8. V±seµµhasuttavaººan±

454. Eva½ me sutanti v±seµµhasutta½. Tattha icch±naªgalavanasaº¹eti icch±naªgalag±massa avid³re vanasaº¹e. Caªk²ti ±dayo pañcapi jan± rañño pasenadissa kosalassa purohit± eva. Aññe ca abhiññ±t±ti aññe ca bah³ abhiññ±t± br±hmaº±. Te kira chaµµhe chaµµhe m±se dv²su µh±nesu sannipatanti. Yad± j±ti½ sodhetuk±m± honti, tad± pokkharas±tissa santike j±tisodhanattha½ ukkaµµh±ya sannipatanti. Yad± mante sodhetuk±m± honti, tad± icch±naªgale sannipatanti. Imasmi½ k±le mantasodhanattha½ sannipati½su. Ayamantar± kath±ti ya½ attano sah±yakabh±v±nur³pa½ katha½ kathent± anuvicari½su, tass± kath±ya antar± ayamaññ± kath± udap±di. S²lav±ti guºav±. Vattasampannoti ±c±rasampanno.
455. Anuññ±tapaµiññ±t±ti sikkhit± tumheti eva½ ±cariyehi anuññ±t±, ±ma ±cariya sikkhitamh±ti eva½ sayañca paµiññ±t±. Asm±ti bhav±ma. Aha½ pokkharas±tissa, t±rukkhass±ya½ m±ºavoti aha½ pokkharas±tissa jeµµhantev±s² aggasisso, aya½ t±rukkhass±ti d²peti.
Tevijj±nanti tived±na½ br±hmaº±na½. Yadakkh±tanti ya½ atthato ca byañjanato ca eka½ padampi akkh±ta½. Tatra kevalinosmaseti ta½ sakala½ j±nanato tattha niµµh±gatamh±ti attho. Id±ni ta½ kevalibh±va½ ±vikaronto padakasm±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha jappe ±cariyas±dis±ti kathanaµµh±ne maya½ ±cariyasadis±yeva.
Kammun±ti dasakusalakammapathakammun±. Ayañhi pubbe sattavidha½ k±yavac²kamma½ sandh±ya “yato kho, bho, s²lav± hot²”ti ±ha, tividha½ manokamma½ sandh±ya “vattasampanno”ti. Tena samann±gato hi ±c±rasampanno hoti. Cakkhum±ti pañcahi cakkh³hi cakkhumantabh±vena bhagavanta½ ±lapati.
Khay±t²tanti ³nabh±va½ at²ta½, paripuººanti attho. Pecc±ti upagantv±. Namassant²ti namo karonti.
Cakkhu½ loke samuppannanti avijjandhak±re loke ta½ andhak±ra½ vidhamitv± lokassa diµµhadhammik±di-atthadassanena cakkhu hutv± samuppanna½.
456. Eva½ v±seµµhena thometv± y±cito bhagav± dvepi jane saªgaºhanto tesa½ vo aha½ byakkhissanti-±dim±ha. Tattha byakkhissanti by±kariss±mi. Anupubbanti tiµµhatu t±va br±hmaºacint±, tiºarukkhak²µapaµaªgato paµµh±ya anupaµip±µiy± ±cikkhiss±m²ti attho. J±tivibhaªganti j±tivitth±ra½. Aññamaññ± hi j±tiyoti tesa½ tesañhi p±º±na½ j±tiyo aññamaññ± n±nappak±r±ti attho.
