Im±ni pana mah±purisalakkhaŗ±ni kamma½ kammasarikkhaka½ lakkhaŗa½ lakkhaŗ±nisa½santi ime catt±ro koµµh±se ekekasmi½ lakkhaŗe dassetv± kathit±ni sukathit±ni honti. Tasm± bhagavat± lakkhaŗasutte (d². ni. 3.200-202) vutt±ni im±ni kamm±d²ni dassetv± kathetabb±ni Suttavasena vinicchitu½ asakkontena sumaŖgalavil±siniy± d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya tasseva suttassa vaŗŗan±ya vuttanayena gahetabb±ni.
Imehi kho, bho, so bhava½ gotamoti, bho ±cariya, imehi dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaŗehi so bhava½ gotamo samann±gato devanagare samussitaratanavicitta½ suvaŗŗatoraŗa½ viya yojanasatubbedho sabbap±liphullo p±ricchattako viya selantaramhi supupphitas±larukkho viya t±r±gaŗapaµimaŗ¹itagaganatalamiva ca attano sirivibhavena loka½ ±loka½ kurum±no viya carat²ti imatthampi d²petv± kiriy±c±ra½ ±cikkhitu½ gacchanto kho pan±ti-±dim±ha.
387. Dakkhiŗen±ti buddh±nańhi µhatv± v± nis²ditv± v± nipajjitv± v± gamana½ abhin²harant±na½ dakkhiŗap±dova purato hoti. Satatap±µih±riya½ kireta½. N±tid³re p±da½ uddharat²ti ta½ dakkhiŗap±da½ na atid³re µhapess±m²ti uddharati. Atid³rańhi abhihariyam±ne dakkhiŗap±dena v±map±do ±ka¹¹hiyam±no gaccheyya, dakkhiŗap±dopi d³ra½ gantu½ na sakkuŗeyya, ±sanneyeva patiµµhaheyya, eva½ sati padavicchedo n±ma hoti. Dakkhiŗap±de pana pam±ŗeneva uddhate v±map±dopi pam±ŗeneva uddhariyati, pam±ŗena uddhato patiµµhahantopi pam±ŗeyeva patiµµh±ti. Evamanena tath±gatassa dakkhiŗap±dakicca½ v±map±dena niyamita½, v±map±dakicca½ dakkhiŗap±dena niyamitanti veditabba½.
N±tis²ghanti div± vih±rabhattatth±ya gacchanto bhikkhu viya na atis²gha½ gacchati. N±tisaŗikanti yath± pacchato ±gacchanto ok±sa½ na labhati, eva½ na atisaŗika½ gacchati. Adduvena adduvanti jaŗŗukena jaŗŗuka½, na satthi½ unn±met²ti gambh²re udake gacchanto viya na ³ru½ unn±meti. Na on±met²ti rukkhas±kh±chedanadaŗ¹aŖkusap±do viya na pacchato osakk±peti. Na sann±met²ti obaddh±n±baddhaµµh±nehi p±da½ koµµento viya na thaddha½ karoti. Na vin±met²ti yantar³paka½ k²¼±pento viya na ito cito ca c±leti. Adharak±yov±ti heµµhimak±yova ińjati, uparimak±yo n±v±ya µhapitasuvaŗŗapaµim± viya niccalo hoti. D³re µhatv± olokento hi buddh±na½ µhitabh±va½ v± gamanabh±va½ v± na j±n±ti K±yabalen±ti b±h± khipanto sar²rato sedehi muccantehi na k±yabalena gacchati. Sabbak±yenev±ti g²va½ aparivattetv± r±hulov±de vuttan±g±palokitavaseneva apaloketi.
