Bh±van±pah±tabba-±savavaººan±

27. “Satta bojjhaªg± bh±vit± bahul²kat± vijj±vimuttiyo parip³rent²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.187) vacanato vijj±vimutt²na½ anadhigamo tato ca sakalavaµµadukkh±nativatti abh±van±ya ±d²navo, vuttavipariy±yena bhagavato orasaputtabh±v±divasena ca bh±van±ya ±nisa½so veditabbo. Uparimaggattayasamayasambh³t±ti dutiy±dimaggakkhaºe j±t±, bh±van±dhik±rato dutiyamagg±dipariy±pann±ti attho. Nanu ca te lokuttar± eva, kasm± visesana½ katanti? Nayida½ visesana½, visesitabba½ paneta½, lokuttarabojjhaªg± eva adhippet±, te ca kho uparimaggattayasamayasambh³t±ti. Bojjhaªgesu asammohatthanti vipassan±jh±namaggaphalabojjhaªgesu sammoh±bh±vattha½. Missakanayena hi bojjhaªgesu vuccam±nesu tadaªg±divivekadassanavasena vipassan±bojjhaªg±dayo vibhajitv± vuccanti, na nibbattitalokuttarabojjhaªg± ev±ti bojjhaªgesu sammoho na hoti bojjhaªgabh±van±paµipattiy± ca sammadeva pak±sitatt±. Idha pan±ti imasmi½ sutte, imasmi½ v± adhik±re. Lokuttaranayo eva gahetabbo bh±van±maggassa adhikatatt±.
¾dipad±nanti (a. ni. µ². 1.1.418) “satisambojjhaªgan”ti evam±d²na½ tasmi½ tasmi½ v±kye ±dibh³t±na½ pad±na½. Atthatoti visesavasena s±maññavasena ca padatthato. Lakkhaº±d²h²ti lakkhaºarasapaccupaµµh±nato. Kamatoti anupubbito. An³n±dhikatoti t±vattakato. Vibh±vin±ti viññun±.
Satisambojjhaªgeti satisambojjhaªgapade. Saraºaµµhen±ti anussaraºaµµhena. Cirakat±dibheda½ ±rammaºa½ upagantv± µh±na½, anissajjana½ v± upaµµh±na½. Udake al±bu viya pilavitv± gantu½ adatv± p±s±ºassa viya niccalassa ±rammaºassa µhapana½ s±raºa½ asammuµµhat±karaºa½ apil±pana½. Vuttampi heta½ milindapañhe. Bhaº¹±g±rikoti bhaº¹agopako. Apil±pe karoti apil±peti. Theren±ti n±gasenattherena. Sammosapaccan²ka½ kicca½ asammoso, na sammos±bh±vamatta½. Gocar±bhimukhabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±ti k±y±di-±rammaº±bhimukhabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±.
Bodhiy± dhammas±maggiy±, aªgo avayavo, bodhissa v± ariyas±vakassa aªgo k±raºa½. Patiµµh±n±y³han± oghataraºasuttavaººan±ya½ (sa½. ni. aµµha. 1.1.1)–
“Kilesavasena patiµµh±na½, abhisaªkh±ravasena ±y³han±. Taºh±diµµh²hi patiµµh±na½, avasesakiles±bhisaªkh±rehi ±y³han±. Taºh±vasena patiµµh±na½, diµµhivasena ±y³han±. Sassatadiµµhiy± patiµµh±na½, ucchedadiµµhiy± ±y³han±. L²navasena patiµµh±na½, uddhaccavasena ±y³han±. K±masukh±nuyogavasena patiµµh±na½, attakilamath±nuyogavasena ±y³han±. Sabb±kusal±bhisaªkh±ravasena patiµµh±na½, sabbalokiyakusal±bhisaªkh±ravasena ±y³han±”ti–
Vuttesu pak±resu idha avutt±na½ vasena veditabb±. Y± hi aya½ bodh²ti vuccat²ti yojetabba½ “Bujjhat²”ti padassa paµibujjhat²ti atthoti ±ha “kilesasant±nanidd±ya uµµhahat²”ti. Ta½ pana paµibujjhana½ atthato catunna½ sacc±na½ paµivedho, nibb±nasseva v± sacchikiriy±ti ±ha “catt±r²”ti-±di. Jh±naªgamaggaªg±dayo viy±ti yath± aªg±ni eva jh±namagg±, na aªgavinimutt±, evamidh±p²ti attho. Senaªgarathaªg±dayo viy±ti etena puggalapaññattiy± avijjam±napaññattibh±va½ dasseti.
