9. Dhammacetiyasuttavaººan±

364. Eva½ me sutanti dhammacetiyasutta½. Tattha med±¼upanti n±meta½ tassa, tassa hi nigamassa medavaºº± p±s±º± kirettha ussann± ahesu½, tasm± med±¼upanti saªkha½ gata½. Sen±sana½ panettha aniyata½, tasm± na ta½ vutta½. Nagarakanti eva½n±maka½ saky±na½ nigama½. Kenacideva karaº²yen±ti na aññena karaº²yena, aya½ pana bandhulasen±pati½ saddhi½ dvatti½s±ya puttehi ekadivaseneva gaºhath±ti ±º±pesi, ta½divasañcassa bhariy±ya mallik±ya pañcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ bhagav± nimantito, buddhappamukhe bhikkhusaªghe ghara½ ±gantv± nisinnamatte “sen±pati k±laªkato”ti s±sana½ ±haritv± mallik±ya ada½su. S± paººa½ gahetv± mukhas±sana½ pucchi. “Raññ± ayye sen±pati saddhi½ dvatti½s±ya puttehi ekappah±reneva gah±pito”ti ±rocesu½. Mah±janagata½ m± karitth±ti ovaµµik±ya paººa½ katv± bhikkhusaªgha½ parivisi. Tasmi½ samaye ek± sappic±µi n²harit±, s± umm±re ±hacca bhinn±, ta½ apanetv± añña½ ±har±petv± bhikkhusaªgha½ parivisi.
Satth± katabhattakicco kath±samuµµh±panattha½– “sappic±µiy± bhinnapaccay± na cintetabban”ti ±ha. Tasmi½ samaye mallik± paººa½ n²haritv± bhagavato purato µhapetv±– “bhagav± ima½ dvatti½s±ya puttehi saddhi½ sen±patino matas±sana½, aha½ etampi na cintay±mi, sappic±µipaccay± ki½ cinteyy±m²”ti ±ha. Bhagav±– “mallike, m± cintayi, anamatagge sa½s±re n±ma vattam±n±na½ hoti etan”ti aniccat±dipaµisa½yutta½ dhammakatha½ katv± agam±si. Mallik± dvatti½sasuºis±yo pakkos±petv± ov±da½ ad±si. R±j± mallika½ pakkos±petv± “sen±patino amh±ka½ antare bhinnadoso atthi natth²”ti pucchi. Natthi s±m²ti. So tass± vacanena tassa niddosabh±va½ ñatv± vippaµis±r² balavadomanassa½ upp±desi. So– “evar³pa½ n±ma adosak±raka½ ma½ sambh±vayitv± ±gata½ sah±yaka½ vin±sesin”ti tato paµµh±ya p±s±de v± n±µakesu v± rajjasukhesu v± cittass±da½ alabham±no tattha tattha vicaritu½ ±raddho. Etadeva kicca½ ahosi. Ida½ sandh±ya vutta½ “kenacideva karaº²yen±”ti.
D²gha½ k±r±yananti d²ghak±r±yano n±ma bandhulasen±patissa bh±gineyyo “etassa me m±tulo adosak±rako nikk±raºena gh±tito”ti raññ± sen±patiµµh±ne µhapito. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Mahacc± r±j±nubh±ven±ti mahat± r±j±nubh±vena dharaºitala½ bhindanto viya s±gara½ parivattento viya vicittavesasobhena mahat± balak±yen±ti attho. P±s±dik±n²ti dassaneneva saha rañjanak±ni. Pas±dan²y±n²ti tasseva vevacana½. Atha v± p±s±dik±n²ti pas±dajanak±ni. Appasadd±n²ti nissadd±ni. Appanigghos±n²ti avibh±vitatthena nigghosena rahit±ni. Vijanav±t±n²ti vigatajanav±t±ni. Manussar±hasseyyak±n²ti manuss±na½ rahassakamm±nucchavik±ni, rahassamanta½ mantent±na½ anur³p±n²ti attho. Paµisall±nas±rupp±n²ti nil²yanabh±vassa ek²bh±vassa anucchavik±ni. Yattha suda½ mayanti na tena tattha bhagav± payirup±sitapubbo, t±disesu pana payirup±sitapubbo, tasm± y±disesu suda½ mayanti ayamettha attho.
Atthi, mah±r±j±ti paº¹ito sen±pati “r±j± bhagavanta½ mam±yat²”ti j±n±ti, so sace ma½ r±j± “kaha½ bhagav±”ti vadeyya, adandh±yantena ±cikkhitu½ yuttanti carapurise payojetv± bhagavato niv±sanaµµh±na½ ñatv±va viharati. Tasm± evam±ha. ¾r±ma½ p±vis²ti bahinigame khandh±v±ra½ bandh±petv± k±r±yanena saddhi½ p±visi.
