9. Dhammacetiyasutta½

364. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± sakkesu viharati med±¼upa½ [meta¼³pa½ (s².), meda¼umpa½ (p².)] n±ma saky±na½ nigamo. Tena kho pana samayena r±j± pasenadi kosalo nagaraka½ anuppatto hoti kenacideva karaº²yena. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo d²gha½ k±r±yana½ ±mantesi– “yojehi, samma k±r±yana, bhadr±ni bhadr±ni y±n±ni, uyy±nabh³mi½ gacch±ma subh³mi½ dassan±y±”ti [subh³midassan±y±ti (d². ni. 2.43)]. “Eva½, dev±”ti kho d²gho k±r±yano rañño pasenadissa kosalassa paµissutv± bhadr±ni bhadr±ni y±n±ni yoj±petv± rañño pasenadissa kosalassa paµivedesi– “yutt±ni kho te, deva, bhadr±ni bhadr±ni y±n±ni. Yassad±ni k±la½ maññas²”ti. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo bhadra½ y±na½ abhiruhitv± bhadrehi bhadrehi y±nehi nagarakamh± niyy±si mahacc± r±j±nubh±vena. Yena ±r±mo tena p±y±si. Y±vatik± y±nassa bh³mi y±nena gantv± y±n± paccorohitv± pattikova ±r±ma½ p±visi. Addas± kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo ±r±me jaªgh±vih±ra½ anucaªkamam±no anuvicaram±no rukkham³l±ni p±s±dik±ni pas±dan²y±ni appasadd±ni appanigghos±ni vijanav±t±ni manussar±hasseyyak±ni [manussar±haseyyak±ni (s². p².)] paµisall±nas±rupp±ni. Disv±na bhagavanta½yeva ±rabbha sati udap±di– “im±ni kho t±ni rukkham³l±ni p±s±dik±ni pas±dan²y±ni appasadd±ni appanigghos±ni vijanav±t±ni manussar±hasseyyak±ni paµisall±nas±rupp±ni, yattha suda½ maya½ ta½ bhagavanta½ payirup±s±ma arahanta½ samm±sambuddhan”ti.
365. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo d²gha½ k±r±yana½ ±mantesi– “im±ni kho, samma k±r±yana, t±ni rukkham³l±ni p±s±dik±ni pas±dan²y±ni appasadd±ni appanigghos±ni vijanav±t±ni manussar±hasseyyak±ni paµisall±nas±rupp±ni, yattha suda½ maya½ ta½ bhagavanta½ payirup±s±ma arahanta½ samm±sambuddha½. Kaha½ nu kho, samma k±r±yana, etarahi so bhagav± viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti? “Atthi, mah±r±ja, med±¼upa½ n±ma saky±na½ nigamo. Tattha so bhagav± etarahi viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti. “K²vad³re [k²vad³ro (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] pana, samma k±r±yana nagarakamh± med±¼upa½ n±ma saky±na½ nigamo hot²”ti? “Na d³re, mah±r±ja; t²ºi yojan±ni; sakk± divas±vasesena gantun”ti. “Tena hi, samma k±r±yana, yojehi bhadr±ni bhadr±ni y±n±ni, gamiss±ma maya½ ta½ bhagavanta½ dassan±ya arahanta½ samm±sambuddhan”ti. “Eva½, dev±”ti kho d²gho k±r±yano rañño pasenadissa kosalassa paµissutv± bhadr±ni bhadr±ni y±n±ni yoj±petv± rañño pasenadissa kosalassa paµivedesi– “yutt±ni kho te, deva, bhadr±ni bhadr±ni y±n±ni. Yassad±ni k±la½ maññas²”ti. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo bhadra½ y±na½ abhiruhitv± bhadrehi bhadrehi y±nehi nagarakamh± yena med±¼upa½ n±ma saky±na½ nigamo tena p±y±si. Teneva divas±vasesena med±¼upa½ n±ma saky±na½ nigama½ samp±puºi. Yena ±r±mo tena p±y±si. Y±vatik± y±nassa bh³mi y±nena gantv± y±n± paccorohitv± pattikova ±r±ma½ p±visi.
