Sa½var±pah±tabba-±savavaººan±

22. Sa½var±d²h²ti sa½varapaµisevana-adhiv±sanaparivajjanavinodanehi. Sabbesamp²ti catunnampi ariyamagg±na½. Ayanti sa½var±pah±tabb±dikath± pubbabh±gapaµipad±ti veditabb±. Tath± hi heµµh± “upakkilesavisodhana½ ±di½ katv± ±savakkhayapaµipattidassanatthan”ti suttantadesan±ya payojana½ vutta½. Na hi sakk± ±dito eva ariyamagga½ bh±vetu½, atha kho sam±dinnas²lo indriyesu guttadv±ro “saªkh±yeka½ paµisevati, saªkh±yeka½ adhiv±seti, saªkh±yeka½ parivajjeti, saªkh±yeka½ vinodet²”ti (d². ni. 3.348; ma. ni. 2.168) eva½ vutta½ catur±passenapaµipatti½ paµipajjam±no sammasanavidhi½ otaritv± anukkamena vipassana½ ussukk±petv± maggapaµip±µiy± ±save khepeti. Ten±ha bhagav± “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo anupubbaninno anupubbapoºo anupubbapabbh±ro, na ±yatakeneva pap±to, eva½ kho, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad±, na ±yatakeneva aññ±paµivedho”ti (a. ni. 8.20; ud±. 45; c³¼ava. 385).
Idh±ti aya½ idha-saddo sabb±k±rato indriyasa½varasa½vutassa puggalassa sannissayabh³tas±sanaparid²pano, aññas±sanassa tath±bh±vapaµisedhano c±ti vutta½ “imasmi½ s±sane”ti. ¾d²navapaµisaªkh±ti ±d²navapaccavekkhaº±. Sampalimaµµhanti (a. ni. µ². 3.6.58) gha½sita½. Anubyañjanasoti hatthap±dahasitakathitavilokit±dippak±rabh±gaso. Tañhi ayoniso manasikaroto kiles±na½ anu anu byañjanato “anubyañjanan”ti vuccati. Nimittagg±hoti itthipurisanimitt±dikassa v± kilesavatthubh³tassa v± nimittassa g±ho. ¾dittapariy±yanayen±ti ±dittapariy±ye (sa½. ni. 4.28; mah±va. 54) ±gatanayena veditabb± ±d²navapaµisaªkh±ti yojan±. Yath± itthiy± indriyanti itthindriya½, na evamida½, ida½ pana cakkhumeva indriyanti cakkhundriyanti. Titthak±ko viy±ti titthe k±ko titthak±ko, nadiy± samatikkamanatitthe niyataµµhitiko. ¾v±µakacchapoti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
Eva½ tappaµibaddhavuttit±ya cakkhundriye niyataµµh±no sa½varo cakkhundriyasa½varo. Muµµhassacca½ satipaµipakkh± akusaladhamm±. Yadipi aññattha asaªkheyyampi bhavaªgacitta½ nirantara½ uppajjati, pas±daghaµµan±vajjanupp±d±na½ pana antare dve eva bhavaªgacitt±ni uppajjant²ti aya½ cittaniy±moti ±ha bhavaªge “dvikkhattu½ uppajjitv± niruddhe”ti.
Javanakkhaºe pana sace duss²lya½ v±ti-±di (visuddhi. µ². 1.15; dha. sa. m³laµ². 1352) puna avacanattha½ idheva sabba½ vuttanti chasu dv±resu yath±sambhava½ yojetabba½. Na hi pañcadv±re k±yavac²duccaritasaªkh±to duss²lyasa½varo atth²ti so manodv±ravasena, itaro channampi dv±r±na½ vasena yojetabbo. Muµµhassacc±d²nañhi satipaµipakkh±dilakkhaº±na½ akusaladhamm±na½ siy± pañcadv±re uppatti, na tveva k±yikav±casikav²tikkamabh³tassa duss²lyassa tattha uppatti pañcadv±rikajavan±na½ aviññattijanakatt±ti.