Tiºarukkheti anup±dinnakaj±ti½ katv± pacch± up±dinnakaj±ti½ kathess±mi, eva½ tassa j±tibhedo p±kaµo bhavissat²ti ima½ desana½ ±rabhi. Mah±s²vatthero pana “ki½, bhante, anup±dinnaka½ b²jan±nat±ya n±na½, up±dinna½ kamman±nat±y±ti? Eva½ vattu½ na vaµµat²”ti pucchito ±ma na vaµµati. Kammañhi yoniya½ khipati. Yonisiddh± ime satt± n±n±vaºº± hont²ti. Tiºarukkheti ettha antophegg³ bahis±r± antamaso t±lan±¼iker±dayopi tiº±neva, antos±r± pana bahiphegg³ sabbe rukkh± n±ma. Na c±pi paµij±nareti maya½ tiº± maya½ rukkh±ti v±, aha½ tiºa½, aha½ rukkhoti v± eva½ na j±nanti. Liªga½ j±timayanti aj±nant±nampi ca tesa½ j±timayameva saºµh±na½ attano m³labh³tatiº±disadisameva hoti. Ki½ k±raº±? Aññamaññ± hi j±tiyo. Yasm± aññ± tiºaj±ti, aññ± rukkhaj±ti. Tiºesupi aññ± t±laj±ti, aññ± n±¼ikeraj±ti, eva½ vitth±retabba½. Imin± ida½ dasseti– ya½ j±tivasena n±n± hoti, ta½ attano paµiñña½ paresa½ v± upadesa½ vin±pi aññaj±tito visesena gayhati. Yadi ca j±tiy± br±hmaºo bhaveyya, sopi attano paµiñña½ paresa½ v± upadesa½ vin± khattiyato vessato suddato v± visesena gayheyya, na ca gayhati. Tasm± na j±tiy± br±hmaºoti. Parato pana “yath± et±su j±t²s³”ti g±th±ya etamattha½ vac²bhedeneva ±vikarissati.
Eva½ anup±dinnakesu j±ti½ dassetv± up±dinnakesu dassento tato k²µeti-±dim±ha. Y±va kunthakipilliketi kunthakipillika½ pariyanta½ katv±ti attho. Ettha ca ye uppatitv± gacchanti, te paµaªg± n±ma. Aññamaññ± hi j±tiyoti tesampi n²laratt±divaººavasena j±tiyo n±nappak±r±va honti.
Khuddaketi k±¼ak±dayo. Mahallaketi sasabi¼±r±dayo.
P±d³dareti udarap±de, udara½yeva nesa½ p±d±ti vutta½ hoti. D²ghapiµµhiketi sapp±nañhi s²sato y±va naªguµµh± piµµhiyeva hoti, tena te “d²ghapiµµhik±”ti vuccanti.
Udaketi odake, udakamhi j±te.
Pakkh²ti sakuºe. Te hi pattehi yant²ti pattay±n±, veh±sa½ gacchant²ti vihaªgam±.
Eva½ thalajal±k±sagocar±na½ p±º±na½ j±tibheda½ dassetv± id±ni yen±dhipp±yena ta½ dasseti, ta½ ±vikaronto yath± et±s³ti g±tham±ha. Tassattho saªkhepena vuttova. Vitth±rato panettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ sayameva dassento na keseh²ti-±dim±ha. Tatr±ya½ yojan±– ya½ vutta½ “natthi manussesu liªgaj±timaya½ puth³”ti, ta½ eva½ natth²ti veditabba½. Seyyathida½? Na keseh²ti. Na hi– “br±hmaº±na½ edis± kes± honti, khattiy±na½ edis±”ti niyamo atthi yath± hatthi-assamig±d²nanti imin± nayena sabba½ yojetabba½.
Liªga½ j±timaya½ neva, yath± aññ±su j±tis³ti ida½ pana vuttassevatthassa nigamananti veditabba½. Tass±ya½ yojan±– eva½ yasm± imehi kes±d²hi natthi manussesu liªga½ j±timaya½ puthu, tasm± veditabbameta½ “br±hmaº±dibhedesu manussesu liªga½ j±timaya½ neva, yath± aññ±su j±tis³”ti.
457. Id±ni eva½ j±tibhede asatipi “br±hmaºo khattiyo”ti ida½ n±natta½ yath± j±ta½ ta½ dassetu½ paccattanti g±tham±ha. Tattha vok±ranti n±natta½. Aya½ panettha saªkhepattho– yath± hi tiracch±n±na½ yonisiddhameva kes±disaºµh±nena n±natta½, tath± br±hmaº±d²na½ attano attano sar²re ta½ natthi. Eva½ santepi yadeta½ “br±hmaºo khattiyo”ti vok±ra½, ta½ vok±rañca manussesu samaññ±ya pavuccati, voh±ramatteneva pavuccat²ti.
