Ass±ti sakkassa. Upapatt²ti dev³papatti. Punap±katik±va ahosi sakkabh±veneva upapannatt±. Subrahm±ti eva½ n±mo. Acchar±na½ niray³papatti½ disv± tato pabhuti satata½ pavattam±na½ attano cittutr±sa½ sandh±y±ha “nicca½ utrastamida½ cittan”ti-±di. Tattha utrastanti santasta½ bh²ta½. Ubbigganti sa½vigga½. Utrastanti v± sa½vigga½. Ubbigganti bhayavasena saha k±yena sańcalita½. Anuppannes³ti an±gatesu. Kicches³ti dukkhesu. Nimittatthe bhummavacana½, bh±v²dukkhapavattinimittanti attho. Uppatites³ti uppannesu kicches³ti yojan±, tad± attano pariv±rassa uppannadukkhanimittanti adhipp±yo.
Bojjh±ti bodhito, ariyamaggatoti attho. Ańńatr±ti ca pada½ apekkhitv± nissakkavacana½, tasm± bodhi½ µhapetv±ti attho. Esa nayo sesesupi. Tapas±ti tapokammato. Tena magg±dhigamassa up±yabh³ta½ dhutaŖgasevan±disallekhapaµipada½ dasseti. Indriyasa½var±ti manacchaµµh±na½ indriy±na½ sa½varaŗato. Etena satisa½varas²sena sabbampi sa½varas²la½, lakkhaŗah±ranayena v± sabbampi catup±risuddhis²la½ dasseti. Sabbanissagg±ti sabbupadhinissajjanato sabbakilesappah±nato. Kilesesu hi nissaµµhesu kammavaµµa½ vip±kavaµµańca nissaµµhameva hot²ti. Sotthinti khema½ anupaddavata½.
ѱyati nicchayena kamati nibb±na½, ta½ v± ń±yati paµivijjh²yati eten±ti ń±yo, ariyamaggoti ±ha “ń±yo vuccati ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo”ti Taŗh±v±navirahitatt±ti taŗh±saŖkh±tav±navivittatt±. Taŗh± hi khandhehi khandha½, kammun± v± phala½, sattehi v± dukkha½ vinati sa½sibbat²ti v±nanti vuccati. Tayida½ natthi ettha v±na½, na v± etasmi½ adhigate puggalassa v±nanti nibb±na½, asaŖkhat± dh±tu. Parapaccayena vin± paccakkhakaraŗa½ sacchikiriy±ti ±ha “attapaccakkhat±y±”ti.
Nanu “visuddhiy±”ti cittavisuddhiy± adhippetatt± visuddhiggahaŗenevettha sokasamatikkam±dayopi gahit± eva honti, te puna kasm± gahit±ti anuyoga½ sandh±ya “tattha kińc±p²”ti-±di vutta½. S±sanayuttikovideti saccapaµiccasamupp±d±dilakkhaŗ±ya½ dhamman²tiya½ cheke. Ta½ ta½ attha½ ń±pet²ti ye ye bodhaneyyapuggal± saŖkhepavitth±r±divasena yath± yath± bodhetabb±, attano desan±vil±sena bhagav± te te tath± tath± bodhento ta½ tamattha½ ń±peti. Ta½ ta½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassentoti atth±patti½ agaŗento ta½ ta½ attha½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassento. Na hi samm±sambuddh± atth±pattiń±pak±dis±dhan²yavacan±ti. Sa½vattat²ti j±yati, hot²ti attho. Yasm± anatikkantasokaparidevassa na kad±ci cittavisuddhi atthi sokaparidevasamatikkamamukheneva cittavisuddhiy± ijjhanato, tasm± ±ha “sokaparidev±na½ samatikkamena hot²”ti. Yasm± pana domanassapaccayehi dukkhadhammehi puµµha½ puthujjana½ sok±dayo abhibhavanti, parińń±tesu ca tesu te na honti, tasm± vutta½ “sokaparidev±na½ samatikkamo dukkhadomanass±na½ atthaŖgamen±”ti. ѱyass±ti aggamaggassa tatiyamaggassa ca. Tadadhigamena hi yath±kkama½ dukkhadomanass±na½ atthaŖgamo. Sacchikiriy±bhisamayasahabh±v²pi itar±bhisamayo tadavin±bh±vato sacchikiriy±bhisamayahetuko viya vutto “ń±yass±dhigamo nibb±nassa sacchikiriy±y±”ti. Phalań±ŗena v± paccakkhakaraŗa½ sandh±ya vutta½ “nibb±nassa sacchikiriy±y±”ti. Sampad±navacanańceta½ daµµhabba½.