366. Tena kho pana samayena sambahul± bhikkh³ abbhok±se caªkamanti. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo yena te bhikkh³ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± te bhikkh³ etadavoca– “kaha½ nu kho, bhante, etarahi so bhagav± viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho? Dassanak±m± hi maya½ ta½ bhagavanta½ arahanta½ samm±sambuddhan”ti. “Eso, mah±r±ja, vih±ro sa½vutadv±ro. Tena appasaddo upasaªkamitv± ataram±no ±¼inda½ pavisitv± ukk±sitv± agga¼a½ ±koµehi. Vivarissati bhagav± te dv±ran”ti. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo tattheva khaggañca uºh²sañca d²ghassa k±r±yanassa p±d±si. Atha kho d²ghassa k±r±yanassa etadahosi– “rah±yati kho d±ni r±j± [mah±r±j± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)], idheva [tenidheva (s².)] d±ni may± µh±tabban”ti. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo yena so vih±ro sa½vutadv±ro tena appasaddo upasaªkamitv± ataram±no ±¼inda½ pavisitv± ukk±sitv± agga¼a½ ±koµesi. Vivari bhagav± dv±ra½. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo vih±ra½ pavisitv± bhagavato p±desu siras± nipatitv± bhagavato p±d±ni mukhena ca paricumbati, p±º²hi ca parisamb±hati, n±mañca s±veti– “r±j±ha½, bhante, pasenadi kosalo; r±j±ha½, bhante, pasenadi kosalo”ti.
367. “Ki½ pana tva½, mah±r±ja, atthavasa½ sampassam±no imasmi½ sar²re evar³pa½ paramanipaccak±ra½ karosi, mitt³pah±ra½ [citt³pah±ra½ (s².)] upada½ses²”ti? “Atthi kho me, bhante, bhagavati dhammanvayo ‘hoti samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho’ti. Idh±ha½, bhante, pass±mi eke samaºabr±hmaºe pariyantakata½ brahmacariya½ carante dasapi vass±ni, v²sampi vass±ni, ti½sampi vass±ni, catt±r²sampi vass±ni. Te aparena samayena sunh±t± suvilitt± kappitakesamass³ pañcahi k±maguºehi samappit± samaªg²bh³t± paric±renti. Idha pan±ha½, bhante, bhikkh³ pass±mi y±vaj²va½ ±p±ºakoµika½ paripuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ carante. Na kho pan±ha½, bhante, ito bahiddh± añña½ eva½ paripuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ samanupass±mi. Ayampi kho me, bhante, bhagavati dhammanvayo hoti– ‘samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho”ti.
368. “Puna capara½, bhante, r±j±nopi r±j³hi vivadanti, khattiy±pi khattiyehi vivadanti, br±hmaº±pi br±hmaºehi vivadanti, gahapatayopi gahapat²hi vivadanti, m±t±pi puttena vivadati, puttopi m±tar± vivadati, pit±pi puttena vivadati, puttopi pitar± vivadati, bh±t±pi bhaginiy± vivadati bhagin²pi bh±tar± vivadati, sah±yopi sah±yena vivadati. Idha pan±ha½, bhante, bhikkh³ pass±mi samagge sammodam±ne avivadam±ne kh²rodak²bh³te aññamañña½ piyacakkh³hi sampassante viharante. Na kho pan±ha½, bhante, ito bahiddh± añña½ eva½ samagga½ parisa½ samanupass±mi. Ayampi kho me, bhante, bhagavati dhammanvayo hoti– ‘samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho’ti.
369. “Puna capar±ha½, bhante, ±r±mena ±r±ma½, uyy±nena uyy±na½ anucaªkam±mi anuvicar±mi. Soha½ tattha pass±mi eke samaºabr±hmaºe kise l³khe dubbaººe uppaº¹uppaº¹ukaj±te dhamanisanthatagatte, na viya maññe cakkhu½ bandhante janassa dassan±ya. Tassa mayha½, bhante, etadahosi– ‘addh± ime ±yasmanto anabhirat± v± brahmacariya½ caranti, atthi v± tesa½ kiñci p±pa½ kamma½ kata½ paµicchanna½; tath± hi ime ±yasmanto kis± l³kh± dubbaºº± uppaº¹uppaº¹ukaj±t± dhamanisanthatagatt±, na viya maññe cakkhu½ bandhanti janassa dassan±y±’ti. Ty±ha½ upasaªkamitv± eva½ vad±mi– ‘ki½ nu kho tumhe ±yasmanto kis± l³kh± dubbaºº± uppaº¹uppaº¹ukaj±t± dhamanisanthatagatt±, na viya maññe cakkhu½ bandhatha janassa dassan±y±’ti? Te evam±ha½su– ‘bandhukarogo no [paº¹ukarogino (ka.)], mah±r±j±’ti. Idha pan±ha½, bhante, bhikkh³ pass±mi haµµhapahaµµhe udaggudagge abhiratar³pe p²ºindriye [p²ºitindriye (s². p².)] appossukke pannalome paradattavutte migabh³tena cetas± viharante. Tassa mayha½, bhante, etadahosi– ‘addh± ime ±yasmanto tassa bhagavato s±sane u¼±ra½ pubben±para½ visesa½ j±nanti; tath± hi ime ±yasmanto haµµhapahaµµh± udaggudagg± abhiratar³p± p²ºindriy± appossukk± pannalom± paradattavutt± migabh³tena cetas± viharant²’ti. Ayampi kho me, bhante, bhagavati dhammanvayo hoti– ‘samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho’ti.