Ett±vat± bhagav± bh±radv±jassa v±da½ niggaºhitv± id±ni yadi j±tiy± br±hmaºo bhaveyya, ±j²vas²l±c±ravipannopi br±hmaºo bhaveyya. Yasm± pana por±º± br±hmaº± tassa br±hmaºabh±va½ na icchanti, loke ca aññepi paº¹itamanuss±, tasm± v±seµµhassa v±da½ paggaºhanto yo hi koci manusses³ti aµµha g±th± ±ha. Tattha gorakkhanti khettarakkha½, kasikammanti vutta½ hoti. Goti hi pathaviy± n±ma½, tasm± evam±ha. Puthusippen±ti tantav±yakamm±din±n±sippena. Voh±ranti vaºijja½. Parapessen±ti paresa½ veyy±vaccakammena. Issatthanti ±vudhaj²vika½, usuñca satti½ c±ti vutta½ hoti. Porohiccen±ti purohitakammena.
Eva½ br±hmaºasamayena ca lokavoh±rena ca ±j²vas²l±c±ravipannassa abr±hmaºabh±va½ s±dhetv± eva½ sante na j±tiy± br±hmaºo, guºehi pana br±hmaºo hoti. Tasm± yattha katthaci kule j±to yo guºav±, so br±hmaºo, ayamettha ñ±yoti evameta½ ñ±ya½ atthato ±p±detv± id±ni na½ vac²bhedena pak±sento na c±ha½ br±hmaºanti-±dim±ha. Tassattho– ahañhi yv±ya½ catunna½ yon²na½ yattha katthaci j±to, tatr±pi visesena yo br±hmaºassa sa½vaººit±ya m±tari sambh³to, ta½ yonija½ mattisambhava½, y± c±ya½ ubhato suj±toti-±din± nayena br±hmaºehi br±hmaºassa parisuddha-uppattimaggasaªkh±t± yoni vutt±, sa½suddhagahaºikoti imin± ca m±tisampatti, tatopi j±tasambh³tatt± yonijo mattisambhavoti vuccati, ta½ yonija½ mattisambhava½ imin± ca yonijamattisambhavamattena na br±hmaºa½ br³mi. Kasm±? Yasm±, bho bhoti, vacanamattena aññehi sakiñcanehi visiµµhatt± bhov±di n±ma so hoti, sace hoti sakiñcano sapalibodho. Yo pan±ya½ yattha katthaci j±topi r±g±dikiñcan±bh±vena akiñcano, sabbagahaºapaµinissaggena an±d±no, akiñcana½ an±d±na½, tamaha½ br³mi br±hmaºa½. Kasm±? Yasm± b±hitap±poti.
458. Kiñcabhiyyo sabbasa½yojana½ chetv±ti-±di sattav²sati g±th±. Tattha sabbasa½yojananti dasavidhasa½yojana½. Na paritassat²ti taºh±paritassan±ya na paritassati. Saªg±tiganti r±gasaªg±dayo atikkanta½. Visa½yuttanti cat³hi yon²hi sabbakilesehi v± visa½yutta½.
Naddhinti upan±ha½. Varattanti taºha½. Sand±nanti yuttap±sa½, diµµhipariyuµµh±nasseta½ adhivacana½. Sahanukkamanti anukkamo vuccati p±se pavesanagaºµhi, diµµh±nusayasseta½ n±ma½. Ukkhittapalighanti ettha palighoti avijj±. Buddhanti catusaccabuddha½. Titikkhat²ti khamati.
Khantibalanti adhiv±sanakhantibala½. S± pana saki½ uppann± bal±n²ka½ n±ma na hoti, punappuna½ uppann± pana hoti. Tass± atthit±ya bal±n²ka½.
Vatavantanti dhutaªgavanta½. S²lavantanti guºavanta½. Anussadanti r±g±di-ussadavirahita½. “Anussutan”tipi p±µho, anavassutanti attho. Dantanti nibbisevana½.
Na limpat²ti na all²yati. K±mes³ti kilesak±mavatthuk±mesu.
Dukkhassa paj±n±ti, idheva khayanti ettha arahattaphala½ dukkhakkhayoti adhippeta½. Paj±n±t²ti adhigamavasena j±n±ti. Pannabh±ranti ohitabh±ra½, khandhakilesa-abhisaªkh±rak±maguºabh±re ot±retv± µhita½. Visa½yuttapada½ vuttatthameva.
