S²lesvevassa parip³rak±r²ti s²lesu parip³rak±r² eva bhaveyy±ti eva½ uttarapad±vadh±raºa½ daµµhabba½. Evañhi imin± padena uparisikkh±dvaya½ anivattitameva hoti. Yath± pana s²lesu parip³rak±r² n±ma hoti, ta½ phalena dassetu½ “ajjhattan”ti-±di vutta½. Vipassan±dhiµµh±nasam±dhisa½vattanikat±ya hi idha s²lassa p±rip³r², na kevala½ akhaº¹±dibh±vamatta½. Ten±ha “y±ni kho pana t±ni akhaº¹±ni…pe… sam±dhisa½vattanik±n²”ti. Evañca katv± upari sikkh±dvaya½ s²lassa sambh±rabh±vena gahitanti s²lassevettha padh±naggahaºa½ siddha½ hoti. Tath± hi cittekaggat±saªkh±rapariggah±na½ s²lass±nurakkhaºabh±va½ vakkhati. Ya½ pana vakkhati “sikkhattayadesan± j±t±”ti (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.65), ta½ itar±sampi sikkh±na½ idha gahitat±matta½ sandh±ya vutta½, na padh±nabh±vena gahitata½. Yadi eva½ katha½ s²lassa appamattakat±vacana½. Vuttañheta½ “appamattaka½ kho paneta½, bhikkhave, oramattakan”ti (d². ni. 1.7). Ta½ puthujjanagocara½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tath± hi tattha na nippadesato s²la½ vibhatta½, eva½ katv± tattha s²lamattakanti mattaggahaºa½ samatthitanti daµµhabba½. An³nen±ti akhaº¹±dibh±vena, kassaci v± ah±panena upapannena. ¾k±ren±ti karaºena samp±danena. Cittasamatheti cittasam±dh±ne. Yuttoti aviyutto pasuto. Yo sabbena sabba½ jh±nabh±vana½ ananuyutto, so ta½ bahi n²harati n±ma. Yo ±rabhitv± antar± saªkoca½ ±pajjati so ta½ vin±seti n±ma. Yo pana ²diso ahutv± jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, so anir±katajjh±noti dassento “bahi an²haµajjh±no”ti-±dim±ha.
Aniccassa tebh³makadhammassa, aniccanti v± anupassan± anicc±nupassan±. Tath± dukkh±nupassan± anatt±nupassan± ca. Tasseva nibbindan±k±rena pavatt± anupassan± nibbid±nupassan±. Virajjan±k±rena pavatt± anupassan± vir±g±nupassan±. Nirodhassa anupassan± nirodh±nupassan±. Paµinissajjanavasena pavatt± anupassan± paµinissagg±nupassan±. Suññ±g±ragato bhikkhu tattha laddhak±yavivekat±ya samathavipassan±vasena cittaviveka½ paribr³hento yath±nusiµµha½ paµipattiy± loka½ s±sanañca attano vises±dhigamaµµh±nabh³ta½ suññ±g±rañca upasobhayam±no guºavises±dhiµµh±nabh±v±p±danena viññ³na½ atthato ta½ br³hento n±ma hot²ti vutta½ “br³het± suññ±g±r±nan”ti. Ten±ha “ettha c±”ti-±di. Ayameva suññ±g±r±nubr³hanaviññuppasatth±na½ bh±jana½, na sen±sanapatiµµh±pananti dassento ±ha “ekabh³mak±di…pe… daµµhabbo”ti. Suññ±g±raggahaºena cettha araññarukkham³l±di sabba½ padh±n±nuyogakkhama½ sen±sana½ gahitanti daµµhabba½.
Taºh±vicaritadesan±ti “ajjhattikassa up±d±y±”ti (vibha. 937) ±dinayappavatta½ taºh±vicaritasutta½. Taºh±padaµµh±natt±ti taºh±sannissayatt±. Na hi taºh±virahit± m±nadiµµhipavatti atthi. M±nadiµµhiyo osaritv±ti dassetabbat±ya m±nadiµµhiyo og±hetv±ti attho. Gahaºatthameva hi desetabbadhammassa desan±ya osaraºa½. Taºh±m±nadiµµhiyo papañcattaya½ sattasant±nassa sa½s±re papañcanato anuppabandhanavasena vitth±raºato. S²lapadaµµh±natt±ti s²l±dhiµµh±natt±.