370. “Puna capar±ha½, bhante, r±j± khattiyo muddh±vasitto; pahomi gh±tet±ya½ v± gh±tetu½, j±pet±ya½ v± j±petu½, pabb±jet±ya½ v± pabb±jetu½ Tassa mayha½, bhante, a¹¹akaraºe nisinnassa antarantar± katha½ op±tenti. Soha½ na labh±mi– ‘m± me bhonto a¹¹akaraºe nisinnassa antarantar± katha½ op±tetha [op±tentu (s².) upariselasutte pana “op±teth±”tiyeva dissati], kath±pariyos±na½ me bhonto ±gament³’ti. Tassa mayha½, bhante, antarantar± katha½ op±tenti. Idha pan±ha½, bhante, bhikkh³ pass±mi; yasmi½ samaye bhagav± anekasat±ya paris±ya dhamma½ deseti, neva tasmi½ samaye bhagavato s±vak±na½ khipitasaddo v± hoti ukk±sitasaddo v±. Bh³tapubba½, bhante, bhagav± anekasat±ya paris±ya dhamma½ deseti. Tatraññataro bhagavato s±vako ukk±si. Tamena½ aññataro sabrahmac±r² jaººukena ghaµµesi– ‘appasaddo ±yasm± hotu, m±yasm± saddamak±si; satth± no bhagav± dhamma½ deset²’ti. Tassa mayha½, bhante, etadahosi– ‘acchariya½ vata, bho, abbhuta½ vata, bho! Adaº¹ena vata kira, bho, asatthena eva½ suvin²t± paris± bhavissat²’ti! Na kho pan±ha½, bhante, ito bahiddh± añña½ eva½ suvin²ta½ parisa½ samanupass±mi. Ayampi kho me, bhante, bhagavati dhammanvayo hoti– ‘samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho’ti.
371. “Puna capar±ha½, bhante, pass±mi idhekacce khattiyapaº¹ite nipuºe kataparappav±de v±lavedhir³pe. Te bhindant± [vobhindant± (s².)] maññe caranti paññ±gatena diµµhigat±ni. Te suºanti– ‘samaºo khalu, bho, gotamo amuka½ n±ma g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± osarissat²’ti. Te pañha½ abhisaªkharonti– ‘ima½ maya½ pañha½ samaºa½ gotama½ upasaªkamitv± pucchiss±ma. Eva½ ce no puµµho eva½ by±karissati, evamassa maya½ v±da½ ±ropess±ma; eva½ cepi no puµµho eva½ by±karissati, evampissa maya½ v±da½ ±ropess±m±’ti. Te suºanti– ‘samaºo khalu, bho, gotamo amuka½ n±ma g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± osaµo’ti. Te yena bhagav± tenupasaªkamanti. Te bhagav± dhammiy± kath±ya sandasseti sam±dapeti samuttejeti sampaha½seti Te bhagavat± dhammiy± kath±ya sandassit± sam±dapit± samuttejit± sampaha½sit± na ceva bhagavanta½ pañha½ pucchanti, kuto v±da½ ±ropessanti? Aññadatthu bhagavato s±vak± sampajjanti. Ayampi kho me, bhante, bhagavati dhammanvayo hoti– ‘samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho’ti.
