5. Caªk²suttavaººan±

422. Eva½ me sutanti caªk²sutta½. Tattha devavane s±lavaneti tasmi½ kira devat±na½ balikamma½ kar²yati, tena ta½ devavanantipi s±lavanantipi vuccati. Op±s±da½ ajjh±vasat²ti op±s±dan±make br±hmaºag±me vasati, abhibhavitv± v± ±vasati, tassa s±m² hutv± y±ya mariy±d±ya tattha vasitabba½, t±ya mariy±d±ya vasati. Upasaggavasena panettha bhummatthe upayogavacana½ veditabba½, tathassa anuppayogatt±va sesapadesu. Tattha lakkhaºa½ saddasatthato pariyesitabba½. Sattussadanti sattehi ussada½ ussanna½, bahujana½ ±kiººamanussa½ pos±vaniyahatthi-assamoramig±di-anekasattasam±kiººañc±ti attho. Yasm± pana so g±mo bahi ±vijjhitv± j±tena hatthi-ass±d²na½ gh±satiºena ceva gehacchadanatiºena ca sampanno, tath± d±rukaµµhehi ceva gehasambh±rakaµµhehi ca, yasm± cassa abbhantare vaµµacaturass±disaºµh±n± bah³ pokkharaºiyo, jalajakusumavicitt±ni ca bahi anek±ni ta¼±k±ni v± udakassa niccabharit±neva honti, tasm± satiºakaµµhodakanti vutta½.
Saha dhaññena sadhañña½, pubbaºº±paraºº±dibheda½ bahudhaññasannicayanti attho. Ett±vat± yasmi½ g±me br±hmaºo setacchatta½ uss±petv± r±jal²l±ya vasati. Tassa samiddhisampatti d²pit± hoti. R±jato laddha½ bhogga½ r±jabhogga½. Kena dinnanti ce, raññ± pasenadin± kosalena dinna½. R±jad±yanti rañño d±yabh³ta½, d±yajjanti attho. Brahmadeyyanti seµµhadeyya½, chatta½ uss±petv± r±jasaªkhepena bhuñjitabbanti attho. Atha v± r±jabhogganti sabba½ chejjabhejja½ anus±santena titthapabbat±d²su suªka½ gaºhantena setacchatta½ uss±petv± raññ± hutv± bhuñjitabba½. Tattha raññ± pasenadin± kosalena dinna½ r±jad±yanti. Ettha raññ± dinnatt± r±jad±ya½, d±yakar±jad²panattha½ panassa “raññ± pasenadin± kosalena dinnan”ti ida½ vutta½. Brahmadeyyanti seµµhadeyya½, yath± dinna½ na puna gahetabba½ hoti nissaµµhapariccatta½, eva½ dinnanti attho.
423. Bah³ bah³ hutv± sa½hat±ti saªgh±. Ekekiss± dis±ya saªgho tesa½ atth²ti saªgh². Pubbe g±massa anto agaº± bahi nikkhamitv± gaº± sampann±ti gaº²bh³t±. Uttarenamukh±ti uttaradis±bhimukh±. Khatta½ ±mantes²ti khatt± vuccati pucchitapañhaby±karaºasamattho mah±matto, ta½ ±mantesi. ¾gament³ti muhutta½ paµim±nentu, acchant³ti vutta½ hoti.