Adhicittasikkh± vutt±ti ±netv± sambandho. Vipassan±vasena suññ±g±rava¹¹haneti yojan±. Dvepi sikkh±ti adhicitt±dhipaññ±sikkh±. Saªgahetv±ti adhis²lasikkh±ya saddhi½ saªgahetv± vutt±. Yadi evamaya½ sikkhattayadesan± j±t±ti sikkhattay±nisa½sappak±san² siy±ti anuyoga½ sandh±y±ha “ettha c±”ti-±di. Tattha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. Indriyasa½varo viya p±timokkhasa½varassa catup±risuddhis²lassa ±rakkhabh³t± cittekaggat± vipassan± ca idha gahit±ti tadubhaya½ appadh±na½, s²lameva pana padh±nabh±vena gahitanti veditabba½. Ten±ha “s²l±nurakkhik± ev±”ti-±di.
Balavatarasukhanti samuppannaby±dhidukkhato balavatara½, ta½ abhibhavitu½ samattha½ jh±nasukha½ uppajjati. Balavamamatta½ hoti, tena da¼ha-attasinehena viluttahadayo kusaladhamme cha¹¹ento so tath±r³pesu…pe… poset± hoti. Balavamamatta½ v± sineho na hoti “suddho saªkh±rapuñjo”ti y±th±vadassanena aha½k±ramama½k±r±bh±vato. Dubbhikkhabhaye khud±bhibhava½ sandh±y±ha “sacepissa ant±ni bahi nikkhamant²”ti. By±dhibhaya½ sandh±y±ha “ussussati visussan²”ti. ¾di-saddena gahita½ corabhaya½ sandh±y±ha “khaº¹±khaº¹iko v±”ti. Ubhayass±ti samathavipassan±dvayassa. Ettha ca “ajjhatta½ ceto…pe… suññ±g±r±nan”ti imehi visesanibbedhabh±giyabh±v±p±danena s²la½ rakkhitu½ samatth± eva cittekaggat±vipassan± gahit±. Yasm± parato jh±navimokkhaphal±bhiññ±ºa-adhiµµh±nabh±vo s²lassa uddhaµo, tasm± tassa bhiyyopi sambh±rabh³t± eva cittekaggat± vipassan± tattha tattha gahit±ti veditabb±.
S²l±d²ti ±di-saddena yath±vuttacittekaggat±vipassan± saªgaºh±ti, s²lassa v± m³lak±raºabh³ta½ sabba½ kammassakatañ±ºañca saªgaºh±ti kammapathasamm±diµµhi½ v±. S²lañhi tadaññampi puññakiriy±vatthu teneva parisodhita½ mahapphala½ hoti mah±nisa½santi. L±bh² assanti l±bh± s±ya sa½varaºas²laparip³raºa½ p±¼iya½ ±gata½ kim²disa½ bhagav± anuj±n±t²ti? Na bhagav± sabh±vena ²disa½ anuj±n±ti, mah±k±ruºikat±ya pana puggalajjh±sayena eva½ vuttanti dassento “na cetth±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha gh±sesana½ chinnakatho na v±ca½ payutta½ bhaºeti chinnakatho m³go viya hutv± obh±saparikath±nimittaviññattipayutta½ gh±sesana½ v±ca½ na bhaºe na katheyy±ti attho. Puggalajjh±sayavasen±ti saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaranto “yesañh²”ti-±dim±ha. Raso sabh±vabh³to ±nisa½so ras±nisa½so.
Paccayad±nak±r±ti c²var±dipaccayavasena d±nak±r±. “Dev±na½ v±”ti vuttavacana½ p±kaµ²k±tum±ha “dev±p²”ti-±di. “Pañcime gahapatayo ±nisa½s±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.150) anisa½sasaddo phalapariy±yopi hot²ti ±ha “ubhayameta½ atthato ekan”ti.
