Subhagatt±ti sir²k±m±navasena sobhanatt±. Tenev±ha “sundarasirikatt± sundarak±matt± c±”ti. Chaºasamajja-ussaveti ettha chaºa½ n±ma phaggunam±s±d²su uttaraphaggun±di-abhilakkhitadivasesu saparijan±na½ manuss±na½ maªgalakaraºa½. Samajja½ n±ma naµasamajj±di. Ussavo nakkhatta½. Yattha g±manigamav±sino tayo satta v± divase nakkhattaghosana½ katv± yath±vibhava½ alaªkatapaµiyatt± bhoge paribhuñjant± nakkhattak²¼ana½ k²¼anti. Tesa½ ta½ tatheva hot²ti tesa½ manuss±na½ ta½ patthana½ tanniv±sidevat±nubh±vena yebhuyyena tatheva hoti, patthan± samijjhat²ti attho. Bahujanakantat±y±ti imin± “sundarak±matt±”ti etasseva padassa pak±rantarena attha½ vibh±veti. Tatr±ya½ vacanattho– kaman²yaµµhena suµµhu bhaj²yat²ti subhaga½, subh± ag± rukkh± etth±ti v± subhaga½, sundarakittiyogato v± “subhagan”ti evampettha attha½ vaººenti. Keci pana “subh±gavane”ti paµhanti, “sundarabh³mibh±ge vane”ti cassa attha½ vadanti. Subhagassa n±ma yakkhassa vana½ tena pariggahitatt±ti “subhagavanan”ti aññe. Vanana½ bhatt²ti-atthe ta½ vanana½ k±ret²ti etasmi½ atthe vanayat²ti padasiddhi veditabb±. Tenev±ha “attani sineha½ upp±det²”ti. Y±canatthe vanute iti vananti upac±rakappan±vasena vana-saddo veditabbo.
Ujuva½s±ti ujubh³taviµap±. Mah±s±l±ti mah±rukkh±. Aññatarasmi½ s±lam³leti aññatarassa rukkhassa m³le. Vanappatijeµµhakarukkhoti vanappatibh³to jeµµhakarukkho. Tameva jeµµhakabh±vanti vanappatibh±ven±gata½ seµµhabh±va½ padh±nabh±va½. Tena hi so “s±lar±j±”ti vutto. Upagat±na½ rañjanaµµhena r±j±, aññasmimpi t±dise rukkhe r±javoh±ra½ dassetu½ “supatiµµhitass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha br±hmaºa dhammik±ti ±lapana½. Nippariy±yena s±kh±dimato saªgh±tassa suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhane avayavavisese pavattam±no m³la-saddo. Yasm± ta½sadisesu tannissaye padese ca ru¼h²vasena pariy±yato pavattati, tasm± “m³l±ni uddhareyy±”ti ettha nippariy±yam³la½ adhippetanti ekena m³la-saddena visesetv± ±ha “m³lam³le dissat²”ti yath± “dukkhadukkha½ (sa½. ni. 4.327), r³par³pan”ti (visuddhi. 2.449) ca. As±dh±raºahetumh²ti as±dh±raºak±raºe. Lobhasahagatacittupp±d±na½ eva ±veºike nesa½ suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanato m³laµµhena upak±rake paccayadhamme dissat²ti attho.
Tatth±ti “eka½ samaya½ bhagav± ukkaµµh±ya½ viharati subhagavane s±lar±jam³le”ti ya½ vutta½ v±kya½, tatta. Siy±ti kassaci eva½ parivitakko siy±, vakkham±n±k±rena kad±ci codeyya v±ti attho. Atha tattha viharat²ti yadi subhagavane s±lar±jam³le viharati. Na vattabbanti n±n±µh±nabh³tatt± ukkaµµh±subhagavan±na½, eka½ samayanti ca vuttatt±ti adhipp±yo. Id±ni codako tameva attano adhipp±ya½ “na hi sakk±”ti-±din± vivarati. Itaro sabbameta½ avipar²ta½ attha½ aj±nantena vuttanti dassento “na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabban”ti ±ha. Tattha etanti “ukkaµµh±ya½ viharati subhagavane s±lar±jam³le”ti eta½ vacana½. Evanti “yadi t±va bhagav±”ti-±din± ya½ ta½ bhavat± codita½, ta½ atthato eva½ na kho pana daµµhabba½, na ubhayattha apubba-acarima½ vih±radassanatthanti attho.
