8. Samaºamuº¹ikasutta½

260. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tena kho pana samayena ugg±ham±no paribb±jako samaºamuº¹ik±putto [samaºamaº¹ik±putto (s². p².)] samayappav±dake tinduk±c²re ekas±lake mallik±ya ±r±me paµivasati mahatiy± paribb±jakaparis±ya saddhi½ pañcamattehi paribb±jakasatehi. Atha kho pañcakaªgo thapati s±vatthiy± nikkhami div± divassa bhagavanta½ dassan±ya. Atha kho pañcakaªgassa thapatissa etadahosi– “ak±lo kho t±va bhagavanta½ dassan±ya; paµisall²no bhagav±. Manobh±vaniy±nampi bhikkh³na½ asamayo dassan±ya; paµisall²n± manobh±vaniy± bhikkh³. Ya½n³n±ha½ yena samayappav±dako tinduk±c²ro ekas±lako mallik±ya ±r±mo yena ugg±ham±no paribb±jako samaºamuº¹ik±putto tenupasaªkameyyan”ti. Atha kho pañcakaªgo thapati yena samayappav±dako tinduk±c²ro ekas±lako mallik±ya ±r±mo yena ugg±ham±no paribb±jako samaºamuº¹ik±putto tenupasaªkami.
Tena kho pana samayena ugg±ham±no paribb±jako samaºamuº¹ik±putto mahatiy± paribb±jakaparis±ya saddhi½ nisinno hoti unn±diniy± ucc±saddamah±sadd±ya anekavihita½ tiracch±nakatha½ kathentiy±, seyyathida½– r±jakatha½ corakatha½ mah±mattakatha½ sen±katha½ bhayakatha½ yuddhakatha½ annakatha½ p±nakatha½ vatthakatha½ sayanakatha½ m±l±katha½ gandhakatha½ ñ±tikatha½ y±nakatha½ g±makatha½ nigamakatha½ nagarakatha½ janapadakatha½ itthikatha½ s³rakatha½ visikh±katha½ kumbhaµµh±nakatha½ pubbapetakatha½ n±nattakatha½ lokakkh±yika½ samuddakkh±yika½ itibhav±bhavakatha½ iti v±.
Addas± kho ugg±ham±no paribb±jako samaºamuº¹ik±putto pañcakaªga½ thapati½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½. Disv±na saka½ parisa½ saºµh±pesi– “appasadd± bhonto hontu, m± bhonto saddamakattha; aya½ samaºassa gotamassa s±vako ±gacchati pañcakaªgo thapati. Y±vat± kho pana samaºassa gotamassa s±vak± gih² od±tavasan± s±vatthiya½ paµivasanti aya½ tesa½ aññataro pañcakaªgo thapati. Appasaddak±m± kho pana te ±yasmanto appasaddavin²t± appasaddassa vaººav±dino; appeva n±ma appasadda½ parisa½ viditv± upasaªkamitabba½ maññeyy±”ti. Atha kho te paribb±jak± tuºh² ahesu½.
261. Atha kho pañcakaªgo thapati yena ugg±ham±no paribb±jako samaºamuº¹ik±putto tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ugg±ham±nena paribb±jakena samaºamuº¹ik±puttena saddhi½ sammodi Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinna½ kho pañcakaªga½ thapati½ ugg±ham±no paribb±jako samaºamuº¹ik±putto etadavoca– “cat³hi kho aha½, gahapati, dhammehi samann±gata½ purisapuggala½ paññapemi sampannakusala½ paramakusala½ uttamapattipatta½ samaºa½ ayojjha½. Katamehi cat³hi? Idha, gahapati, na k±yena p±pakamma½ karoti, na p±paka½ v±ca½ bh±sati, na p±paka½ saªkappa½ saªkappeti, na p±paka½ ±j²va½ ±j²vati– imehi kho aha½, gahapati, cat³hi dhammehi samann±gata½ purisapuggala½ paññapemi sampannakusala½ paramakusala½ uttamapattipatta½ samaºa½ ayojjhan”ti.
Atha kho pañcakaªgo thapati ugg±ham±nassa paribb±jakassa samaºamuº¹ik±puttassa bh±sita½ neva abhinandi nappaµikkosi. Anabhinanditv± appaµikkositv± uµµh±y±san± pakk±mi– “bhagavato santike etassa bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±niss±m²”ti. Atha kho pañcakaªgo thapati yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho pañcakaªgo thapati y±vatako ahosi ugg±ham±nena paribb±jakena samaºamuº¹ik±puttena saddhi½ kath±sall±po ta½ sabba½ bhagavato ±rocesi.
