6. ¾kaªkheyyasuttavaººan±

64. Sampannanti paripuººa½, samantato panna½ pattanti sampanna½. Ten±ha “ida½ paripuººasampanna½ n±m±”ti. Nanti “suv±”ti vutta½ suvagaºa½. Sampannoti sammadeva panno gato upagato. Ten±ha “samann±gato”ti. Sampannanti sampattiyutta½. S± panettha rasasampatti adhippet± s±maññajotan±ya visese avaµµh±nato. Ten±ha “seyyath±pi khuddamadhu½ ane¼akan”ti, niddosanti attho. Tena vutta½ “ida½ madhurasampanna½ n±m±”ti. S²lassa anavasesasam±d±nena akhaº¹±dibh±v±pattiy± ca paripuººas²l±. Sam±d±nato paµµh±ya acchindanato s²lasamaªgino. Sam±d±nato hi accantavirodhidhamm±nuppattiy± s²lasamaªgit± veditabb±, cetan±d²na½ pana s²lanalakkhaº±na½ dhamm±na½ pavattikkhaºe vattabbameva natthi. Visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.9) vutt±, tasm± tattha vuttanayeneva vitth±rakath± veditabb±ti adhipp±yo.
Khettap±rip³r²ti nissitap±rip³riy± nissayap±rip³rim±ha nissitakammavipattisampattivisayatt± yath± “mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karont²”ti. Tath± hi khettena khaº¹ap³ti-±didoso vutto. Khetta½ khaº¹a½ hot²ti aparip³ra½ hoti sassap±rip³riy± abh±vato. Tenev±ha “sassa½ na uµµhet²”ti. P±damattassapi anekambaºaphalanato mahapphala½ hoti. Kisalayapal±l±dibahut±ya mah±nisa½sa½. Evamevanti yath± khitta½ b²ja½ khaº¹±dicatudosavasena aparipuººa½ hoti, tadabh±vena ca paripuººa½, eva½ s²la½ khaº¹±dicatudosavasena aparipuººa½ hoti, tadabh±vena ca paripuººanti, catudosatadabh±vas±maññameva nidassananidassitabbavipattisampatt²su dasseti. Mahapphala½ hoti vip±kaphalena. Mah±nisa½santi vipul±nisa½sa½. Sv±ya½ ±nisa½so idha p±¼iya½ n±nappak±rena vitth±r²yati.
Ett±vat± kir±ti (a. ni. µ². 2.2.37; a. ni. µ². 3.10.71-74) kira-saddo arucis³canattho. Tenettha ±cariyav±dassa attano aruccanabh±va½ d²peti. Sampannas²l±ti an±maµµhavisesa½ s±maññato s²lasaªkhepena gahita½. Tañca catubbidhanti ±cariyatthero “catup±risuddhis²la½ uddisitv±”ti ±ha. Tatth±ti catup±risuddhis²le. Jeµµhakas²lanti (sa½. ni. µ². 3.5.412) padh±nas²la½. Ubhayatth±ti uddesaniddese. Idha niddese viya uddesepi p±timokkhasa½varo bhagavat± vutto “sampannas²l±”ti vuttatt±ti adhipp±yo S²laggahaºañhi p±¼iya½ p±timokkhasa½varavasena ±gata½. Ten±ha “p±timokkhasa½varoyev±”ti-±di. Tattha avadh±raºena itaresa½ tiººa½ ekadesena p±timokkhantogadhabh±va½ d²peti. Tath± hi anolokiyolokane ±j²vahetu chasikkh±padav²tikkame gil±napaccayassa apaccavekkhitaparibhoge ca ±patti vihit±ti. T²º²ti indriyasa½varas²l±d²ni. S²lanti vuttaµµh±na½ n±ma atth²ti s²lapariy±yena tesa½ katthaci sutte gahitaµµh±na½ n±ma ki½ atthi yath± p±timokkhasa½varoti ±cariyassa sammukhatt± apaµikkhipantova upac±rena pucchanto viya vadati. Ten±ha “ananuj±nanto”ti. Chadv±rarakkh±mattakamev±ti tassa sallahukabh±vam±ha citt±dhiµµh±namattena paµip±katikabh±v±pattito. Itaradvayepi eseva nayo. Paccayuppattimattakanti phalena hetu½ dasseti. Upp±danahetuk± hi paccay±na½ uppatti. Idamatthanti ida½ payojana½ imassa paccayassa paribhuñjaneti adhipp±yo. Nippariy±yen±ti imin± indriyasa½var±d²ni t²ºi padh±nassa s²lassa pariv±ravasena pavattiy± pariy±yas²l±ni n±m±ti dasseti.