424. N±n±verajjak±nanti n±n±vidhesu rajjesu aññesu k±sikosal±d²su j±t± v± nivasanti v±, tato v± ±gat±ti n±n±verajjak±, tesa½ n±n±verajjak±na½. Kenacidev±ti aniyamitena yaññup±san±din± kenaci kiccena. Te tassa gamana½ sutv± cintesu½– “aya½, caªk², uggatabr±hmaºo, yebhuyyena ca aññe br±hmaº± samaºa½ gotama½ saraºa½ gat±, ayameva na gato. Sv±ya½ sace tattha gamissati, addh± samaºassa gotamassa ±vaµµaniy± m±y±ya ±vaµµito saraºa½ gamissati. Tato etass±pi gehadv±re br±hmaº±na½ asannip±to bhavissati. Handassa gamanantar±ya½ karom±”ti sammantayitv± tattha agama½su. Ta½ sandh±ya “atha kho te br±hmaº±”ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha ubhatoti dv²hi pakkhehi. M±tito ca pitito c±ti, bhoto m±t± br±hmaº², m±tum±t± br±hmaº², tass±pi m±t± br±hmaº². Pit± br±hmaºo, pitupit± br±hmaºo, tassapi pit± br±hmaºoti. Eva½ bhava½ ubhato suj±to, m±tito ca pitito ca. Sa½suddhagahaºikoti sa½suddh± te m±tu gahaº², sa½suddh± te m±tu kucch²ti attho. Y±va sattam± pit±mahayug±ti ettha pitu pit± pit±maho, pit±mahassa yuga½ pit±mahayuga½. Yuganti ±yuppam±ºa½ vuccati. Abhil±pamattameva ceta½, atthato pana pit±mahova pit±mahayuga½. Tato uddha½ sabbepi pubbapuris± pit±mahaggahaºeneva gahit±. Eva½ y±va sattamo puriso, t±va sa½suddhagahaºiko. Atha v± akkhitto anupakuµµho j±tiv±den±ti dasseti. Akkhittoti apanetha eta½, ki½ imin±ti eva½ akkhitto anavakkhitto. Anupakkuµµhoti na upakuµµho, na akkosa½ v± ninda½ v± pattapubbo. Kena k±raºen±ti. J±tiv±dena, itipi h²naj±tiko esoti evar³pena vacanen±ti attho. Imin±paªgen±ti imin±pi k±raºena.
A¹¹hoti issaro. Mahaddhanoti mahat± dhanena samann±gato. Bhoto hi gehe pathaviya½ pa½suv±lik± viya bahu dhana½, samaºo pana gotamo adhano bhikkh±ya udara½ p³retv± y±pet²ti dassenti Mah±bhogoti pañcak±maguºavasena mah±-upabhogo. Eva½ ya½ ya½ guºa½ vadanti, tassa tassa paµipakkhavasena bhagavato aguºa½yeva dassem±ti maññam±n± vadanti.
Abhir³poti aññehi manussehi adhikar³po. Dassan²yoti divasampi passant±na½ atittikaraºato dassanayoggo, dassaneneva cittapas±dajananato p±s±diko. Pokkharat± vuccati sundarabh±vo, vaººassa pokkharat± vaººapokkharat±, t±ya vaººapokkharat±ya, vaººasampattiy±ti attho. Por±º± pana pokkharanti sar²ra½ vadanti, vaººa½ vaººameva. Tesa½ matena vaººo ca pokkharañca vaººapokkhar±ni, tesa½ bh±vo vaººapokkharat±. Iti param±ya vaººapokkharat±y±ti uttamaparisuddhena vaººena ceva sar²rasaºµh±nasampattiy± c±ti attho. Brahmavaºº²ti seµµhavaºº², parisuddhavaººesupi seµµhena suvaººavaººeneva samann±gatoti attho. Brahmavacchas²ti mah±brahmuno sar²rasadisena sar²rena samann±gato. Akhudd±vak±so dassan±y±ti bhoto sar²re dassanassa ok±so na khuddako mah±. Sabb±neva te aªgapaccaªg±ni dassan²y±neva, t±ni c±pi mahant±nev±ti d²peti.
S²lamassa atth²ti s²lav±. Vuddha½ va¹¹hita½ s²lamass±ti vuddhas²l². Vuddhas²len±ti vuddhena va¹¹hitena s²lena. Samann±gatoti yutto, ida½ vuddhas²l²padasseva vevacana½. Sabbameta½ pañcas²lamattameva sandh±ya vadanti.