262. Eva½ vutte, bhagav± pañcakaªga½ thapati½ etadavoca– “eva½ sante kho, thapati, daharo kum±ro mando utt±naseyyako sampannakusalo bhavissati paramakusalo uttamapattipatto samaºo ayojjho, yath± ugg±ham±nassa paribb±jakassa samaºamuº¹ik±puttassa vacana½. Daharassa hi, thapati, kum±rassa mandassa utt±naseyyakassa k±yotipi na hoti, kuto pana k±yena p±pakamma½ karissati, aññatra phanditamatt±! Daharassa hi, thapati, kum±rassa mandassa utt±naseyyakassa v±c±tipi na hoti, kuto pana p±paka½ v±ca½ bh±sissati, aññatra roditamatt± Daharassa hi, thapati, kum±rassa mandassa utt±naseyyakassa saªkappotipi na hoti, kuto pana p±paka½ saªkappa½ saªkappissati, aññatra vik³jitamatt± [vikujjitamatt± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)]! Daharassa hi, thapati, kum±rassa mandassa utt±naseyyakassa ±j²votipi na hoti, kuto pana p±paka½ ±j²va½ ±j²vissati, aññatra m±tuthaññ±! Eva½ sante kho, thapati, daharo kum±ro mando utt±naseyyako sampannakusalo bhavissati paramakusalo uttamapattipatto samaºo ayojjho, yath± ugg±ham±nassa paribb±jakassa samaºamuº¹ik±puttassa vacana½.
263. “Cat³hi kho aha½, thapati, dhammehi samann±gata½ purisapuggala½ paññapemi na ceva sampannakusala½ na paramakusala½ na uttamapattipatta½ samaºa½ ayojjha½, api cima½ dahara½ kum±ra½ manda½ utt±naseyyaka½ samadhigayha tiµµhati. Katamehi cat³hi? Idha, thapati, na k±yena p±pakamma½ karoti, na p±paka½ v±ca½ bh±sati, na p±paka½ saªkappa½ saªkappeti, na p±paka½ ±j²va½ ±j²vati– imehi kho aha½, thapati, cat³hi dhammehi samann±gata½ purisapuggala½ paññapemi na ceva sampannakusala½ na paramakusala½ na uttamapattipatta½ samaºa½ ayojjha½, api cima½ dahara½ kum±ra½ manda½ utt±naseyyaka½ samadhigayha tiµµhati.
“Dasahi kho aha½, thapati, dhammehi samann±gata½ purisapuggala½ paññapemi sampannakusala½ paramakusala½ uttamapattipatta½ samaºa½ ayojjha½. Ime akusal± s²l±; tamaha½ [kaha½ (s².), taha½ (p².)], thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Itosamuµµh±n± akusal± s²l±; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Idha akusal± s²l± aparises± nirujjhanti; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Eva½ paµipanno akusal±na½ s²l±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi.
“Ime kusal± s²l±; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Itosamuµµh±n± kusal± s²l±; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Idha kusal± s²l± aparises± nirujjhanti; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Eva½ paµipanno kusal±na½ s²l±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi.
“Ime akusal± saªkapp±; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Itosamuµµh±n± akusal± saªkapp± tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Idha akusal± saªkapp± aparises± nirujjhanti; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Eva½ paµipanno akusal±na½ saªkapp±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi.
“Ime kusal± saªkapp±; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Itosamuµµh±n± kusal± saªkapp± tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Idha kusal± saªkapp± aparises± nirujjhanti; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi. Eva½ paµipanno kusal±na½ saªkapp±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti; tamaha½, thapati, veditabbanti vad±mi.
264. “Katame ca, thapati, akusal± s²l±? Akusala½ k±yakamma½, akusala½ vac²kamma½, p±pako ±j²vo– ime vuccanti, thapati, akusal± s²l±.
“Ime ca, thapati, akusal± s²l± ki½samuµµh±n±? Samuµµh±nampi nesa½ vutta½. ‘Cittasamuµµh±n±’tissa vacan²ya½. Katama½ citta½? Cittampi hi bahu½ anekavidha½ n±nappak±raka½. Ya½ citta½ sar±ga½ sadosa½ samoha½, itosamuµµh±n± akusal± s²l±.
“Ime ca, thapati, akusal± s²l± kuhi½ aparises± nirujjhanti? Nirodhopi nesa½ vutto. Idha, thapati, bhikkhu k±yaduccarita½ pah±ya k±yasucarita½ bh±veti, vac²duccarita½ pah±ya vac²sucarita½ bh±veti, manoduccarita½ pah±ya manosucarita½ bh±veti, micch±j²va½ pah±ya samm±j²vena j²vita½ kappeti– etthete akusal± s²l± aparises± nirujjhanti.
“Katha½ paµipanno, thapati, akusal±na½ s²l±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti? Idha, thapati, bhikkhu anuppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ anupp±d±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati; uppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati; anuppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upp±d±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati; uppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ µhitiy± asammos±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati. Eva½ paµipanno kho, thapati, akusal±na½ s²l±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti.
