2. Selasuttavaººan±

396. Eva½ me sutanti selasutta½. Tattha aªguttar±pes³ti-±di potaliyasutte vitth±ritameva. A¹¹hate¼aseh²ti a¹¹hena te¼asehi, dv±dasahi satehi paññ±s±ya ca bhikkh³hi saddhinti vutta½ hoti. Te pana s±vakasannip±te sannipatit± bhikkh³yeva sabbe ehibhikkhupabbajj±ya pabbajit± kh²º±sav±. Keºiyoti tassa n±ma½, jaµiloti t±paso. So kira br±hmaºamah±s±lo, dhanarakkhaºatth±ya pana t±pasapabbajja½ sam±d±ya rañño paºº±k±ra½ datv± bh³mibh±ga½ gahetv± tattha assama½ k±retv± vasati pañcahi sakaµasatehi vaºijja½ payojetv± kulasahassassa nissayo hutv±, assamepi cassa eko t±larukkho divase divase eka½ sovaººamaya½ t±laphala½ muñcat²ti vadanti. So div± k±s±y±ni dh±reti, jaµ± ca bandhati, ratti½ k±masampatti½ anubhavati. Dhammiy± kath±y±ti p±nak±nisa½sapaµisa½yutt±ya dhammiy± kath±ya. Ayañhi keºiyo tucchahattho bhagavato dassan±ya gantu½ lajj±yam±no– “vik±labhojan± virat±nampi p±naka½ kappat²”ti cintetv± susaªkhatabadarap±na½ pañcahi k±jasatehi g±h±petv± agam±si. Eva½ gatabh±vo cassa– “atha kho keºiyassa jaµilassa etadahosi ki½ nu kho aha½ samaºassa gotamassa har±peyyan”ti bhesajjakkhandhake (mah±va. 300) p±¼i-±ru¼hoyeva.
Dutiyampi kho bhagav±ti kasm± punappuna½ paµikkhipi? Titthiy±na½ paµikkhepapasannat±ya, ak±raºameta½, natthi buddh±na½ paccayahetu evar³pa½ kohañña½. Aya½ pana a¹¹hate¼as±ni bhikkhusat±ni disv± ettak±na½yeva bhikkha½ paµiy±dessati, sveva selo t²hi purisasatehi saddhi½ pabbajissati. Ayutta½ kho pana navake aññato pesetv± imeheva saddhi½ gantu½, ime v± aññato pesetv± navakehi saddhi½ gantu½. Ath±pi sabbe gahetv± gamiss±mi, bhikkh±h±ro nappahossati. Tato bhikkh³su piº¹±ya carantesu manuss± ujjh±yissanti– “cirass±pi keºiyo samaºa½ gotama½ nimantetv± y±panamatta½ d±tu½ n±sakkh²”ti, sayampi vippaµis±r² bhavissati. Paµikkhepe pana kate “samaºo gotamo punappuna½ ‘tvañca br±hmaºesu abhippasanno’ti br±hmaº±na½ n±ma½ gaºh±t²”ti cintetv± br±hmaºepi nimantetuk±mo bhavissati, tato br±hmaºe p±µiyekka½ nimantessati te tena nimantit± bhikkh³ hutv± bhuñjissanti. Evamassa saddh± anurakkhit± bhavissat²ti punappuna½ paµikkhipi. Kiñc±pi kho, bhoti imin± ida½ d²peti,– “bho gotama, ki½ j±ta½ yadi aha½ br±hmaºesu abhippasanno, adhiv±setu bhava½ gotamo, aha½ br±hmaº±nampi d±tu½ sakkomi tumh±kamp²”ti.
K±yaveyy±vaµikanti k±yaveyy±vacca½. Maº¹alam±¼anti dussamaº¹apa½.
