Akusalakammapathavaŗŗan±

Akosallappavattiy±ti kosallapaµipakkhato akosalla½ vuccati ańń±ŗa½, tato pavattanato, akosallasambh³tatt±ti attho. ѱŗapaµipakkho ańń±ŗa½ mittapaµipakkho amitto viya kusalapaµipakkho akusala½ kusalena pah±tabbatt±, na pana kusal±na½ pah±yatatt±. Kusalameva hi payogasamp±dita½ akusala½ pajahati. Saha avajjehi lobh±d²hi vattat²ti s±vajja½. Dukkho aniµµho catukkhandha-saŖkh±to vip±ko etass±ti dukkhavip±ka½. Tattha s±vajjavacanena akusal±na½ pavattidukkhata½ dasseti, dukkhavip±kavacanena vip±kadukkhata½. Purimańhi pavattisambhavavasena akusalassa lakkhaŗavacana½, pacchima½ t±lantare vip±kupp±danasamatthat±vasena. Tath± purimena akusalassa avisuddhasabh±vata½ dasseti, pacchimena avisuddhavip±kata½. Purimena akusala½ kusalasabh±vato nivatteti, pacchimena aby±katasabh±vato savip±kattad²pakatt± pacchimassa. Purimena v± avajjavantat±dassanato kiccaµµhena rasena anatthajananarasata½ dasseti, pacchimena sampatti-atthena aniµµhavip±karasata½. Purimena ca upaµµh±n±k±raµµhena paccupaµµh±nena sa½kilesapaccupaµµh±nata½, pacchimena phalaµµhena dukkhavip±kapaccupaµµh±nata½. Purimena ca ayonisomanasik±ra½ akusalassa padaµµh±na½ pak±seti. Tato hi ta½ s±vajja½ j±ta½, pacchimena akusalassa ańńesa½ padaµµh±nabh±va½ vibh±veti. Tańhi dukkhavip±kassa k±raŗanti. Sa½kiliµµhanti sa½kilesehi samann±gata½, dasahi kilesavatth³hi vib±dhita½, upat±pita½ v± tehi vid³sita½ mal²nakatańc±ti attho. Idańcassa dukkhavip±katańc±ti atthe idańca dukkhavip±kata½ apaccakkhat±ya asaddahant±na½ paccakkhato ±d²navadassanena sa½vejanattha½ vutta½. S±dh±raŗ± sabbassapi akusalassa.
Saraseneva (dha. sa. m³laµ². 1) patanasabh±vassa antar± eva at²va p±tana½ atip±to, saŗika½ patitu½ adatv± s²gha½ p±tananti attho. Atikkammav± satth±d²hi abhibhavitv± p±tana½ atip±to. Payogavatthumahantat±d²hi mah±s±vajjat± tehi paccayehi uppajjam±n±ya cetan±ya balavabh±vato. Ekassa hi payogassa sahas± nipph±danavasena sakiccas±dhik±ya bahukkhattu½ pavattajavanehi laddh±sevan±ya ca sanniµµh±pakacetan±ya vasena payogassa mahantabh±vo. Satipi kad±ci khuddake ceva mahante ca p±ŗe payogassa samabh±ve mahanta½ hanantassa cetan± tibb±k±r± uppajjat²ti vatthussa mahantabh±vo. Iti ubhayampeta½ cetan±ya balavabh±veneva hot²ti. Yath±vuttapaccayapariy±yepi ta½ta½paccayehi cetan±ya balavat±ya eva mah±s±vajjabh±vo veditabbo. Payogavatthu-±dipaccay±nańhi amahattepi hantabbassa guŗavantat±ya mah±s±vajjat±, tabbipariy±yena appas±vajjat± ca vatthussa mahatt±mahattesu viya daµµhabb±. Kiles±na½ upakkam±na½ dvinnańca mudut±ya tibbat±ya ca appas±vajjat± mah±s±vajjat±pi yojetabb±. P±ŗo p±ŗasańńit± vadhakacittańca pubbabh±giy±pi honti, upakkamo vadhakacetan±samuµµh±pito. Pańca sambh±r± hi p±ŗ±tip±tacetan±ti s± pańcasambh±ravinimutt± daµµhabb±. Ayańca vic±ro adinn±d±n±d²supi yath±raha½ vattabbo. Vijjhanapaharaŗ±divasena sahatthenanibbatto s±hatthiko, ±ŗ±panavasena pavatto ±ŗattiko, ususattiyantap±s±ŗ±dinissajjanavasena pavatto nissaggiyo, aduhalasajjan±divasena pavatto th±varo, ±thabbaŗik±d²na½ viya mantaparijappanavasena pavatto vijj±mayo, kammavip±kajiddhimayo iddhimayo d±µh±koµan±d²ni viya.