Na uddhanti-±d²su nakkhatt±ni gaŗento viya na uddha½ ulloketi, naµµha½ k±kaŗika½ v± m±saka½ v± pariyesanto viya na adho oloketi, na hatthi-ass±dayo passanto viya ito cito ca vipekkham±no gacchati. Yugamattanti navavidatthimatte cakkh³ni µhapetv± gacchanto yugamatta½ pekkhati n±ma, bhagav±pi yuge yutto sudanta-±j±n²yo viya ettaka½ passanto gacchati. Tato cassa uttar²ti yugamattato para½ na passat²ti na vattabbo. Na hi kuµµa½ v± kav±µa½ v± gaccho v± lat± v± ±varitu½ sakkoti, atha khvassa an±varaŗań±ŗassa anek±ni cakkav±¼asahass±ni ekaŖgaŗ±neva honti. Antaragharanti heµµh± mah±sakulud±yisutte indakh²lato paµµh±ya antaraghara½, idha ghara-umm±rato paµµh±ya veditabba½. Na k±yanti-±di pakati-iriyapatheneva pavisat²ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Daliddamanuss±na½ n²cagharaka½ pavisantepi hi tath±gate chadana½ v± uggacchati, pathav² v± ogacchati, bhagav± pana pakatigamaneneva gacchati. N±tid³reti atid³re parivattantena hi eka½ dve padav±re piµµhibh±gena gantv± nis²ditabba½ hoti. N±cc±sanneti acc±sanne parivattantena eka½ dve padav±re purato gantv± nis²ditabba½ hoti. Tasm± yasmi½ padav±re µhitena purato v± pacchato v± agantv± nis²ditabba½ hoti, tattha parivattati.
P±ŗin±ti kaµiv±t±b±dhiko viya na ±sana½ hatthehi gahetv± nis²dati. Pakkhipat²ti yo kińci kamma½ katv± k²¼anto µhitakova patati, yopi orima½ aŖga½ niss±ya nisinno gha½santo y±va p±rimaŖg± gacchati, p±rimaŖga½ v± niss±ya nisinno tatheva y±va orimaŖg± ±gacchati, sabbo so ±sane k±ya½ pakkhipati n±ma. Bhagav± pana eva½ akatv± ±sanassa majjhe olambaka½ dh±rento viya t³lapicu½ µhapento viya saŗika½ nis²dati. Hatthakukkuccanti pattamukhavaµµiya½ udakabinduµhapana½ makkhikab²janiy± paŗŗacchedanaph±lan±di hatthena asa½yatakaraŗa½. P±dakukkuccanti p±dena bh³migha½san±di asa½yatakaraŗa½.
Na chambhat²ti na bh±yati. Na kampat²ti na os²dati. Na vedhat²ti na calati. Na paritassat²ti bhayaparitassan±yapi taŗh±paritassan±yapi na paritassati. Ekacco hi dhammakath±d²na½ atth±ya ±gantv± manussesu vanditv± µhitesu “sakkhiss±mi nu kho tesa½ citta½ gaŗhanto dhamma½ v± kathetu½, pańha½ v± pucchito vissajjetu½, bhatt±numodana½ v± k±tun”ti bhayaparitassan±ya paritassati. Ekacco “man±p± nu kho me y±gu ±gacchissati, man±pa½ antarakhajjakan”ti v± taŗh±paritassan±ya paritassati. Tadubhayampi tassa natth²ti na paritassati. Vivek±vaµµoti viveke nibb±ne ±vaµµam±naso hutv±. Vivekavattotipi p±µho, vivekavattayutto hutv±ti attho. Vivekavatta½ n±ma katabhattakiccassa bhikkhuno div±vih±re samathavipassan±vasena m³lakammaµµh±na½ gahetv± pallaŖka½ ±bhujitv± nis²dana½. Eva½ nisinnassa hi iriy±patho upasanto hoti.
Na patta½ unn±met²ti-±d²su ekacco pattamukhavaµµiy± udakad±na½ ±haranto viya patta½ unn±meti, eko p±dapiµµhiya½ µhapento viya on±meti, eko baddha½ katv± gaŗh±ti, eko ito cito ca phand±peti, eva½ akatv± ubhohi hatthehi gahetv± ²saka½ n±metv± udaka½ paµiggaŗh±t²ti attho. Na samparivattakanti parivattetv± paµhamameva pattapiµµhi½ na dhovati. N±tid³reti yath± nisinn±sanato d³re patati, na eva½ cha¹¹eti. N±cc±sanneti p±dam³leyeva na cha¹¹eti. Viccha¹¹ayam±noti vikiranto, yath± paµigg±hako temati, na eva½ cha¹¹eti.