397. ¾v±hoti kaññ±gahaºa½. Viv±hoti kaññ±d±na½. So me nimantitoti so may± nimantito. Atha br±hmaºo paripakkopanissayatt± buddhasadda½ sutv±va amatenev±bhisitto pas±da½ ±vikaronto buddhoti bho keºiya, vades²ti ±ha. Keºiyo yath±bh³ta½ ±cikkhanto buddhoti, bho sela, vad±m²ti ±ha. Tato na½ punapi da¼h²karaºattha½ pucchi, itaropi tatheva ±rocesi.
398. Athassa kappasatasahassehipi buddhasaddasseva dullabhabh±va½ sampassato. Etadahos²ti. Eta½ “ghosopi kho”ti-±di ahosi. N²lavanar±j²ti n²lavaººarukkhapanti. Pade padanti padappam±ºe pada½. Acc±sanne hi atid³re v± p±de nikkhipam±ne saddo uµµh±ti, ta½ paµisedhento evam±ha. S²h±va ekacar±ti gaºav±s² s²ho s²hapotak±d²hi saddhi½ pam±da½ ±pajjati, ekacaro appamatto hoti. Iti appam±davih±ra½ dassento ekacaras²hena opamma½ karoti. M± me bhontoti ±c±ra½ sikkh±pento ±ha. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– sace tumhe kath±v±ra½ alabhitv± mama kath±ya antare katha½ pavesessatha, “antev±sike sikkh±petu½ n±sakkh²”ti mayha½ garah± uppajjissati, tasm± ok±sa½ passitv± manteyy±th±ti. No ca kho na½ j±n±m²ti vipass²pi bodhisatto catur±s²tisahassattherapabbajitapariv±ro satta m±s±ni bodhisattac±rika½ cari, buddhupp±dak±lo viya ahosi. Amh±kampi bodhisatto chabbass±ni bodhisattac±rika½ cari. Eva½ paripuººasar²ralakkhaºehi samann±gat±pi buddh± na honti. Tasm± br±hmaºo “no ca kho na½ j±n±m²”ti ±ha.
399. Paripuººak±yoti lakkhaºehi paripuººat±ya ah²naªgat±ya ca paripuººasar²ro. Suruc²ti sundarasar²rappabho. Suj±toti ±rohapariº±hasampattiy± saºµh±nasampattiy± ca sunibbatto. C±rudassanoti sucirampi passant±na½ atittijanako manoharadassano. Suvaººavaººoti suvaººasadisavaººo. Susukkad±µhoti suµµhu sukkad±µho. Mah±purisalakkhaº±ti paµhama½ vuttabyañjan±neva vacanantarena nigamento ±ha.
Id±ni tesu lakkhaºesu attano cittarucit±ni gahetv± thomento pasannanettoti-±dim±ha. Bhagav± hi pañcavaººapas±dasampattiy± pasannanetto, puººacandasadisamukhat±ya sumukho, ±rohapariº±hasampattiy± brah±, brahmujugattat±ya uju, jutimantat±ya pat±pav±. Yampi cettha pubbe vutta½, ta½ “majjhe samaºasaªghass±”ti imin± pariy±yena thomayat± puna vutta½. Ediso hi eva½ virocati. Uttarag±th±yapi eseva nayo. Uttamavaºº²noti uttamavaººasampannassa. Rathesabhoti uttamas±rathi. Jambusaº¹ass±ti jambud²passa. P±kaµena issariya½ issaro hoti.
Khattiy±ti j±tikhattiy±. Bhog²ti bhogiy±. R±j±noti ye keci rajja½ k±rent±. R±j±bhir±j±ti r±j³na½ p³jan²yo, adhir±j± hutv±, cakkavatt²ti adhipp±yo. Manujindoti manuss±dhipati paramissaro hutv±.