K±ly±ºav±coti-±d²su kaly±º± sundar± parimaº¹alapadabyañjan± v±c± ass±ti kaly±ºav±co. Kaly±ºa½ madhura½ v±kkaraºa½ ass±ti kaly±ºav±kkaraºo. V±kkaraºanti ud±haraºaghoso. Guºaparipuººabh±vena pure bhav±ti por². Pure v± bhavatt± por². N±garikitthiy± sukhum±lattanena sadis±tipi por². T±ya poriy±. Vissaµµh±y±ti apalibuddh±ya, sandiµµhavilambit±didosarahit±ya. Anelagal±y±ti elagalena virahit±ya. Ekaccassa hi kathentassa ela½ galati, l±l± v± paggharati, khe¼aphusit±ni v± nikkhamanti, tassa v±c± elagal± n±ma hoti. Tabbiparit±y±ti attho. Atthassa viññ±paniy±ti-±dimajjhapariyos±na½ p±kaµa½ katv± bh±sitatthassa viññ±panasamatth±ya. Sesamettha br±hmaºavaººe utt±nameva.
425. Eva½ vutteti eva½ tehi br±hmaºehi vutte, caªk², “ime br±hmaº± attano vaººe vuccam±ne atussanakasatto n±ma natthi, vaººamassa bhaºitv± niv±ress±m±ti j±ti-±d²hi mama vaººa½ vadanti, na kho pana me yutta½ attano vaººe rajjitu½. Hand±ha½ etesa½ v±da½ bhinditv± samaºassa gotamassa mahantabh±va½ ñ±petv± etesa½ tattha gamana½ karom²”ti cintetv± tena hi, bho, mam±pi suº±th±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yepi “ubhato suj±to”ti-±dayo attano guºehi sadis± guº±, tepi “ko c±ha½, ke ca samaºassa gotamassa j±tisampatti-±dayo guº±”ti attano guºehi uttaritareyeva maññam±no, itare pana ekanteneva bhagavato mahantabh±vad²panattha½ pak±seti. Mayameva arah±m±ti eva½ niyamento cettha ida½ d²peti– yadi guºamahantat±ya upasaªkamitabbo n±ma hoti, yath± sineru½ upanidh±ya s±sapo, mah±samudda½ upanidh±ya gopadaka½, sattasu mah±saresu udaka½ upanidh±ya uss±vabindu paritto l±mako, evameva½ samaºassa gotamassa j±tisampatti-±dayo guºe upanidh±ya amh±ka½ guº± paritt± l±mak±, tasm± mayameva arah±ma ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ dassan±ya upasaªkamitunti.
Bh³migatañca veh±saµµhañc±ti ettha r±jaªgaºe ceva uyy±ne ca sudh±maµµh± pokkharaºiyo sattaratanap³ri½ katv± bh³miya½ µhapita½ dhana½ bh³migata½ n±ma, p±s±daniy³h±dayo pana p³retv± µhapita½ veh±saµµha½ n±ma. Eva½ t±va kulapariy±yena ±gata½. Tath±gatassa pana j±tadivaseyeva saªkho elo uppalo puº¹ar²koti catt±ro nidhayo upagat±. Tesu saªkho g±vutiko, elo a¹¹hayojaniko, uppalo tig±vutiko puº¹ar²ko yojanikoti. Tesupi gahitagahitaµµh±na½ p³ratiyeva. Iti bhagav± pah³ta½ hiraññasuvaººa½ oh±ya pabbajitoti veditabbo. Daharo v±ti-±d²ni heµµh± vitth±rit±neva.