265. “Katame ca, thapati, kusal± s²l±? Kusala½ k±yakamma½, kusala½ vac²kamma½, ±j²vaparisuddhampi kho aha½, thapati, s²lasmi½ vad±mi. Ime vuccanti, thapati, kusal± s²l±.
“Ime ca, thapati, kusal± s²l± ki½samuµµh±n±? Samuµµh±nampi nesa½ vutta½. ‘Cittasamuµµh±n±’tissa vacan²ya½. Katama½ citta½? Cittampi hi bahu½ anekavidha½ n±nappak±raka½. Ya½ citta½ v²tar±ga½ v²tadosa½ v²tamoha½, itosamuµµh±n± kusal± s²l±.
“Ime ca, thapati, kusal± s²l± kuhi½ aparises± nirujjhanti? Nirodhopi nesa½ vutto. Idha, thapati, bhikkhu s²lav± hoti no ca s²lamayo, tañca cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti; yatthassa te kusal± s²l± aparises± nirujjhanti.
“Katha½ paµipanno ca, thapati, kusal±na½ s²l±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti? Idha, thapati, bhikkhu anuppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ anupp±d±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati uppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya…pe… anuppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upp±d±ya…pe… uppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ µhitiy± asammos±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati. Eva½ paµipanno kho, thapati, kusal±na½ s²l±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti.
266. “Katame ca, thapati, akusal± saªkapp±? K±masaªkappo, by±p±dasaªkappo, vihi½s±saªkappo– ime vuccanti, thapati, akusal± saªkapp±.
“Ime ca, thapati, akusal± saªkapp± ki½samuµµh±n±? Samuµµh±nampi nesa½ vutta½. ‘Saññ±samuµµh±n±’tissa vacan²ya½. Katam± saññ±? Saññ±pi hi bah³ anekavidh± n±nappak±rak±. K±masaññ±, by±p±dasaññ±, vihi½s±saññ±– itosamuµµh±n± akusal± saªkapp±.
“Ime ca, thapati, akusal± saªkapp± kuhi½ aparises± nirujjhanti? Nirodhopi nesa½ vutto. Idha, thapati, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati; etthete akusal± saªkapp± aparises± nirujjhanti.
“Katha½ paµipanno ca, thapati, akusal±na½ saªkapp±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti? Idha, thapati, bhikkhu anuppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ anupp±d±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati; uppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya…pe… anuppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upp±d±ya…pe… uppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ µhitiy± asammos±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati. Eva½ paµipanno kho, thapati, akusal±na½ saªkapp±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti.
267. “Katame ca, thapati, kusal± saªkapp±? Nekkhammasaªkappo, aby±p±dasaªkappo, avihi½s±saªkappo– ime vuccanti, thapati, kusal± saªkapp±.
“Ime ca, thapati, kusal± saªkapp± ki½samuµµh±n±? Samuµµh±nampi nesa½ vutta½. ‘Saññ±samuµµh±n±’tissa vacan²ya½. Katam± saññ±? Saññ±pi hi bah³ anekavidh± n±nappak±rak±. Nekkhammasaññ±, aby±p±dasaññ±, avihi½s±saññ±– itosamuµµh±n± kusal± saªkapp±.
“Ime ca, thapati, kusal± saªkapp± kuhi½ aparises± nirujjhanti? Nirodhopi nesa½ vutto. Idha, thapati, bhikkhu vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±…pe… dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati; etthete kusal± saªkapp± aparises± nirujjhanti.
“Katha½ paµipanno ca, thapati, kusal±na½ saªkapp±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti? Idha, thapati, bhikkhu anuppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ anupp±d±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati; uppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya…pe… anuppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upp±d±ya…pe… uppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ µhitiy± asammos±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati. Eva½ paµipanno kho, thapati, kusal±na½ saªkapp±na½ nirodh±ya paµipanno hoti.
268. “Katamehi c±ha½, thapati, dasahi dhammehi samann±gata½ purisapuggala½ paññapemi sampannakusala½ paramakusala½ uttamapattipatta½ samaºa½ ayojjha½? Idha, thapati, bhikkhu asekh±ya samm±diµµhiy± samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±saªkappena samann±gato hoti, asekh±ya samm±v±c±ya samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±kammantena samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±-±j²vena samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±v±y±mena samann±gato hoti, asekh±ya samm±satiy± samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±sam±dhin± samann±gato hoti, asekhena samm±ñ±ºena samann±gato hoti, asekh±ya samm±vimuttiy± samann±gato hoti– imehi kho aha½, thapati, dasahi dhammehi samann±gata½ purisapuggala½ paññapemi sampannakusala½ paramakusala½ uttamapattipatta½ samaºa½ ayojjhan”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attamano pañcakaªgo thapati bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinand²ti.

Samaºamuº¹ikasutta½ niµµhita½ aµµhama½.