Uddesav±rakath±vaŗŗan±

106. Kasm± bhagav± ima½ suttamabh±s²ti as±dh±raŗasamuµµh±na½ pucchati, s±dh±raŗa½ pana p±kaµanti an±maµµha½, tena suttanikkhepo pucchitoti katv± itaro “kururaµµhav±s²nan”ti-±din± aparajjh±sayoya½ suttanikkhepoti dasseti. Etena b±hirasamuµµh±na½ vibh±vitanti daµµhabba½. Ajjhattika½ pana as±dh±raŗańca m³lapariy±yasutt±diµ²k±ya½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Kururaµµha½ kira (d². ni. µ². 2.373) tad± tanniv±s²na½ satt±na½ yebhuyyena yonisomanasik±ravantat±ya pubbe ca katapuńńat±balena utu-±disampannameva ahosi. Tena vutta½ “utupaccay±disampannatt±”ti. ¾di-saddena bhojan±disampatti½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Keci pana “pubbe kuruvattadhamm±nuµµh±nav±san±ya uttarakuru viya yebhuyyena utu-±disampannameva honta½ bhagavato k±le s±tisaya½ utusapp±y±diyutta½ ta½ raµµha½ ahos²”ti vadanti. Cittasar²rakallat±y±ti cittassa sar²rassa ca arogat±ya. Anuggahitapańń±bal±ti laddhupak±rań±ŗ±nubh±v±, anu anu v± ±ciŗŗapańń±tej±. Ekav²satiy± µh±nes³ti k±y±nupassan±vasena cuddasasuµh±nesu, vedan±nupassan±vasena ekasmi½ µh±ne, tath± citt±nupassan±vasena, dhamm±nupassan±vasena pańcasu µh±nes³ti eva½ ekav²satiy± µh±nesu. Kammaµµh±na½ arahatte pakkhipitv±ti catusaccakammaµµh±na½ yath± arahatta½ p±peti, eva½ desan±vasena arahatte pakkhipitv±. SuvaŗŗacaŖkoµakasuvaŗŗamańj³s±su pakkhitt±ni sumanacampak±din±n±pupph±ni maŗiputt±disattaratan±ni ca yath± bh±janasampattiy± savisesa½ sobhanti, kiccakar±ni ca honti manuńń±bh±vato, eva½ s²ladassan±disampattiy± bh±janavisesabh³t±ya kururaµµhav±siparis±ya desit± ca bhagavato aya½ desan± bhiyyosomatt±ya sobhati, kiccak±r² ca hot²ti imamattha½ dasseti “yath± hi puriso”ti-±din±. Etth±ti kururaµµhe.
Pakatiy±ti sarasato, imiss± satipaµµh±nasuttadesan±ya pubbep²ti adhipp±yo. Anuyutt± viharanti satthu desan±nus±ratoti adhipp±yo. Vissaµµha-attabh±van±ti anicc±divasena kismińci yonisomanasik±re citta½ aniyojetv± r³p±di-±rammaŗe abhirativasena vissaµµhacittena bhavitu½ na vaµµati, pam±davih±ra½ pah±ya appamattena bhavitabbanti adhipp±yo.
Ek±yanoti ettha ayana-saddo maggapariy±yo. Na kevalamayanameva, atha kho ańńepi bah³ maggapariy±y±ti paduddh±ra½ karonto “maggassa h²”ti-±di vatv± yadi maggapariy±yo ayana-saddo, kasm± puna maggoti vuttanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “tasm±”ti-±di. Tattha ekamaggoti eko eva maggo. Na hi nibb±nag±m² maggo ańńo atth²ti. Nanu satipaµµh±na½ idha “maggo”ti adhippeta½, tadańńe ca bah³ maggadhamm± atth²ti? Sacca½ atthi, te pana satipaµµh±naggahaŗeneva gahit± tadavin±bh±vato. Tath± hi ń±ŗav²riy±dayo niddese gahit±. Uddese pana satiy± eva gahaŗa½ veneyyajjh±sayavasen±ti daµµhabba½. Na dvedh±pathabh³toti imin± imassa maggassa anekamaggat±bh±va½ viya anibb±nag±mibh±v±bh±vańca dasseti. Eken±ti asah±yena. Asah±yat± ca duvidh± attadutiyat±bh±vena v±, y± “v³pakaµµhak±yat±”ti vuccati, taŗh±dutiyat±bh±vena v±, y± “pavivittacittat±”ti vuccati. Ten±ha “v³pakaµµhena pavivittacitten±”ti. Seµµhopi loke “eko”ti vuccati “y±va pare ekato karos²”ti-±d²s³ti ±ha “ekass±ti seµµhass±”ti. Yadi sa½s±rato nissaraŗaµµho ayanaµµho ańńesampi upanissayasampann±na½ s±dh±raŗo katha½ bhagavatoti ±ha “kińc±p²”ti-±di. Imasmi½ khoti ettha kho-saddo avadh±raŗe, tasm± imasmi½ yev±ti attho. Desan±bhedoyeva heso, yadida½ maggoti v± ayanoti v±. Ten±ha “attho paneko”ti.
