Ekenev±k±ren±ti ±misad±y±dat±siddhena ±diyat±saªkh±tena ekeneva pak±rena. Tameva hi ±k±ra½ sandh±y±ha “bhagavat± vuttamatthan”ti. Aññath± “satthu pavivittassa viharato s±vak± viveka½ n±nusikkhant²’ti ekeneva ±k±rena so attho therenapi vutto. T²hi ±k±reh²ti ±misad±y±dapaµipad±bh³tehi tiººa½ vivek±na½ ananusikkhan±k±rehi. Ett±vat±ti “idh±vuso…pe… n±nusikkhant²”ti ettakena kaºhapakkhe uddesap±µhena.
Vitth±rato suvibhatto hoti anavasesato sammadeva niddiµµhatt±. Nanu ca uddese satthunopi ±diyat± bhagavat± gahit±, s± na niddiµµh±ti anuyoga½ sandh±y±ha “so ca kho”ti-±di. S±vake anuggaºhantass±ti “±misad±y±d± satthu s±vak±”ti satthu parappav±dapariharaºatthampi “tumhehi dhammad±y±dehi bhavitabban”ti eva½ s±vake anukampam±nassa. S±vak±na½ ta½ na yutta½ s±m²ci-abh±vatoti yojan±. Esa nayoti yadida½ “ett±vat±ya½ bhagav±”ti-±din± kaºhapakkhe uddesassa atthavibh±gadassanamukhena sambandhadassana½, esa nayo sukkapakkhepi sambandhadassaneti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “aya½ t±vettha anusandhikkamayojan±”ti, satth±r± desit±ya uddesadesan±ya mah±therena desit±ya ca anusandhikkamena sambandhoti attho. Yath±nusandhi eva cettha anusandhi veditabbo.
Accantapavivittass±ti ekanta-upadhiviveko viya itarepi viveko satthu ekantik±v±ti. Anusikkhana½ n±ma anu anu p³raºanti tappaµikkhepena ±ha “na parip³rent²”ti, na paribr³hent²ti attho, na parip³rent²ti v± na parip±lent²ti attho. Yadaggena hi viveka½ n±nusikkhanti, tadaggena na paribr³henti, na parip±lent²ti v± vattabbata½ labhant²ti. Kasm± panettha “viveka½ n±nusikkhant²”ti uddese viya avisesavacane k±yavivekasseva gahaºa½ katanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “yadi pan±”ti-±di. Pucch±y±ti pucch±to aviseso siy± vibh±gassa alabbham±natt± vissajjanassa. Nanu ca “viveka½ n±nusikkhant²”ti avisesavacanato p±¼iya½ vibh±go na labbhatev±ti? Na, padantarena vibh±vitatt±. Ten±ha “yesañca dhamm±nan”ti-±di. By±karaºapakkhoti vissajjanapakkho. Vissajjanañca na pucch± viya avisesajotan± atha kho yath±dhippetatthavibhajananti adhipp±yo. Imin± paden±ti “viveka½ n±nusikkhant²”ti imin± padena k±yaviveka½ aparip³riyam±na½ dasset²ti adhipp±yo. Cittaviveka½ upadhivivekanti etth±pi eseva nayo.
Ettha ca nappajahant²ti pah±tabbadhamm±na½ pah±n±bh±vavacana½ pah±nalakkhaºavivek±bh±vad²pana½, ta½ vatv± puna “viveke nikkhittadhur±”ti vacana½ tato s±tisayavivek±bh±vad²pananti tadubhayavivek±bh±vadassanena “yesañca dhamm±nan”ti-±din±va p±risesañ±yena “viveka½ n±nusikkhant²”ti imin± vivekadvayam³labh³tak±yavivek±bh±vadassana½ katanti daµµhabba½. Avigatataºhat±ya ta½ ta½ parikkh±raj±ta½ bahu½ lanti ±diyant²ti bahul±, bahul± eva b±hulik± yath± “venayiko”ti (ma. ni. 1.246; a. ni. 8.11; p±r±. 8). Te pana yasm± paccayabahulabh±v±ya yuttappayutt± n±ma honti, tasm± ±ha “c²var±dib±hull±ya paµipann±”ti. Sikkh±ya ±darabh±v±bh±vato sithila½ ada¼ha½ gaºhant²ti “s±thalik±”ti vutta½. Sithilanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso, sithila-saddena v± sam±natthassa s±thala-saddassa vasena “s±thalik±”ti padasiddhi veditabb±. Avagamanaµµhen±ti adhogamanaµµhena orambh±giyabh±ven±ti attho. Upadhiviveketi sabb³padhipaµinissaggat±ya upadh²hi vivitte. Oropitadhur±ti ujjhituss±h±.
