Katha½ gottoti? Kasm± pucchati? Pabbajita½ d±ruŗakammena uppannan±ma½ gahetv± voharitu½ na yutta½, m±t±pit³na½ gottavasena na½ samud±cariss±m²ti mańńam±no pucchi. Parikkh±r±nanti etesa½ atth±ya aha½ ussukka½ kariss±m²ti attho. Kathentoyeva ca udare baddhas±µaka½ muńcitv± therassa p±dam³le µhapesi.
351. ¾rańńikoti-±d²ni catt±ri dhutaŖg±ni p±¼iya½ ±gat±ni. Therena pana terasapi sam±dinn±neva ahesu½, tasm± alanti ±ha. Yańhi maya½, bhanteti ki½ sandh±ya vadati? “Hatthimpi dh±vanta½ anubandhitv± gaŗh±m²”ti ±gataµµh±ne rańń± pesitahatth±dayo so eva½ aggahesi. R±j±pi– “hatth²hiyeva na½ parikkhipitv± gaŗhatha, asseheva, rathehev±”ti eva½ anekav±ra½ bah³ hatth±dayo pesesi. Eva½ gatesu pana tesu– “aha½ are aŖgulim±lo”ti tasmi½ uµµh±ya sadda½ karonte ekopi ±vudha½ parivattetu½ n±sakkhi, sabbeva koµµetv± m±resi. Hatth² arańńahatth², ass± arańńa-ass±, rath±pi tattheva bhijjant²ti ida½ sandh±ya r±j± eva½ vadati.
Piŗ¹±ya p±vis²ti na ida½ paµhama½ p±visi. Itthidassanadivasa½ sandh±ya paneta½ vutta½. Devasikampi panesa pavisateva, manuss± ca na½ disv± uttasantipi pal±yantipi dv±rampi thakenti, ekacce aŖgulim±loti sutv±va pal±yitv± arańńa½ v± pavisanti, ghara½ v± pavisitv± dv±ra½ thakenti. Pal±yitu½ asakkont± piµµhi½ datv± tiµµhanti Thero u¼uŖgay±gumpi kaµacchubhikkhampi na labhati, piŗ¹ap±tena kilamati. Bahi alabhanto nagara½ sabbas±dh±raŗanti nagara½ pavisati. Yena dv±rena pavisati, tattha aŖgulim±lo ±gatoti k³µasahass±na½ bhijjanak±raŗa½ hoti. Etadahos²ti k±ruńńappattiy± ahosi. Ekena ³namanussasahassa½ gh±tentassa ekadivasampi k±ruńńa½ n±hosi, gabbham³¼h±ya itthiy± dassanamatteneva katha½ uppannanti? Pabbajj±balena, pabbajj±balańhi eta½.
Tena h²ti yasm± te k±ruńńa½ uppanna½, tasm±ti attho. Ariy±ya j±tiy±ti, aŖgulim±la, eta½ tva½ m± gaŗhi, nes± tava j±ti. Gihik±lo esa, gih² n±ma p±ŗampi hananti, adinn±d±n±d²nipi karonti. Id±ni pana te ariy± n±ma j±ti. Tasm± tva½ “yato aha½, bhagini, j±to”ti sace eva½ vattu½ kukkucc±yasi, tena hi “ariy±ya j±tiy±”ti eva½ visesetv± vad±h²ti uyyojesi.
Ta½ itthi½ etadavoc±ti itth²na½ gabbhavuµµh±naµµh±na½ n±ma na sakk± purisena upasaŖkamitu½. Thero ki½ karos²ti? AŖgulim±latthero saccakiriya½ katv± sotthikaraŗatth±ya ±gatoti ±roc±pesi. Tato te s±ŗiy± parikkhipitv± therassa bahis±ŗiya½ p²µhaka½ pańń±pesu½. Thero tattha nis²ditv±– “yato aha½ bhagini sabbańńubuddhassa ariy±ya j±tiy± j±to”ti saccakiriya½ ak±si, saha saccavacaneneva dhamakaraŗato mutta-udaka½ viya d±rako nikkhami. M±t±putt±na½ sotthi ahosi. Imańca pana paritta½ na kińci parissaya½ na maddati, mah±paritta½ n±metanti vutta½. Therena nis²ditv± saccakiriyakataµµh±ne p²µhaka½ aka½su. Gabbham³¼ha½ tiracch±nagatitthimpi ±netv± tattha nisajj±penti, t±vadeva sukhena gabbhavuµµh±na½ hoti. Y± dubbal± hoti na sakk± ±netu½, tass± p²µhakadhovana-udaka½ netv± s²se sińcanti, taŖkhaŗa½yeva gabbhavuµµh±na½ hoti, ańńampi roga½ v³pasameti. Y±va kapp± tiµµhanakap±µih±riya½ kireta½.