Id±ni p±timokkhasa½varasseva padh±nabh±va½ byatirekato anvayato ca upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “yass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha soti p±timokkhasa½varo. Ses±n²ti indriyasa½var±d²ni. Tassev±ti “sampannas²l±”ti ettha ya½ s²la½ vutta½, tasseva. Sampannap±timokkh±ti ettha p±timokkhaggahaºena vevacana½ vatv± ta½ vitth±retv±…pe… ±dim±ha. Yath± aññath±pi “idha bhikkhu s²lav± hot²”ti (mah±ni. 199) puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya uddiµµha½ s²la½ “p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharat²”ti (vibha. 508; mah±ni. 199) niddiµµha½.
P±timokkhasa½varasa½vut±ti yo na½ p±ti rakkhati, ta½ mokkheti moceti ±p±yik±d²hi dukkheh²ti “p±timokkhan”ti laddhan±mena sikkh±padas²lena pihitak±yavac²dv±r±. Te pana yasm± eva½bh³t± tena samann±gat± n±ma honti, tasm± vutta½ “p±timokkhasa½varena samann±gat±”ti.
Aparo nayo (ud±. aµµha. 31; itivu. aµµha. 97)– kiles±na½ balavabh±vato, p±pakiriy±ya sukarabh±vato, puññakiriy±ya ca dukkarabh±vato bahukkhattu½ ap±yesu patanas²loti p±t², puthujjano. Aniccat±ya v± bhav±d²su kammavegakkhitto ghaµ²yanta½ viya anavaµµh±nena paribbhamanato gamanas²loti p±t², maraºavasena v± tamhi tamhi sattanik±ye attabh±vassa p±tanas²loti p±t², sattasant±no, cittameva v±, ta½ p±ti½ sa½s±radukkhato mokkhet²ti p±timokkha½. Cittassa hi vimokkhena satto vimuttoti vuccati. Vuttañhi “cittavod±n± visujjhant²”ti, “anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan”ti (mah±va. 28) ca.
Atha v± avijj±din± hetun± sa½s±re patati gacchati pavattat²ti p±t². “Avijj±n²varaº±na½ satt±na½ taºh±sa½yojan±na½ sandh±vata½ sa½saratan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.125) hi vutta½. Tassa p±tino sattassa taºh±disa½kilesattayato mokkho eten±ti p±timokkho. “Kaºµhek±lo”ti-±d²na½ viya sam±sasiddhi veditabb±.
Atha v± p±teti vinip±teti dukkheti p±ti, citta½. Vuttañhi “cittena n²yati loko, cittena parikassat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.62). Tassa p±tino mokkho eten±ti p±timokkho. Patati v± etena ap±yadukkhe sa½s±radukkhe c±ti p±t², taºh±disa½kileso. Vuttañhi “taºh± janeti purisa½ (sa½. ni. 1.57), taºh±dutiyo puriso”ti (itivu. 15, 105; a. ni. 4.9) ca ±di. Tato p±tito mokkhoti p±timokkho.
Atha v± patati etth±ti p±t², cha ajjhattikab±hir±ni ±yatan±ni. Vuttañhi “chasu loko samuppanno, chasu kubbati santhavan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.70; su. ni. 171). Tato ajjhattikab±hir±yatanasaªkh±tato p±tito mokkhoti p±timokkho. Atha v± p±to vinip±to assa atth²ti p±t², sa½s±ro. Tato mokkhoti p±timokkho. Atha v± sabbalok±dhipatibh±vato dhammissaro bhagav± “pat²”ti vuccati, muccati eten±ti mokkho, patino mokkho tena paññattatt±ti p±timokkho P±timokkho eva p±timokkho. Sabbaguº±na½ v± m³labh±vato uttamaµµhena pati ca so yath±vuttatthena mokkho c±ti p±timokkho. P±timokkho eva p±timokkho. Tath± hi vutta½ “p±timokkhanti-±dimeta½ mukhameta½ pamukhametan”ti (mah±va. 135) vitth±ro.
Atha v± pa-iti pak±re, at²ti accantatthe nip±to, tasm± pak±rehi accanta½ mokkhet²ti p±timokkho. Idañhi s²la½ saya½ tadaªgavasena, sam±dhisahita½ paññ±sahitañca vikkhambhanavasena, samucchedavasena ca accanta½ mokkheti mocet²ti p±timokkho. Pati pati mokkhoti v± p±timokkho, tamh± tamh± v²tikkamadosato pacceka½ mokkhoti attho. P±timokkho eva p±timokkho. Mokkho v± nibb±na½, tassa mokkhassa patibimbabh³toti p±timokkho S²lasa½varo hi nibbedhabh±giyo s³riyassa aruºuggamana½ viya nibb±nassa udayabh³to tappaµibh±go viya hoti yath±raha½ kilesanibb±panatoti p±timokkho. P±timokkhoyeva p±timokkho. Atha v± mokkha½ pati vattati mokkh±bhimukhanti v± p±timokkha½. P±timokkhameva p±timokkhanti evamettha p±timokkhasaddassa attho veditabbo.
