4. Madhurasutta½

317. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ ±yasm± mah±kacc±no madhur±ya½ viharati gund±vane. Assosi kho r±j± m±dhuro avantiputto– “samaºo khalu, bho, kacc±no madhur±ya½ [mathur±ya½ (µ²k±)] viharati gund±vane. Ta½ kho pana bhavanta½ kacc±na½ eva½ kaly±ºo kittisaddo abbhuggato– ‘paº¹ito viyatto medh±v² bahussuto cittakath² kaly±ºapaµibh±no vuddho ceva arah± ca’. S±dhu kho pana tath±r³p±na½ arahata½ dassana½ hot²”ti. Atha kho r±j± m±dhuro avantiputto bhadr±ni bhadr±ni y±n±ni yoj±petv± bhadra½ y±na½ abhiruhitv± bhadrehi bhadrehi y±nehi madhur±ya niyy±si mahaccar±j±nubh±vena ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ dassan±ya. Y±vatik± y±nassa bh³mi y±nena gantv± y±n± paccorohitv± pattikova yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmat± mah±kacc±nena saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho r±j± m±dhuro avantiputto ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etadavoca– “br±hmaº±, bho kacc±na, evam±ha½su– ‘br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²no añño vaººo; br±hmaºova sukko vaººo, kaºho añño vaººo; br±hmaº±va sujjhanti, no abr±hmaº±; br±hmaº±va brahmuno putt± oras± mukhato j±t± brahmaj± brahmanimmit± brahmad±y±d±’ti. Idha bhava½ kacc±no kimakkh±y²”ti? “Ghosoyeva kho eso, mah±r±ja, lokasmi½– ‘br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²no añño vaººo; br±hmaºova sukko vaººo, kaºho añño vaººo; br±hmaº±va sujjhanti, no abr±hmaº±; br±hmaº±va brahmuno putt± oras± mukhato j±t± brahmaj± brahmanimmit± brahmad±y±d±’ti. Tadamin±peta½, mah±r±ja, pariy±yena veditabba½ yath± ghosoyeveso lokasmi½– ‘br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²no añño vaººo…pe… brahmad±y±d±”’ti.
318. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, khattiyassa cepi ijjheyya dhanena v± dhaññena v± rajatena v± j±tar³pena v± khattiyopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²… br±hmaºopiss±ssa… vessopiss±ssa… suddopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²”ti? “Khattiyassa cepi, bho kacc±na, ijjheyya dhanena v± dhaññena v± rajatena v± j±tar³pena v± khattiyopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²… br±hmaºopiss±ssa… vessopiss±ssa… suddopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, br±hmaºassa cepi ijjheyya dhanena v± dhaññena v± rajatena v± j±tar³pena v± br±hmaºopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²… vessopiss±ssa… suddopiss±ssa khattiyopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²”ti? “Br±hmaºassa cepi, bho kacc±na, ijjheyya dhanena v± dhaññena v± rajatena v± j±tar³pena v± br±hmaºopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²… vessopiss±ssa… suddopiss±ssa khattiyopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, vessassa cepi ijjheyya dhanena v± dhaññena v± rajatena v± j±tar³pena v± vessopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²… suddopiss±ssa… khattiyopiss±ssa… br±hmaºopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²”ti? “Vessassa cepi, bho kacc±na, ijjheyya dhanena v± dhaññena v± rajatena v± j±tar³pena v± vessopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²… suddopiss±ssa… khattiyopiss±ssa… br±hmaºopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, suddassa cepi ijjheyya dhanena v± dhaññena v± rajatena v± j±tar³pena v± suddopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²… khattiyopiss±ssa… br±hmaºopiss±ssa… vessopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²”ti? “Suddassa cepi, bho kacc±na, ijjheyya dhanena v± dhaññena v± rajatena v± j±tar³pena v± suddopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²ti… khattiyopiss±ssa… br±hmaºopiss±ssa… vessopiss±ssa pubbuµµh±y² pacch±nip±t² ki½k±rapaµiss±v² man±pac±r² piyav±d²”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, yadi eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti no v±? Katha½ v± te ettha hot²”ti? “Addh± kho, bho kacc±na, eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti. Nesa½ [n±sa½ (s².), n±ha½ (sy±. ka½.)] ettha kiñci n±n±karaºa½ samanupass±m²”ti. “Imin±pi kho eta½, mah±r±ja, pariy±yena veditabba½ yath± ghoso yeveso lokasmi½– ‘br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²no añño vaººo…pe… brahmad±y±d±”’ti.
319. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, idhassa khattiyo p±º±tip±t² adinn±d±y² k±mesumicch±c±r² mus±v±d² pisuºav±co pharusav±co samphappal±p² abhijjh±lu by±pannacitto micch±diµµhi [micch±diµµh² (sabbattha)] k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyya no v±? Katha½ v± te ettha hot²”ti? “Khattiyopi hi, bho kacc±na, p±º±tip±t² adinn±d±y² k±mesumicch±c±r² mus±v±d² pisuºav±co pharusav±co samphappal±p² abhijjh±lu by±pannacitto micch±diµµhi k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyya. Eva½ me ettha hoti, evañca pana me eta½ arahata½ sutan”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, mah±r±ja! S±dhu kho te eta½, mah±r±ja, eva½ hoti, s±dhu ca pana te eta½ arahata½ suta½. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, idhassa br±hmaºo…pe… idhassa vesso…pe… idhassa suddo p±º±tip±t² adinn±d±y²…pe… micch±diµµhi k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyya no v±? Katha½ v± te ettha hot²”ti? “Suddopi hi, bho kacc±na, p±º±tip±t² adinn±d±y²…pe… micch±diµµhi k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyya. Eva½ me ettha hoti, evañca pana me eta½ arahata½ sutan”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, mah±r±ja! S±dhu kho te eta½, mah±r±ja, eva½ hoti, s±dhu ca pana te eta½ arahata½ suta½. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, yadi eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti no v±? Katha½ v± te ettha hot²”ti? “Addh± kho, bho kacc±na, eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti. Nesa½ ettha kiñci n±n±karaºa½ samanupass±m²”ti. “Imin±pi kho eta½, mah±r±ja, pariy±yena veditabba½ yath± ghoso yeveso lokasmi½– ‘br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²no añño vaººo…pe… brahmad±y±d±”’ti.
320. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, idhassa khattiyo p±º±tip±t± paµivirato, adinn±d±n± paµivirato, k±mesumicch±c±r± paµivirato, mus±v±d± paµivirato, pisuº±ya v±c±ya paµivirato, pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato, samphappal±p± paµivirato, anabhijjh±lu aby±pannacitto samm±diµµhi [samm±diµµh² (sy±. ka½. p². ka.)] k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjeyya no v±? Katha½ v± te ettha hot²”ti? “Khattiyopi hi, bho kacc±na, p±º±tip±t± paµivirato, adinn±d±n± paµivirato, k±mesumicch±c±r± paµivirato, mus±v±d± paµivirato, pisuº±ya v±c±ya paµivirato, pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato, samphappal±p± paµivirato, anabhijjh±lu aby±pannacitto samm±diµµhi k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjeyya. Eva½ me ettha hoti, evañca pana me eta½ arahata½ sutan”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, mah±r±ja! S±dhu kho te eta½, mah±r±ja, eva½ hoti, s±dhu ca pana te eta½ arahata½ suta½. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, idhassa br±hmaºo, idhassa vesso, idhassa suddo p±º±tip±t± paµivirato adinn±d±n± paµivirato…pe… samm±diµµhi k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjeyya no v±? Katha½ v± te ettha hot²”ti? “Suddopi hi, bho kacc±na, p±º±tip±t± paµivirato, adinn±d±n± paµivirato…pe… samm±diµµhi k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjeyya. Eva½ me ettha hoti, evañca pana me eta½ arahata½ sutan”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, mah±r±ja! S±dhu kho te eta½, mah±r±ja, eva½ hoti, s±dhu ca pana te eta½ arahata½ suta½. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, yadi eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti no v±? Katha½ v± te ettha hot²”ti? “Addh± kho, bho kacc±na, eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti. Nesa½ ettha kiñci n±n±karaºa½ samanupass±m²”ti “Imin±pi kho eta½, mah±r±ja, pariy±yena veditabba½ yath± ghoso yeveso lokasmi½– ‘br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²no añño vaººo…pe… brahmad±y±d±”’ti.
321. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, idha khattiyo sandhi½ v± chindeyya, nillopa½ v± hareyya, ek±g±rika½ v± kareyya, paripanthe v± tiµµheyya, parad±ra½ v± gaccheyya, tañce te puris± gahetv± dasseyyu½– ‘aya½ te, deva, coro ±guc±r². Imassa ya½ icchasi ta½ daº¹a½ paºeh²’ti. Kinti na½ kareyy±s²”ti? “Gh±teyy±ma v±, bho kacc±na, j±peyy±ma v± pabb±jeyy±ma v± yath±paccaya½ v± kareyy±ma. Ta½ kissa hetu? Y± hissa bho kacc±na, pubbe ‘khattiyo’ti samaññ± s±ssa antarahit±; corotveva saªkhya½ [saªkha½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] gacchat²”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, idha br±hmaºo, idha vesso, idha suddo sandhi½ v± chindeyya, nillopa½ v± hareyya, ek±g±rika½ v± kareyya, paripanthe v± tiµµheyya, parad±ra½ v± gaccheyya, tañce te puris± gahetv± dasseyyu½– ‘aya½ te, deva, coro ±guc±r². Imassa ya½ icchasi ta½ daº¹a½ paºeh²’ti. Kinti na½ kareyy±s²”ti? “Gh±teyy±ma v±, bho kacc±na, j±peyy±ma v± pabb±jeyy±ma v± yath±paccaya½ v± kareyy±ma. Ta½ kissa hetu? Y± hissa, bho kacc±na, pubbe ‘suddo’ti samaññ± s±ssa antarahit±; corotveva saªkhya½ gacchat²”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, yadi eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti no v±? Katha½ v± te ettha hot²”ti? “Addh± kho, bho kacc±na, eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti. Nesa½ ettha kiñci n±n±karaºa½ samanupass±m²”ti. “Imin±pi kho eta½, mah±r±ja, pariy±yena veditabba½ yath± ghoso yeveso lokasmi½– ‘br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²no añño vaººo…pe… brahmad±y±d±”’ti.
322. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, idha khattiyo kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito assa virato p±º±tip±t±, virato adinn±d±n±, virato mus±v±d±, ratt³parato, ekabhattiko, brahmac±r², s²lav±, kaly±ºadhammo? Kinti na½ kareyy±s²”ti? “Abhiv±deyy±ma v± [pi (d². ni. 1.184, 187 s±maññaphale)], bho kacc±na, paccuµµheyy±ma v± ±sanena v± nimanteyy±ma abhinimanteyy±ma v± na½ c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±rehi dhammika½ v± assa rakkh±varaºagutti½ sa½vidaheyy±ma. Ta½ kissa hetu? Y± hissa, bho kacc±na, pubbe ‘khattiyo’ti samaññ± s±ssa antarahit±; samaºotveva saªkhya½ gacchat²”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, idha br±hmaºo, idha vesso, idha suddo kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito assa virato p±º±tip±t±, virato adinn±d±n± virato mus±v±d±, ratt³parato, ekabhattiko, brahmac±r², s²lav±, kaly±ºadhammo? Kinti na½ kareyy±s²”ti? “Abhiv±deyy±ma v±, bho kacc±na, paccuµµheyy±ma v± ±sanena v± nimanteyy±ma abhinimanteyy±ma v± na½ c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±rehi dhammika½ v± assa rakkh±varaºagutti½ sa½vidaheyy±ma. Ta½ kissa hetu? Y± hissa, bho kacc±na, pubbe ‘suddo’ti samaññ± s±ssa antarahit±; samaºotveva saªkhya½ gacchat²”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, mah±r±ja, yadi eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti no v±? Katha½ v± te ettha hot²”ti? “Addh± kho, bho kacc±na, eva½ sante, ime catt±ro vaºº± samasam± honti. Nesa½ ettha kiñci n±n±karaºa½ samanupass±m²”ti. “Imin±pi kho eta½, mah±r±ja, pariy±yena veditabba½ yath± ghoso yeveso lokasmi½– ‘br±hmaºova seµµho vaººo, h²no añño vaººo; br±hmaºova sukko vaººo, kaºho añño vaººo; br±hmaº±va sujjhanti, no abr±hmaº±; br±hmaº±va brahmuno putt± oras± mukhato j±t± brahmaj± brahmanimmit± brahmad±y±d±”’ti.
323. Eva½ vutte, r±j± m±dhuro avantiputto ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etadavoca– “abhikkanta½, bho kacc±na, abhikkanta½, bho kacc±na! Seyyath±pi, bho kacc±na, nikkujjita½ v± ukkujjeyya, paµicchanna½ v± vivareyya, m³¼hassa v± magga½ ±cikkheyya, andhak±re v± telapajjota½ dh±reyya– ‘cakkhumanto r³p±ni dakkhant²’ti; evameva½ bhot± kacc±nena anekapariy±yena dhammo pak±sito. Es±ha½ bhavanta½ kacc±na½ saraºa½ gacch±mi dhammañc bhikkhusaªghañca Up±saka½ ma½ bhava½ kacc±no dh±retu ajjatagge p±ºupeta½ saraºa½ gatan”ti. “M± kho ma½ tva½, mah±r±ja, saraºa½ agam±si. Tameva tva½ [tameta½ tva½ (sy±. ka½.), tameta½ (ka.)] bhagavanta½ saraºa½ gaccha yamaha½ saraºa½ gato”ti. “Kaha½ pana, bho kacc±na, etarahi so bhagav± viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti? “Parinibbuto kho, mah±r±ja, etarahi so bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti. “Sacepi maya½, bho kacc±na, suºeyy±ma ta½ bhagavanta½ dasasu yojanesu, dasapi maya½ yojan±ni gaccheyy±ma ta½ bhagavanta½ dassan±ya arahanta½ samm±sambuddha½. Sacepi maya½, bho kacc±na, suºeyy±ma ta½ bhagavanta½ v²satiy± yojanesu, ti½s±ya yojanesu, catt±r²s±ya yojanesu, paññ±s±ya yojanesu, paññ±sampi maya½ yojan±ni gaccheyy±ma ta½ bhagavanta½ dassan±ya arahanta½ samm±sambuddha½. Yojanasate cepi maya½ bho kacc±na, suºeyy±ma ta½ bhagavanta½, yojanasatampi maya½ gaccheyy±ma ta½ bhagavanta½ dassan±ya arahanta½ samm±sambuddha½. Yato ca, bho kacc±na, parinibbuto so bhagav±, parinibbutampi maya½ bhagavanta½ saraºa½ gacch±ma dhammañca bhikkhusaªghañca. Up±saka½ ma½ bhava½ kacc±no dh±retu ajjatagge p±ºupeta½ saraºa½ gatan”ti.

Madhurasutta½ niµµhita½ catuttha½.