Bodh±ya sa½vattant²ti bojjhaªg±ti ida½ k±raºattho aªga-saddoti katv± vutta½. Bujjhant²ti bodhiyo, bodhiyo eva aªg±ti bojjhaªg±ti vutta½ “bujjhant²ti bojjhaªg±”ti. Anubujjhant²ti vipassan±d²na½ k±raº±na½ bujjhitabb±nañca sacc±na½ anur³pa½ bujjhanti. Paµibujjhant²ti kilesanidd±ya uµµhahanato paccakkhabh±vena v± paµimukha½ bujjhanti. Sambujjhant²ti avipar²tabh±vena samm± ca bujjhanti. Eva½ upasagg±na½ atthavisesad²panat± daµµhabb±. Bodhi-saddo hi sabbavisesayutta½ bujjhana½ s±maññena gahetv± µhito.
Vicin±t²ti “tayida½ dukkhan”ti-±din± v²ma½sati. Obh±sana½ dhamm±na½ yath±bh³tasabh±vapaµicch±dakassa sammohassa viddha½sana½ yath± ±loko andhak±rassa. Yasmi½ dhamme sati v²ro n±ma hoti, so dhammo v²rabh±vo. ¿rayitabbatoti pavattetabbato. Kosajjapakkhato patitu½ appad±navasena sampayutt±na½ paggaºhana½ paggaho. Upatthambhana½ anubalappad±na½. Os²dana½ lay±patti, tappaµipakkhato anos²dana½ daµµhabba½. P²ºayat²ti tappeti va¹¹heti v±. Pharaºa½ paº²tar³pehi k±yassa by±pana½. Tuµµhi n±ma p²ti. Udaggabh±vo odagya½, k±yacitt±na½ ukkhipananti attho. K±yacittadarathapassambhanatoti k±yadarathassa cittadarathassa ca passambhanato v³pasamanato. K±yoti cettha vedan±dayo tayo khandh±. Daratho s±rambho, dukkhadomanassapaccay±na½ uddhacc±dikiles±na½, tappadh±n±na½ v± catunna½ khandh±na½ adhivacana½. Uddhacc±dikilesapaµipakkhabh±vo daµµhabbo, evañcettha passaddhiy± aparipphandanas²tibh±vo daµµhabbo as±raddhabh±vato. Ten±ha bhagav± “passaddho k±yo as±raddho”ti (ma. ni. 1.52).
Sam±dh±natoti samm± cittassa ±dh±nato µhapanato. Avikkhepo sampayutt±na½ avikkhittat±, yena sasampayutt± dhamm± avikkhitt± honti, so dhammo avikkhepoti. Avis±ro attano eva avisaraºasabh±vo. Sampiº¹ana½ sampayutt±na½ avippakiººabh±v±p±dana½ nh±n²yacuºº±na½ udaka½ viya. Cittaµµhitipaccupaµµh±noti “cittassa µhit²”ti (dha. sa. 11) vacanato cittassa pabandhaµhitipaccupaµµh±no. Ajjhupekkhanatoti ud±s²nabh±vato. ti bojjhaªga-upekkh± Samappavatte dhamme paµisañcikkhati upapattito ikkhati tad±k±r± hutv± pavattat²ti paµisaªkh±nalakkhaº±, evañca katv± “paµisaªkh± santiµµhan± gahaºe majjhattat±”ti upekkh±kicc±dhimattat±ya saªkh±rupekkh± vutt±. Sampayuttadhamm±na½ yath±sakakiccakaraºavasena sama½ pavattanapaccayat± samav±hit±. Al²n±nuddhatappavattipaccayat± ³n±dhikat±niv±raºa½. Sampayutt±na½ asamappavattihetukapakkhap±ta½ upacchindant² viya hot²ti vutta½ “pakkhap±tupacchedaras±”ti. Ajjhupekkhanameva majjhattabh±vo.
