Sammutiparamatthadesan±kath±vaººan±

Tattha (a. ni. µ². 1.1.170) sammutiy± desan± sammutidesan±, paramatthassa desan± paramatthadesan±. Tatth±ti sammutiparamatthadesan±su, na sammutiparamatthesu. Ten±ha “evar³p± sammutidesan±, evar³p± paramatthadesan±”ti. Tatrida½ sammutiparamatth±na½ lakkhaºa½– yasmi½ bhinne, buddhiy± avayavavinibbhoge v± kate na ta½samaññ±, s± ghaµapaµ±dippabhed± sammuti, tabbipariy±yato paramattho. Na hi kakkha¼aphusan±disabh±ve aya½ nayo labbhati, tattha r³p±didhamma½ sam³hasant±navasena pavattam±na½ up±d±ya puggalavoh±roti ±ha “puggaloti sammutidesan±”ti. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Upp±davayavanto sabh±vadhamm± na nicc±ti ±ha “aniccanti paramatthadesan±”ti. Esa nayo sesapadesupi. Nanu khandhadesan±pi sammutidesan±va. Khandhaµµho hi r±saµµho, koµµh±saµµho v±ti? Saccameta½, aya½ pana khandhasamaññ± phass±d²su tajj±paññatti viya paramatthasannissay± tassa ±sannatar±, puggalasamaññ±dayo viya na d³reti paramatthasaªgahat± vutt±, khandhas²sena v± tadup±d±n± sabh±vadhamm± eva gahit±. Nanu ca sabh±vadhamm± sabbepi sammutimukheneva desana½ ±rohanti, na samukhen±ti sabb±pi desan± sammutidesan±va siy±ti? Nayidameva½ desetabbadhammavibh±gena desan±vibh±gassa adhippetatt±, na ca saddo kenaci pavattinimittena vin± attha½ pak±set²ti.
Sammutivasena desana½ sutv±ti “idhekacco puggalo attantapo hoti attaparit±p±nuyogamanuyutto”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 2.413; pu. pa. 10.25 m±tik±) sammutimukhena pavattita½ desana½ sutamayañ±ºupp±danavasena sutv±. Attha½ paµivijjhitv±ti tadanus±rena catusaccasaªkh±ta½ attha½ saha vipassan±ya maggena paµivijjhitv±. Moha½ pah±y±ti tadekaµµhehi kilesehi saddhi½ anavasesa½ moha½ pajahitv±. Visesanti nibb±nasaªkh±ta½ arahattasaªkh±tañca visesa½. Tesanti t±dis±na½ vineyy±na½. Paramatthavasen±ti “pañcim±ni, bhikkhave, indriy±n²”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 5.472-474) paramatthadhammavasena. Sesa½ anantaranaye vuttasadisameva. Tatth±ti tassa½ sammutivasena paramatthavasena ca desan±ya½. Desabh±s±kusaloti n±n±desabh±s±su kusalo. Tiººa½ ved±nanti nidassanamatta½, tiººa½ ved±na½ sippaganth±namp²ti adhipp±yo sippuggahaºañhi parato vakkhati. Sipp±ni v± vedantogadhe katv± “tiººa½ ved±nan”ti vutta½. Kathetabbabh±vena µhit±ni, na katthaci sannihitabh±ven±ti ved±nampi kathetabbabh±veneva avaµµh±na½ d²pento “guyh± tay² nihit± gayhat²”ti micch±v±da½ paµikkhipati. N±n±vidh± desabh±s± etesanti n±n±desabh±s±.
Paramo uttamo attho paramattho, dhamm±na½ yath±bh³tasabh±vo. Lokasaªketamattasiddh± sammuti. Yadi eva½ katha½ sammutikath±ya saccat±ti-±ha “lokasammutik±raº±”ti, lokasamañña½ niss±ya pavattanato. Lokasamaññ±ya hi abhinivesena vin± ñ±pan± ekaccassa sutassa s±van± viya na mus± anatidh±vitabbato tass±. Ten±ha bhagav± “janapadanirutti½ n±bhiniveseyya, samañña½ n±tidh±veyy±”ti (ma. ni. 3.332). Dhamm±nanti sabh±vadhamm±na½. Bh³tak±raº±ti yath±bh³tasabh±va½ niss±ya pavattanato. Sammuti½ voharantass±ti “puggalo satto”ti-±din± lokasamañña½ kathentassa.