Sassusasur± ca tappakkhik± ca sassusasurapakkhik±. Te ñ±tiyonisambandhena ±v±haviv±hasambandhavasena sambandh± ñ±t². S±lohit±ti yonisambandhavasena. Ekalohitasambaddh±ti ekena sam±nena lohitasambandhena sambaddh±. Peccabh±va½ gat±ti pet³papattivasena nibbatti½ upagat±. Te pana yasm± idha katak±lakiriy± k±lena kataj²vitupacched± honti, tasm± vutta½ “k±lakat±”ti. Pasannacittoti pasannacittako. K±lakato pit± v± m±t± v± petayoni½ upapannoti adhik±rato viññ±yat²ti vutta½ “mah±nisa½sameva hot²”ti, tassa tath± s²lasampannatt±ti adhipp±yo. Ariyabh±ve pana sati vattabbameva natthi. Ten±ha “anek±ni kappasatasahass±n²”ti-±di. Bahuk±ranti bahupak±ra½. Upasaªkamananti abhiv±dan±divasena upagamana½. Payirup±sananti upaµµh±nanti.
66. Ajjhottharit±ti maddit±. Ukkaºµh±ti riñcan± anabhirati ananuyogo. S²lav± bhikkhu attano s²lakhaº¹abhayena sam±hito vipassako ca paccayagh±tena aratiy± ratiy± ca sahit± abhibhavit±va hot²ti ±ha “s²l±diguºayuttenev±”ti-±di.
Cittutr±so bh±yat²ti bhaya½. ¾rammaºa½ bh±yati etasm±ti bhaya½. Purimav±rasadisatt± vuttanayamev±ti atidisitv±pi puna ta½ dassetu½ “s²l±diguºayutto h²”ti-±di vutta½. Therassa heµµh± nisinnatt± devat±ya d±rak± sakabh±vena saºµh±tu½ sukhena vattitu½ asakkont± asamatth±.
Adhika½ cetoti abhiceto, upac±rajjh±nacitta½. Tassa pana adhikat± p±katikak±m±vacaracittehi sundarat±ya sapaµipakkhato visuddhiy± c±ti ±ha “abhikkanta½ visuddhicittan”ti. Adhicittanti sam±dhim±ha, so ca upac±rasam±dhi daµµhabbo. Vivekaja½ p²tisukha½, sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½, ap²tija½ jh±nasukha½, satip±risuddhija½ jh±nasukhanti catubbidhampi jh±nasukha½ paµipakkhato nikkhantata½ up±d±ya “nekkhammasukhan”ti vuccat²ti ±ha “nekkhammasukha½ vindant²”ti. Icchiticchitakkhaºe sam±pajjitu½ samatthoti imin± tesu jh±nesu sam±pajjanavas²bh±vam±ha, “nik±mal±bh²”ti pana vacanato ±vajjan±dhiµµh±napaccavekkhaºavasiyopi vutt± ev±ti veditabb±. Sukheneva paccan²kadhamme vikkhambhetv±ti etena tesa½ jh±nasukhakhipp±bhiññatañca dasseti. Vipul±nanti vepulla½ p±pit±na½. Jh±n±na½ vipulat± n±ma subh±vitabh±vena ciratarappatti, s± ca paricched±nur³p±va icchitabbb±ti “vipul±nan”ti vatv± “yath±paricchedeyeva vuµµh±tu½ samatthoti vutta½ hot²”ti ±ha. Paricchedak±lañhi appatv±va vuµµhahanto akasiral±bh² na hoti y±vadicchaka½ pavattetu½ asamatthatt±. Id±ni teyeva yath±vutte sam±pajjan±divas²bh±ve byatirekavasena vibh±vetu½ “ekacco h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha l±bh²yeva hot²ti ida½ paµiladdhamattassa jh±nassa vasena vutta½. Tath±ti icchiticchitakkhaºe. P±ribandhiketi vas²bh±vassa paccan²kadhamme. Jh±n±dhigamassa pana paccan²kadhamm± pageva vikkhambhit±, aññath± jh±n±dhigamo eva na siy±. Kicchena vikkhambhet²ti kicchena visodheti. K±m±d²navapaccavekkhaº±d²hi k±macchand±d²na½ viya aññesampi sam±dhip±ribandhik±na½ d³rasamuss±raºa½ idha vikkhambhana½ visodhanañc±ti veditabba½. N±¼ik±yantanti k±lam±nan±¼ik±yanta½ ±ha.