Sabbasmi½ l²napakkhe uddhaccapakkhe ca atthik± patthan²y± icchitabb±ti sabbatthik±, ta½ sabbatthika½. Sam±nakkhaºapavatt²su sattasupi sambojjhaªgesu v±c±ya kamappavattito paµip±µiy± vattabbesu ya½ kiñci paµhama½ avatv± satisambojjhaªgasseva paµhama½ vacanassa k±raºa½ sabbesa½ upak±rakattanti vutta½ “sabbesan”ti-±di. Sabbesanti ca l²nuddhaccapakkhik±na½, aññath± sabbepi sabbesa½ paccay±ti.
“Kasm± satteva bojjhaªg± vutt±”ti codako saddh±lobh±d²nampi bojjhaªgabh±va½ ±saªkati, itaro sati-±d²na½yeva bh±van±ya upak±rata½ dassento “l²nuddhaccapaµipakkhato sabbatthikato c±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha l²nass±ti atisithilav²riyat±d²hi bh±van±v²thi½ anotaritv± sa½kuµitassa cittassa. Tad± hi passaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaªg± na bh±vetabb±. Tañhi etehi allatiº±d²hi viya paritto aggi dussamuµµh±piya½ hot²ti. Ten±ha bhagav± “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso paritta½ aggi½ ujj±letuk±mo assa, so tattha all±ni ceva tiº±ni pakkhipeyy±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 5.234). Dhammavicayav²riyap²tisambojjhaªg± pana bh±vetabb±, sukkhatiº±d²hi viya paritto aggi l²na½ citta½ etehi susamuµµh±piya½ hot²ti. Tena vutta½ “yasmiñca kho”ti-±di. Tattha yath±saka½ ±h±ravasena dhammavicayasambojjhaªg±d²na½ bh±van± veditabb±. Vuttañheta½ “atthi, bhikkhave, kusal±kusal± dhamm±…pe… p²tisambojjhaªgassa bhiyyobh±v±ya…pe… sa½vattat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232). Tattha sabh±vas±maññalakkhaºapaµivedhavasena pavattamanasik±ro…pe… dhammavicayasambojjhaªg±dayo bh±veti n±ma.
Uddhaccass±ti cittassa acc±raddhav²riyat±d²hi s²tibh±vapatiµµhitabh±va½ anotiººat±ya, tad± dhammavicayav²riyap²tisambojjhaªg± na bh±vetabb±. Tañhi etehi sukkhatiº±d²hi viya aggikkhandho duv³pasamaya½ hoti. Ten±ha bhagav± “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso mahanta½ aggikkhandha½ nibb±petuk±mo assa, so tattha sukkh±ni ceva tiº±ni pakkhipeyy±”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 5.234). Passaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaªg± pana bh±vetabb±, allatiº±d²hi viya aggikkhandho uddhata½ citta½ etehi suv³pasamaya½ hoti. Tena vutta½ “yasmiñca kho”ti-±di. Etth±pi yath±saka½ ±h±ravasena passaddhisambojjhaªg±d²na½ bh±van± veditabb±. Vuttañheta½ “atthi, bhikkhave, k±yapassaddhi cittapassaddhi…pe… upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa bhiyyobh±v±ya sa½vattat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232). Tattha yath±ssa passaddhi-±dayo uppannapubb±, ta½ ±k±ra½ sallakkhetv± tesa½ upp±danavasena tath± manasikarontova passaddhisambojjhaªg±dayo bh±veti n±ma. Satisambojjhaªgo pana sabbattha bah³pak±ro. So hi citta½ l²napakkhik±na½ passaddhi-±d²na½ vasena lay±pattito, uddhaccapakkhik±nañca dhammavicay±d²na½ vasena uddhaccap±tato rakkhati, tasm± so loºadh³pana½ viya sabbabyañjanesu sabbakammika-amacco viya ca r±jakiccesu sabbattha icchitabbo. Ten±ha “satiñca khv±ha½, bhikkhave, sabbatthika½ vad±m²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.234).