Akhudd±vak±soti ettha bhagavati aparim±ºoyeva dassan±vak±soti veditabbo. Tatrida½ vatthu½– r±jagahe kira aññataro br±hmaºo “samaºassa kira gotamassa pam±ºa½ gahetu½ na sakk±”ti sutv± bhagavato piº¹±ya pavisanak±le saµµhihattha½ ve¼u½ gahetv± nagaradv±rassa bahi µhatv± sampatte bhagavati ve¼u½ gahetv± sam²pe aµµh±si, ve¼u bhagavato j±ºumatta½ p±puºi. Punadivase dve ve¼³ ghaµetv± sam²pe aµµh±si bhagav± dvinna½ ve¼³na½ upari dviveºumattameva paññ±yam±no, “br±hmaºa, ki½ karos²”ti ±ha? Tumh±ka½ pam±ºa½ gaºh±m²ti. “Br±hmaºa, sacepi tva½ sakalacakkav±¼agabbha½ p³retv± µhitave¼u½ ghaµetv± ±gamissasi, neva me pam±ºa½ gahetu½ sakkhissasi. Na hi may± catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca tath± p±ramiyo p³rit±, yath± me paro pam±ºa½ gaºheyya, atulo br±hmaºa, tath±gato appameyyo”ti vatv± dhammapade g±tham±ha. G±th±pariyos±ne catur±s²tip±ºasahass±ni amata½ pivi½su.
Aparampi vatthu– r±hu kira asurindo catt±ri yojanasahass±ni aµµha ca yojanasat±ni ucco, b±hantaramassa dv±dasayojanasat±ni, hatthatalap±datal±na½ puthulat± t²ºi yojanasat±ni, aªgulipabb±ni paºº±sayojan±ni bhamukantara½ paºº±sayojana½, nal±µa½ tiyojanasata½, s²sa½ navayojanasata½. So– “aha½ uccosmi, satth±ra½ onamitv± oloketu½ na sakkhiss±m²”ti na gacchati. So ekadivasa½ bhagavato vaººa½ sutv± “yath± kathañca olokess±m²”ti ±gato. Bhagav± tassa ajjh±saya½ viditv± “cat³su iriy±pathesu katarena dassem²”ti cintetv± “µhitako n±ma n²copi ucco viya paññ±yati, nipannovassa att±na½ dassess±m²”ti, “±nanda, gandhakuµipariveºe mañcaka½ paññ±peh²”ti vatv± tattha s²haseyya½ kappesi. R±hu ±gantv± nipanna½ bhagavanta½ g²va½ unn±metv± nabhamajjhe puººacanda½ viya ulloketi. Kimida½ asurind±ti ca vutte, bhagav± onamitv± oloketu½ na sakkhiss±m²ti na gacchinti. Na may± asurinda adhomukhena p±ramiyo p³rit±, uddhagga½ me katv± d±na½ dinnanti. Ta½divasa½ r±hu saraºa½ agam±si. Eva½ bhagav± akhudd±vak±so dassan±ya.
Catup±risuddhis²lena s²lav±. Ta½ pana s²la½ ariya½ uttama½ parisuddha½, ten±ha ariyas²l²ti. Tadeva anavajjaµµhena kusala½, ten±ha kusalas²l²ti. Kusalena s²len±ti idamassa vevacana½. Bah³na½ ±cariyap±cariyoti bhagavato ekek±ya dhammadesan±ya catur±s²tip±ºasahass±ni aparim±º±pi devamanuss± maggaphal±mata½ pivanti. Tasm± bah³na½ ±cariyo, s±vakavineyy±na½ p±cariyoti.
Kh²ºak±mar±goti ettha k±ma½ bhagavato sabbepi kiles± kh²º±, br±hmaºo pana te na j±n±ti, attano j±nanaµµh±neyeva guºa½ katheti. Vigatac±palloti “pattamaº¹an± c²varamaº¹an± sen±sanamaº¹an± imassa v± p³tik±yassa…pe… kelan± paµikelan±”ti eva½ vuttac±palyavirahito.
Ap±papurekkh±roti ap±pe navalokuttaradhamme purato katv± vicarati. Brahmaññ±ya paj±y±ti s±riputtamoggall±namah±kassap±dibhed±ya br±hmaºapaj±ya. (Aviruddho hi so) etiss±ya paj±ya purekkh±ro. Ayañhi paj± samaºa½ gotama½ purato katv± carat²ti attho. Apica ap±papurekkh±roti na p±pupurekkh±ro, na p±pa½ purato katv± carati, p±pa½ na icchat²ti attho. Kassa? Brahmaññ±ya paj±ya attan± saddhi½ paµiviruddh±yapi br±hmaºapaj±ya aviruddho hitasukhatthikoyev±ti vutta½ hoti.