372. “Puna capar±ha½, bhante, pass±mi idhekacce br±hmaºapaº¹ite…pe… gahapatipaº¹ite…pe… samaºapaº¹ite nipuºe kataparappav±de v±lavedhir³pe. Te bhindant± maññe caranti paññ±gatena diµµhigat±ni. Te suºanti– ‘samaºo khalu, bho, gotamo amuka½ n±ma g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± osarissat²’ti. Te pañha½ abhisaªkharonti– ‘ima½ maya½ pañha½ samaºa½ gotama½ upasaªkamitv± pucchiss±ma. Eva½ ce no puµµho eva½ by±karissati, evamassa maya½ v±da½ ±ropess±ma; eva½ cepi no puµµho eva½ by±karissati, evampissa maya½ v±da½ ±ropess±m±’ti. Te suºanti– ‘samaºo khalu, bho, gotamo amuka½ n±ma g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± osaµo’ti. Te yena bhagav± tenupasaªkamanti. Te bhagav± dhammiy± kath±ya sandasseti sam±dapeti samuttejeti sampaha½seti. Te bhagavat± dhammiy± kath±ya sandassit± sam±dapit± samuttejit± sampaha½sit± na ceva bhagavanta½ pañha½ pucchanti, kuto v±da½ ±ropessanti? Aññadatthu bhagavanta½yeva ok±sa½ y±canti ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajj±ya. Te bhagav± pabb±jeti. Te tath±pabbajit± sam±n± ek± v³pakaµµh± appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± viharant± nacirasseva– yassatth±ya kulaputt± sammadeva ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajanti tadanuttara½– brahmacariyapariyos±na½ diµµheva dhamme saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharanti. Te evam±ha½su– ‘mana½ vata, bho, anass±ma; mana½ vata, bho, panass±ma’. Mayañhi pubbe assamaº±va sam±n± samaº±mh±ti paµij±nimh±, abr±hmaº±va sam±n± br±hmaº±mh±ti paµij±nimh±, anarahantova sam±n± arahant±mh±ti paµij±nimh±. ‘Id±ni khomha samaº±, id±ni khomha br±hmaº±, id±ni khomha arahanto’ti. Ayampi kho me, bhante, bhagavati dhammanvayo hoti– ‘samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho’ti.
373. “Puna capar±ha½, bhante, ime isidattapur±º± thapatayo mamabhatt± mamay±n±, aha½ nesa½ j²vik±ya [j²vitassa (s².), j²vika½ (s². aµµha.), j²vita½ (sy±. ka½. p². ka.)] d±t±, yasassa ±hatt±; atha ca pana no tath± mayi nipaccak±ra½ karonti yath± bhagavati. Bh³tapubb±ha½, bhante, sena½ abbhuyy±to sam±no ime ca isidattapur±º± thapatayo v²ma½sam±no aññatarasmi½ samb±dhe ±vasathe v±sa½ upagacchi½. Atha kho, bhante, ime isidattapur±º± thapatayo bahudeva ratti½ dhammiy± kath±ya v²tin±metv±, yato ahosi bhagav± [assosu½ kho bhagavanta½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] tato s²sa½ katv± ma½ p±dato karitv± nipajji½su. Tassa mayha½, bhante, etadahosi– ‘acchariya½ vata, bho, abbhuta½ vata, bho! Ime isidattapur±º± thapatayo mamabhatt± mamay±n±, aha½ nesa½ j²vik±ya d±t±, yasassa ±hatt±; atha ca pana no tath± mayi nipaccak±ra½ karonti yath± bhagavati. Addh± ime ±yasmanto tassa bhagavato s±sane u¼±ra½ pubben±para½ visesa½ j±nant²’ti. Ayampi kho me, bhante, bhagavati dhammanvayo hoti– ‘samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho’ti.
374. “Puna capara½, bhante, bhagav±pi khattiyo, ahampi khattiyo; bhagav±pi kosalo, ahampi kosalo; bhagav±pi ±s²tiko, ahampi ±s²tiko. Yampi, bhante, bhagav±pi khattiyo ahampi khattiyo, bhagav±pi kosalo ahampi kosalo, bhagav±pi ±s²tiko ahampi ±s²tiko; imin±v±rah±mev±ha½ [imin±p±ha½ (ka.)], bhante, bhagavati paramanipaccak±ra½ k±tu½, mitt³pah±ra½ upada½setu½. Handa, ca d±ni maya½, bhante, gacch±ma; bahukicc± maya½ bahukaraº²y±”ti. “Yassad±ni tva½, mah±r±ja, k±la½ maññas²”ti. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi. Atha kho bhagav± acirapakkantassa rañño pasenadissa kosalassa bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “eso, bhikkhave, r±j± pasenadi kosalo dhammacetiy±ni bh±sitv± uµµh±y±san± pakkanto. Uggaºhatha, bhikkhave, dhammacetiy±ni; pariy±puº±tha, bhikkhave dhammacetiy±ni; dh±retha, bhikkhave, dhammacetiy±ni. Atthasa½hit±ni, bhikkhave, dhammacetiy±ni ±dibrahmacariyak±n²”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Dhammacetiyasutta½ niµµhita½ navama½.