Ñatv± ñ±tabb±ti (sa½. ni. µ². 1.1.129) sambandho. Va¹¹hi n±ma vepulla½ bhiyyobh±vo punappuna½ upp±do ev±ti ±ha “punappuna½ janet²”ti. Abhivuddhi½ p±pento nibbatteti. Vivittat±ti vivittabh±vo. Yo hi vivecan²yato viviccati, ya½ viviccitv± µhita½, tadubhaya½ idha vivittabh±vas±maññena “vivittat±”ti vutta½. Tesu purimo vivecan²yato viviccam±nat±ya vivekasaªkh±t±ya viviccanakiriy±ya samaªg² dhammasam³ho t±ya eva viviccanakiriy±ya vasena vivekoti gahito. Itaro sabbaso tato tato vivittasabh±vat±ya. Tattha yasmi½ dhammapuñje satisambojjhaªgo viviccanakiriy±ya pavattati, ta½ yath±vutt±ya viviccam±nat±ya vivekasaªkh±ta½ niss±yeva pavattati, itara½ pana tanninnat±tad±rammaºat±h²ti vutta½ “viveke nissitan”ti. Yath± v± vivekavasena pavatta½ jh±na½ “vivekajan”ti vutta½, eva½ vivekavasena pavatto bojjhaªgo “vivekanissito”ti daµµhabbo. Nissayaµµho ca vipassan±magg±na½ vasena maggaphal±na½ veditabbo. Asatipi pubb±parabh±ve “paµiccasamupp±d±”ti ettha paccay±na½ samupp±dana½ viya abhinnadhamm±dh±r± nissayanabh±van± sambhavant²ti. Ayamev±ti viveko eva. Viveko hi pah±navinayavir±ganirodh± ca sam±natth±.
Tadaªgasamucchedanissaraºavivekanissitata½ vatv± paµipassaddhivivekanissitat±ya avacana½ “satisambojjhaªga½ bh±vet²”ti-±din± bh±vetabb±na½ bojjhaªg±na½ idha vuttatt±. Bh±vitabbojjhaªgassa hi ye sacchik±tabb± phalabojjhaªg±, tesa½ kicca½ paµipassaddhiviveko. Ajjh±sayatoti “nibb±na½ sacchikariss±m²”ti mahanta-ajjh±sayato. Yadipi vipassan±kkhaºe saªkh±r±rammaºa½ citta½, saªkh±resu pana ±d²nava½ suµµhu disv± tappaµipakkhe nibb±ne adhimuttat±ya ajjh±sayato nissaraºavivekanissitat± d±h±bhibh³tassa puggalassa s²taninnacitatt± viya. Na paµisiddh± vipassan±p±dakesu kasiº±rammaº±dijh±nesu sati-±d²na½ nibbedhabh±giyatt±. Anuddharant± pana vipassan± viya bodhiy± maggassa ±sannak±raºa½ jh±na½ na hoti, n±pi tath± ekantika½ k±raºa½, na ca vipassan±kiccassa viya jh±nakiccassa niµµh±na½ maggoti katv± na uddharanti. Ettha ca kasiºaggahaºena tad±yatt±ni ±rupp±nipi gahit±n²ti daµµhabb±ni. T±nipi hi vipassan±p±dak±ni nibbedhabh±giy±ni ca hont²ti vattu½ vaµµati tanninnabh±vasabbh±vato. Yadaggena hi nibb±naninnat±, tadaggena phalaninnat±pi siy±. “Kud±ssu n±m±ha½ tad±yatana½ upasampajja vihareyyan”ti (ma. ni. 1.465) ±divacanampetassa atthassa s±dhaka½.