Id±ni attano yath±dhippeta½ avipar²ta½ attha½, tassa ca paµikacceva vuttabh±va½, tena ca appaµividdhatta½ pak±sento “nanu avocumha…pe… s±lar±jam³le”ti ±ha. Evampi “subhagavane s±lar±jam³le viharat²”cceva vattabba½, na “ukkaµµh±yan”ti codana½ manasi katv± vutta½ “gocarag±manidassanatthan”ti-±di.
Avassa½ cettha gocarag±makittana½ k±tabba½. Tath± hi ta½ yath± subhagavan±dikittana½ pabbajit±nuggahakaraº±di-anekappayojana½, eva½ gahaµµh±nuggahakaraº±divividhappayojananti dassento “ukkaµµh±kittanen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha paccayaggahaºena upasaªkamanapayirup±san±na½ ok±sad±nena dhammadesan±ya saraºesu s²lesu ca patiµµh±panena yath³panissaya½ uparivises±dhigam±vahanena ca gahaµµh±naggahakaraºa½, uggahaparipucch±na½ kammaµµh±n±nuyogassa ca anur³pavasanaµµh±napariggahenettha pabbajit±nuggahakaraºa½ veditabba½. Karuº±ya upagamana½, na l±bh±dinimitta½, paññ±ya apagamana½, na virodh±dinimittanti upagaman±pagaman±na½ nirupakkilesata½ vibh±veti. Dhammikasukha½ n±ma anavajjasukha½. Dev±na½ upak±rabahulat± janavivittat±ya. Pacurajanavivitta½ hi µh±na½ dev± upasaªkamitabba½ maññanti. Tadatthaparinipph±dananti lokatthanipph±dana½, buddhakiccasamp±dananti attho. Evam±din±ti ±di-saddena ukkaµµh±kittanato r³pak±yassa anuggaºhana½ dasseti, subhagavan±dikittanato dhammak±yassa. Tath± purimena par±dh²nakiriy±karaºa½, dutiyena att±dh²nakiriy±karaºa½. Purimena v± karuº±kicca½, itarena paññ±kicca½. Purimena cassa param±ya anukamp±ya samann±gama½, pacchimena param±ya upekkh±ya samann±gama½ d²peti. Bhagav± hi sabbasatte param±ya anukamp±ya anukampati, na ca tattha sinehados±nupatito paramupekkhakabh±vato, upekkhako ca na ca parahitasukhakaraºe apposukko mah±k±ruºikabh±vato.
Tassa mah±k±ruºikat±ya lokan±that±, upekkhakat±ya attan±that±. Tath± hesa bodhisattabh³to mah±karuº±ya sañcoditam±naso sakalalokahit±ya ussukkam±panno mah±bhin²h±rato paµµh±ya tadatthanipph±danattha½ puññañ±ºasambh±re samp±dento aparimita½ k±la½ anappaka½ dukkhamanubhosi, upekkhakat±ya samm± patitehi dukkhehi na vikampi. Tath± mah±k±ruºikat±ya sa½s±r±bhimukhat±, upekkhakat±ya tato nibbindan±. Tath± upekkhakat±ya nibb±n±bhimukhat±, mah±k±ruºikat±ya tadadhigamo. Tath± mah±k±ruºikat±ya paresa½ abhi½s±pana½, upekkhakat±ya saya½ parehi abh±yana½. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya para½ rakkhato attano rakkhaºa½, upekkhakat±ya att±na½ rakkhato paresa½ rakkhaºa½. Tenassa attahit±ya paµipann±d²su catutthapuggalabh±vo siddho hoti. Tath± mah±k±ruºikat±ya sacc±dhiµµh±nassa c±g±dhiµµh±nassa ca p±rip³ri, upekkhakat±ya upasam±dhiµµh±nassa paññ±dhiµµh±nassa ca p±rip³ri. Eva½ parisuddh±sayapayogassa mah±k±ruºikat±ya lokahitatthameva rajjasampad±dibhavasampattiy± upagamana½, upekkhakat±ya tiº±yapi amaññam±nassa tato apagamana½. Iti suvisuddha-upagam±pagamassa mah±k±ruºikat±ya lokahitatthameva d±navasena sampatt²na½ pariccajan±, upekkhakat±ya cassa phalassa attano apacc±s²san±. Eva½ samud±gamanato paµµh±ya acchariyabbhutaguºasamann±gatassa mah±k±ruºikat±ya paresa½ hitasukhattha½ atidukkarak±rit±, upekkhakat±ya k±yampi anala½k±rit±.