N±tithokanti yath± ekacco p±piccho appicchata½ dassento muµµhimattameva gaŗh±ti, na eva½. Atibahunti y±panamattato atireka½. Byańjanamatt±y±ti byańjanassa matt± n±ma odanato catuttho bh±go. Ekacco hi bhatte man±pe bhatta½ bahu½ gaŗh±ti, byańjane man±pe byańjana½ bahu½. Satth± pana tath± na gaŗh±ti. Na ca byańjanen±ti aman±pańhi byańjana½ µhapetv± bhattameva bhuńjanto, bhatta½ v± µhapetv± byańjanameva kh±danto byańjanena ±lopa½ atin±meti n±ma. Satth± ekantarika½ byańjana½ gaŗh±ti, bhattampi byańjanampi ekatova niµµhanti. Dvattikkhattunti tath±gatassa hi puthujivh±ya dant±na½ upan²tabhojana½ dvattikkhattu½ dantehi phuµµhamattameva saŗhakaraŗ²yapiµµhavilepana½ viya hoti, tasm± evam±ha. Na mukhe avasiµµh±ti pokkharapatte patita-udakabindu viya vinivattitv± paragalameva y±ti, tasm± avasiµµh± na hoti. Rasapaµisa½ved²ti madhuratittakaduk±dirasa½ j±n±ti. Buddh±nańhi antamaso p±n²yepi dibboj± pakkhitt±va hoti, tena nesa½ sabbattheva raso p±kaµo hoti, rasagedho pana natthi.
AµµhaŖgasamann±gatanti “neva dav±y±”ti vuttehi aµµhahi aŖgehi samann±gata½. Visuddhimagge panassa vinicchayo ±gatoti sabb±savasutte vuttameta½. Hatthesu dhotes³ti satth± ki½ karoti? Paµhama½ pattassa gahaŗaµµh±na½ dhovati. Tattha patta½ gahetv± sukhumaj±lahattha½ pesetv± dve v±re sańc±reti. Ett±vat± pokkharapatte patita-udaka½ viya vinivattitv± gacchati. Na ca anatthikoti yath± ekacco patta½ ±dh±rake µhapetv± patte udaka½ na puńchati, raje patante ajjhupekkhati, na eva½ karoti. Na ca ativel±nurakkh²ti yath± ekacco pam±ŗ±tikkanta½ ±rakkha½ µhapeti, bhuńjitv± v± patte udaka½ puńchitv± c²varabhogantara½ pavesetv± patta½ udarena akkamitv± gaŗh±ti, na eva½ karoti.
Na ca anumodanass±ti yo hi bhuttamattova d±rakesu bhattatth±ya rodantesu ch±tajjhattesu manussesu bhuńjitv± an±gatesveva anumodana½ ±rabhati, tato sabbakamm±ni cha¹¹etv± ekacce ±gacchanti, ekacce an±gat±va honti, aya½ k±la½ atin±meti. Yopi manussesu ±gantv± anumodanatth±ya vanditv± nisinnesu anumodana½ akatv±va “katha½ tissa, katha½ phussa, katha½ sumana, katha½ tisse, katha½ phusse, katha½ sumane, kaccittha arog±, sassa½ sampannan”ti-±di½ p±µiyekka½ katha½ samuµµh±peti, aya½ anumodanassa k±la½ atin±meti, manuss±na½ pana ok±sa½ ńatv± ±y±citak±le karonto n±tin±meti n±ma, satth± tath± karoti.
Na ta½ bhattanti ki½ bhatta½ n±meta½ uttaŗ¹ula½ atikilinnanti-±d²ni vatv± na garahati. Na ańńa½ bhattanti sv±tan±ya v± punadivas±ya v± bhatta½ upp±dess±m²ti hi anumodana½ karonto ańńa½ bhatta½ paµikaŖkhati. Yo v±– “y±va m±tug±m±na½ bhatta½ paccati, t±va anumodana½ kariss±mi, atha me anumodan±vas±ne attano pakkabhattatopi thoka½ dassant²”ti anumodana½ va¹¹heti, ayampi paµikaŖkhati n±ma. Satth± na eva½ karoti. Na ca muccituk±moti ekacco hi paµisa½muńcitv± gacchati, vegena anubandhitabbo hoti. Satth± pana na eva½ gacchati, paris±ya majjhe µhitova gacchati. Accukkaµµhanti yo hi y±va hanukaµµhito ukkhipitv± p±rupati, tassa accukkaµµha½ n±ma hoti. Yo y±va gopphak± ot±retv±va p±rupati, tassa accukkaµµha½ hoti. Yopi ubhato ukkhipitv± udara½ vivaritv± y±ti, tassapi accukkaµµha½ hoti. Yo eka½sa½ katv± thana½ vivaritv± y±ti, tassapi accukkaµµha½. Satth± ta½ sabba½ na karoti.
