Evanti niddisitabbappak±sananti nidassanattha½ eva½-sadda½ gahetv± vutta½ nidassetabbassa niddisitabbatt±bh±v±bh±vato. Tena eva½-saddena sakalampi sutta½ pacc±maµµhanti dasseti. Suta-saddassa kiriy±saddatt± savanakiriy±ya ca s±dh±raºaviññ±ºapabandhapaµibaddhatt± tattha ca puggalavoh±roti vutta½ “sutanti puggalakiccappak±sanan”ti. Na hi puggalavoh±rarahite dhammapabandhe savanakiriy± labbhat²ti.
Yassa cittasant±nass±ti-±dipi ±k±ratthameva eva½-sadda½ gahetv± purimayojan±ya aññath± atthayojana½ dassetu½ vutta½. Tattha ±k±rapaññatt²ti up±d±paññatti eva dhamm±na½ pavatti-±k±r³p±d±navasena tath± vutt±. Sutanti visayaniddesoti sotabbabh³to dhammo savanakiriy±kattupuggalassa savanakiriy±vasena pavattiµµh±nanti katv± vutta½. Cittasant±navinimuttassa paramatthato kassaci kattu abh±vepi saddavoh±rena buddhiparikappitabhedavacanicch±ya cittasant±nato añña½ viya ta½samaªgi½ katv± vutta½ “cittasant±nena ta½samaªgino”ti. Savanakiriy±visayopi sotabbadhammo savanakiriy±vasena pavattacittasant±nassa idha paramatthato kattubh±vato, savanavasena cittappavattiy± eva v± savanakiriy±bh±vato ta½kiriy±kattu ca visayo hot²ti vutta½ “ta½samaªgino kattuvisaye”ti. Sut±k±rassa ca therassa samm±nicchitabh±vato ±ha “gahaºasanniµµh±nan”ti. Etena v± avadh±raºattha½ eva½-sadda½ gahetv± ayamatthayojan± kat±ti daµµhabba½.
Pubbe sut±na½ n±n±vihit±na½ suttasaªkh±t±na½ atthabyañjan±na½ upadh±ritar³passa ±k±rassa nidassanassa, avadh±raºassa v± pak±sanasabh±vo eva½-saddoti tad±k±r±di-upadh±raºassa puggalapaññattiy± up±d±nabh³tadhammapabandhaby±p±rat±ya vutta½– “evanti puggalakiccaniddeso”ti. Savanakiriy± pana puggalav±dinopi viññ±ºanirapekkh± natth²ti visesato viññ±ºaby±p±roti ±ha “sutanti viññ±ºakiccaniddeso”ti. “Me”ti saddappavattiy± ekanteneva sattavisayatt± viññ±ºakiccassa ca tattheva samodahitabbato “meti ubhayakiccayuttapuggalaniddeso”ti vutta½. Avijjam±napaññattivijjam±napaññattisabh±v± yath±kkama½ eva½-sadda– suta-sadd±na½ atth±ti te tath±r³pa-paññatti-up±d±nabh³ta-dhammapabandhaby±p±rabh±vena dassento ±ha– “evanti puggalakiccaniddeso, sutanti viññ±ºakiccaniddeso”ti. Ettha ca karaºakiriy±kattukammavisesappak±sanavasena puggalaby±p±ravisayapuggalaby±p±ranidassanavasena gahaº±k±rag±hakatabbisayavisesaniddesavasena kattukaraºaby±p±rakattuniddesavasena ca dutiy±dayo catasso atthayojan± dassit±ti daµµhabba½.
Sabbassapi sadd±dhigaman²yassa atthassa paññattimukheneva paµipajjitabbatt± sabbapaññatt²nañca vijjam±n±divasena chasu paññattibhedesu antogadhatt± tesu “evan”ti-±d²na½ paññatt²na½ sar³pa½ niddh±rento ±ha– “evanti ca meti c±”ti-±di. Tattha “evan”ti ca “me”ti ca vuccam±nassatthassa ±k±r±dino dhamm±na½ asallakkhaºabh±vato avijjam±napaññattibh±voti ±ha– “saccikaµµhaparamatthavasena avijjam±napaññatt²”ti. Tattha saccikaµµhaparamatthavasen±ti bh³tattha-uttamatthavasena. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yo m±y±mar²ci-±dayo viya abh³tattho, anussav±d²hi gahetabbo viya anuttamattho ca na hoti, so r³pasadd±disabh±vo, ruppan±nubhavan±disabh±vo v± attho saccikaµµho paramattho c±ti vuccati, na tath± “eva½ me”ti pad±na½ atthoti. Etamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½ “kiñhettha tan”ti-±di vutta½. Sutanti pana sadd±yatana½ sandh±y±ha “vijjam±napaññatt²”ti. Teneva hi “yañhi ta½ ettha sotena upaladdhan”ti vutta½, “sotadv±r±nus±rena upaladdhan”ti pana vutte atthabyañjan±disabba½ labbhati.