Eva½ vutte bhagav±– “ye te bhavanti arahanto samm±sambuddh±, te sakavaººe bhaññam±ne att±na½ p±tukaront²”ti ima½ selassa manoratha½ p³rento r±j±hamasm²ti-±dim±ha. Tatr±yamadhipp±yo– ya½ ma½ tva½ sela “r±j± arahasi bhavitun”ti y±casi, ettha appossukko hoti r±j±hamasmi. Sati ca r±jatte yath± añño r±j± yojanasata½ v± anus±sati yojanasahassa½ v±, cakkavatt² hutv±pi catud²papariyantamatta½ v±, n±hameva½ paricchinnavisayo, ahañhi dhammar±j± anuttaro bhavaggato av²cipariyanta½ katv± tiriya½ appam±ºalokadh±tuyo anus±s±mi. Y±vat± hi apadadvipad±dibhed± satt±, aha½ tesa½ aggo. Na hi me koci s²lena v±…pe… vimuttiñ±ºadassanena v± paµibh±go atthi, sv±ha½ eva½ dhammar±j± anuttaro anuttareneva catusatipaµµh±n±dibhedena dhammena cakka½ vattemi. Ida½ pajahatha, ida½ upasampajja viharath±ti ±º±cakka½, ida½ kho pana, bhikkhave, dukkha½ ariyasaccanti-±din± pariyattidhammena dhammacakkameva v±. Cakka½ appaµivattiyanti ya½ cakka½ appaµivattiya½ hoti samaºena v±…pe… kenaci v± lokasminti.
Eva½ att±na½ ±vikaronta½ bhagavanta½ disv± p²tisomanassaj±to selo puna da¼h²karaºattha½ sambuddho paµij±n±s²ti g±th±dvayam±ha. Tattha ko nu sen±pat²ti rañño bhoto dhammena pavattitassa cakkassa anupavattako sen±pati ko n³ti pucchi.
Tena ca samayena bhagavato dakkhiºapasse ±yasm± s±riputto nisinno hoti suvaººapuñjo viya siriy± sobham±no, ta½ dassento bhagav± may± pavattitanti g±tham±ha. Tattha anuj±to tath±gatanti tath±gata½ hetu½ anuj±to, tath±gatena hetun± j±toti attho. Apica avaj±to anuj±to atij±toti tayo vutt±. Tesu avaj±to duss²lo, so tath±gatassa putto n±ma na hoti. Atij±to n±ma pitar± uttaritaro, t±disopi tath±gatassa putto natthi. Tath±gatassa pana eko anuj±tova putto hoti, ta½ dassento evam±ha.
Eva½ “ko nu sen±pat²”ti pañha½ by±karitv± ya½ selo ±ha “sambuddho paµij±n±s²”ti, tatra na½ nikkaªkha½ k±tuk±mo “n±ha½ paµiññ±matteneva paµij±n±mi, apic±ha½ imin± k±raºena buddho”ti ñ±petu½ abhiññeyyanti g±tham±ha. Tatra abhiññeyyanti vijj± ca vimutti ca. Bh±vetabba½ maggasacca½. Pah±tabba½ samudayasacca½. Hetuvacanena pana phalasiddhito tesa½ phal±ni nirodhasaccadukkhasacc±nipi vutt±neva honti. Eva½ sacchik±tabba½ sacchikata½ pariññ±tabba½ pariññ±tanti idampettha saªgahitanti catusaccabh±van±phalañca vimuttiñca dassento “bujjhitabba½ bujjhitv± buddho j±tosm²”ti yuttahetun± buddhabh±va½ s±dheti.
Eva½ nippariy±yena att±na½ ±vikatv± attani kaªkh±vitaraºattha½ br±hmaºa½ atic±riyam±no vinayass³ti g±thattayam±ha. Tattha sallakattoti r±g±disallakantano. Anuttaroti yath± b±hiravejjena v³pasamitarogo imasmiññevattabh±ve kuppati, na eva½. May± v³pasamitassa pana rogassa bhavantarepi uppatti natthi, tasm± aha½ anuttaroti attho. Brahmabh³toti seµµhabh³to. Atituloti tula½ at²to, nirupamoti attho. M±rasenappamaddanoti k±m± te paµham± sen±ti eva½ ±gat±ya m±rasen±ya pamaddano. Sabb±mitteti khandhakiles±bhisaªkh±ramaccudevaputtam±rasaªkh±te sabbapaccatthike. Vas²katv±ti attano vase vattetv±. Akutobhayoti kutoci abhayo.