N±n±mukhabh±van±nayappavattoti k±y±nupassan±dimukhena tatth±pi ±n±p±n±dimukhena bh±van±nayena pavatto. Ek±yananti ekag±mina½, nibb±nag±minanti attho. Nibb±nańhi adutiyatt± seµµhatt± ca “ekan”ti vuccati. Yath±ha “ekańhi sacca½ na dut²yamatth²”ti (su. ni. 890) “y±vat±, bhikkhave, dhamm± saŖkhat± v± asaŖkhat± v±, vir±go tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti (a. ni. 4.34; itivu. 90) ca. Khayo eva antoti khayanto j±tiy± khayanta½ diµµhav±ti j±tikhayantadass². Avibh±gena sabbepi satte hitena anukampat²ti hit±nukamp². Atari½s³ti tari½su. Pubbeti purimak± buddh±, pubbe v± at²tak±le.
Tanti ta½ tesa½ vacana½, ta½ v± kiriy±vuttiv±cakatta½ na yujjati. Na hi saŖkheyyappadh±nat±ya sattav±cino eka-saddassa kiriy±vuttiv±cakat± atthi. “Sakimpi uddha½ gaccheyy±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 7.72) viya “saki½ ayano”ti imin± byańjanena bhavitabba½. Eva½ attha½ yojetv±ti eva½ padattha½ yojetv±. Ubhayath±p²ti purimanayena pacchimanayena ca. Na yujjati idh±dhippetamaggassa anekav±ra½ pavattisabbh±vato. Ten±ha “kasm±”ti-±di. Anekav±rampi ayat²ti purimanayassa, anekańcassa ayana½ hot²ti pacchimanayassa ca paµikkhepo.
Imasmi½ padeti “ek±yano aya½ bhikkhave maggo”ti imasmi½ v±kye, imasmi½ v± “pubbabh±gamaggo lokuttaramaggo”ti sa½sayaµµh±ne. Missakamaggoti lokiyena missako lokuttaramaggo. Visuddhi-±d²na½ nippariy±yahetu½ saŖgaŗhanto ±cariyatthero “missakamaggo”ti ±ha, itaro pariy±yahetu idh±dhippetoti “pubbabh±gamaggo”ti.
Sadda½ sutv±v±ti “k±lo, bhante, dhammassavan±y±”ti k±l±rocanasadda½ sutv±. Eva½ ukkhipitv±ti. Eva½ “madhura½ ima½ kuhi½ cha¹¹em±”ti acha¹¹ent± ucchubh±ra½ viya paggahetv± na vicaranti. ¾lu¼et²ti vilu¼ito ±kulo hot²ti attho. Ek±yanamaggo vuccati pubbabh±gasatipaµµh±namaggoti. Ett±vat± idh±dhippetatthe siddhe tasseva alaŖk±rattha½ so pana yassa pubbabh±gamaggo, ta½ dassetu½ “magg±naµµhaŖgiko”ti-±dik± g±th±pi paµisambhid±maggatova ±netv± µhapit±.
Nibb±nagamanaµµhen±ti nibb±na½ gacchati adhigacchati eten±ti nibb±nagamana½, so eva avipar²tasabh±vat±ya attho, tena nibb±nagamanaµµhena, nibb±n±dhigamup±yat±y±ti attho. Maggan²yaµµhen±ti gavesitabbat±ya, “gaman²yaµµhen±”ti v± p±µho, upagantabbatt±ti attho. R±g±d²h²ti. Imin± r±gadosamoh±na½yeva gahaŗa½ “r±go mala½, doso mala½, moho malan”ti (vibha. 924) vacanato. “Abhijjh±visamalobh±d²h²”ti pana imin± sabbesampi upakkiles±na½ saŖgaŗhanattha½ te visu½ uddhaµ±. Satt±na½ visuddhiy±ti vuttassa atthassa ekantikata½ dassento “tath± h²”ti-±dim±ha. K±ma½ “visuddhiy±”ti s±mańńajotan±, cittavisuddhi eva panettha adhippet±ti dassetu½ “r³pamalavasena pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Na kevala½ aµµhakath±vacanameva, atha kho idamettha ±haccabh±sitanti dassento “tath± h²”ti-±dim±ha.