Ki½ pana bhagav± thera½ vejjakamma½ k±r±pes²ti? Na k±r±pesi. Therańhi disv± manuss± bh²t± pal±yanti. Thero bhikkh±h±rena kilamati, samaŗadhamma½ k±tu½ na sakkoti. Tassa anuggahena saccakiriya½ k±resi. Eva½ kirassa ahosi– “id±ni kira aŖgulim±latthero mettacitta½ paµilabhitv± saccakiriy±ya manuss±na½ sotthibh±va½ karot²ti manuss± thera½ upasaŖkamitabba½ mańńissanti, tato bhikkh±h±rena akilamanto samaŗadhamma½ k±tu½ sakkhissat²”ti anuggahena saccakiriya½ k±resi. Na hi saccakiriy± vejjakamma½ hoti. Therass±pi ca “samaŗadhamma½ kariss±m²”ti m³lakammaµµh±na½ gahetv± rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±ne nisinnassa citta½ kammaµµh±n±bhimukha½ na gacchati, aµaviya½ µhatv± manuss±na½ gh±titaµµh±nameva p±kaµa½ hoti. “Duggatomhi, khuddakaputtomhi, j²vita½ me dehi s±m²ti maraŗabh²t±na½ vacan±k±ro ca hatthap±davik±ro ca ±p±tha½ ±gacchati, so vippaµis±r² hutv± tatova uµµh±ya gacchati, athassa bhagav± ta½ j±ti½ abboh±rika½ katv±v±ya½ vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ gaŗhissat²ti ariy±ya j±tiy± saccakiriya½ k±resi. Eko v³pakaµµhoti-±di vatthasutte (ma. ni. 1.80) vitth±rita½.
352. Ańńenapi le¹¹u khittoti k±kasunakhas³kar±d²na½ paµikkam±panatth±ya samant± sarakkhepamatte µh±ne yena kenaci dis±bh±gena khitto ±gantv± therasseva k±ye patati. Kittake µh±ne eva½ hoti? Gaŗµhika½ paµimuńcitv± piŗ¹±ya caritv± paµinivattetv± y±va gaŗµhikapaµimukkaµµh±na½ ±gacchati, t±va hoti. Bhinnena s²sen±ti mah±camma½ chinditv± y±va aµµhimariy±d± bhinnena.
Br±hmaŗ±ti kh²ŗ±savabh±va½ sandh±ya ±ha. Yassa kho tva½, br±hmaŗa, kammassa vip±ken±ti ida½ sabh±gadiµµhadhammavedan²yakamma½ sandh±ya vutta½. Kammańhi kariyam±nameva tayo koµµh±se p³reti. Sattasu cittesu kusal± v± akusal± v± paµhamajavanacetan± diµµhadhammavedan²yakamma½ n±ma hoti. Ta½ imasmi½yeva attabh±ve vip±ka½ deti. Tath± asakkonta½ ahosikamma½, n±hosi kammavip±ko, na bhavissati kammavip±ko, natthi kammavip±koti imassa tikassa vasena ahosikamma½ n±ma hoti. Atthas±dhik± sattamajavanacetan± upapajjavedan²yakamma½ n±ma. Ta½ anantare attabh±ve vip±ka½ deti. Tath± asakkonta½ vuttanayeneva ta½ ahosikamma½ n±ma hoti. Ubhinnamantare pańcajavanacetan± apar±pariyavedan²yakamma½ n±ma hoti. Ta½ an±gate yad± ok±sa½ labhati, tad± vip±ka½ deti. Sati sa½s±rappavattiy± ahosikamma½ n±ma na hoti. Therassa pana upapajjavedan²yańca apar±pariyavedan²yańc±ti im±ni dve kamm±ni kammakkhayakarena arahattamaggena samuggh±µit±ni, diµµhadhammavedan²ya½ atthi Ta½ arahattappattass±pi vip±ka½ detiyeva. Ta½ sandh±ya bhagav± “yassa kho tvan”ti-±dim±ha. Tasm± yassa khoti ettha y±disassa kho tva½, br±hmaŗa, kammassa vip±ken±ti eva½ attho veditabbo.
Abbh± muttoti desan±s²samattameta½, abbh± mahik± dh³mo rajo r±h³ti imehi pana upakkilesehi mutto candim± idha adhippeto. Yath± hi eva½ nirupakkileso candim± loka½ pabh±seti, eva½ pam±dakilesavimutto appamatto bhikkhu ima½ attano khandh±yatanadh±tuloka½ pabh±seti, vihatakilesandhak±ra½ karoti.
Kusalena pidh²yat²ti maggakusalena pidh²yati appaµisandhika½ kar²yati. Yuńjati buddhas±saneti buddhas±sane k±yena v±c±ya manas± ca yuttappayutto viharati. Im± tisso therassa ud±nag±th± n±ma.
Dis± hi meti ida½ kira thero attano paritt±ŗ±k±ra½ karonto ±ha. Tattha dis± hi meti mama sapatt±. Ye ma½ eva½ upavadanti– “yath± maya½ aŖgulim±lena m±rit±na½ ń±tak±na½ vasena dukkha½ vediy±ma, eva½ aŖgulim±lopi vediyat³”ti, te mayha½ dis± catusaccadhammakatha½ suŗant³ti attho. Yuńjant³ti k±yav±c±manehi yuttappayutt± viharantu. Ye dhammamev±dapayanti santoti ye santo sappuris± dhamma½yeva ±dapenti sam±dapenti gaŗh±penti, te manuj± mayha½ sapatt± bhajantu sevantu payirup±sant³ti attho.