Tiroraµµh±ti pararaµµhato. Tirojanapad±ti parajanapadato. Sa½pucchitu½ ±gacchant²ti khattiyapaº¹it±dayo ceva br±hmaºagandhabb±dayo ca pañhe abhisaªkharitv± pucchiss±m±ti ±gacchanti. Tattha keci pucch±ya v± dosa½ vissajjanasampaµicchane v± asamatthata½ sallakkhetv± apucchitv±va tuºh² nis²danti, keci pucchanti, kesañci bhagav± pucch±ya uss±ha½ janetv± vissajjeti. Eva½ sabbesampi tesa½ vimatiyo t²ra½ patv± mah±samuddassa ³miyo viya bhagavanta½ patv±va bhijjanti. Sesamettha tath±gatassa vaººe utt±nameva.
Atith² no te hont²ti te amh±ka½ ±gantuk± navak± p±hunak± hont²ti attho. Pariy±puº±m²ti j±n±mi. Aparim±ºavaººoti tath±r³peneva sabbaññun±pi appameyyavaººo, pageva m±disen±ti dasseti. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Buddhopi buddhassa bhaºeyya vaººa½,
kappampi ce aññamabh±sam±no;
kh²yetha kappo cirad²ghamantare,
vaººo na kh²yetha tath±gatass±”ti.
Ima½ pana guºakatha½ sutv± te br±hmaº± cintayi½su “yath±, caªk², samaºassa gotamassa vaººa½ bh±sati, anomaguºo so bhava½ gotamo, eva½ tassa guºe j±nam±nena kho pana imin± aticira½ adhiv±sita½, handa na½ anuvatt±m±”ti anuvattam±n± “tena hi, bho”ti-±dim±ha½su.
426. Op±tet²ti paveseti. Sa½purekkharont²ti puttamattanattamattampi sam±na½ purato katv± vicaranti.
427. Mantapadanti mant±yeva mantapada½, vedoti attho. Itihitiha parampar±y±ti eva½ kira eva½ kir±ti paramparabh±vena ±gatanti d²peti. Piµakasampad±y±ti p±vacanasaªkh±tasampattiy±. S±vitti-±d²hi chandabandhehi ca vaggabandhehi ca samp±detv± ±gatanti dasseti. Tattha c±ti tasmi½ mantapade. Pavatt±roti pavattayit±ro. Yesanti yesa½ santaka½. Mantapadanti vedasaªkh±ta½ mantameva. G²tanti aµµhak±d²hi dasahi por±ºakabr±hmaºehi padasampattivasena sajjh±yita½. Pavuttanti aññesa½ vutta½, v±citanti attho. Samihitanti samupaby³¼ha½ r±sikata½, piº¹a½ katv± µhapitanti attho. Tadanug±yant²ti etarahi br±hmaº± ta½ tehi pubbe g²ta½ anug±yanti anusajjh±yanti v±denti. Tadanubh±sant²ti ta½ anubh±santi, ida½ purimasseva vevacana½. Bh±sitamanubh±sant²ti tehi bh±sita½ sajjh±yita½ anusajjh±yanti. V±citamanuv±cent²ti tehi aññesa½ v±cita½ anuv±centi. Seyyathidanti te katameti attho. Aµµhakoti-±d²ni tesa½ n±m±ni, te kira dibbena cakkhun± oloketv± par³pagh±ta½ akatv± kassapasamm±sambuddhassa bhagavato p±vacanena saha sa½sandetv± mante ganthesu½, apar±pare pana br±hmaº± p±º±tip±t±d²ni pakkhipitv± tayo vede bhinditv± buddhavacanena saddhi½ viruddhe aka½su.