S± pan±ya½ cittavisuddhi sijjham±n± yasm± sok±d²na½ anupp±d±ya sa½vattati, tasm± vutta½ “sokaparidev±na½ samatikkam±y±”ti-±di. Tattha socana½ ń±tibyasan±dinimitta½ cetaso sant±po antonijjh±na½ soko. ѱtibyasan±dinimittameva sok±dhikat±ya “kaha½, ekaputtaka, kaha½, ekaputtak±”ti paridevavasena lapana½ paridevo, ±yati½ anuppajjana½ idha samatikkamoti ±ha “pah±n±y±”ti. Ta½ panassa samatikkam±vahata½ nidassanavasena dassento “aya½ h²”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha ya½ pubbe ta½ visodheh²ti at²tesu khandhesu taŗh±sa½kilesavisodhana½ vutta½. Pacch±ti parato. Teti tuyha½. M±h³ti m± ahu. Kińcananti r±g±dikińcana½. Etena an±gatesu khandhesu sa½kilesavisodhana½ vutta½. Majjheti tadubhayavemajjhe. No ce gahessas²ti na up±diyissasi ce. Etena paccuppanne khandhapabandhe up±d±nappavatti vutt±. Upasanto carissas²ti eva½ addhattayagatasa½kilesavisodhane sati nibbutasabbapari¼±hat±ya upasanto hutv± viharissas²ti arahattanik³µena g±tha½ niµµhapesi. Ten±ha “ima½ g±than”ti-±di.
Putt±ti oras±, ańńepi v± ye keci. Pit±ti janako. Bandhav±ti ń±tak±. Ayańhettha attho– putt± v± pit± v± bandhav± v± antakena maccun± adhipannassa abhibh³tassa maraŗato t±ŗ±ya na honti, tasm± natthi ń±t²su t±ŗat±ti. Na hi ń±t²na½ vasena maraŗato ±rakkh± atthi, tasm± paµ±c±re “ubho putt± k±lakat±”ti-±din± (apa. ther² 2.2.498) m± niratthaka½ paridevi, dhamma½yeva pana y±th±vato pass±ti adhipp±yo.
Sot±pattiphale patiµµhit±ti yath±nuloma½ pavattit±ya s±mukka½sik±ya dhammadesan±ya pariyos±ne sahassanayapaµimaŗ¹ite sot±pattiphale patiµµhahi. Katha½ pan±ya½ satipaµµh±namaggavasena sot±pattiphale patiµµh±s²ti ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di. Na hi catusaccakammaµµh±nakath±ya vin± s±vak±na½ ariyamagg±dhigamo atthi. “Ima½ g±tha½ sutv±”ti pana ida½ sokavinodanavasena pavattit±ya g±th±ya paµhama½ sutatt± vutta½. Esa nayo itarag±th±yapi. Bh±van±ti pańń±bh±van±. S± hi idh±dhippet±. Tasm±ti yasm± r³p±d²na½ anicc±dito anupassan±pi satipaµµh±nabh±van±, tasm±. Tep²ti santatimah±mattapaµ±c±r±.
Pańcasate coreti satasatacorapariv±re pańca core paµip±µiy± pesesi. Te arańńa½ pavisitv± thera½ pariyesant± anukkamena therassa sam²pe sam±gacchi½su. Ten±ha “te gantv± thera½ pariv±retv± nis²di½s³”ti. Vedana½ vikkhambhetv± p²tip±mojja½ uppajj²ti sambandho. Therassa hi s²la½ paccavekkhato suparisuddha½ s²la½ niss±ya u¼±ra½ p²tip±mojja½ uppajjam±na½ ³ruµµhibhedajanita½ dukkhavedana½ vikkhambhesi. P±d±n²ti p±de. Sańńapess±m²ti sańńatti½ kariss±mi. A¹¹iy±m²ti jigucch±mi. Har±y±m²ti lajj±mi. Vipassisanti sammasi½.
Pacal±yant±nanti pacal±yana½ nidda½ upagat±na½. Vatasampannoti dhutacaraŗasampanno. Pam±danti pacal±yana½ sandh±y±ha. Oruddham±nasoti uparuddha-adhicitto. Pańjarasminti sar²re. Sar²rańhi nh±rusambandha-aµµhisaŖgh±tat±ya idha “pańjaran”ti vutta½.
P²tavaŗŗ±ya paµ±k±ya pariharaŗato mallayuddhacittakat±ya ca p²tamallo. T²su rajjes³ti paŗ¹uco¼ago¼arajjesu. Mall± s²ha¼ad²pe sakk±rasamm±na½ labhant²ti tambapaŗŗid²pa½ ±gamma. Ta½yeva aŖkusa½ katv±ti “r³p±dayo ‘mam±’ti na gahetabb±”ti na tumh±kavaggena (sa½. ni. 3.33-34) pak±sitamattha½ attano cittamattahatthino aŖkusa½ katv±. Jaŗŗukehi caŖkamati “nisinne nidd±ya avasaro hot²”ti. By±karitv±ti attano v²riy±rambhassa saphalat±pavedanamukhena sabrahmac±r²na½ uss±ha½ janento ańńa½ by±karitv±. Bh±sitanti vacana½. Kassa pana tanti ±ha “buddhaseµµhassa, sabbalokaggav±dino”ti. Na tumh±kanti-±di tassa pavatti-±k±radassana½. Tayida½ me saŖkh±r±na½ accantav³pasamak±raŗanti dassento “anicc± vat±”ti g±tha½ ±hari. Tena id±n±ha½ saŖkh±r±na½ khaŗe khaŗe bhaŖgasaŖkh±tassa rogassa abh±vena arogo parinibbutoti dasseti.