366. Vih±roti gandhakuµi½ sandh±y±ha½su. ¾¼indanti pamukha½. Ukk±sitv±ti ukk±sitasadda½ katv±. Agga¼anti kav±µa½. ¾koµeh²ti agganakhena ²saka½ kuñcikacchiddasam²pe koµeh²ti vutta½ hoti. Dv±ra½ kira ati-upari amanuss±, atiheµµh± d²ghaj±tik± koµenti. Tath± akoµetv± majjhe chiddasam²pe koµetabba½, ida½ dv±rakoµµakavattanti d²pent± vadanti. Tatthev±ti bhikkh³hi vuttaµµh±neyeva. Khaggañca uºh²sañc±ti desan±mattameta½,
V±lab²janimuºh²sa½, khagga½ chattañcup±hana½;
oruyha r±j± y±namh±, µhapayitv± paµicchadanti.–

¾gat±ni pana pañcapi r±jakakudhabhaº¹±ni ad±si. Kasm± pana ad±s²ti. Atigaruno samm±sambuddhassa santika½ uddhatavesena gantu½ na yuttanti ca, ekakova upasaªkamitv± attano rucivasena sammodiss±mi c±ti. Pañcasu hi r±jakakudhabhaº¹esu nivattitesu tva½ nivatt±ti vattabba½ na hoti, sabbe sayameva nivattanti. Iti imehi dv²hi k±raºehi ad±si. Rah±yat²ti rahassa½ karoti nig³hati. Aya½ kirassa adhipp±yo “pubbepi aya½ r±j± samaºena gotamena saddhi½ catukkaººamanta½ mantetv± mayha½ m±tula½ saddhi½ dvatti½s±ya puttehi gaºh±pesi, id±nipi catukkaººamanta½ mantetuk±mo, kacci nu kho ma½ gaºh±pessat²”ti. Eva½ kopavasenassa etadahosi.

Vivari bhagav± dv±ranti na bhagav± uµµh±ya dv±ra½ vivari, vivarat³ti pana hattha½ pas±resi. Tato– “bhagav± tumhehi anekesu kappakoµ²su d±na½ dadam±nehi na sahatth± dv±ravivaraºakamma½ katan”ti sayameva dv±ra½ vivaµa½. Ta½ pana yasm± bhagavato manena vivaµa½, tasm± “vivari bhagav± dv±ran”ti vattu½ vaµµati. Vih±ra½ pavisitv±ti gandhakuµi½ pavisitv±. Tasmi½ pana paviµµhamatteyeva k±r±yano pañca r±jakakudhabhaº¹±ni gahetv± khandh±v±ra½ gantv± viµaµ³bha½ ±mantesi “chatta½ samma uss±peh²”ti. Mayha½ pit± ki½ gatoti? Pitara½ m± puccha, sace tva½ na uss±pesi, ta½ gaºhitv± aha½ uss±pem²ti. “Uss±pemi samm±”ti sampaµicchi. K±r±yano rañño eka½ assañca asiñca ekameva ca paric±rika½ itthi½ µhapetv±– “sace r±j± j²vitena atthiko, m± ±gacchat³”ti viµaµ³bhassa chatta½ uss±petv± ta½ gahetv± s±vatthimeva gato.
367. Dhammanvayoti paccakkhañ±ºasaªkh±tassa dhammassa anunayo anum±na½, anubuddh²ti attho. Id±ni yenassa dhammanvayena “samm±sambuddho bhagav±”ti-±di hoti, ta½ dassetu½ idha pan±ha½, bhanteti-±dim±ha. Tattha ±p±ºakoµikanti p±ºoti j²vita½, ta½ mariy±da½ anto karitv±, maraºasamayepi carantiyeva, ta½ na v²tikkamant²ti vutta½ hoti. “Ap±ºakoµikan”tipi p±µho, ±j²vitapariyantanti attho. Yath± ekacce j²vitahetu atikkamant± p±ºakoµika½ katv± caranti, na evanti attho. Ayampi kho me, bhanteti buddhasubuddhat±ya dhammasv±kkh±tat±ya saªghasuppaµipannat±ya ca eta½ eva½ hoti, evañhi me, bhante, aya½ bhagavati dhammanvayo hot²ti d²peti. Eseva nayo sabbattha.