Tath± mah±k±ruºikat±ya carimattabh±ve jiºº±turamatadassanena sañj±tasa½vego, upekkhakat±ya u¼±resu devabhogasadisesu bhogesu nirapekkho mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhami. Tath± mah±k±ruºikat±ya “kiccha½ vat±ya½ loko ±panno”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.57; sa½. ni. 2.4, 10) karuº±mukheneva vipassan±rambho upekkhakat±ya buddhabh³tassa satta satt±h±ni vivekasukheneva v²tin±mana½. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya dhammagambh²rata½ paccavekkhitv± dhammadesan±ya apposukkata½ ±pajjitv±pi mah±brahmuno ajjhesan±padesena ok±sakaraºa½, upekkhakat±ya pañcavaggiy±di veneyy±na½ ananur³pasamud±c±repi anaññath±bh±vo. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya katthaci paµigh±t±bh±venassa sabbattha amittasaññ±ya abh±vo, upekkhakat±ya katthacipi anurodh±bh±vena sabbattha sinehasanthav±bh±vo. Mah±k±ruºikat±ya g±m±d²na½ ±sannaµµh±ne vasantassapi upekkhakat±ya araññaµµh±ne eva viharaºa½. Tena vutta½ “purimena cassa param±ya annukamp±ya samann±gama½, pacchimena param±ya upekkh±ya samann±gama½ d²pet²”ti.
Tanti “tatr±”ti pada½. Desak±laparid²pananti ye desak±l± idha viharaºakiriy±visesanabh±vena vutt±, tesa½ parid²pananti dassento “ya½ samaya½…pe… d²pet²”ti ±ha. Ta½-saddo hi vuttassa atthassa paµiniddeso, tasm± idha k±lassa, desassa v± paµiniddeso bhavitu½ arahati, na aññassa. Aya½ t±va tatra-saddassa paµiniddesabh±ve atthavibh±van±. Yasm± pana ²disesu µh±nesu tatra-saddo dhammadesan±visiµµha½ desa½ k±lañca vibh±veti, tasm± vutta½ “bh±sitabbayutte v± desak±le d²pet²”ti. Tena tatr±ti yattha bhagav± dhammadesanattha½ bhikkh³ ±lapi abh±si, t±dise dese, k±le v±ti attho. Na h²ti-±din± tamevattha½ samattheti. Nanu ca yattha µhito bhagav± “ak±lo kho t±v±”ti-±din± b±hiyassa dhammadesana½ paµikkhipi, tattheva antarav²thiya½ µhito tassa dhamma½ deset²ti? Saccameta½, adesetabbak±le adesan±ya ida½ ud±haraºa½. Tenev±ha “ak±lo kho t±v±”ti. Ya½ pana tattha vutta½ “antaraghara½ paviµµhamh±”ti (ud±. 10), tampi tassa ak±labh±vasseva pariy±yena dassanattha½ vutta½. Tassa hi tad± addh±naparissamena r³pak±ye akammaññat± ahosi, balavap²tivegena n±mak±ye, tadubhayassa v³pasama½ ±gamento papañcaparih±rattha½ bhagav± “ak±lo kho”ti pariy±yena paµikkhipi. Adesetabbadese adesan±ya pana ud±haraºa½ “atha kho bhagav± magg± okkamma aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di (sa½. ni. 2.154), vih±rato nikkhamitv± vih±rapacch±y±ya½ paññatte ±sane nis²d²”ti (d². ni. 1.363) ca evam±dika½ idha ±di-saddena saªgahita½.
“Atha kho so, bhikkhave, b±lo idha pubbe ras±do idha p±p±ni kamm±ni karitv±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.251) padap³raºamatte kho-saddo, “dukkha½ kho ag±ravo viharati appatisso”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.21) avadh±raºe, “kitt±vat± nu kho, ±vuso, satthu pavivittassa viharato s±vak± viveka½ n±nusikkhant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.31) ±dik±latthe. V±ky±rambheti attho. Tattha padap³raºena vacan±laªk±ramatta½ kata½ hoti, ±dik±latthena v±kyassa upaññ±samatta½, avadh±ratthena pana niyamadassana½, tasm± ±mantesi ev±ti ±mantane niyamo dassito hot²ti.