Yadi “mama idan”ti parena pariggahita½ adinna½, utt±naseyyakad±rakasantake katha½ tassa pariggahasańń±ya eva abh±vatoti ±ha “yattha paro”ti-±di. Paro n±ma vińń³ v± avińń³ v± atthi tassa vatthussa s±miko. Avińń³pi hi vińńuk±le yath±k±ma½ karonto adaŗ¹±rahoti. Mantaparijappanena parasantakaharaŗa½ vijj±mayo, vin± mantena parasantakassa k±yavac²payogehi parika¹¹hana½ t±diseniddhivasena iddhimayo payogoti adinn±d±ne cha payog± s±hatthik±dayo vutt±. Yath±nur³panti ettha s±hatthiko t±va pańcannampi avah±r±na½ vasena pavattati, tath± ±ŗattiyo nissaggiyo ca. Th±varo theyy±vah±rapasayh±vah±rapaµicchann±vah±ravasena. Tath± ses±p²ti daµµhabba½.
Methunasam±c±res³ti sad±r±santosa-parad±ragamanavasena duvidhesu methunasam±c±resu. Ayamevahi bhedo idh±dhippeto. Gottarakkhit± sagottehi rakkhit±. Dhammarakkhit± sahadhammikehi rakkhit±. S±rakkh± sas±mik±. Yass± gamane rańń± daŗ¹o µhapito, s± saparidaŗ¹±. Bhariyabh±vattha½ dhanena k²t± dhanakk²t±. Chandena vasant² chandav±sin². Bhogattha½ vasant² bhogav±sin². Paµattha½ vasant² paµav±sin². Udakapatta½ ±masitv± gahit± odapattakin². Cumbaµaka½ apanetv± gahit± obhaµacumbaµ±. Karamar±n²t± dhaj±hat±. TaŖkhaŗik± muhuttik±. Abhibhavitv± v²tikkame micch±c±ro mah±s±vajjo, na tath± dvinna½ sam±nachandat±ya. Abhibhavitv± v²tikkamane satipi maggenamaggapaµipatti-adhiv±sane purimuppannasevan±bhisandhipayog±bh±vato micch±c±ro na hoti abhibhuyyam±nass±ti vadanti. Sevan±citte sati payog±bh±vo appam±ŗa½ yebhuyyena itthiy± sevan±payogassa abh±vato. Tath± sati puretara½ sevan±cittassa upaµµh±nepi tass± micch±c±ro na siy±, tath± purisassapi sevan±payog±bh±veti, tasm± attano ruciy± pavattitassa vasena tayo, balakk±rena pavattitassa vasena tayoti sabbepi aggahitaggahaŗena catt±ro sambh±r±ti vuttanti veditabba½.
Atthabhańjakoti kammapathavasena vutta½. Kammapathakath± hes±ti. Ass±ti visa½v±dakassa. Mus± vadati eten±ti cetan± mus±v±do, imasmi½ pakkhe atath±k±rena vatthuno vińń±panapayogo mus±, ta½samuµµh±pik± cetan±mus±v±doti vuttatt± tato ańńath± vattu½ “aparo nayo”ti-±di vutta½. Attano santaka½ ad±tuk±mat±y±ti-±di mus±v±das±mańńena vutta½. Has±dhipp±yenapi visa½v±danapurakkh±rassa mus±v±do. Parass±ti visa½v±danavasena vińń±petabbassa. Soti mus±v±dapayogo.
Suńńabh±vanti p²tivirahitat±ya rittabh±va½. Pharusasaddat±ya neva kaŗŗasukh±. Atthavipannat±ya na hadayasukh±. Sa½kiliµµhacittass±ti dosena, lobhena v± d³sitacittassa.