Avirodhappasa½s²nanti avirodho vuccati mett±, mett±pasa½sak±nanti attho. Suŗantu dhamma½ k±len±ti khaŗe khaŗe khantimett±paµisaŖkh±s±raŗ²yadhamma½ suŗantu. Tańca anuvidh²yant³ti tańca dhamma½ anukarontu p³rentu.
Na hi j±tu so mama½ hi½seti yo mayha½ diso, so ma½ eka½seneva na hi½seyya. Ańńa½ v± pana kińci nanti na kevala½ ma½, ańńampi pana kańci puggala½ m± hi½santu m± viheµhentu. Pappuyya parama½ santinti parama½ santibh³ta½ nibb±na½ p±puŗitv±. Rakkheyya tasath±vareti tas± vuccanti sataŗh±, th±var± nittaŗh±. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yo nibb±na½ p±puŗ±ti, so sabba½ tasath±vara½ rakkhitu½ samattho hoti. Tasm± mayhampi dis± nibb±na½ p±puŗantu, eva½ ma½ eka½seneva na hi½sissant²ti. Im± tisso g±th± attano paritta½ k±tu½ ±ha.
Id±ni attanova paµipatti½ d²pento udakańhi nayanti nettik±ti ±ha. Tattha nettik±ti ye m±tika½ sodhetv± bandhitabbaµµh±ne bandhitv± udaka½ nayanti. Usuk±r±ti usuk±rak±. Namayant²ti telakańjikena makkhetv± kukku¼e t±petv± unnatunnataµµh±ne nament± uju½ karonti. Tejananti kaŗ¹a½. Tańhi iss±so teja½ karoti, parańca tajjeti, tasm± tejananti vuccati. Att±na½ damayant²ti yath± nettik± ujumaggena udaka½ nayanti, usuk±r± tejana½, tacchak± ca d±ru½ uju½ karonti, evameva½ paŗ¹it± att±na½ damenti ujuka½ karonti nibbisevana½ karonti.
T±din±ti iµµh±niµµh±d²su nibbik±rena– “pańcah±k±rehi bhagav± t±d², iµµh±niµµhe t±d², vant±v²ti t±d², catt±v²ti t±d², tiŗŗ±v²ti t±d², tanniddes±ti t±d²”ti (mah±ni. 38; 192) eva½ t±dilakkhaŗappattena satth±r±. Bhavanett²ti bhavarajju, taŗh±yeta½ n±ma½. T±ya hi goŗ± viya g²v±ya rajjuy±, satt± hadaye baddh± ta½ ta½ bhava½ n²yanti, tasm± bhavanett²ti vuccati. Phuµµho kammavip±ken±ti maggacetan±ya phuµµho. Yasm± hi maggacetan±ya kamma½ paccati vipaccati ¹ayhati, parikkhaya½ gacchati, tasm± s± kammavip±koti vutt±. T±ya hi phuµµhatt± esa aŗaŗo nikkileso j±to, na dukkhavedan±ya aŗaŗo. Bhuńj±m²ti cettha theyyaparibhogo iŗaparibhogo d±yajjaparibhogo s±miparibhogoti catt±ro paribhog± veditabb±. Tattha duss²lassa paribhogo theyyaparibhogo n±ma. So hi catt±ro paccaye thenetv± bhuńjati. Vuttampi ceta½ “theyy±ya vo, bhikkhave, raµµhapiŗ¹o bhutto”ti (p±r±. 195). S²lavato pana apaccavekkhaŗaparibhogo iŗaparibhogo n±ma. Sattanna½ sekkh±na½ paribhogo d±yajjaparibhogo n±ma. Kh²ŗ±savassa paribhogo s±miparibhogo n±ma. Idha kilesa-iŗ±na½ abh±va½ sandh±ya “aŗaŗo”ti vutta½. “Aniŗo”tipi p±µho. S±miparibhoga½ sandh±ya “bhuńj±mi bhojanan”ti vutta½.
K±maratisanthavanti duvidhesupi k±mesu taŗh±ratisanthava½ m± anuyuńjatha m± karittha. Nayida½ dummantita½ mam±ti ya½ may± samm±sambuddha½ disv± pabbajiss±m²ti mantita½, ta½ mama mantita½ na dummantita½. Sa½vibhattesu dhammes³ti aha½ satth±ti eva½ loke uppannehi ye dhamm± sa½vibhatt±, tesu dhammesu ya½ seµµha½ nibb±na½, tadeva aha½ upagama½ upagato sampatto, tasm± mayha½ ida½ ±gamana½ sv±gata½ n±ma gatanti. Tisso vijj±ti pubbeniv±sadibbacakkhu-±savakkhayapańń±. Kata½ buddhassa s±sananti ya½ buddhassa s±sane kattabbakicca½ atthi, ta½ sabba½ may± kata½. T²hi vijj±hi navahi ca lokuttaradhammehi desana½ matthaka½ p±pes²ti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

AŖgulim±lasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.