Eva½ vutte selo br±hmaºo t±vadeva bhagavati sañj±tapas±do pabbajj±pekkho hutv± ima½ bhontoti g±thattayam±ha. Tattha kaºh±bhij±tikoti caº¹±l±din²cakule j±to. Tato tepi m±ºavak± pabbajj±pekkh± hutv± evañce ruccati, bhototi g±tham±ha½su. Atha selo tesu m±ºavakesu tuµµhacitto te ca dassento pabbajja½ y±canto “br±hmaº±”ti g±tham±ha.
Tato bhagav± yasm± selo at²te padumuttarassa bhagavato s±sane tesa½yeva tiººa½ purisasat±na½ gaºaseµµho hutv± tehi saddhi½ pariveºa½ k±retv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni katv± tena kammena devamanussasampatti½ anubhavam±no pacchime bhave tesa½yeva ±cariyo hutv± nibbatto, tañca tesa½ kamma½ vimuttiparip±k±ya paripakka½ ehibhikkhubh±vassa ca upanissayabh³ta½, tasm± te sabbeva ehibhikkhupabbajja½ pabb±jento sv±kkh±tanti g±tham±ha. Tattha sandiµµhikanti sayameva daµµhabba½ paccakkha½. Ak±likanti magg±nantaraphaluppattiy± na k±lantara½ pattabbaphala½. Yattha amogh±ti yasmi½ maggabrahmacariye appamattassa sikkhattayap³raºena sikkhato pabbajj± amogh± hoti, saphal±ti attho. Evañca vatv± “etha bhikkhavo”ti bhagav± avoca. Te sabbe pattac²varadhar± hutv± ±k±sen±gantv± vassasatikatther± viya suvin²t± bhagavanta½ abhiv±dayi½su. Evamima½ tesa½ ehibhikkhubh±va½ sandh±ya “alattha kho selo”ti-±di vutta½.
400. Im±h²ti im±hi keºiyassa citt±nuk³l±hi g±th±hi. Tattha aggiparicariya½ vin± br±hmaº±na½ yaññ±bh±vato “aggihuttamukh± yaññ±”ti vutta½. Aggihuttaseµµh± aggijuhanappadh±n±ti attho. Vede sajjh±yantehi paµhama½ sajjh±yitabbato, s±vitt², “chandaso mukhan”ti vutto. Manuss±na½ seµµhato r±j± “mukhan”ti vutto. Nad²na½ ±dh±rato paµisaraºato ca s±garo “mukhan”ti vutto. Candayogavasena “ajja kattik± ajja rohiº²”ti saññ±ºato ±lokakaraºato sommabh±vato ca “nakkhatt±na½ mukha½ cando”ti vutta½. Tapant±na½ aggatt± ±dicco “tapata½ mukhan”ti vutto. Dakkhiºeyy±na½ pana aggatt± visesena tasmi½ samaye buddhappamukha½ saªgha½ sandh±ya “puñña½ ±kaªkham±n±na½, saªgho eva yajata½ mukhan”ti vutta½. Tena saªgho puññassa ±yamukhanti dasseti.
Ya½ ta½ saraºanti añña½ by±karaºag±tham±ha. Tassattho– pañcahi cakkh³hi cakkhum± bhagav± yasm± maya½ ito aµµhame divase ta½ saraºa½ ±gatamh±, tasm± attan± tava s±sane anuttarena damathena dant±mh±, aho te saraºassa ±nubh±voti.
Tato para½ bhagavanta½ dv²hi g±th±hi thometv± tatiy±ya vandana½ y±canto bhikkhavo tisat± imeti-±dim±h±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Selasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.