Gambh²rapaññanti gambh²resu ±rammaºesu pavattapañña½. Medh±vinti pakatipaññ±ya paññavanta½.
An±g±rehi c³bhayanti an±g±rehi ca visa½saµµha½ ubhayañca, dv²hipi cetehi visa½saµµhamev±ti attho. Anokas±rinti oka½ vuccati pañcak±maguº±layo, ta½ anall²yam±nanti attho. Appicchanti aniccha½.
Tases³ti sataºhesu. Th±vares³ti nittaºhesu.
Attadaº¹es³ti gahitadaº¹esu. Nibbutanti kilesanibb±nena nibbuta½. S±d±nes³ti sa-up±d±nesu.
Ohitoti patito.
459. Akakkasanti niddosa½. Sadoso hi rukkhopi sakakkasoti vuccati. Viññ±paninti atthaviññ±panika½. Saccanti avisa½v±dika½. Ud²rayeti bhaºati. Y±ya n±bhisajjeti y±ya gir±ya parassa sajjana½ v± laggana½ v± na karoti, t±disa½ apharusa½ gira½ bh±sat²ti attho.
D²ghanti sutt±ru¼habhaº¹a½. Rassanti vippakiººabhaº¹a½. Aºunti khuddaka½. Th³lanti mahanta½. Subh±subhanti sundar±sundara½. D²ghabhaº¹añhi appagghampi hoti mahagghampi. Rass±d²supi eseva nayo. Iti ett±vat± na sabba½ pariy±diººa½, “subh±subhan”ti imin± pana pariy±diººa½ hoti.
Nir±sayanti nittaºha½.
¾lay±ti taºh±lay±. Aññ±y±ti j±nitv±. Amatogadhanti amatabbhantara½. Anuppattanti anupaviµµha½.
Ubho saªganti ubhayampeta½ saªga½. Puññañhi sagge lagg±peti, apuñña½ ap±ye, tasm± ubhayampeta½ saªganti ±ha. Upaccag±ti at²to.
An±vilanti ±vilakaraºakilesavirahita½. Nand²bhavaparikkh²ºanti parikkh²ºanandi½ parikkh²ºabhava½.
“Yo iman”ti g±th±ya avijj±yeva visa½v±dakaµµhena palipatho, mah±viduggat±ya dugga½, sa½saraºaµµhena sa½s±ro, mohanaµµhena mohoti vutto. Tiººoti caturoghatiººo. P±raªgatoti nibb±na½ gato. Jh±y²ti ±rammaºalakkhaº³panijjh±navasena jh±y². Anejoti nittaºho. Anup±d±ya nibbutoti kiñci gahaºa½ aggahetv± sabbakilesanibb±nena nibbuto.
K±meti duvidhepi k±me. An±g±roti an±g±ro hutv±. Paribbajeti paribbajati. K±mabhavaparikkh²ºanti kh²ºak±ma½ kh²ºabhava½.
M±nusaka½ yoganti m±nusaka½ pañcak±maguºayoga½. Dibba½ yoganti dibba½ pañcak±maguºayoga½. Sabbayogavisa½yuttanti sabbakilesayogavisa½yutta½.
Ratinti pañcak±maguºarati½. Aratinti kusalabh±van±ya ukkaºµhita½. V²ranti v²riyavanta½.
Sugatanti sundara½ µh±na½ gata½, sundar±ya v± paµipattiy± gata½.
Gatinti nibbatti½. Pureti at²te. Pacch±ti an±gate. Majjheti paccuppanne. Kiñcananti kiñcanak±rako kileso.
Mahesinti mahante guºe pariyesanaµµhena mahesi½. Vijit±vinanti vijitavijaya½.