Vossagga-saddo paricc±gattho pakkhandanattho c±ti vossaggassa duvidhat± vutt±. Vossajjanañhi pah±na½, vissaµµhabh±vena nir±saªkapavati ca, tasm± vipassan±kkhaºe tadaªgavasena, maggakkhaºe samucchedavasena paµipakkhassa pah±na½ vossaggo, tath± vipassan±kkhaºe tanninnabh±vena, maggakkhaºe ±rammaºakaraºena vissaµµhasabh±vato vossaggoti veditabba½. Yath±vuttena pak±ren±ti tadaªgasamucchedapak±rena tanninnatad±rammaºakaraºapak±rena ca. Pubbe vossagga-padasseva atthassa vuttatt± ±ha “sakalena vacanen±”ti. Pariºamanta½ vipassan±kkhaºe, pariºata½ maggakkhaºe. Pariº±mo n±ma parip±koti ±ha “paripaccanta½ paripakkañc±”ti. Parip±ko ca ±sevanal±bhena ±hitas±matthiyassa kilesassa pariccajitu½ nibb±nañca pakkhanditu½ tikkhavisadasabh±vo. Ten±ha “ayañh²”ti-±di. Esa nayoti yv±ya½ “tadaªgavivekanissitan”ti-±din± satisambojjhaªge vutto, sesesu dhammavicayasambojjhaªg±d²supi esa nayoti eva½ tattha netabbanti attho.
Eva½ ±dikammik±na½ bojjhaªgesu asammohattha½ missakanaya½ vatv± id±ni nibbattitalokuttarabojjhaªgavasena attha½ vibh±vetu½ “idha pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Idha pan±ti imasmi½ sabb±savasuttante. Maggo eva vossaggavipariº±m² bh±van±maggassa idha adhippetatt±. Tañca khoti satisambojjhaªga½. Samucchedatoti samucchindanato.
Diµµh±savassapaµhamamaggavajjhatt± “tayo ±sav±”ti vutta½. Tepi anap±yagaman²y± eva veditabb± ap±yagaman²y±na½ dassaneneva pah²natt±. Satipi sambojjhaªg±na½ yebhuyyena maggabh±ve tattha tattha sambojjhaªgasabh±v±na½ maggadhamm±na½ vasena vuttamaggattayasampayutt± bojjhaªg±ti paccekabojjhaªge “bojjhaªgabh±van±y±”ti imin± gaºhanto “maggattayasampayutt±y±”ti ±ha.

Bh±van±pah±tabba-±savavaººan± niµµhit±.

28. Thomentoti ±savappah±nassa sudukkaratt± t±ya eva dukkarakiriy±ya ta½ abhitthavanto. Ass±ti pah²n±savabhikkhuno. ¾nisa½santi taºh±cched±didukkhakkhayapariyos±na½ udraya½. Etehi pah±n±disa½kittanehi. Ussukka½ janentoti eva½ dhammass±min±pi abhitthavan²ya½ mah±nisa½sañca ±savappah±nanti tattha ±darasahita½ uss±ha½ upp±dento. Dassaneneva pah²n±ti dassanena pah²n± eva. Tena vutta½ “na appah²nesuyeva pah²nasaññ²”ti.
Sabba-saddena ±sav±na½, ±savasa½var±nañca sambandhavasena dutiyapaµhamavikapp±na½ bhedo daµµhabbo. Dassan±bhisamay±ti pariññ±bhisamay± pariññ±kiccasiddhiy±. Ten±ha “kiccavasen±”ti, asammohapaµivedhen±ti attho. Samussayo k±yo, attabh±vo v±.
Anavajjap²tisomanassasahita½ citta½ “attano”ti vattabbata½ arahati atth±vahatt±, na tabbipar²ta½ anatth±vahatt±ti p²tisampayuttacittata½ sandh±y±ha “attaman±ti sakaman±”ti. Ten±ha “tuµµhaman±”ti. Attaman±ti v± p²tisomanassehi gahitaman±. Yasm± pana tehi gahitat± sampayuttat±va, tasm± vutta½ “p²tisomanassehi v± sampayuttaman±”ti. Yadettha atthato na vibhatta½, ta½ vuttanayatt± suviññeyyatt± c±ti veditabba½.

Sabb±savasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.