¾c±ragocarasampann±ti k±yikav±casika-av²tikkamasaªkh±tena ±c±rena ceva navesiyagocarat±disaªkh±tena gocarena ca sampann±, sampanna-±c±ragocar±ti attho. Appamattes³ti atiparittakesu an±pattigaman²yesu, dukkaµadubbh±sitamattes³ti apare. Vajjes³ti g±rayhesu. Te pana ekantato akusalasabh±v± hont²ti ±ha “akusaladhammes³”ti. Bhayadassinoti bhayato dassanas²l±, param±ºumattampi vajja½ sineruppam±ºa½ viya katv± bh±yanas²l±. Samm± ±diyitv±ti sammadeva sakkacca½ sabbaso ca ±diyitv±. Sikkh±pades³ti niddh±raºe bhummanti samud±yato avayavaniddh±raºa½ dassento “sikkh±padesu ta½ ta½ sikkh±pada½ sam±diyitv± sikkhath±”ti attham±ha. Sikkh±padameva hi sam±d±tabba½ sikkhitabbañc±ti adhipp±yo. Ya½ kiñci sikkh±koµµh±ses³ti sikkh±koµµh±sesu m³lapaññatti-anupaññatisabbatthapaññattipadesapaññatti-±dibheda½ ya½ kiñci sikkhitabba½ paµipajjitabba½ p³retabba½ s²la½. Ta½ pana dv±ravasena duvidhamev±ti ±ha “k±yika½ v±casikañc±”ti. Imasmi½ atthavikappe sikkh±pades³ti ±dh±re bhumma½ sikkh±bh±gesu kassaci visu½ aggahaºato. Ten±ha “ta½ sabban”ti.
65. Kasm± ±raddhanti (a. ni. µ². 3.10.71-74) desan±ya k±raºapucch±. S²l±nisa½sadassanatthanti payojananiddeso. Ko attho kva attho kva nip±tit±ti? Nayidameva½ daµµhabba½. S²l±nisa½sadassanatthanti hi ettha byatirekato ya½ s²l±nisa½sassa adassana½, ta½ imiss± desan±ya k±raºanti kasm± ±raddhanti vineyy±na½ s²l±nisa½sassa adassanatoti atthato ±panno eva hot²ti. Ten±ha “sacep²”ti-±di. S²l±nisa½sadassanatthanti pana imassa attha½ vivaritu½ “tesan”ti-±di vutta½. ¾nisa½soti udayo. “S²lav± s²lasampanno k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ saggaloka½ upapajjat²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.150; 3.316; a. ni. 5.213; mah±va. 285) pana vip±kaphalampi “±nisa½so”ti vutta½. Ko visesoti ko phalaviseso. K± va¹¹h²ti ko abbhudayo. Vijjam±nopi guºo y±th±vato vibh±vito eva abhiruci½ upp±deti, na avibh±vito, tasm± ekantato ±nisa½sakittana½ icchitabbamev±ti dassetu½ visakaºµakav±ºijo ud±haµo.
Tattha gu¼o n±ma ucchurasa½ pacitv± cuºº±d²hi missitv± sampiº¹ane piº¹²bh³ta½. Ph±ºita½ apiº¹ita½ drav²bh³ta½. Khaº¹a½ bhijjanakkhama½. Sakkhar± n±ma phalikasadis±. Sakkhar±d²niti ±di-saddena macchaº¹ik±na½ saªgaho. Tasmi½ k±le gu¼±d²su visakaºµakavoh±ro apaccantadese pacuroti “paccantag±ma½ gantv±”ti vutta½. D±rake ca pal±pesu½ “visakaºµaka½ m± gaºhant³”ti.
Piyoti piy±yitabbo. Piyassa n±ma dassana½ ekantato abhinanditabba½ hot²ti ±ha “viyacakkh³hi sampassitabbo”ti. P²tisamuµµh±napasannasommar³papariggahañhi cakkhu “piyacakkh³”ti vuccati. Tesanti sabrahmac±r²na½. Manava¹¹hanakoti p²timanassa paribr³hanato upar³pari p²ticittassa upp±dako. Garuµµh±niyoti garukaraºassa µh±nabh³to. J±na½ j±n±t²ti ñ±ºena j±nitabba½ j±n±ti. Yath± v± aññe aj±nant±pi j±nant± viya pavattanti, na evamaya½, aya½ pana j±nanto eva j±n±ti Passa½ passat²ti dassanabh³tena paññ±cakkhun± passitabba½ passati, passanto eva v± passati. Eva½ sambh±van²yoti eva½ viññut±ya paº¹itabh±vena sambh±vetabbo.