Vaŗŗabhaŗananti pasa½s±vacana½. Tayida½ na idheva, atha kho ańńatth±pi satth± ak±siyev±ti dassento “yatheva h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha-±dimhi kaly±ŗa½, ±di v± kaly±ŗa½ etass±ti ±dikaly±ŗa½. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo. Atthasampattiy± s±ttha½. Byańjanasampattiy± sabyańjana½. S²l±dipańcadhammakkhandhap±rip³rito upanetabbassa abh±v± ca kevalaparipuŗŗa½. Nirupakkilesato apanetabbassa abh±v± ca parisuddha½. Seµµhacariyabh±vato s±sana brahmacariya½ maggabrahmacariyańca vo pak±sess±m²ti ayamettha saŖkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.147) vuttanayena veditabbo. Ariyava½s±ti ariy±na½ buddh±d²na½ va½s± paveŗiyo. Aggańń±ti “agg±”ti j±nitabb± sabbava½sehi seµµhabh±vato. Rattańń±ti “ciraratt±”ti j±nitabb±. Va½sańń±ti “buddh±d²na½ va½s±”ti j±nitabb±. Por±ŗ±ti pur±tan± anadhun±tanatt±. Asa½kiŗŗ±ti avikiŗŗ± anapan²t±. Asa½kiŗŗapubb±ti “ki½ imeh²”ti ariyehi na apan²tapubb±. Na sa½k²yant²ti id±nipi tehi na apan²yanti. Na sa½k²yissant²ti an±gatepi tehi na apan²yissanti. Appaµikuµµh±…pe… vińń³h²ti ye loke vińń³ samaŗabr±hmaŗ±, tehi apaccakkhat± anindit±, agarahit±ti attho. Visuddhiy±ti-±d²h²ti visuddhi-±did²panehi. Padeh²ti v±kyehi, visuddhi-atthat±dibhedabhinnehi v± dhammakoµµh±sehi.
Upaddaveti anatthe. Visuddhinti visujjhana½ sa½kilesappah±na½. V±cuggatakaraŗa½ uggaho. Pariy±puŗana½ paricayo. Atthassa hadaye µhapana½ dh±raŗa½. Parivattana½ v±cana½. Gandh±rakoti gandh±radese uppanno. Pahont²ti sakkonti aniyy±namagg±ti micch±magg±, micchattaniyat±niyatamagg±pi v±. Suvaŗŗanti k³µasuvaŗŗampi vuccati. Paŗ²ti k±camaŗipi. Mutt±ti ve¼uj±pi. Pav±¼anti pallavopi vuccat²ti rattajambunad±dipadehi te visesit±.