All²nanti yath± ańńesa½ sedena tinta½ all²yati, na eva½ satthu. Apakaµµhanti khalis±µako viya k±yato muccitv±pi na tiµµhati. V±toti verambhav±topi uµµhahitv± c±letu½ na sakkoti. P±damaŗ¹an±nuyoganti iµµhak±ya gha½san±d²hi p±dasobh±nuyoga½. Pakkh±letv±ti p±deneva p±da½ dhovitv±. So neva attaby±b±dh±y±ti-±d²ni na pubbeniv±sacetopariyań±ŗ±na½ atthit±ya vadati, iriy±pathasantata½ pana disv± anum±nena vadati. Dhammanti pariyattidhamma½. Na uss±det²ti ki½ mah±raµµhika, ki½ mah±kuµumbik±ti-±d²ni vatv± gehassitavasena na uss±deti. Na apas±det²ti “ki½, up±saka, katha½ te vih±ramaggo ń±to? Ki½ bhayena n±gacchasi? Na hi bhikkh³ kińci acchinditv± gaŗhanti, m± bh±y²”ti v± “ki½ tuyha½ eva½ macchariyaj²vita½ n±m±”ti v± ±d²ni vatv± gehassitapemena na apas±deti.
Vissaµµhoti siniddho apalibuddho. Vińńeyyoti vińń±pan²yo p±kaµo, vissaµµhatt±yeva cesa vińńeyyo hoti. Mańj³ti madhuro. Savan²yoti sotasukho, madhuratt±yeva cesa savan²yo hoti. Bind³ti sampiŗ¹ito. Avis±r²ti avisaµo, bindutt±yeva cesa avis±r² hoti. Gambh²roti gambh²rasamuµµhito. Ninn±d²ti ninn±dav±, gambh²ratt±yeva cesa ninn±d² hoti. Yath±parisanti cakkav±¼apariyantampi ek±baddhaparisa½ vińń±peti. Bahiddh±ti aŖgulimattampi parisato bahiddh± na gacchati. Tasm±? So evar³po madhurassaro ak±raŗ± m± nass²ti. Iti bhagavato ghoso paris±ya matthakeneva carati.
Avalokayam±n±ti sirasmi½ ańjali½ µhapetv± bhagavanta½ olokent±va paccosakkitv± dassanavijahanaµµh±ne vanditv± gacchanti. Avijahitatt±ti yo hi katha½ sutv± vuµµhito ańńa½ diµµhasut±dika½ katha½ kathento gacchati, esa sabh±vena vijahati n±ma. Yo pana sutadhammakath±ya vaŗŗa½ kathentova gacchati, aya½ na vijahati n±ma, eva½ avijahantabh±vena pakkamanti. Gacchantanti rajjuyantavasena ratanasattubbedha½ suvaŗŗagghika½ viya gacchanta½. Addas±ma µhitanti samussitakańcanapabbata½ viya µhita½ addas±ma. Tato ca bhiyyoti vitth±retv± guŗe kathetu½ asakkonto avasese guŗe sa½khipitv± kal±pa½ viya suttakabaddha½ viya ca katv± vissajjento evam±ha. Ayamettha adhipp±yo– may± kathitaguŗehi akathit±va bahutar±. Mah±pathavimah±samudd±dayo viya hi tassa bhoto anant± appameyy± guŗ± ±k±samiva vitth±rit±ti.
390. Appaµisa½viditoti avińń±ta-±gamano. Pabbajite upasaŖkamantena hi c²varaparikamm±disamaye v± eka½ niv±setv± sar²rabhańjanasamaye v± upasaŖkamitv± tatova paµinivattitabba½ hoti, paµisanth±ramattampi na j±yati. Puretara½ pana ok±se k±rite div±µµh±na½ sammajjitv± c²vara½ p±rupitv± bhikkhu vivitte µh±ne nis²dati, ta½ ±gantv± passant± dassanenapi pas²danti, paµisanth±ro j±yati, pańhaby±karaŗa½ v± dhammakath± v± labbhati. Tasm± paŗ¹it± ok±sa½ k±renti. So ca nesa½ ańńataro, tenassa etadahosi. Jiŗŗo vu¹¹hoti attano uggatabh±va½ akathetv± kasm± evam±ha? Buddh± n±ma anuddayasampann± honti, mahallakabh±va½ ńatv± s²gha½ ok±sa½ karissat²ti evam±ha.