Ekantapharus± cetan±ti etena duµµhacittata½yeva vibh±veti, duµµhacittat± cassa amaraŗ±dhipp±yavasena daµµhabb±. Sati hi maraŗ±dhipp±ye atthasiddhi, tadabh±ve p±ŗ±tip±taby±p±d± siyunti. Ya½ paµicca pharusav±c± payujjati, tassa sammukh±va s²sa½ eti. Parammukh±pi s²sa½ eti ev±ti apare. Tatth±ya½ adhipp±yo yutto siy±– sammukh± payoge ag±rav±d²na½ balavabh±vato siy± cetan± balavat², parassa ca tadatthavińń±pana½, na tath± asammukh±ti. Yath± ca akkosite mate ±¼ahane kat± kham±pan± upav±dantar±ya½ nivatteti, eva½ parammukh± payutt± pharusav±c± hotiyev±ti sakk± vińń±tu½. Tass±ti ekantapharusacetan±ya eva pharusav±c±bh±vassa ±vibh±vattha½. Mammacchedako savanapharusat±y±ti adhipp±yo. Cittasaŗh±t±ya pharusav±c± na hoti kammapath±’ppattatt±, kammabh±va½ pana na sakk± v±retu½. Eva½ anvayavasena cetan±pharusat±ya pharusav±ca½ s±dhetv± id±ni tameva byatirekavasena s±dhetu½ “vacanasaŗhat±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Es±ti pharusav±c±. Kammapathabh±va½ appatt± appas±vajj±, itar± mah±s±vajj±. Tath± kiles±na½ mudutibbat±bhedehi sabba½ purimasadisa½.
¾sevana½ bahul²karaŗa½. Ya½ uddissa pavattito, tena aggahite appas±vajjo, gahite mah±s±vajjo kammapathappattito. Yo koci pana samphappal±po dv²hi sambh±rehi sijjhati. Kiles±na½ mudutibbat±vasenapi appas±vajjamah±s±vajjat± veditabb±.
Attano pariŗ±mana½ cittenev±ti veditabba½. Hitasukha½ by±p±dayat²ti yo ta½ upp±deti, tassa hitasukha½ vin±seti. Aho vat±ti imin± accantavin±sacintana½ d²peti. Eva½ hissa d±ruŗapavattiy± kammapathappatti. Yath±bhuccagahaŗ±bh±ven±ti y±th±vagg±hassa abh±vena anicc±disabh±vassa nicc±dito gahaŗena. Micch± passat²ti vitatha½ passati. Samphappal±po viy±ti imin± ±sevanassa mandat±ya appas±vajjata½, mahantat±ya mah±s±vajjata½ dasseti. Gahit±k±ravipar²tat±ti micch±diµµhiy± gahit±k±rassa vipar²tabh±vo. Vatthunoti tass± ayath±bh³tasabh±vam±ha. Tath±bh±ven±ti gahit±k±reneva tassa diµµhigatikassa, tassa v± vatthuno upaµµh±na½ evameta½, na ito ańńath±ti.
Dhammatoti sabh±vato. Koµµh±satoti phassapańcamak±d²su cittaŖgakoµµh±sesu ya½ koµµh±s± honti, tatoti attho. Cetan±dhamm±ti cetan±sabh±v±.