Hirottappad²panatthanti lokap±lanakicce hirottappadhamme kiccato pak±setu½. Tesañhi kicca½ sattasant±neyeva p±kaµa½ hot²ti puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya kath±ya ta½ vattabba½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Yasmiñhi cittupp±de kamma½ uppanna½, ta½sant±ne eva tassa phalassa uppatti kammassakat±. Evañhi kataviññ±ºan±so akat±gamo v± natth²ti s± puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya eva kath±ya d²petabb±. Tehi sattehi k±tabb± puññ±dikiriy± paccattapurisak±ropi sant±navasena nipph±detabbato puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya eva kath±ya d²petabbo.
¾nantariyad²panatthanti cuti-anantara½ phala½ anantara½ n±ma, tasmi½ anantare niyutt±ni, tannibbattanena anantarakaraºas²l±ni, anantarapayojan±ni v±ti ±nantariy±ni, m±tugh±t±d²ni, tesa½ d²panattha½. T±nipi hi sant±navasena nipph±detabbato “m±tara½ j²vit± voropet²”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 1.1.423) puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya eva kath±ya d²petabb±ni, tath± “so mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.556; 3.308; ma. ni. 1.77; 2.309; 3.230; vibha. 642, 643) “so anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati ekampi j±tin”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.244, 245; ma. ni. 1.148, 384, 431; p±r±. 12) “atthi dakkhiº± d±yakato visujjhati, no paµigg±hakato”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.381) ca pavatt± brahmavih±rapubbeniv±sadakkhiº±visuddhikath± puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya eva kath±ya d²petabb± sattasant±navisayatt±. “Aµµha purisapuggal± (sa½. ni. 1.249), na samayavimutto puggalo”ti-±din± (pu. pa. 1) ca paramattha½ kathentopi lokasammutiy± appah±nattha½ puggalakatha½ kathesi. Etena vutt±vases±ya kath±ya puggal±dhiµµh±nabh±ve payojana½ s±maññavasena saªgahitanti daµµhabba½. K±mañceta½ sabba½ apariññ±tavatthuk±na½ vasena vutta½, pariññ±tavatthuk±nampi pana eva½ desan± sukh±vah± hoti.
Mah±janoti lokiyamah±jano. Na j±n±ti ghanavinibbhog±bh±vena dhammakiccassa asallakkhaºena. Tattha “ki½ n±meta½, katha½ n±metan”ti sa½sayapakkhandat±ya sammoha½ ±pajjati. Viruddh±bhinivesit±ya paµisattu hoti. J±n±ti ciraparicitatth± voh±rakath±ya. Tato eva na sammoham±pajjati, na paµisattu hoti.
Nappajahanti voh±ramukhena paramatthassa d²panato. Samaññ±gahaºavasena lokena ñ±yati samaññ±yati vohar²yat²ti lokasamaññ±, t±ya lokasamaññ±ya. Tassa tassa atthassa vibh±vane lokena nicchita½, niyata½ v± vuccati vohar²yat²ti lokanirutti, tassa½ lokaniruttiya½. Tath± lokena abhilap²yat²ti lokasamaññat±ya lok±bhil±po, tasmi½ lok±bhil±pe µhit±yeva appah±nato. Puggalav±dino viya paramatthavasena aggahetv±.