Aniyamenev±ti kiñci visesa½ an±masitv± “s±vak±”ti aviseseneva. Niyamento“ther±”ti-±din±. Dasavasse up±d±y±ti dasavassato paµµh±ya. Issariyeti “seµµhiµµh±na½ sen±patiµµh±nan”ti-±d²su viya. Acirakkhaºobh±sena lakkhavedhako akkhaºavedhi. Ýhitiyanti avaµµh±ne. Ýh±nasoti taªkhaºeyeva. Tiµµhat²ti ±dh±r±dheyyabh±ven±ti ±ha “tad±yattavuttibh±ven±”ti. Upekkh±nubr³han± sattasaªkh±resu ud±s²nat±pi asaªkhat±dhigamassa up±yoti tabbipariy±yato c²var±dimaº¹an± na upadhivivekap±rip³riy± sa½vattat²ti ±ha “c²varapatta…pe… ap³rayam±n±”ti. Tatth±ti therav±re. Idh±ti majjhimanavakav±resu. Tath± hi “majjhimatherak±le”ti-±di vutta½.
32. Imasmiñca kaºhapakkheti imasmiñca niddesav±re kaºhapakkhe, na uddesav±re kaºhapakkhe. Uddesav±re pana kaºhapakkhe vuttavipariy±yena gahetabbattho “esa nayo sukkapakkhep²”ti atidesena dassito. Vuttapaccan²kanayen±ti “k±yaviveka½ n±nusikkhanti na parip³rent²”ti-±din± vuttassa atthassa paccan²kanayena, “k±yaviveka½ anusikkhanti parip³rent²”ti-±din± nayena. Etth±ti etasmi½ sukkapakkhe. Saªkhepoti atthasaªkhepo. Yojanaparampar±y±ti g±mantato d³rabh±vena eka½ dve t²º²ti eva½ yojan±na½ paµip±µiy±. Araññavanapatth±n²ti araññesu vanasaº¹abh³t±ni. Pant±n²ti pariyant±ni. Upagantu½ yuttak±lo jar±jiººak±lo gocarag±me d³re gaman±gamanasamatthat±bh±vato. “Eva½ guºavantesu dinna½ aho sudinnan”ti paccayad±yak±na½ pas±da½ janenti. P±sa½s±ti pasa½sitabb±. Ayampi mah±theroti-±di eka½ appam±davih±rina½ vuddhatara½ niddisitv± vadant±na½ vasena vutta½. Paviµµho vivekaµµh±na½. S±ya½ nikkhamati yonisomanasik±ra½ upabr³hetv±ti adhipp±yo. Kasiºaparikamma½ karoti, na ya½ kiñci kiccantara½. Sam±pattiyo nibbatteti, na moghamanasik±ra½. Sabbath±ti-±dito t±va tadaªgavasena kilesehi citta½ vivecento tato vikkhambhanavasena samucchedavasena paµipassaddhivasen±ti sabbappak±rena cittaviveka½ p³reti. Pa½suk³l±ni dh±ret²ti imin± b±hulikat±bh±va½ dasseti, asithila½ s±sana½ gahetv±ti imin± s±thalikat±bh±va½, vigatan²varaºoti imin± okkamane nikkhittadhurata½, phalasam±pattinti±din± pavivekapubbaªgamata½ dasseti.
33. Tatr±vusoti ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho. Tena “lobho ca p±pako”ti-±dinayappavatta½ uparidesana½ anavasesato pariy±diyati. Ko anusandh²ti y± s± bhagavat± sa½kilesapakkhena saha dhammad±y±dapaµipattibh±vin² “dhammad±y±d± me, bhikkhave, bhavatha, m± ±misad±y±d±”ti-±din± desan± uddiµµh±, ta½ “satthu pavivittassa viharato”ti-±din± ±rabhitv± aµµh±rasav±rapaµimaº¹it±ya niddesadesan±ya vibhajitv± tato para½ “tatr±vuso lobho ca p±pako”ti-±dinay±ya uparidesan±ya sambandha½ pucchati. Evanti sa½kilesapakkhe “nappajahant²”ti pah±n±bh±vadassanavasena, vod±napakkhe “pajahant²”ti pah±nasabbh±vadassanavasen±ti eva½. Aniddh±ritasar³p± ya½-ta½-saddehi dhamma-saddena s±maññato ye pah±tabbadhamm± vutt±, te sar³pato dassetunti yojan±. Ime teti ettha kasm± lobh±dayo eva pah±tabbadhamm± vutt±, nanu ito aññepi mohadiµµhivicikicch±dayo pah±tabbadhamm± sant²ti? Sacca½ santi, te pana lobh±d²hi tadekaµµhat± gahit± eva hont²ti vutt±. Atha v± imesa½yevettha gahaºe k±raºa½ parato ±vi bhavissati.