Paµip±µiy± satt±ti ettha nanu cetan± abhidhamme kammapathesu na vutt±ti paµip±µiy± sattanna½ kammapathabh±vo na yuttoti? Na, avacanassa ańńahetukatt±. Na hi tattha cetan±ya akammapathatt± kammapathar±simhi avacana½, kad±ci pana kammapatho hoti, na sabbad±ti kammapathabh±vassa aniyatatt± avacana½. Yad± pana kammapatho hoti, tad± kammapathar±sisaŖgaho na niv±rito. Etth±ha– yadi cetan±ya sabbad± kammapathabh±v±bh±vato aniyato kammapathabh±voti kammapathar±simhi avacana½, nanu abhijjh±d²na½ kammapathabh±va½ appatt±na½ atthit±ya aniyato kammapathabh±voti tesampi kammapathar±simhi avacana½ ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati kammapathat±ta½sabh±gat±hi tesa½ tattha vuttatt±. Yadi eva½ cetan±pi tattha vattabb± siy±? Saccameta½, s± pana p±ŗ±tip±t±dik±ti p±kaµo, tass± kammapathabh±voti na vutt± siy±. Cetan±ya hi– “cetan±ha½, bhikkhave, kamma½ vad±mi (a. ni. 6.63; kath±. 539), tividh±, bhikkhave, k±yasańcetan± akusala½ k±yakamman”ti-±divacanato (kath±. 539) kammabh±vo p±kaµo, kamma½yeva ca sugatiduggat²na½ tattha uppajjanakasukhadukkh±nańca pathabh±vena pavatta½ kammapathoti vuccat²ti p±kaµo tass± kammapathabh±vo, abhijjh±d²na½ pana cetan±sam²hanabh±vena sucaritaduccaritabh±vo cetan±janitapiµµhivaµµakabh±vena sugatiduggatitaduppajjanakasukhadukkh±na½ pathabh±vo c±ti na tath± p±kaµo kammapathabh±voti teyeva tena sabh±vena dassetu½ abhidhamme cetan± kammapathar±sibh±vena na vutt± atath±j±tiyakatt± v± cetan± tehi saddhi½ na vutt±ti daµµhabba½. M³la½ patv±ti m³ladesana½ patv±, m³lasabh±vesu dhammesu vuccam±nes³ti attho.
Adinn±d±na½ satt±rammaŗanti ida½ “pańca sikkh±pad± paritt±rammaŗ± eva v±”ti im±ya pańhapucchakap±¼iy± virujjhati. Yańhi p±ŗ±tip±t±diduss²lyassa ±rammaŗa½, tadeva ta½ veramaŗiy± ±rammaŗa½. V²tikkamitabbavatthuto eva hi virat²ti. Satt±rammaŗanti v± sattasaŖkh±ta½ saŖkh±r±rammaŗameva up±d±ya vuttanti n±ya½ virodho. Tath± hi vutta½ sammohavinodaniya½ (vibha. aµµha. 714) “y±ni sikkh±pad±ni ettha satt±rammaŗ±n²ti vutt±ni, t±ni yasm± sattoti saŖkhya½ gata½ saŖkh±rameva ±rammaŗa½ karont²”ti. Visabh±gavatthuno “itth², puriso”ti gahetabbato satt±rammaŗoti eke. “Eko diµµho, dve sut±”ti-±din± samphappalapane diµµhasutamutavińń±tavasena. Tath± abhijjh±ti ettha tath±-saddo “diµµhasutamutavińń±tavasen±”ti idampi upasa½harati, na sattasaŖkh±r±rammaŗata½ eva dassan±divasena abhijjh±yanato. “Natthi satt± opap±tik±”ti pavattam±n±pi micch±diµµhi tebh³makadhammavisay±v±ti adhipp±yenass± saŖkh±r±rammaŗat± vutt±. Katha½ pana micch±diµµhiy± sabbe tebh³makadhamm± ±rammaŗa½ hont²ti? S±dh±raŗato. “Natthi sukatadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko”ti hi pavattam±n±ya atthato r³p±rup±vacaradhamm±pi gahit± eva hont²ti.
Sukhabahulat±ya r±j±no hasam±n±pi “cora½ gh±teth±”ti vadanti, h±so pana tesa½ ańńavisayoti ±ha “sanniµµh±paka…pe… hot²”ti.
Kesańc²ti sahaj±t±na½ adinn±d±n±d²na½. Sampayuttapabh±vakaµµhen±ti sampayutto hutv± upp±dakaµµhena. Kesańc²ti asahaj±t±na½. Upanissayapaccayaµµhen±ti etena m³laµµhena lobhassa upak±rata½ nivatteti. Suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanaµµho hi m³laµµho, so ca hetupaccayat±-avin±bh±v², tena cettha m³lamiva m³lanti gahetabba½, nippariy±yato pana pubbe “kesańc²”ti vutt±na½ sahaj±t±na½ m³labh±vo veditabbo. Ratto khoti-±din± suttapadenapi p±ŗ±tip±t±d²na½ akusal±na½ lobhassa m³lak±raŗata½ vibh±veti, na m³laµµhenupak±rattha½ avisesato tesa½ hetupaccayatt±bh±vato.

Akusalakammapathavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.