Santoti ettha santasaddo “d²gha½ santassa yojanan”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 70) kilantabh±ve ±gato, “ayañca vitakko ayañca vic±ro sant± honti samit±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 576) niruddhabh±ve ±gato, “adhigato kho my±ya½ dhammo gambh²ro duddaso duranubodho santo paº²to”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.67; ma. ni. 1.281; 2.337; sa½. ni. 2.172; mah±va. 7) santañ±ºagocarat±ya, “upasantassa sad± satimato”ti-±d²su (ud±. 27) kilesav³pasame, “santo have sabbhi pavedayant²”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 15) s±dh³su, “pañcime, bhikkhave, mah±cor± santo sa½vijjam±n±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 195) atthibh±ve, idh±pi atthibh±veyeva. So ca puggalasambandhena vuttatt± lokasamaññ±vasen±ti dassento “lokasaªketavasena atth²”ti ±ha. Atth²ti ceta½ nip±tapada½ daµµhabba½ “atthi imasmi½ k±ye kes±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.373-374; ma. ni. 1.110; 3.154; a. ni. 6.29; 10.60) viya. Sa½vijjam±n±ti padassa attha½ dassento “upalabbham±n±”ti ±ha. Yañhi sa½vijjati, ta½ upalabbhat²ti. Aªganti etehi ta½samaªgipuggal± nih²nabh±va½ gacchant²ti aªgaº±ni, r±g±dayo. Añjati makkhet²ti aªgaºa½, mal±di. Añjeti tattha µhita½ ahundarat±ya abhibyañjet²ti aªgaºa½, vivaµo bh³mipadeso. Dos±d²na½ pavatti-±k±ravisesat±ya n±nappak±r± bahulappavattiy± tibbakiles±. P±pak±nanti l±mak±na½. Akusal±nanti akosallasambh³t±na½. Icch±vacar±nanti icch±vasena pavatt±na½. Saha aªgaºen±ti aªgaºanti laddhan±mena yath±vuttakilesena saha vattati.
Atth²tipi na j±n±ti t±disassa yonisomanasik±rassa abh±v±. Yesa½ kiles±na½ atthit±, tesa½ sappaµibhayat± visesato j±nitabb±ti dassetu½ “ime kiles± n±m±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kakkha¼±ti pharus±. V±¼±ti kurur±. Na gahitabb±ti na upp±detabb±. Y±th±vasarasatoti yath±bh³tasabh±vato. Evañc±ti “ime kiles± n±m±”ti-±din± vuttappak±rena. Yena v± tena v±ti navakammesu v± pariyattidhutaªg±d²su v± yena v± tena v±. Tatr±ti niddh±raºe bhumma½. Ta½ pana niddh±raºa½ saªgaº±naªgaºasamud±yatoti dassento “cat³su puggales³”ti vatv± puna tadekadesato dassento “tesu v± dv²su s±ªgaºes³”ti ±ha. Tañhi dvaya½ paµhama½ h²naseµµhabh±vena niddh±r²yati paµhama½ uddiµµhatt±. Niddh±raºañhi kvaci kutoci kenaci hot²ti.
58. Kiñc±pi aññattha “janako hetu, parigg±hato paccayo, as±dh±raºo hetu, s±dh±raºo paccayo, sabh±go hetu, asabh±go paccayo, pubbak±liko hetu, sahappavatto paccayo”ti-±din± hetupaccay± vibhajja vuccanti, idha pana “catt±ro kho, bhikkhave, mah±bh³t± het³, catt±ro mah±bh³t± paccay± r³pakkhandhassa paññ±pan±y±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.85) viya hetupaccayasadd± sam±natth±ti dassetu½ “ubhayenapi k±raºameva pucchat²”ti vutta½. Tattha ubhayen±ti hetupaccayavacanadvayena. Pucchati ±yasm± mah±moggall±no desana½ va¹¹hetuk±mo. Kiñc±p²ti anuj±nanasambh±vanatthe nip±to. Ki½ anuj±n±ti? Sam±nepi dvinna½ s±ªgaºabh±ve tass± paj±nan±ppaj±nanahetukata½ tesa½ seµµhah²nata½. Ki½ sambh±veti? Therassa vicittapaµibh±nat±ya n±n±het³pam±hi alaªkatv± yath±pucchitassa atthassa p±kaµakaraºa½. Ten±ha “nappaj±n±t²”ti-±di. Hetu ceva paccayo ca seµµhah²nabh±ve. Tath±-akkh±tabbat±pi hi tesa½ tannimitt± ev±ti.