Ta½ ta½ up±d±ya vattabbatoti sotapatham±gate dhamme up±d±ya tesa½ upadh±rit±k±r±dino pacc±masanavasena “evan”ti, sasantatipariy±panne khandhe up±d±ya “me”ti vattabbatt±ti attho. Diµµh±disabh±varahite sadd±yatane pavattam±nopi sutavoh±ro “dutiya½ tatiyan”ti-±diko viya paµham±d²ni diµµhamutaviññ±te apekkhitv±va pavattoti ±ha “diµµh±d²ni upanidh±ya vattabbato”ti asuta½ na hot²ti hi sutanti pak±sitoyamatthoti. Attan± paµividdh± suttassa pak±ravises± “evan”ti therena pacc±maµµh±ti ±ha “asammoha½ d²pet²”ti. N±nappak±rapaµivedhasamattho hot²ti etena vakkham±nassa suttassa n±nappak±rata½ duppaµivijjhatañca dasseti. Sutassa asammosa½ d²pet²ti sut±k±rassa y±th±vato dassiyam±natt± vutta½. Asammohen±ti sammoh±bh±vena, paññ±ya eva v± savanak±lasambh³t±ya taduttarak±lapaññ±siddhi. Eva½ asammosen±ti etth±pi vattabba½. Byañjan±na½ paµivijjhitabbo ±k±ro n±tigambh²ro, yath±sutadh±raºameva tattha karaº²yanti satiy± by±p±ro adhiko, paññ± tattha guº²bh³t±ti vutta½ “paññ±pubbaªgam±y±”ti-±di “paññ±ya pubbaªgam±”ti katv±. Pubbaªgamat± cettha padh±nat± “manopubbaªgam±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 1, 2) viya. Pubbaªgamat±ya v± cakkhuviññ±º±d²su ±vajjan±d²na½ viya appadh±natte paññ± pubbaªgam± etiss±ti ayampi attho yujjati. Eva½ satipubbaªgam±y±ti etth±pi vuttanay±nus±rena yath±sambhavamattho veditabbo. Atthabyañjanasampannass±ti atthabyañjanaparipuººassa, saªk±sanapak±sanavivaraºavibhajana-utt±n²karaºapaññattivasena chahi atthapadehi, akkharapadabyañjan±k±raniruttiniddesavasena chahi byañjanapadehi ca samann±gatass±ti v± attho daµµhabbo.
Yonisomanasik±ra½ d²peti eva½-saddena vuccam±n±na½ ±k±ranidassan±vadh±raºatth±na½ avipar²tasaddhammavisayatt±ti adhipp±yo. Avikkhepa½ d²pet²ti “m³lapariy±ya½ kattha bh±sitan”ti-±dipucch±vasena pakaraºappattassa vakkham±nassa suttassa savana½ sam±dh±namantarena na sambhavat²ti katv± vutta½. Vikkhittacittass±ti-±di tassevatthassa samatthanavasena vutta½. Sabbasampattiy±ti atthabyañjanadesakapayojan±disampattiy±. Avipar²tasaddhammavisayehi viya ±k±ranidassan±vadh±raºatthehi yonisomanasik±rassa, saddhammassavanena viya ca avikkhepassa yath± yonisomanasik±rena phalabh³tena attasamm±paºidhipubbekatapuññat±na½ siddhi vutt± tadavin±bh±vato, eva½ avikkhepena phalabh³tena k±raºabh³t±na½ saddhammassavanasappuris³panissay±na½ siddhi dassetabb± siy± assutavato sappuris³panissayarahitassa ca tadabh±vato. Na hi vikkhittacittoti±din± samatthanavacanena pana avikkhepena k±raºabh³tena sappuris³panissayena ca phalabh³tassa saddhammassavanassa siddhi dassit±. Aya½ panettha adhipp±yo yutto siy±– saddhammassavanasappuris³panissay± na ekantena avikkhepassa k±raºa½ b±hiraªgatt±, avikkhepo pana sappuris³panissayo viya saddhammassavanassa ekantak±raºanti. Evampi avikkhepena sappuris³panissayasiddhijotan± na samatthit±va, no na samatthit± vikkhittacitt±na½ sappurisapayirup±san±bh±vassa atthasiddhatt±. Ettha ca purima½ phalena k±raºassa siddhidassana½ nad²p³rena viya upari vuµµhisabbh±vassa, dutiya½ k±raºena phalassa siddhidassana½ daµµhabba½ ekantavassin± viya meghavuµµh±nena vuµµhippavattiy±.
