Samm±sambodhiy± sabbe, d±nap±rami-±dike;
sambh±re bhatav± n±tho, ten±pi bhagav± matoti.
Katha½ bh±ge van²ti bhagav±? Ye te catuv²satikoµisatasahassasaªkh± devasika½ va¼añjanakasam±pattibh±g±, te anavasesato lokahitattha½ attano ca diµµhadhammasukhavih±rattha½ niccakappa½ vani bhaji sevi bahulamak±s²ti bh±ge van²ti bhagav±. Atha v± abhiññeyyadhammesu kusal±d²su khandh±d²su ca ye te pariññeyy±divasena saªkhepato v± catubbidh± abhisamayabh±g±, vitth±rato pana “cakkhu pariññeyya½ sota½…pe… jar±maraºa½ pariññeyyan”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.21) aneke pariññeyyabh±g±, “cakkhussa samudayo pah±tabbo…pe… jar±maraºassa samudayo pah±tabbo”ti-±din± pah±tabbabh±g±, “cakkhussa nirodho…pe… jar±maraºassa nirodho sacchik±tabbo”ti-±din± sacchik±tabbabh±g±, “cakkhussa nirodhag±min² paµipad±”ti-±din±, “catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti-±din± ca anekabhed± bh±vetabbabh±g± ca dhamm±, te sabbe vani bhaji yath±raha½ gocarabh±van±sevan±na½ vasena sevi. Evampi bh±ge van²ti bhagav±. Atha v± “ye ime s²l±dayo dhammakkhandh± s±vakehi s±dh±raº± guºabh±g± guºakoµµh±s±, kinti nu kho te vineyyasant±nesu patiµµhapeyyan”ti mah±karuº±ya vani abhipatthayi, s± cassa abhipatthan± yath±dhippetaphal±vah± ahosi. Evampi bh±ge van²ti bhagav±.
Yasm± ñeyyasam±pattiguºabh±ge asesato;
bhaji patthayi satt±na½, hit±ya bhagav± tatoti.
Katha½ bhage van²ti bhagav±? Sam±sato t±va katapuññehi payogasampannehi yath±vibhava½ bhaj²yant²ti bhag±, lokiyalokuttar± sampattiyo. Tattha lokiye t±va tath±gato sambodhito pubbe bodhisattabh³to paramukka½sagate vani bhaji sevi, yattha patiµµh±ya niravasesato buddhakaradhamme samann±nento buddhadhamme parip±cesi, buddhabh³to pana te niravajjasukh³pasa½hite anaññas±dh±raºe lokuttarepi vani bhaji sevi, vitth±rato pana padesarajja-issariyacakkavattisampatti-devarajjasampatti-±divasena- jh±navimokkhasam±dhisam±pattiñ±ºadassana-maggabh±van±phalasacchi- kiriy±di-uttarimanussadhammavasena ca anekavihite anaññas±dh±raºe bhage vani bhaji sevi. Evampi bhage van²ti bhagav±.
Y± t± sampattiyo loke, y± ca lokuttar± puthu;
sabb± t± bhaji sambuddho, tasm±pi bhagav± matoti.
Katha½ bhattav±ti bhagav±? Bhatt± da¼habhattik± assa bah³ atth²ti bhattav±. Tath±gato hi mah±karuº±sabbaññutaññ±º±di-aparimitanirupamapabh±vaguºavisesasamaªgibh±vato sabbasattuttamo, sabb±natthaparih±rapubbaªgam±ya niravasesahitasukhavidh±natappar±ya niratisay±ya payogasampattiy± sadevamanuss±ya paj±ya accant³pak±rit±ya dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa-as²ti-anubyañjana-by±mappabh±di-anaññas±dh±raºa- visesapaµimaº¹ita-r³pak±yat±ya yath±bhucca-guº±dhigatena “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±dinayappavattena lokattayaby±pin± suvipulena suvisuddhena ca thutighosena samann±gatatt± ukka½sap±ramippatt±su appicchat±santuµµhi-±d²su suppatiµµhitabh±vato dasabalacatuves±rajj±diniratisayaguºavisesa-samaªgibh±vato ca r³pappam±ºo r³pappasanno, ghosappam±ºo ghosappasanno, l³khappam±ºo l³khappasanno, dhammappam±ºo dhammappasannoti eva½ catuppam±ºike lokasanniv±se sabbath±pi pas±d±vahabh±vena samantap±s±dikatt± aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ sadevamanuss±na½ ±darabahum±nag±rav±yatanat±ya paramapemasambhattiµµh±na½. Ye tassa ov±de patiµµhit± aveccappas±dena samann±gat± honti, kenaci asa½h±riy± tesa½ pas±dabhatti samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v±. Tath± hi te attano j²vitaparicc±gepi tattha pas±da½ na pariccajanti, tassa v± ±ºa½ da¼habhattibh±vato. Tenev±ha–
“Yo ve kataññ³ katavedi dh²ro;
kaly±ºamitto da¼habhatti ca hot²”ti. (J±. 2.17.78).