“Bhagav±ti lokagarud²panan”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu pubbepi bhagav±-saddassa attho vuttoti? Yadipi pubbe vutto, ta½ panassa yath±vutte µh±ne viharaºakiriy±ya kattuvisesadassanattha½ kata½, na ±mantanakiriy±ya, idha pana ±mantanakiriy±ya, tasm± tadattha½ puna “bhagav±”ti p±¼iya½ vuttanti tassattha½ dassetu½ “bhagav±ti lokagarud²panan”ti ±ha. Kath±savanayuttapuggalavacananti vakkham±n±ya m³lapariy±yadesan±ya savanayogyapuggalavacana½. Cat³supi paris±su bhikkh³ eva edis±na½ desan±na½ visesena bh±janabh³t±, iti s±tisayas±sanasampaµigg±hakabh±vadassanattha½ idha bhikkhugahaºanti dassetv± id±ni saddattha½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha bhikkhakoti bhikkh³ti bhikkhanadhammat±ya bhikkh³ti attho. Bhikkh±cariya½ ajjhupagatoti buddh±d²hipi ajjhupagata½ bhikkh±cariya½ uñch±cariya½ ajjhupagatatt± anuµµhitatt± bhikkh³. Yo hi koci appa½ v± mahanta½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito, so kasigorakkh±d²hi j²vik±kappana½ hitv± liªgasampaµicchaneneva bhikkh±cariya½ ajjhupagatatt± bhikkhu, parapaµibaddhaj²vikatt± v± vih±ramajjhe k±jabhatta½ bhuñjam±nopi bhikkh±cariya½ ajjhupagatoti bhikkhu, piº¹iy±lopabhojana½ niss±ya pabbajj±ya uss±haj±tatt± v± bhikkh±cariya½ ajjhupagatoti bhikkh³ti evampettha attho daµµhabbo. ¾din± nayen±ti “bhinnapaµadharoti bhikkhu, bhindati p±pake akusale dhammeti bhikkhu, bhinnatt± p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ bhikkh³”ti-±din± vibhaªge (vibha. 510) ±gatanayena. ѱpaneti avabodhane, paµivedaneti attho.
Bhikkhanas²lat±ti-±d²su bhikkhanas²lat± bhikkhanena ±j²vanas²lat±, na kasivaºijj±d²hi ±j²vanas²lat±. Bhikkhanadhammat± “uddissa ariy± tiµµhant²”ti (paµi. ma. 153; mi. pa. 4.5.9) eva½ vuttabhikkhanasabh±vat±, na sambh±van±kohaññasabh±vat±. Bhikkhane s±dhuk±rit± “uttiµµhe nappamajjeyy±”ti (dha. pa. 168) vacana½ anussaritv± tattha appamajjan±. Atha v± s²la½ n±ma pakatisabh±vo, idha pana tadadhiµµh±na½. Dhammoti vata½. Apare pana “s²la½ n±ma vatasam±d±na½, dhammo n±ma paveº²-±gata½ c±ritta½, s±dhuk±rit±ti sakkaccak±rit± ±darakiriy±”ti vaººenti. H²n±dhikajanasevitanti ye bhikkhubh±ve µhit±pi j±timad±divasena uddhat± unna¼±. Ye ca gihibh±ve paresu atthikabh±vampi anupagatat±ya bhikkh±cariya½ paramak±paññata½ maññanti, tesa½ ubhayesampi yath±kkama½ “bhikkhavo”ti vacanena h²najanehi daliddehi paramak±paññata½ pattehi parakulesu bhikkh±cariy±ya j²vika½ kappentehi sevita½ vutti½ pak±sento uddhatabh±vaniggaha½ karoti, adhikajanehi u¼±rabhogakhattiyakul±dito pabbajitehi buddh±d²hi ±j²vavisodhanattha½ sevita½ vutti½ pak±sento d²nabh±vaniggaha½ karot²ti yojetabba½. Yasm± “bhikkhavo”ti vacana½ ±mantanabh±vato abhimukh²karaºa½, pakaraºato s±matthiyato ca suss³s±janana½ sakkaccasavanamanasik±raniyojanañca hoti. Tasm± tamattha½ dassento “bhikkhavoti imin±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha s±dhukasavanamanasik±reti s±dhukasavane s±dhukamanasik±re ca. Katha½ pana pavattit± savan±dayo s±dhuka½ pavattit± hont²ti? “Addh± im±ya samm±paµipattiy± sakalas±sanasampatti hatthagat± bhavissat²”ti ±darag±ravayogena, kath±d²su aparibhavan±din± ca. Vutta½ hi “pañcahi, bhikkhave, dhammehi samann±gato suºanto saddhamma½ bhabbo niy±ma½ okkamitu½ kusalesu dhammesu sammatta½. Katamehi pañcahi? Na katha½ paribhoti, na kathika½ paribhoti, na att±na½ paribhoti, avikkhittacitto dhamma½ suº±ti ekaggacitto, yoniso ca manasi karoti. Imehi kho, bhikkhave pañcahi dhammehi samann±gato suºanto saddhamma½ bhabbo niy±ma½ okkamitu½ kusalesu dhammesu sammattan”ti (a. ni. 5.151). Tenev±ha “s±dhukasavanamanasik±r±yatt± hi s±sanasampatt²”ti. S±sanasampatti n±ma s²l±dinipphatti.