428. Andhaveº²ti andhapaveº². Ekena hi cakkhumat± gahitayaµµhiy± koµi½ eko andho gaºh±ti, ta½ andha½ añño, ta½ aññoti eva½ paºº±sa saµµhi andh± paµip±µiy± ghaµit± andhaveº²ti vuccati. Parampar±sa½satt±ti aññamañña½ lagg±, yaµµhigg±hakenapi cakkhumat± virahit±ti attho. Eko kira dhutto andhagaºa½ disv± “asukasmi½ n±ma g±me khajjabhojja½ sulabhan”ti uss±hetv± tehi “tattha no s±mi nehi, ida½ n±ma te dem±”ti vutte lañja½ gahetv± antar±magge magg± okkamma mahanta½ gaccha½ anuparigantv± purimassa hatthena pacchimassa kaccha½ gaºh±petv± “kiñci kamma½ atthi, gacchatha t±va tumhe”ti vatv± pal±yi. Te divasampi gantv± magga½ avindam±n± “kaha½, bho, cakkhum± kaha½ maggo”ti paridevitv± magga½ avindam±n± tattheva mari½su. Te sandh±ya vutta½ “parampar±sa½satt±”ti. Purimop²ti purimesu dasasu br±hmaºesu ekopi. Majjhimop²ti majjhe ±cariyap±cariyesu ekopi. Pacchimop²ti id±ni br±hmaºesu ekopi.
Pañca khoti p±¼i-±gatesu dv²su aññepi evar³pe tayo pakkhipitv± vadati. Dvedh±vip±k±ti bh³tavip±k± v± abh³tavip±k± v±. N±lametth±ti, bh±radv±ja, sacca½ anurakkhiss±m²ti paµipannena viññun± “ya½ may± gahita½, idameva sacca½ moghamaññan”ti ettha eka½seneva niµµha½ gantu½ n±la½ na yuttanti upari pucch±ya magga½ vivaritv± µhapesi.
430. Idha, bh±radv±ja, bhikkh³ti j²vakasutte (ma. ni. 2.51 ±dayo) viya mah±vacchasutte (ma. ni. 2.193 ±dayo) viya ca att±naññeva sandh±ya vadati. Lobhan²yesu dhammes³ti lobhadhammesu. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo.
432. Saddha½ niveset²ti okappaniyasaddha½ niveseti. Upasaªkamat²ti upagacchati. Payirup±sat²ti santike nis²dati. Sotanti pas±dasota½ odahati. Dhammanti desan±dhamma½ suº±ti. Dh±ret²ti paguºa½ katv± dh±reti. Upaparikkhat²ti atthato ca k±raºato ca v²ma½sati. Nijjh±na½ khamant²ti olokana½ khamanti, idha s²la½ kathita½, idha sam±dh²ti eva½ upaµµhahant²ti attho. Chandoti kattukamyat± chando. Ussahat²ti v±yamati. Tulet²ti anicc±divasena t²reti. Padahat²ti maggapadh±na½ padahati. K±yena ceva paramasaccanti sahaj±tan±mak±yena ca nibb±na½ sacchikaroti, paññ±ya ca kilese nibbijjhitv± tadeva vibh³ta½ p±kaµa½ karonto passati.
433. Sacc±nubodhoti magg±nubodho. Sacc±nuppatt²ti phalasacchikiriy±. Tesa½yev±ti heµµh± vutt±na½ dv±dasanna½, eva½ d²gha½ maggav±da½ anulometi, tasm± n±yamattho. Aya½ panettha attho– tesa½yev±ti tesa½ maggasampayuttadhamm±na½. Padh±nanti maggapadh±na½. Tañhi phalasacchikiriyasaªkh±t±ya sacc±nuppattiy± bahuk±ra½, magge asati phal±bh±vatoti. Imin± nayena sabbapadesu attho veditabbo. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Caªk²suttavaººan± niµµhit±.