Visesena r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±na½ sabbaso vas²bh±v±p±dita½ abhiññ±p±dakanti adhipp±yen±ha “abhiññ±p±dake jh±ne vutte”ti. Ar³pajjh±nampi pana adhiµµh±nat±ya p±dakameva cuddasadh± cittaparidamanena vin± tadabh±vato. “Evamabhiññ±p±dake r³p±vacarajjh±ne vutte r³p±vacarat±ya kiñc±pi abhiññ±na½ lokiyav±ro ±gato”ti ayañhettha adhipp±yo. Nanti abhiññ±v±ra½. Catt±ri…pe… ariyamagg± s²l±na½ ±nisa½so sampannas²lasseva l±bhato. Pariy±diyitv±ti gahetv±.
Aªgasantat±y±ti n²varaº±d²na½ paccan²kadhamm±na½ sud³ratarabh±vena jh±naªg±na½ v³pasantat±ya, nibbutasabbadarathapari¼±hat±y±ti attho, yato tesa½ jh±n±na½ paº²tatar±dibh±vo. ¾rammaºasantat±y±ti r³papaµigh±divigamanena saºhasukhum±dibh±vappattasantabh±vena. Yadaggena hi nesa½ bh±van±bhisamayasabbh±vitasaºhasukhum±k±r±ni ±rammaº±ni sant±ni, tadaggena jh±naªg±na½ santat± veditabb±. ¾rammaºasantat±ya santat± lokuttaradhamm±rammaº±hi paccavekkhaº±hi d²petabb±. Vimutt± visesena mutt±. Ye hi jh±nadhamm± tath±pavattapubbabh±gabh±van±hi tabbisesat±ya s±tisaya½ paµipakkhadhammehi vimuttivasena pavattanti, tato eva tath±vimuttat±ya pitu aªke vissaµµha-aªgapaccaªgo viya kum±ro nir±saªkabh±vena ±rammaºe adhimutt± ca pavattanti, te vimokkh±ti vuccanti. Ten±ha “vimokkh±ti paccan²kadhammehi vimuttatt± ±rammaºe ca adhimuttatt±”ti Yadipi ±rammaºasamatikkamavasena pattabb±ni ±rupp±ni, na aªg±tikkamavasena, tath±pi yasm± ±rammaºe avirattassa jh±nasamatikkamo na hoti, samatikkantesu ca jh±nesu ±rammaºa½ samatikkantameva hoti, tasm± ±rammaºasamatikkama½ avatv± “r³p±vacarajjh±ne atikkamitv±”ti icceva vutta½. Atikkamma r³peti p±¼iya½ “samp±detabb±, passitabb±”ti v± kiñci pada½ icchitabba½, asutaparikappanena pana payojana½ natth²ti “sant±ti padasambandho”ti vutta½. Evañca katv± tena vir±gabh±vena tesa½ santat±ti ayampi attho vibh±vito hoti. R³pajjh±n±d²na½ viya natthi etesa½ ±rammaºabh³ta½ v± phalabh³ta½ v± r³panti ar³p±. Ar³p± eva ±rupp±. Ten±ha “±rammaºato ca vip±kato ca r³pavirahit±”ti. N±mak±yen±ti sahaj±tan±masam³hena.