Paµhama½ uppannatt± adhigamavasena. Satthucariy±nuvidh±yakatt± s²l±diguº±nuµµh±nena. Tiººa½ y±n±na½ vasena anudhammapaµipattisabbh±vato sakalas±sanapaµigg±hakatt±. Santikatt±ti sam²pabh±vato. Santik±vacaratt±ti sabbak±la½ sampayuttabh±vato. Yath±nusiµµhanti anus±sani-anur³pa½, anus±sani½ anavasesato paµiggahetv±ti attho. Ekacce bhikkh³yeva sandh±y±ti ye suttapariyos±ne “te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandun”ti vutt± pañcasat± br±hmaºapabbajit±, te sandh±ya.
Pubbe sabbaparisas±dh±raºattepi bhagavato dhammadesan±ya “jeµµhaseµµh±”ti-±din± bhikkh³na½ eva ±mantane k±raºa½ dassetv± id±ni bhikkh³ ±mantetv±va dhammadesan±ya payojana½ dassetu½ “kimattha½ pana bhagav±”ti codana½ samuµµh±pesi. Tattha añña½ cintent±ti aññavihit±. Vikkhittacitt±ti asam±hitacitt±. Dhamma½ paccavekkhant±ti tad± hiyyo tato paradivasesu v± sutadhamma½ pati pati manas± avekkhant±. Bhikkh³ ±mantetv± dhamme desiyam±ne ±dito paµµh±ya desana½ sallakkhetu½ sakkont²ti imamevattha½ byatirekamukhena dassetu½ “te an±mantetv±”ti-±di vutta½.
Bhikkhavot²ti ca sandhivasena i-k±ralopo daµµhabbo “bhikkhavo it²”ti. Aya½ hi iti-saddo hetu-parisam±pan±dipadatthavipariy±ya-pak±r±vadh±raºanidassan±di-anekatthappabhedo. Tath± hesa “ruppat²ti kho, bhikkhave, tasm± ‘r³pan’ti vuccat²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 3.79) hetu-atthe dissati; “tasm± tiha me, bhikkhave, dhammad±y±d± bhavatha, m± ±misad±y±d±, atthi me tumhesu anukamp± ‘kinti me s±vak± dhammad±y±d± bhaveyyu½, no ±misad±y±d±’ti”±d²su parisam±pane; “iti v±, iti evar³p± naccag²tav±ditavis³kadassan± paµivirato”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.13) ±di-atthe; “m±gaºµhiyoti tassa br±hmaºassa saªkh± samaññ± paññatti voh±ro n±ma½ n±makamma½ n±madheyya½ nirutti byañjanamabhil±po”ti-±d²su (mah±ni. 73) padatthavipariy±ye; “iti kho, bhikkhave, sappaµibhayo b±lo, appaµibhayo paº¹ito, sa-upaddavo b±lo, anupaddavo paº¹ito, sa-upasaggo b±lo, anupasaggo paº¹ito”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.124) pak±re; “atthi idappaccay± jar±maraºanti iti puµµhena sat±, ±nanda, atth²tissa vacan²ya½, ki½ paccay± jar±maraºanti iti ce vadeyya, j±tipaccay± jar±maraºanti iccassa vacan²yan”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.96) avadh±raºe; “sabbamatth²ti kho, kacc±na, ayameko anto, sabba½ natth²ti kho, kacc±na, aya½ dutiyo anto”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.15) nidassane. Idh±pi nidassaneva daµµhabbo. Bhikkhavoti hi ±mantit±k±ro, tamesa iti-saddo nidasseti “bhikkhavoti ±mantes²”ti. Imin± nayena “bhaddante”ti-±d²supi yath±raha½ iti-saddassa attho veditabbo. Pubbe “bhagav± ±mantes²”ti vuttatt± “bhagavato paccassosun”ti idha “bhagavato”ti s±mivacana½ ±mantanameva sambandh²-antara½ apekkhat²ti imin± adhipp±yena “bhagavato ±mantana½ paµi-assosun”ti vutta½. “Bhagavato”ti pana ida½ paµissavasambandhanena sampad±navacana½ yath± “devadattassa paµissuºot²”ti.