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo µhitadhammo vela½ n±tivattati, evameva kho, bhikkhave, ya½ may± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½, ta½ mama s±vak± j²vitahetupi n±tikkamant²”ti (a. ni. 8.20; ud±. 45; c³¼ava. 385) ca.
Eva½ bhattav±ti bhagav± niruttinayena ekassa ta-k±rassa lopa½ katv± itarassa ga-k±ra½ katv±.
Guº±tisayayuttassa, yasm± lokahitesino;
sambhatt± bahavo satthu, bhagav± tena vuccat²ti.
Katha½ bhage vam²ti bhagav±? Yasm± tath±gato bodhisattabh³topi purim±su j±t²su p±ramiyo p³rento bhagasaªkh±ta½ siri½ issariya½ yasañca vami, uggiri, khe¼apiº¹a½ viya anapekkho cha¹¹ayi; pacchimattabh±vepi hatth±gata½ cakkavattisiri½ devalok±dhipaccasadisa½ catud²pissariya½ cakkavattisampattisannissaya½ sattaratanasamujjala½ yasañca tiº±yapi amaññam±no nirapekkho pah±ya abhinikkhamitv± samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho, tasm± ime siri-±dike bhage vam²ti bhagav±. Atha v± bh±ni n±ma nakkhatt±ni, tehi sama½ gacchanti pavattant²ti bhag±, sineruyugandhara-uttarakuruhimavant±dibh±janalokavisesasannissay± sobh± kappaµµhiyabh±vato, tepi bhage vami tanniv±sisatt±v±sasamatikkamanato, tappaµibaddhachandar±gapah±nena pajah²ti. Evampi bhage vam²ti bhagav±.
Cakkavattisiri½ yasm±, yasa½ issariya½ sukha½;
pah±si lokacittañca, sugato bhagav± tatoti.
Katha½ bh±ge vam²ti bhagav±? Bh±g± n±ma sabh±gadhammakoµµh±s±, te khandh±yatanadh±t±divasena, tatth±pi r³pavedan±divasena, pathaviy±di-at²t±divasena ca anekavidh±. Te bhagav± sabba½ papañca½ sabba½ yoga½ sabba½ gantha½ sabba½ sa½yojana½ samucchinditv± amata½ dh±tu½ samadhigacchanto vami uggiri, anapekkho cha¹¹ayi na pacc±gami. Tath± hesa “sabbatthameva pathavi½ ±pa½ teja½ v±ya½, cakkhu½ sota½ gh±na½ jivha½ k±ya½ mana½, r³pe sadde gandhe rase phoµµhabbe dhamme, cakkhuviññ±ºa½…pe… manoviññ±ºa½, cakkhusamphassa½…pe… manosamphassa½, cakkhusamphassaja½ vedana½…pe… manosamphassaja½ vedana½, cakkhusamphassaja½ sañña½…pe… manosamphassaja½ sañña½, cakkhusamphassaja½ cetana½…pe… manosamphassaja½ cetana½, r³pataºha½…pe… dhammataºha½, r³pavitakka½…pe… dhammavitakka½, r³pavic±ra½…pe… dhammavic±ran”ti-±din± anupadadhammavibh±gavasenapi sabbeva dhammakoµµh±se anavasesato vami uggiri, anapekkhaparicc±gena cha¹¹ayi. Vutta½ heta½ “ya½ ta½, ±nanda, catta½ vanta½ mutta½ pah²na½ paµinissaµµha½, ta½ tath±gato puna pacc±gamissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti (d². ni. 2.183). Evampi bh±ge vam²ti bhagav±. Atha v± bh±ge vam²ti sabbepi kusal±kusale s±vajj±navajje h²napaº²te kaºhasukkasappaµibh±ge dhamme ariyamaggañ±ºamukhena vami uggiri anapekkho pariccaji pajahi, paresañca tathatt±ya dhamma½ desesi. Vuttampi ceta½ “dhamm±pi vo, bhikkhave, pah±tabb±, pageva adhamm± (ma. ni. 1.240), kull³pama½ vo, bhikkhave, dhamma½ desess±mi nittharaºatth±ya, no gahaºatth±y±”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.240). Evampi bh±ge vam²ti bhagav±.
Khandh±yatanadh±t±di-dhammabh±g±mahesin±;
kaºhasukk± yato vant±, tatopi bhagav± matoti.
Tena vutta½–
“Bh±gav± bhatav± bh±ge, bhage ca vani bhattav±;
bhage vami tath± bh±ge, vam²ti bhagav± jino”ti.
Dhammasar²ra½ paccakkha½ karot²ti “yo vo, ±nanda, may± dhammo ca vinayo ca desito paññatto, so vo mamaccayena satth±”ti (d². ni. 2.216) vacanato dhammassa satthubh±vapariy±yo vijjat²ti katv± vutta½. Vajirasaªgh±tasam±nak±yo parehi abhejjasar²ratt±. Na hi bhagavato r³pak±ye kenaci sakk± antar±yo k±tunti.