67. Sa½yojent²ti bandhanti. Keh²ti ±ha “khandhagat²”ti-±di. Asamucchinnar±g±dikassa hi khandh±d²na½ ±yati½ khandh±d²hi sambandho, samucchinnar±g±dikassa pana ta½ natthi kat±nampi kamm±na½ asamatthabh±v±pattitoti. R±g±d²na½ anvayato ca sa½yojanaµµho siddhoti ±ha “khandhagati…pe… vuccant²”ti. Parikkhayen±ti samucchedena sabbaso ±yati½ anuppajjanena. Paµipakkhadhamm±na½ anavasesato savanato p²¼anato soto, ariyamaggoti ±ha “sototi ca maggasseta½ adhivacanan”ti. Ta½ sota½ ±dito panno adhigacch²ti sot±panno, aµµhamako. Ten±ha “ta½samaªg²puggalass±”ti, paµhamamaggakkhaºe puggalass±ti adhipp±yo. Idha pana panna-saddo “phalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 8.59) viya vattam±nak±likoti ±ha “maggena phalassa n±ma½ dinnan”ti. Abh²tak±likatte pana sarasatova n±mal±bho siy±. Vir³pa½ sadukkha½ sa-up±y±sa½ nip±tet²ti vinip±to, ap±yadukkhe khipanako. Dhammoti sabh±vo. Ten±ha “att±nan”ti-±di. Kasm±ti avinip±tadhammat±ya k±raºa½ pucchati. Ap±ya½ gament²ti ap±yagaman²y±. Sambujjhat²ti sambodhi, ariyamaggo. So pana paµhamamaggassa adhigatatt± avasiµµho eva adhigandhabbabh±vena icchitabboti ±ha “uparimaggattayan”ti.
Vaººabhaºanattha½ vutt±ni,na pah±tabb±n²ti adhipp±yo. O¼±rik±na½ r±g±d²na½ samucchindanavasena pavattam±no dutiyamaggo avasiµµh±na½ tesa½ tanubh±v±pattiy± uppanno n±ma hot²ti vutta½ “r±gadosamoh±na½ tanutt±”ti. Adhiccuppattiy±ti kad±ci karahaci uppajjanena. Pariyuµµh±namandat±y±ti samud±c±ramudut±ya. Abhiºha½ na uppajjanti tajjassa ayonisomanasik±rassa anibaddhabh±vato. Mandamand± uppajjanti vipall±s±na½ tappaccay±nañca moham±n±d²na½ mudutarabh±vato. Bahal±va uppajjanti vatthupaµisevanatoti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “tath± h²”ti-±di.
Saki½ ±gamanadhammoti paµisandhivasena saki½yeva ±gamanasabh±vo. Ekav±ra½yeva…pe… ±gantv±ti imin± pañcasu sakad±g±m²su catt±ro vajjetv± ekoyeva gahitoti dassento “yopi h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yv±ya½ pañcamako sakad±g±m² “idha magga½ bh±vetv± devaloke nibbatto, tattha y±vat±yuka½ µhatv± puna idh³papajjitv± parinibb±yat²”ti vutto, tassa ekab²jin± saddhi½ ki½ n±n±karaºanti? Ekab²jissa ek± paµisandhi, sakad±g±missa dve paµisandhiyoti ida½ tesa½ n±n±karaºa½. Yassa hi sot±pannassa eka½yeva khandhab²ja½, na eka½ attabh±vaggahaºa½, so ekab²j²ti.
Heµµh±ti “amahaggatabh³miyan”ti heµµh± sambandhanena. Heµµh±bh±gassa hit±ti heµµh±bh±giy±, tesa½. T±n²ti orabbh±giyasa½yojan±ni. K±m±vacare nibbattatiyeva ajjhatta½ sa½yojanatt±. Tath± hesa d³ratopi ±vattidhammo ev±ti dassetu½ gilaba¼isamacch±dayo upam±bh±vena vutt±. Opap±tikoti imin± gabbhav±sadukkh±bh±vam±ha. Tattha parinibb±y²ti imin± sesadukkh±bh±va½. Tattha parinibb±nat± cassa k±maloke khandhab²jassa apun±rohavasenev±ti dassetu½ “an±vattidhammo”ti vutta½.