Na tato heµµh±ti (sa½. ni. µ². 2.5.367; d². ni. µ². 2.373) idh±dhippetak±y±d²na½ vedan±disabh±vatt±bh±v±, k±yavedan±cittavimuttassa tebh³makadhammassa visu½ vipall±savatthantarabh±vena gahitatt± ca heµµh±gahaŗesu vipall±savatth³na½ aniµµh±na½ sandh±ya vutta½, pańcamassa pana vipall±savatthuno abh±v± “na uddhan”ti ±ha. ¾rammaŗavibh±gena hettha satipaµµh±navibh±goti. Tayo satipaµµh±n±ti satipaµµh±nasaddassa atthuddh±radassana½, na idha p±¼iya½ vuttassa satipaµµh±nasaddassa atthadassananti. ¾d²su hi satigocaroti ettha ±di-saddena “phassasamuday± vedan±na½ samudayo, n±mar³pasamuday± cittassa samudayo, manasik±rasamuday± dhamm±na½ samudayo”ti satipaµµh±n±ti vutt±na½ satigocar±na½ pak±sake suttapadese saŖgaŗh±ti. Eva½ paµisambhid±p±¼iyampi (paµi. ma. 3.34) avasesap±¼ippadesadassanattho ±di-saddo daµµhabbo. Satiy± paµµh±nanti satiy± patiµµh±tabbaµµh±na½. D±n±d²ni satiy± karontassa r³p±d²ni kasiŗ±d²ni ca satiy± µh±na½ hont²ti ta½niv±raŗattham±ha “padh±na½ µh±nan”ti. Pa-saddo hi idha “paŗ²t± dhamm±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 14 tikam±tik±) viya padh±natthad²pakoti adhipp±yo.
Ariyoti ariya½ sabbasattaseµµha½ samm±sambuddham±ha. Etth±ti etasmi½ sa¼±yatanavibhaŖgasutte (ma. ni. 3.311). Suttekadesena hi sutta½ dasseti. Tattha hi–
“Tayo satipaµµh±n± yadariyo…pe… marahat²ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½, kińceta½ paµicca vutta½. Idha, bhikkhave, satth± s±vak±na½ dhamma½ deseti anukampako hites² anukampa½ up±d±ya “ida½ vo hit±ya ida½ vo sukh±y±’ti. Tassa s±vak± na suss³santi, na sota½ odahanti, na ańń± citta½ upaµµhapenti, vokkamma ca satthus±san± vattanti. Tatra, bhikkhave, tath±gato na ceva anattamano hoti, na ca anattamanata½ paµisa½vedeti, anavassuto ca viharati sato sampaj±no. Ida½, bhikkhave, paµhama½ satipaµµh±na½, yadariyo…pe… arahati.
Puna capara½, bhikkhave, satth±…pe… ida½ vo sukh±y±ti. Tassa ekacce s±vak± na suss³santi…pe… vattanti. Ekacce s±vak± suss³santi…pe… na ca vokkamma satthus±san± vattanti. Tatra, bhikkhave, tath±gato na ceva anattamano hoti, na ca anattamanata½ paµisa½vedeti, na ceva attamano hoti, na ca attamanata½ paµisa½vedeti. Anattamanatańca attamanatańca tadubhaya½ abhinivajjetv± upekkhato viharati sato sampaj±no. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, dutiya½ satipaµµh±na½…pe… arahati.
Puna capara½…pe… sukh±y±ti. Tassa s±vak± suss³santi…pe… vattanti. Tatra, bhikkhave, tath±gato attamano ceva hoti, attamanatańca paµisa½vedeti, anavassuto ca viharati sato sampaj±no Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, tatiya½ satipaµµh±na½…pe… arahat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.311)–
Eva½ paµigh±nunayehi anavassutat±, nicca½ upaµµhitassatit±ya tadubhayav²tivattat± “satipaµµh±nan”ti vutt±. Buddh±na½yeva hi nicca½ upaµµhitassatit± hoti ±veŗikadhammabh±vato, na paccekabuddh±d²na½. Pa-saddo ±rambha½ joteti, ±rambho ca pavatt²ti katv± ±ha “pavattayitabbatoti attho”ti. Satiy± karaŗabh³t±ya paµµh±na½ paµµhapetabba½ satipaµµh±na½. Ana-saddo hi bahulavacanena kammatthopi hot²ti.