59. Tanti tesa½ dvinna½ puggal±na½ h²naseµµhat±ya k±raºa½. Opammehi p±kaµatara½ katv± dassetu½. Etanti sutte anantara½ vuccam±na½ v²riy±rambh±bh±vena aªgaºassa appah±na½. Ten±ha “na chanda½…pe… sandh±y±h±”ti. Kattukamyat±chandhanti kattukamyat±saªkh±ta½ aªgaºassa pah±tukamyat±vasena uppajjanakakusaladhammacchanda½. Na janessat²ti na upp±dessati. Kusalo v±y±mo n±ma chandato balav±ti ±ha “tato balavatara½ v±y±ma½ na karissat²”ti, chandampi anupp±dento katha½ tajja½ v±y±ma½ karissat²ti adhipp±yo. Th±magatav²riya½ usso¼h²bh±vappatta½ da¼ha½ v²riya½. S±ªgaºaggahaºeneva aªgaº±na½ kilesavatthut±ya cittassa sa½kiliµµhat±ya saddh±ya puna sa½kiliµµhaggahaºa½ savisesa½ kiliµµhabh±vavibh±vananti ±ha “suµµhutara½ kiliµµhacitto”ti. Malinacittoti-±d²supi “tehiyev±”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Ukkhalipucchanaco¼akassa viya vas±p²tapilotik± viya ca dummocan²yabh±vena malaggahaºa½ mal²nat±, p²¼ana½ hi½sana½ avipph±rikat±karaºa½ vib±dhana½ darathapari¼±hupp±danena paridahana½ upat±pana½, k±lanti k±lana½, yath±gahitassa attabh±vassa khepana½ ±yukkhayanti attho. Karissat²ti pavattessati, p±puºissat²ti vutta½ hoti. Tath±bh³to ca p±ºa½ cajissati n±m±ti ±ha “marissat²”ti.
Seyyath±p²ti upam±nidassane nip±to. Tadattha½ dassento “yath± n±m±”ti ±ha. Pa½su-±din±ti ±di-saddena jall±d²na½ saªgaho, gha½san±d²h²ti ±di-saddena ch±rik±parimajjan±d²na½ saªgahoti. “Abhir³p±ya kaññ± d±tabb±”ti-±d²su viya antarenapi atisayatthabodhakasaddena atisayattho ñ±yat²ti ±ha “malaggahitatar±ti vutta½ hot²”ti. Paµipucch±vacananti anumatipucch±viseso. Eva½ kariyam±n±ti aparibhoga-apariyodapanarajopathanikkhipanehi kiliµµhabh±va½ ±p±diyam±n±. Opamma½ sampaµip±dentoti yath³pan²ta½ upama½ upameyyatthena sama½ katv± paµip±dento, sa½sandentoti attho. S±ªgaºo puggaloti s±ªgaºo tasmi½ attabh±ve asujjhanakapuggalo. ¾paº±dito kulaghara½ ±n²tassa malaggahitaka½sabh±janassa tattha laddhabb±ya visuddhiy± al±bhato yath± anukkamena sa½kiliµµhatarabh±vo, eva½ gharato nikkhantassa puggalassa pabbajj±ya laddhabb±ya visuddhiy± al±bhato anukkamena sa½kiliµµhatarabh±voti dassento “sa½kiliµµhaka½sap±tiy±”ti-±dim±ha. Sa½kiliµµhatarabh±vo ca n±ma pabbajitassa ±j²vavipattivasena v± siy± ±c±radiµµhis²lavipatt²su aññataravasena v±ti ta½ sabba½ saªgahetv± dassetu½ “tassa puggalass±”ti-±di vutta½. P±cittiyav²tikkamanaggahaºena hi ekaccadiµµhivipattiy±pi saªgaho hot²ti. Ettha µhitass±ti etissa½ ±j²vavipattiya½ µhitassa. Imin± nayena sesesupi yath±raha½ vattabba½. Sabbaparisas±dh±raº± mah±therassa desan±, tasm± gahapativasenapi yojetabba½. Tattha ukka½sagatasa½kiliµµhatarabh±va½ dassento “m±tugh±t±di-±nantariyakaraºan”ti ±ha. Avisodhetv±ti yath± attano s²le v± diµµhiy± v± visuddhi hoti, eva½ kilesamalinacittasant±na½ avisodhetv±.