391. Oramiya ok±samak±s²ti vegena uµµh±ya dvidh± bhijjitv± ok±samak±si.
Ye meti ye may±. N±r²sam±nasavhay±ti n±r²sam±nan±ma½ itthiliŖga½, tena avh±tabb±ti n±r²sam±nasavhay±, itthiliŖgena vattabb±ti voh±rakusalat±ya eva½ vadati. Pah³tajivhoti puthulajivho. Ninn±mayetanti n²hara eta½.
393. Keval²ti sakalaguŗasampanno.
394. Paccabh±s²ti ekappah±rena pucchite aµµha pańhe by±karonto pati-abh±si. Yo ved²ti yo vidati j±n±ti, yassa pubbeniv±so p±kaµo. Sagg±p±yańca passat²ti dibbacakkhuń±ŗa½ kathita½. J±tikkhaya½ pattoti arahatta½ patto. Abhińń± vositoti ta½ arahatta½ abhij±nitv± vosito vos±nappatto. Mun²ti arahattań±ŗamoneyyena samann±gato.
Visuddhanti paŗ¹ara½. Mutta½ r±geh²ti kilesar±gehi mutta½. Pah²naj±timaraŗoti j±tikkhayappattatt± pah²naj±tiko, j±tipah±neneva pah²namaraŗo. Brahmacariyassa keval²ti ya½ brahmacariyassa keval² sakalabh±vo, tena samann±gato, sakalacatumaggabrahmacariyav±soti attho. P±rag³ sabbadhamm±nanti sabbesa½ lokiyalokuttaradhamm±na½ abhińń±ya p±ra½ gato, sabbadhamme abhij±nitv± µhitoti attho. P±rag³ti v± ett±vat± parińń±p±rag³ pańcanna½ khandh±na½, pah±nap±rag³ sabbakiles±na½ bh±van±p±rag³ catunna½ magg±na½, sacchikiriy±p±rag³ nirodhassa, sam±pattip±rag³ sabbasam±patt²nanti ayamattho vutto. Puna sabbadhamm±nanti imin± abhińń±p±rag³ vuttoti. Buddho t±d² pavuccat²ti t±diso chahi ±k±rehi p±ra½ gato sabb±k±rena catunna½ sacc±na½ buddhatt± buddhoti pavuccat²ti.
Ki½ pana ett±vat± sabbe pańh± vissajjit± hont²ti? ¾ma vissajjit±, citta½ visuddha½ j±n±ti, mutta½ r±geh²ti imin± t±va b±hitap±patt± br±hmaŗoti paµhamapańho vissajjito hoti. P±rag³ti imin± vedehi gatatt± vedag³ti dutiyapańho vissajjito hoti. Pubbeniv±santi-±d²hi im±sa½ tissanna½ vijj±na½ atthit±ya tevijjoti tatiyapańho vissajjito hoti. Mutta½ r±gehi sabbasoti imin±va nissaµatt± p±padhamm±na½ sottiyoti catutthapańho vissajjito hoti. J±tikkhaya½ pattoti imin± pana arahattasseva vuttatt± pańcamapańho vissajjito hoti. Vositoti ca brahmacariyassa keval²ti ca imehi chaµµhapańho vissajjito hoti. Abhińń± vosito mun²ti imin± sattamapańho vissajjito hoti. P±rag³ sabbadhamm±na½, buddho t±d² pavuccat²ti imin± aµµhamapańho vissajjito hoti.
395. D±nakathanti-±d²ni heµµh± sutte vitth±rit±neva. Paccap±d²ti paµipajji. Dhammass±nudhammanti imasmi½ sutte dhammo n±ma arahattamaggo, anudhammo n±ma heµµhim± tayo magg± t²ŗi ca s±mańńaphal±ni, t±ni paµip±µiy± paµilabh²ti attho. Na ca ma½ dhamm±dhikaraŗa½ viheses²ti mańca dhammak±raŗ± na kilamesi, na punappuna½ kath±pes²ti vutta½ hoti. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±nameva. Tattha parinibb±y²ti pana padena desan±ya arahatteneva k³µa½ gahitanti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Brahm±yusuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.