Tath±ssa kattu-atthopi labbhat²ti “patiµµh±t²ti paµµh±nan”ti vutta½. Tattha pa-saddo bh³satthavisiµµha½ pakkhandhana½ d²pet²ti “okkantitv± pakkhanditv± pavattat²ti attho”ti ±ha. Puna bh±vattha½ sati-sadda½ paµµh±na-saddańca vaŗŗento “atha v±”ti-±dim±ha. Tena purimavikappe sati-saddo paµµh±na-saddo ca katthu-atthoti vińń±yati. Saraŗaµµhen±ti cirakatassa cirabh±sitassa ca anussaraŗaµµhena. Idanti ya½ “satiyeva satipaµµh±nan”ti vutta½, ida½ idha imasmi½ suttapadese adhippeta½.
Yadi evanti yadi sati eva satipaµµh±na½, sati n±ma eko dhammo, eva½ sante kasm± “satipaµµh±n±”ti bahuvacananti ±ha “satibahutt±”ti-±di. Yadi bahuk± et± satiyo, atha kasm± “maggo”ti ekavacananti yojan±. Maggaµµhen±ti niyy±naµµhena. Niyy±niko hi maggadhammo, teneva niyy±nikabh±vena ekattupagato ekantato nibb±na½ gacchati, atthikehi ca tadattha½ magg²yat²ti attan±va pubbe vutta½ pacc±harati “vuttańcetan”ti. Tattha catassopi cet±ti k±y±nupassan±divasena catubbidh±pi ca et± satiyo. Aparabh±geti ariyamaggakkhaŗe. Kicca½ s±dhayam±n±ti pubbabh±ge k±y±d²su ±rammaŗesu subhasańń±dividhamanena visu½ visu½ pavattitv± maggakkhaŗe saki½yeva tattha catubbidhassapi vipall±sassa samucchedavasena pah±nakicca½ s±dhayam±n± ±rammaŗakaraŗavasena nibb±na½ gacchanti. Catubbidhakiccas±dhaneneva hettha bahuvacananiddeso. Evańca sat²ti maggaµµhena ekatta½ up±d±ya “maggo”ti ekavacanena ±rammaŗabhedena catubbidhata½ up±d±ya “catt±ro”ti ca vattabbat±ya sativijjam±natt±. Vacan±nusandhin± “ek±yano ayan”ti-±dik± desan± s±nusandhik±va, na ananusandhik±ti adhipp±yo. Vuttamevattha½ nidassanena paµip±detu½ “m±rasenappamaddanan”ti suttapada½ (sa½. ni. 5.224) ±netv± “yath±”ti-±din± nidassana½ sa½sandeti. Tasm±ti-±di nigamana½.
Visesato k±yo ca vedan± ca ass±dassak±raŗanti tappah±nattha½ tesu taŗh±vatth³su o¼±rikasukhumesu asubhadukkhabh±vadassan±ni mandatikkhapańńehi taŗh±caritehi sukar±n²ti t±ni tesa½ “visuddhimaggo”ti vutt±ni tath± “nicca½ att±”ti abhinivesavatthut±ya diµµhiy± visesak±raŗesu cittadhammesu anicc±nattat±dassan±ni sar±g±divasena sańń±phass±divasena n²varaŗ±divasena ca n±tippabheda-atippabhedagatesu tesu tappah±nattha½ mandatikkhapańń±na½ diµµhicarit±na½ sukar±n²ti tesa½ t±ni “visuddhimaggo”ti vutt±ni. Ettha ca yath± cittadhamm±nampi taŗh±ya vatthubh±vo sambhavati, tath± k±yavedan±nampi diµµhiy±ti satipi nesa½ catunnampi taŗh±diµµhiy± vatthubh±ve yo yassa s±tisayapaccayo, ta½dassanattha½ visesaggahaŗa½ katanti daµµhabba½. Tikkhapańńasamathay±niko o¼±rik±rammaŗa½ pariggaŗhanto tattha aµµhatv± jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya vedana½ pariggaŗh±t²ti vutta½. “O¼±rik±rammaŗe asaŗµhahanato”ti. Vipassan±y±nikassa pana sukhume citte dhammesu ca citta½ pakkhandat²ti cittadhamm±nupassan±na½ mandatikkhapańń±vipassan±y±nik±na½ visuddhimaggat± vutt±.