Bhagavato vacanassa atthabyañjanapabhedaparicchedavasena sakalas±sanasampatti-og±han±k±ro niravasesaparahitap±rip³rik±raºanti vutta½ “eva½ bhaddako ±k±ro”ti. Yasm± na hot²ti sambandho. Pacchimacakkadvayasampattinti attasamm±paºidhipubbekatapuññat±saªkh±ta½ guºadvaya½. Apar±paravuttiy± cettha cakkabh±vo, caranti etehi satt± sampattibhaves³ti v±. Ye sandh±ya vutta½ “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, cakk±ni, yehi samann±gat±na½ devamanuss±na½ catucakka½ vattat²”ti-±di (a. ni. 4.31). Purimapacchimabh±vo cettha desan±kkamavasena daµµhabbo. Pacchimacakkadvayasiddhiy±ti pacchimacakkadvayassa atthit±ya. Samm±paºihitatto pubbe ca katapuñño suddh±sayo hoti tadasuddhihet³na½ kiles±na½ d³r²bh±vatoti ±ha– “±sayasuddhi siddh± hot²”ti. Tath± hi vutta½ “samm±paºihita½ citta½, seyyaso na½ tato kare”ti (dha. pa. 43), “katapuññosi tva½ ±nanda, padh±namanuyuñja, khippa½ hohisi an±savo”ti (d². ni. 2.207) ca. Tenev±ha “±sayasuddhiy± adhigamabyattisiddh²”ti. Payogasuddhiy±ti yonisomanasik±rapubbaªgamassa dhammassavanapayogassa visadabh±vena. Tath± c±ha “±gamabyattisiddh²”ti. Sabbassa v± k±yavac²payogassa niddosabh±vena. Parisuddhak±yavac²payogo hi vippaµis±r±bh±vato avikkhittacitto pariyattiya½ vis±rado hot²ti.
N±nappak±rapaµivedhad²paken±ti-±din± atthabyañjanesu therassa eva½saddasuta-sadd±na½ asammoh±sammosad²panato catupaµisambhid±vasena atthayojana½ dasseti. Tattha sotabbabhedapaµivedhad²paken±ti etena aya½ suta-saddo eva½-saddasannidh±nato, vakkham±n±pekkh±ya v± s±maññeneva sotabbadhammavisesa½ ±masat²ti dasseti. Manodiµµhikaraº± pariyattidhamm±na½ anupekkhanasuppaµivedh± visesato manasik±rapaµibaddh±ti te vuttanayena yonisomanasik±rad²pakena eva½saddena yojetv±, savanadh±raºavac²paricay± pariyattidhamm±na½ visesena sot±vadh±napaµibaddh±ti te avikkhepad²pakena suta-saddena yojetv± dassento s±sanasampattiy± dhammassavane uss±ha½ janeti. Tattha dhamm±ti pariyattidhamm±. Manas±nupekkhit±ti “idha s²la½ kathita½, idha sam±dhi, idha paññ±, ettak± ettha anusandhiyo”ti-±din± nayena manas± anu anu pekkhit±. Diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±ti nijjh±nakkhantibh³t±ya, ñ±tapariññ±saªkh±t±ya v± diµµhiy± tattha tattha vuttar³p±r³padhamme “iti r³pa½, ettaka½ r³pan”ti-±din± suµµhu vavatthapetv± paµividdh±.
Sakalena vacanen±ti pubbe t²hi padehi visu½ visu½ yojitatt± vutta½. Attano adahantoti “mamedan”ti attani aµµhapento. Asappurisabh³minti akataññuta½ “idhekacco p±pabhikkhu tath±gatappavedita½ dhammavinaya½ pariy±puºitv± attano dahat²”ti (p±r±. 195) eva½ vutta½ anariyavoh±r±vattha½, s± eva anariyavoh±r±vatth± asaddhammo. Nanu ca ±nandattherassa “mameda½ vacanan”ti adhim±nassa, mah±kassapatther±d²nañca tad±saªk±ya abh±vato asappurisabh³misamatikkam±divacana½ niratthakanti? Nayidameva½ “eva½ me sutan”ti vadantena ayampi attho vibh±vitoti dassanato. Keci pana “devat±na½ parivitakk±pekkha½ tath±vacananti edis² codan± anavak±s±v±”ti vadanti. Tasmi½ kira khaºe ekacc±na½ devat±na½ eva½ cetaso parivitakko udap±di “bhagav± ca parinibbuto, ayañca ±yasm± desan±kusalo, id±ni dhamma½ deseti sakyakulappasuto tath±gatassa bh±t± c³¼apituputto, ki½ nu kho saya½ sacchikata½ dhamma½ deseti, ud±hu bhagavatoyeva vacana½ yath±sutan”ti. Eva½ tad±saªkitappak±rato asappurisabh³misamokkam±dito atikkam±di vibh±vitanti. Appet²ti nidasseti. Diµµhadhammikasampar±yikaparamatthesu yath±raha½ satte net²ti netti, dhammoyeva netti dhammanetti.