Desan±sampatti½ niddisati vakkham±nassa sakalassa suttassa “evan”ti nidassanato. S±vakasampatti½ niddisati paµisambhid±ppattena pañcasu µh±nesu bhagavat± etadagge µhapitena may± mah±s±vakena suta½, tañca kho may±va suta½, na anussutika½, na parampar±bhatanti imassa atthassa d²panato. K±lasampatti½ niddisati bhagav±-saddasannidh±ne payuttassa samaya-saddassa k±lassa buddhupp±dapaµimaº¹itabh±vad²panato. Buddhupp±daparam± hi k±lasampad±. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Kappakas±ye kaliyuge, buddhupp±do aho mahacchariya½;
hut±vahamajjhe j±ta½, samuditamakarandamaravindan”ti. (D². ni. µ². 1.1; sa½. ni. µ². 1.1.1; a. ni. µ². 1.1.1 r³p±divaggavaººan±).
Bhagav±ti desakasampatti½ niddisati guºavisiµµhasattuttamagarug±rav±dhivacanabh±vato.
Maªgaladivaso sukhaºo sunakkhattanti ajja maªgaladivaso, tasm± sunakkhatta½, tatth±pi aya½ sukhaºo. M± atikkam²ti m± rattivibh±yana½ anudikkhant±na½ ratti atikkam²ti eva½ sambandho veditabbo. Ukk±su µhit±su µhit±ti ukkaµµh± (d². ni. µ². 1.255; a. ni. µ². 2.4.36). Ukk±su vijjotalant²su µhit± patiµµhit±ti m³lavibh³j±dipakkhepena (p±ºini 3.2.5) saddasiddhi veditabb±. Niruttinayena v± ukk±su µhit±su µhit± ±s²ti ukkaµµh±. Apare pana bhaºanti “bh³mibh±gasampattiy± manussasampattiy± upakaraºasampattiy± ca s± nagar² ukkaµµhaguºayogato ‘ukkaµµh±’ti n±ma½ labh²”ti.
Avisesen±ti na visesena, vih±rabh±vas±maññen±ti attho. Iriy±patha…pe… vih±res³ti iriy±pathavih±ro dibbavih±ro brahmavih±ro ariyavih±roti etesu cat³su vih±resu. Samaªgiparid²pananti samaªg²bh±vaparid²pana½. Etanti “viharat²”ti eta½ pada½. Tath± hi ta½ “idhekacco gih²hi sa½saµµho viharati sahanand² sahasok²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 4.241) iriy±pathavih±re ±gata½; “yasmi½ samaye, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharat²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 160; vibha. 624) dibbavih±re; “so mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.556; 3.308; ma. ni. 1.77; 2.309; 3.230) brahmavih±re; “so kho aha½ aggivessana tass±yeva kath±ya pariyos±ne tasmi½ eva purimasmi½ sam±dhinimitte ajjhattameva citta½ saºµhapemi sannis±demi ekodi½ karomi sam±dah±mi, yena suda½ niccakappa½ vihar±m²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.387) ariyavih±re.
Tattha iriyana½ vattana½ iriy±, k±yappayogo. Tass± pavattanup±yabh±vato µh±n±di iriy±patho. Ýh±nasamaªg² v± hi k±yena kiñci kareyya gaman±d²su aññatarasamaªg² v±. Atha v± iriyati pavattati etena attabh±vo, k±yakicca½ v±ti iriy±, tass± pavattiy± up±yabh±vato pathoti iriy±patho, µh±n±di eva. So ca atthato gatinivatti-±di-±k±rena pavatto catusantatir³papabandho eva. Viharaºa½, viharati eten±ti v± vih±ro, iriy±patho eva vih±ro iriy±pathavih±ro. Divi bhavoti dibbo. Tattha bahulappavattiy± brahmap±risajj±didevaloke bhavoti attho. Tattha yo dibb±nubh±vo, tadatth±ya sa½vattat²ti v± dibbo, abhiññ±bhin²h±ravasena mah±gatikatt± v± dibbo, dibbo ca so vih±ro c±ti dibbavih±ro, catasso r³p±vacarasam±pattiyo. ¾ruppasam±pattiyopi ettheva saªgaha½ gacchanti. Brahm³na½, brahm±no v± vih±r± brahmavih±r±, catasso appamaññ±yo. Ariy±na½, ariy± v± vih±r± ariyavih±r±, catt±ri s±maññaphal±ni. So hi bhagav± eka½ iriy±pathab±dhananti-±di yadipi bhagav± ekenapi iriy±pathena ciratara½ k±la½ attabh±va½ pavattetu½ sakkoti, tath±pi “up±dinnakasar²rassa n±ma aya½ sabh±vo”ti dassetu½ vutta½. Yasm± v± bhagav± yattha katthaci vasanto veneyy±na½ dhamma½ desento, n±n±sam±patt²hi ca k±la½ v²tin±mento vasat²ti veneyyasatt±na½ attano ca vividha½ hitasukha½ harati upaneti upp±deti, tasm± vividha½ harat²ti evamettha attho veditabbo.