Id±ni upacayena anusandhi½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha s±vak±na½ yassa dhammassa d±y±dabh±vo satthu abhirucito, so “catt±ro satipaµµh±ne bh±vet²”ti-±din± akatthetv± “viveka½ anusikkhanti, te ca dhamme pajahanti, na ca b±hulik±”ti-±din± kathitatt± heµµh± pariy±yeneva dhammo kathitoti vutta½. “Te ca dhamme nappajahanti, okkamane pubbaªgam±”ti-±din± ±misa½ pariy±yenapi kathita½. “Siy± ca me piº¹ap±to”ti-±din±, “b±hulik± ca hont²”ti-±din± ca ±misa½ nippariy±yenapi kathita½. Atha v± y±ya½ bhagavat± ±misad±y±dapaµikkhepan± dhammad±y±dat± vutt±, yañca tadattha½ vibhajantena mah±therena attan± vivek±nusikkhan±di vutta½, tadubhaya½ hetuvasena vibh±vetu½ “tatr±vuso, lobho c±”ti-±di vutta½ Hetunirodhena hi sa½kilesapakkhassa, nirodhahetusamp±danena ca vod±napakkhassa tapp±pakat±.
At²tadesan±nidassananti at²t±ya therena yath±desit±ya desan±ya ca pacc±masana½. Tenev±ha “satthu pavivittassa…pe… desan±yanti vutta½ hot²”ti. Tatth±ti ya½ vutta½ visesato “yesa½ dhamm±na½ satth± pah±nam±h±”ti, etasmi½ pade. Tattha hi pah±tabbadhamm± lobh±dayo s±maññato vutt±. L±mak±ti nih²n±. Lobhados± hi hetuto paccayato sabh±vato phalato nissandato sa½kiliµµhapakatik±, ±yati½ dukkhassa p±panaµµhena v± p±pak±. Lubbhanalakkhaºoti ±rammaºassa abhigijjhanalakkhaºo. Tath± hi so lubbhanti tena, saya½ v± lubbhati, lubbhanamattameva v± tanti “lobho”ti vuccati. Ras±d²su abhisaªgaraso, aparicc±gapaccupaµµh±no, sa½yojaniyesu dhammesu ass±dadassanapadaµµh±no. Dussanalakkhaºoti ±rammaºe by±pajjanalakkhaºo. Tath± hi so dussanti tena, saya½ v± dussati, dussanamattameva v± tanti “doso”ti vuccati. Ras±d²su visappanaraso, sanissayadahanaraso v±, dussanapaccupaµµh±no, ±gh±tavatthupadaµµh±no.
Tes³ti-±din± dassanena lobhados±na½ ekantato pah±tabbat±dassana½. ¾misad±y±dassa paccay±na½ l±bhe hot²ti ida½ lobhassa ±rammaºaggahaºasabh±vata½ sandh±ya vutta½, taºh±ya vasena pana anugijjhana½ sandh±ya “aladdha½ patthet²”ti ±ha. Al±bhe paccay±na½ ±misad±y±dassa hot²ti ±netv± yojan±. Alabhantoti ettha “paccaye”ti vibhatti½ pariº±metv± yojetabba½. Vigh±tav±ti “yampiccha½ na labhati, tampi dukkhan”ti (ma. ni. 1.120; vibha. 190) vacanato icch±vigh±tav±. Lobho ca deyyadhamme hoti ±misad±y±dass±ti sambandho. Esa nayo anantarapadepi. Deyyadhammeti ca ida½ nidassanamatta½ sattakel±yan±divasenapi tassa lobhuppattisabbh±vato. “Taºha½ paµicca pariyesan±, pariyesana½ paµicca l±bho”ti evam±dayo nava taºh±m³lak±. Parip³reti ±misad±y±doti vibhattivipariº±mo veditabbo. ¾v±samacchariy±d²ni pañca macchariy±ni.
Magganti ariyamagga½. So hi kilese m±rento gacchati, nibb±natthikehi ca magg²yati, saya½ v± sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena nibb±na½ maggat²ti nippariy±yena “maggo”ti vuccati. Eko antoti itarena asammisso eko koµµh±so, h²nat±ya v± l±makaµµhena eko anto. K±ma½ aññepi kusaladhamm± ete ante asampayogato na upenti, tehi vimutt± eva, aya½ pana accantavimuttiy± na upet²ti ±ha “vimutto etehi anteh²”ti. Tasm±ti antadvayavimuttatt±. Etesa½ majjhe bhavatt±ti ida½ maggassa ubhayantavimuttat±ya eva vutta½, na tappariy±pannat±ya, vaµµadukkhanissaraºatthikehi paµipajjitabbato ca. Tath±ti yath± itarena asammissaµµhena l±makaµµhena ca lobho eko anto, tath± k±masukhallik±nuyogoti attho. Esa nayo sesesupi. Maggassa anupagamanañca nesa½ ant±na½ sabbaso appavattikaraºeneva daµµhabba½. Purimanayen±ti “ete dve ante na upet²”ti-±din± pubbe vuttanayena.