460. Eva½ bhagav± guºato kh²º±sava½yeva br±hmaºa½ dassetv± ye j±tito br±hmaºoti abhinivesa½ karonti, te ida½ aj±nant±, s±va nesa½ diµµhi duddiµµh²ti dassento samaññ± hes±ti g±th±dvayam±ha. Tassattho– yadida½ br±hmaºo khattiyo bh±radv±jo v±seµµhoti n±magotta½ pakappita½ kata½ abhisaªkhata½, samaññ± hes± lokasmi½, voh±ramattanti attho. Kasm±? Yasm± samucc± samud±gata½ samaññ±ya ±gata½. Etañhi tattha tattha j±tak±leyevassa ñ±tis±lohitehi pakappita½ kata½. No ce na½ eva½ pakappeyyu½, na koci kiñci disv± aya½ br±hmaºoti v± bh±radv±joti v± j±neyya. Eva½ pakappita½ peta½ d²gharatt±nusayita½, diµµhigatamaj±nata½, ta½ pakappita½ n±magotta½ “n±magottamattameta½, voh±rattha½ pakappitan”ti, aj±nant±na½ satt±na½ hadaye d²gharatta½ diµµhigatamanusayita½. Tassa anusayitatt± ta½ n±magotta½ aj±nant± no pabrunti, “j±tiy± hoti br±hmaºo”ti aj±nant±va eva½ vadant²ti vutta½ hoti.
Eva½ “ye ‘j±tito br±hmaºo’ti abhinivesa½ karonti, te ida½ voh±ramatta½ aj±nant±, s±va nesa½ diµµhi duddiµµh²”ti dassetv± id±ni nippariy±yameva j±tiv±da½ paµikkhipanto kammav±dañca patiµµhapento na jacc±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “kammun±”ti upa¹¹hag±th±ya vitth±raºattha½ kassako kammun±ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kammun±ti paccuppannena kasikamm±dinibbattakacetan±kammun±.
Paµiccasamupp±dadass±ti imin± paccayena eva½ hot²ti eva½ paµiccasamupp±dadass±vino. Kammavip±kakovid±ti samm±n±vam±n±rahakule kammavasena uppatti hoti, aññ±pi h²napaº²tat± h²napaº²te kamme vipaccam±ne hot²ti. Eva½ kammavip±kakusal±.
Kammun± vattat²ti g±th±ya pana lokoti v± paj±ti v± sattoti v± ekoyevattho, vacanamattabhedo. Purimapadena cettha “atthi brahm± mah±brahm± seµµho sajit±”ti diµµhiy± paµisedho veditabbo. Kammun± hi t±su t±su gat²su vattati loko, tassa ko sajit±ti. Dutiyapadena “eva½ kammun± nibbattopi ca pavattepi at²tapaccuppannabhedena kammun± vattati, sukhadukkh±ni paccanubhonto h²napaº²t±dibhedañca ±pajjanto pavattat²”ti dasseti. Tatiyena tamevattha½ nigameti “eva½ sabbath±pi kammanibandhan± satt± kammeneva baddh± hutv± pavattanti, na aññath±”ti. Catutthena tamettha½ upam±ya vibh±veti. Yath± hi rathassa y±yato ±ºi nibandhana½ hoti, na t±ya anibaddho y±ti, eva½ lokassa nibbattato ca pavattato ca kamma½ nibandhana½, na tena anibaddho nibbattati na pavattati.
Id±ni yasm± eva½ kammanibandhano loko, tasm± seµµhena kammun± seµµhabh±va½ dassento tapen±ti g±th±dvayam±ha. Tattha tapen±ti dhutaªgatapena. Brahmacariyen±ti methunaviratiy±. Sa½yamen±ti s²lena Damen±ti indriyadamena. Eten±ti etena seµµhena parisuddhena brahmabh³tena kammun± br±hmaºo hoti. Kasm±? Yasm± eta½ br±hmaºamuttama½, yasm± eta½ kamma½ uttamo br±hmaºaguºoti vutta½ hoti. “Brahm±nan”tipi p±µho. Aya½ panettha vacanattho– brahma½ ±net²ti brahm±na½, br±hmaºabh±va½ ±vahat²ti vutta½ hoti.
Dutiyag±th±ya santoti santakileso. Brahm± sakkoti brahm± ca sakko ca, yo evar³po, so na kevala½ br±hmaºo, atha kho brahm± ca sakko ca so vij±nata½ paº¹it±na½, eva½ v±seµµha, j±n±h²ti vutta½ hoti. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

V±seµµhasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.