369. Na viya maññe cakkhu½ bandhanteti cakkhu½ abandhante viya. Ap±s±dikañhi disv± puna olokanakicca½ na hoti, tasm± so cakkhu½ na bandhati n±ma. P±s±dika½ disv± punappuna½ olokanakicca½ hoti, tasm± so cakkhu½ bandhati n±ma. Ime ca ap±s±dik±, tasm± evam±ha. Bandhukarogo noti kularogo. Amh±ka½ kule j±t± evar³p± hont²ti vadanti. U¼±ranti mahesakkha½. Pubben±paranti pubbato apara½ visesa½. Tattha kasiºaparikamma½ katv± sam±patti½ nibbattento u¼±ra½ pubbe visesa½ sañj±n±ti n±ma, sam±patti½ padaµµh±na½ katv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ gaºhanto u¼±ra½ pubbato apara½ visesa½ sañj±n±ti n±ma.
370. Gh±tet±ya½ v± gh±tetunti gh±tetabbayuttaka½ gh±tetu½. J±pet±ya½ v± j±petunti dhanena v± j±petabbayuttaka½ j±petu½ j±nitu½ adhana½ k±tu½. Pabb±jet±ya½ v± pabb±jetunti raµµhato v± pabb±jetabbayuttaka½ pabb±jetu½.
373. Isidattapur±º±ti isidatto ca pur±ºo ca. Tesu eko brahmac±r², eko sad±rasantuµµho. Mamabhatt±ti mama santaka½ bhatta½ etesanti mamabhatt±. Mamay±n±ti mama santaka½ y±na½ etesanti mamay±n±. J²vik±ya d±t±ti j²vitavutti½ d±t±. V²ma½sam±noti upaparikkham±no. Tad± kira r±j± nidda½ anokkantova okkanto viya hutv± nipajji. Atha te thapatayo “katarasmi½ dis±bh±ge bhagav±”ti pucchitv± “asukasmi½ n±m±”ti sutv± mantayi½su– “yena samm±sambuddho, tena s²se kate r±j± p±dato hoti. Yena r±j±, tena s²se kate satth± p±dato hoti, ki½ kariss±m±”ti? Tato nesa½ etadahosi– “r±j± kuppam±no ya½ amh±ka½ deti, ta½ acchindeyya. Na kho pana maya½ sakkoma j±nam±n± satth±ra½ p±dato k±tun”ti r±j±na½ p±dato katv± nipajji½su. Ta½ sandh±ya aya½ r±j± evam±ha.
374. Pakk±m²ti gandhakuµito nikkhamitv± k±r±yanassa µhitaµµh±na½ gato, ta½ tattha adisv± khandh±v±raµµh±na½ gato, tatth±pi añña½ adisv± ta½ itthi½ pucchi. S± sabba½ pavatti½ ±cikkhi. R±j±– “na id±ni may± ekakena tattha gantabba½, r±jagaha½ gantv± bh±gineyyena saddhi½ ±gantv± mayha½ rajja½ gaºhiss±m²”ti r±jagaha½ gacchanto antar±magge kaº±jakabhattañceva bhuñji, bahala-udakañca pivi. Tassa sukhum±lapakatikassa ±h±ro na samm± pariº±mi. So r±jagaha½ p±puºantopi vik±le dv±resu pihitesu p±puºi. “Ajja s±l±ya½ sayitv± sve mayha½ bh±gineyya½ passiss±m²”ti bahinagare s±l±ya nipajji. Tassa rattibh±ge uµµh±n±ni pavatti½su, katipayav±re bahi nikkhami. Tato paµµh±ya padas± gantu½ asakkonto tass± itthiy± aªke nipajjitv± balavapacc³se k±lamak±si. S± tassa matabh±va½ ñatv±– “dv²su rajjesu rajja½ k±retv± id±ni parassa bahinagare an±thas±l±ya an±thak±lakiriya½ katv± nipanno mayha½ s±mi kosalar±j±”ti-±d²ni vadam±n± ucc±saddena paridevitu½ ±rabhi. Manuss± sutv± rañño ±rocesu½. R±j± ±gantv± disv± sañj±nitv± ±gatak±raºa½ ñatv± mah±parih±rena sar²rakicca½ karitv± “viµaµ³bha½ gaºhiss±m²”ti bheri½ car±petv± balak±ya½ sannip±tesi. Amacc± p±desu patitv±– “sace, deva, tumh±ka½ m±tulo arogo assa, tumh±ka½ gantu½ yutta½ bhaveyya, id±ni pana viµaµ³bhopi tumhe niss±ya chatta½ uss±petu½ arahatiyev±”ti saññ±petv± niv±resu½.
Dhammacetiy±n²ti dhammassa citt²k±ravacan±ni. T²su hi ratanesu yattha katthaci citt²k±re kate sabbattha katoyeva hoti, tasm± bhagavati citt²k±re kate dhammopi katova hot²ti bhagav± “dhammacetiy±n²”ti ±ha. ¾dibrahmacariyak±n²ti maggabrahmacariyassa ±dibh³t±ni, pubbabh±gapaµipattibh³t±n²ti attho. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Dhammacetiyasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.