68. Keval±ti lokiy±bhiññ±hi asammiss±. Lokiyapañc±bhiññ±yopi s²l±na½ ±nisa½so tadavin±bh±vato. T±pi dassetu½ ±kaªkheyya ce…pe… evam±dim±h±ti yojan±. ¾sav±na½ anavasesappah±nato arahattamaggoyeva visesato “±savakkhayo”ti vattabbata½ arahat²ti vutta½ “±savakkhaye kathite”ti, aññath± sabb±pi cha¼abhiññ± ±savakkhayo ev±ti. Imesa½ guº±nanti lokiy±bhiññ±na½ Yath± purisassa muº¹ita½ s²sa½ sikh±virahitatt± na sobhati, eva½ desan±ya s²sabh³t±pi aggamaggakath± lokiy±bhiññ±rahit± na sobhat²ti ±ha “aya½ kath± muº¹±bhiññ±kath± n±ma bhaveyy±”ti. Iddhivikubban±ti iddhi ca vikubban± ca. Vikubbanaggahaºena cettha vikubbaniddhim±ha, iddhiggahaºena tadañña½ sabbañca abhiññ±kicca½. Yuttaµµh±neyev±ti lokiy±bhiññ±na½ nibbattanassa viya desan±ya yuttaµµh±neyeva. Etena na kevala½ desanakkamenev±ya½ desan±, atha kho paµipattikkamenap²ti dasseti. Visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.369) vutt±, tasm± tattha vuttanayeneva veditabb±ti adhipp±yo.
69. ¾sav±na½ khay±ti heµµhimamaggena khepit±vasiµµh±na½ ±sav±na½ arahattamaggena samucchindanato. Yasm± arahattamaggo na kevala½ ±saveyeva khepeti, atha kho avasiµµhe sabbakilesepi, tasm± ±ha “sabbakiles±na½ khay±”ti. Lakkhaºamattañhettha ±savaggahaºa½, ±sav±na½ ±rammaºabh±vassapi anupagamanato an±sava½. Yasm± pana tattha ±sav±na½ lesopi natthi, tasm± vutta½ “±savavirahitan”ti. Sam±dhi vutto cetos²sena yath± “citta½ paññañca bh±vayan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.23, 192; peµako. 22; mi. pa. 2.1.9) adhipp±yo. R±gato vimuttatt± avijj±ya vimuttatt±ti ida½ ujuvipaccan²kapaµippassaddhidassana½ daµµhabba½, na tadaññesa½ p±padhamm±na½ appaµippassaddhatt±. Id±ni tameva sam±dhipaññ±na½ r±g±vijj±paµipakkhata½ ±gamena dassetu½ “vutta½ cetan”ti-±di vutta½. Samathaphalanti samathassa phala½ lokiyasamathabh±van±ya hi vipassan±gat±ya ±hitaphalassa lokuttarasamathassa sarikkhakaphalo cetovimutti. Vipassan±phalanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Attanoyev±ti sutamayañ±º±din± viya parapaccayata½ nayagg±hañca muñcitv± paratoghos±nugatabh±van±dhigamabh³tat±ya attanoyeva paññ±ya paccakkha½ katv± sayambhuñ±ºabh³t±y±ti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “aparappaccayena ñatv±”ti.
Sabbampi tanti sabbampi sattarasavidha½ ta½ yath±vutta½ s²l±nisa½sa½. Yath± ±nisa½savante sammadeva samp±dite tad±nisa½s± dassit± eva honti tad±yattabh±vato, eva½ ±nisa½sapadh±nayogyabh±vena dassite tad±nisa½s± dassit± eva hont²ti ±ha “sampiº¹etv± dassento”ti. Vuttasseva atthassa punavacana½ nigamananti vutta½ “nigamana½ ±h±”ti. Pubbeti desan±rambhe. Eva½ vuttanti “sampannas²l±”ti evam±din± ±k±rena vutta½. Ida½ sabbamp²ti ida½ “sampannas²l±”ti-±dika½ sabbampi vacana½. Eta½ paµicc±ti eta½ sampannas²lassa bhikkhuno yath±vuttasattarasavidh±nisa½sabh±gita½ sandh±ya vutta½. Idameva hi “iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vuttan”ti vacana½ sandh±ya “sabbampi ta½ s²l±nisa½sa½ sampiº¹etv± dassento”ti vutta½. Ettha-±dito chahi ±nisa½sehi parittabh³mik± sampatti gahit±, tadantara½ pañcahi lokiy±bhiññ±hi ca mahaggatabh³mik±, itarehi lokuttarabh³mik±ti eva½ catubh³mikasampad±nisa½sas²la½ n±meta½ mahanta½ mah±nubh±va½, tasm± ta½samp±dane sakkaccak±rit± appamattena bhavitabba½.

¾kaªkheyyasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.