Ya½ nid±na½ bh±sitanti sambandho. Etth±ha– kimattha½ pana dhammavinayasaªgahe kariyam±ne nid±navacana½, nanu bhagavat± bh±sitavacanasseva saªgaho k±tabboti? Vuccate– desan±ya µhiti-asammosasaddheyyabh±vasamp±danattha½. K±ladesadesakanimittaparis±padesehi upanibandhitv± µhapit± hi desan± ciraµµhitik± hoti asammosadhamm± saddheyy± ca, desak±lakattusotunimittehi upanibaddho viya voh±ravinicchayo. Teneva ca ±yasmat± mah±kassapena “m³lapariy±yasutta½ ±vuso, ±nanda, kattha bh±sitan”ti-±din± des±dipucch±su kat±su t±sa½ vissajjana½ karontena dhammabhaº¹±g±rikena “eva½ me sutan”ti-±din± imassa suttassa nid±na½ bh±sita½. Apica satthusampattipak±sanattha½ nid±navacana½. Tath±gatassa hi bhagavato pubbaracan±num±n±gamatakk±bh±vato samm±sambuddhabh±vasiddhi Na hi samm±sambuddhassa pubbaracan±d²hi attho atthi sabbattha appaµihatañ±ºac±rat±ya ekappam±ºatt± ca ñeyyadhammesu. Tath± ±cariyamuµµhidhammamacchariyas±sanas±vak±nurodh±bh±vato kh²º±savabh±vasiddhi. Na hi sabbaso kh²º±savassa te sambhavant²ti suvisuddhassa par±nuggahappavatti. Eva½ desakasa½kilesabh³t±na½ diµµhis²lasampad±d³sak±na½ avijj±taºh±na½ accant±bh±vasa½s³cakehi ñ±ºasampad±pah±nasampad±bhibyañjakehi ca sambuddhavisuddhabh±vehi purimaves±rajjadvayasiddhi, tato eva ca antar±yikaniyy±nikadhammesu sammoh±bh±vasiddhito pacchimaves±rajjadvayasiddh²ti bhagavato catuves±rajjasamann±gamo attahitaparahitapaµipatti ca nid±navacanena pak±sit± hoti tattha tattha sampattapariy±ya ajjh±say±nur³pa½ µh±nuppattikapaµibh±nena dhammadesan±d²panato, idha pana pathav²-±d²su vatth³su puthujjan±na½ paµipattivibh±gavavatth±pakadesan±d²panatoti yojetabba½. Tena vutta½ “satthusampattipak±sanattha½ nid±navacanan”ti.
Tath± s±sanasampattipak±sanattha½ nid±navacana½. ѱºakaruº±pariggahitasabbakiriyassa hi bhagavato natthi niratthik± paµipatti, attahitatth± v±. Tasm± paresa½ eva atth±ya pavattasabbakiriyassa samm±sambuddhassa sakalampi k±yavac²manokamma½ yath±pavatta½ vuccam±na½ diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthehi yath±raha½ satt±na½ anus±sanaµµhena s±sana½, na kabyaracan±, tayida½ satthucarita½ k±ladesadesakaparis±padesehi saddhi½ tattha tattha nid±navacanehi yath±raha½ pak±s²yati, idha pana “pathaviy±d²su vatth³s³”ti sabba½ purimasadisameva. Tena vutta½ “s±sanasampattipak±sanattha½ nid±navacanan”ti. Apica satthuno pam±ºabh±vappak±sanena s±sanassa pam±ºabh±vadassanattha½ nid±navacana½, tañca desakappam±ºabh±vadassana½ heµµh± vuttanay±nus±rena “bhagav±”ti ca imin± padena vibh±vitanti veditabba½. “Bhagav±”ti imin± tath±gatassa r±gadosamoh±disabbakilesamaladuccarit±didosappah±nad²panena vacanena anaññas±dh±raºasuparisuddhañ±ºakaruº±diguºavisesayogaparid²panena tato eva sabbasattuttamabh±vad²panena ayamattho sabbath± pak±sito hot²ti idamettha nid±navacanappayojanassa mukhamattadassana½.

Abbhantaranid±navaººan± niµµhit±.