Yath± kinti yena pak±rena javane uppajjam±no asa½varo “cakkhudv±re asa½varo”ti vuccati, ta½ nidassana½ kinti attho. Yath±ti-±din± nagaradv±re asa½vare sati ta½sambandh±na½ ghar±d²na½ asa½vutat± viya javane asa½vare sati ta½sambandh±na½ dv±r±d²na½ asa½vutat±ti aññ±sa½vare aññ±sa½vutat±s±maññameva nidasseti, na pubb±paras±mañña½, antobahis±mañña½ v±. Sambandho ca javanena dv±r±d²na½ ekasantatipariy±pannat±ya eva daµµhabbo. Paccayabh±vena purimanipphanna½ javanak±le asantampi bhavaªg±di phalanipphattiy± cakkh±di viya santa½yeva n±ma. Na hi dharam±na½yeva “santan”ti vuccati, tasm± sati dv±rabhavaªg±dike pacch± uppajjam±na½ javana½ b±hira½ viya katv± nagaradv±rasam±na½ vutta½. Itarañca antonagaraghar±disam±na½. Javanassa hi paramatthato asatipi b±hirabh±ve itarassa ca abbhantarabh±ve “pabhassaramida½, bhikkhave, citta½, tañca kho ±gantukehi upakkilesehi upakkiliµµhan”ti (a. ni. 1.49) ±divacanato ±gantukabh³tassa kad±ci kad±ci uppajjam±nassa javanassa b±hirabh±vo, tabbidhurasabh±vassa itarassa abbhantarabh±vo ca pariy±yato veditabbo. Javane v± asa½vare uppanne tato para½ dv±rabhavaªg±d²na½ asa½varahetubh±v±pattito nagaradv±rasadisena javanena pavisitv± duss²ly±dicor±na½ dv±rabhavaªg±d²su musana½ kusalabhaº¹avin±sana½ daµµhabba½. Uppanne hi asa½vare dv±r±d²na½ tassa hetubh±vo paññ±yati, so ca uppajjam±noyeva dv±r±d²na½ sa½var³panissayabh±va½ paµib±hentoyeva pavattat²ti ayañhettha asa½var±d²na½ pavattinayo. Pañcadv±re r³p±di-±rammaºe ±p±thagate yath±paccaya½ akusalajavane uppajjitv± bhavaªga½ otiººe manodv±rikajavana½ ta½yeva ±rammaºa½ katv± bhavaªga½ otarati, puna tasmi½yeva dv±re “itth² puriso”ti-±din± visaya½ vavatthapetv± javana½ bhavaªga½ otarati, puna v±re rajjan±divasena javana½ javati, punapi yadi t±disa½ ±rammaºa½ ±p±tham±gacchati, ta½sadisameva pañcadv±re r³p±d²su javana½ uppajjati. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “evameva javane duss²ly±d²su uppannesu tasmi½ asa½vare sati dv±rampi aguttan”ti-±di. Aya½ t±va asa½varapakkhe atthavaººan±.
Sa½varapakkhepi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Sa½varena samann±gato puggalo sa½vutoti vuttoti ±ha “upetoti vutta½ hot²”ti. Ekajjha½ katv±ti “p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto”ti padañca atthato abhinna½ sam±na½ katv±. Ayameva cettha attho sundarataro uparip±¼iy± sa½sandanato. Ten±ha “tath±h²”ti-±di. Yanti ±desoti imin± liªgavipall±sena saddhi½ vacanavipall±so katoti dasseti, nip±tapada½ v± eta½ paccattaputhuvacanattha½. Vigh±takar±ti cittavigh±takaraº± cittadukkhanibbattak± ca. Yath±vuttakilesahetuk± d±h±nubandh± vip±k± eva vip±kapari¼±h±. Yath± panettha ±sav± aññe ca vigh±takar± kilesavip±kapari¼±h± sambhavanti, ta½ dassetu½ “cakkhudv±reh²”ti-±di vutta½, ta½ suviññeyyameva. Ettha ca sa½varaº³p±yo, sa½varitabba½, sa½varo, yato so sa½varo, yattha sa½varo, yañca sa½varaphalanti aya½ vibh±go veditabbo. Katha½? Paµisaªkh± yonisoti hi sa½varaº³p±yo. Cakkhundriya½ sa½varitabba½. Sa½varaggahaºena gahit± sati sa½varo. Asa½vutass±ti sa½varaº±vadhi. Asa½varato hi sa½varaºa½. Sa½varitabbaggahaºena siddho idha sa½varavisayo. Cakkhundriyañhi sa½varañ±ºa½ r³p±rammaºe sa½var²yat²ti avuttasiddhoyamattho. ¾savatannimittakiles±dipari¼±h±bh±vo phala½. Eva½ sotadv±r±d²supi yojetabba½. Sabbatthev±ti manodv±re pañcadv±re c±ti sabbasmi½ dv±re.

Sa½var±pah±tabba-±savavaººan± niµµhit±.