ pariyesati khettavatthu½ pariyesati j±tar³parajata½ pariyesati, y± c±ya½ paris± as±rattaratt± maºikuº¹alesu puttabhariya½ pah±ya d±sid±sa½ pah±ya khettavatthu½ pah±ya j±tar³parajata½ pah±ya ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit±”ti?
“Yv±ya½ bho udena, puggalo nevattantapo n±ttaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto so anattantapo aparantapo diµµheva dhamme nicch±to nibbuto s²t²bh³to sukhappaµisa½ved² brahmabh³tena attan± viharati; im±ha½ puggala½ y±ya½ paris± as±rattaratt± maºikuº¹alesu puttabhariya½ pah±ya d±sid±sa½ pah±ya khettavatthu½ pah±ya j±tar³parajata½ pah±ya ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit± imissa½ paris±ya½ bahula½ samanupass±m²”ti.
“Id±neva kho pana te, br±hmaºa, bh±sita½– ‘maya½ eva½ ±j±n±ma– ambho samaºa, natthi dhammiko paribbajo, eva½ me ettha hoti. Tañca kho bhavantar³p±na½ v± adassan±, yo v± panettha dhammo”’ti. “Addh± mes±, bho udena, s±nuggah± v±c± bh±sit±. ‘Atthi dhammiko paribbajo’– eva½ me ettha hoti. Evañca pana ma½ bhava½ udeno dh±retu. Ye ca me bhot± udenena catt±ro puggal± sa½khittena vutt± vitth±rena avibhatt±, s±dhu me bhava½, udeno ime catt±ro puggale vitth±rena vibhajatu anukampa½ up±d±y±”ti. “Tena hi, br±hmaºa, suº±hi, s±dhuka½ manasi karohi, bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bho”ti kho ghoµamukho br±hmaºo ±yasmato udenassa paccassosi. ¾yasm± udeno etadavoca–
415. “Katamo ca, br±hmaºa, puggalo attantapo attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto? Idha, br±hmaºa, ekacco puggalo acelako hoti mutt±c±ro hatth±palekhano na-ehibhaddantiko natiµµhabhaddantiko, n±bhihaµa½ na uddissakata½ na nimantana½ s±diyati. So na kumbhimukh± paµiggaºh±ti, na ka¼opimukh± paµiggaºh±ti, na e¼akamantara½, na daº¹amantara½, na musalamantara½, na dvinna½ bhuñjam±n±na½, na gabbhiniy±, na p±yam±n±ya na purisantaragat±ya, na saªkitt²su, na yattha s± upaµµhito hoti, na yattha makkhik± saº¹asaº¹ac±rin², na maccha½ na ma½sa½, na sura½ na meraya½ na thusodaka½ pivati. So ek±g±riko v± hoti ek±lopiko, dv±g±riko v± hoti dv±lopiko…pe… satt±g±riko v± hoti satt±lopiko; ekiss±pi dattiy± y±peti, dv²hipi datt²hi y±peti…pe… sattahipi datt²hi y±peti; ek±hikampi ±h±ra½ ±h±reti, dv²hikampi ±h±ra½ ±h±reti…pe… satt±hikampi ±h±ra½ ±h±reti– iti evar³pa½ addham±sika½ pariy±yabhattabhojan±nuyogamanuyutto viharati. So s±kabhakkho v± hoti, s±m±kabhakkho v± hoti, n²v±rabhakkho v± hoti, daddulabhakkho v± hoti haµabhakkho v± hoti, kaºabhakkho v± hoti, ±c±mabhakkho v± hoti, piññ±kabhakkho v± hoti, tiºabhakkho v± hoti, gomayabhakkho v± hoti, vanam³laphal±h±ro y±peti pavattaphalabhoj². So s±º±nipi dh±reti, mas±º±nipi dh±reti, chavaduss±nipi dh±reti, pa½suk³l±nipi dh±reti, tir²µ±nipi dh±reti, ajinampi dh±reti, ajinakkhipampi dh±reti, kusac²rampi dh±reti, v±kac²rampi dh±reti, phalakac²rampi dh±reti, kesakambalampi dh±reti, v±¼akambalampi dh±reti, ul³kapakkhampi dh±reti; kesamassulocakopi hoti kesamassulocan±nuyogamanuyutto ubbhaµµhakopi hoti ±sanapaµikkhitto, ukkuµikopi hoti ukkuµikappadh±namanuyutto, kaºµak±passayikopi hoti kaºµak±passaye seyya½ kappeti; s±yatatiyakampi udakorohan±nuyogamanuyutto viharati– iti evar³pa½ anekavihita½ k±yassa ±t±panaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto viharati. Aya½ vuccati, br±hmaºa, puggalo attantapo attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto.
416. “Katamo ca, br±hmaºa, puggalo parantapo paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto? Idha, br±hmaºa, ekacco puggalo orabbhiko hoti s³kariko s±kuºiko m±gaviko luddo macchagh±tako coro coragh±tako gogh±tako bandhan±g±riko– ye v± panaññepi keci kur³rakammant±. Aya½ vuccati, br±hmaºa, puggalo parantapo paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto.
417. “Katamo ca, br±hmaºa, puggalo attantapo ca attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto, parantapo ca paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto? Idha, br±hmaºa, ekacco puggalo r±j± v± hoti khattiyo muddh±vasitto, br±hmaºo v± mah±s±lo. So puratthimena nagarassa nava½ santh±g±ra½ k±r±petv± kesamassu½ oh±retv± khar±jina½ niv±setv± sappitelena k±ya½ abbhañjitv± magavis±ºena piµµhi½ kaº¹uvam±no nava½ santh±g±ra½ pavisati saddhi½ mahesiy± br±hmaºena ca purohitena. So tattha anantarahit±ya bh³miy± haritupalitt±ya seyya½ kappeti. Ekiss±ya g±viy± sar³pavacch±ya ya½ ekasmi½ thane kh²ra½ hoti tena r±j± y±peti, ya½ dutiyasmi½ thane kh²ra½ hoti tena mahes² y±peti, ya½ tatiyasmi½ thane kh²ra½ hoti tena br±hmaºo purohito y±peti, ya½ catutthasmi½ thane kh²ra½ hoti tena aggi½ juhati, avasesena vacchako y±peti. So evam±ha– ‘ettak± usabh± haññantu yaññatth±ya, ettak± vacchatar± haññantu yaññatth±ya, ettak± vacchatariyo haññantu yaññatth±ya, ettak± aj± haññantu yaññatth±ya’, ettak± urabbh± haññantu yaññatth±ya, ettak± ass± haññantu yaññatth±ya, ettak± rukkh± chijjantu y³patth±ya, ettak± dabbh± l³yantu barihisatth±y±’ti. Yepissa te honti ‘d±s±’ti v± ‘pess±’ti v± ‘kammakar±’ti v± tepi daº¹atajjit± bhayatajjit± assumukh± rudam±n± parikamm±ni karonti. Aya½ vuccati, br±hmaºa, puggalo attantapo ca attaparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparit±pan±nuyogamanuyutto.