2. Sabb±savasuttavaººan±

14. Apubbapadavaººan±ti atthasa½vaººan±vasena heµµh± aggahitat±ya apubbassa abhinavassa padassa vaººan± atthavibhajan±. “Hitv± punappun±gatamatthan”ti hi vutta½. Niv±saµµh±nabh³t± bh³tapubbaniv±saµµh±nabh³t±, niv±saµµh±ne v± bh³t± nibbatt± niv±saµµh±nabh³t±, tattha m±pit±ti attho. Yath± k±kand² m±kand² kosamb²ti yath± k±kandassa isino niv±saµµh±ne m±pit± nagar² k±kand², m±kandassa niv±saµµh±ne m±pit± m±kand², kusambassaniv±saµµh±ne m±pit± kosamb²ti vuccati, eva½ s±vatth²ti dasseti. Upanetv± sam²pe katv± bhuñjitabbato upabhogo, saviññ±ºakavatthu. Parito sabbad± bhuñjitabbato paribhogo, niv±sanap±rupan±di aviññ±ºakavatthu. Sabbamettha atth²ti niruttinayena s±vatth²-saddasiddhim±ha. Satthasam±yogeti satthassa nagariy± sam±game, satthe ta½ nagara½ upagateti attho. Pucchite satthikajanehi.
Samohitanti sannicita½. Rammanti anto bahi ca bh³mibh±gasampattiy± ceva ±r±muyy±nasampattiy± ca ramaº²ya½. Dassaneyyanti visikh±sannivesasampattiy± ceva p±s±dak³µ±g±r±disampattiy± ca dassan²ya½ passitabbayutta½. Upabhogaparibhogavatthusampattiy± ceva niv±sasukhat±ya ca nibaddhav±sa½ vasant±na½ itaresañca satt±na½ mana½ ramet²ti manorama½. Dasahi saddeh²ti hatthisaddo, assa-ratha-bheri-saªkha-mudiªga-v²º±-g²ta sammat±¼asaddo, asn±tha-pivatha-kh±dath±ti-saddoti imehi dasahi saddehi. Avivittanti na vivitta½, sabbak±la½ ghositanti attho.
Vuddhi½ vepullata½ pattanti tanniv±s² sattavuddhiy± vuddhi½, t±ya parivuddhit±yeva vipulabh±va½ patta½, bahujana½ ±kiººamanussanti attho. Vitt³pakaraºasamiddhiy± iddha½. Sabbak±la½ subhikkhabh±vena ph²ta½. Antamaso vigh±s±de up±d±ya sabbesa½ kapaºaddhikavanibbakay±cak±nampi icchi tatthanipphattiy± manuñña½ j±ta½, pageva issariye µhit±nanti dassanattha½ puna “manoraman”ti vutta½. A¼akamand±v±ti ±µ±n±µ±d²su dasasu vessavaºamah±r±jassa nagar²su a¼akamand± n±ma ek± nagar², y± loke a¼±k± eva vuccati S± yath± puññakamm²na½ ±v±sabh³t± ±r±mar±maºeyyak±din± sobhaggappatt±, eva½ s±vatth²p²ti vutta½ “a¼akamand±v±”ti. Dev±nanti vessavaºapakkhiy±na½ c±tumah±r±jikadev±na½.
Jin±t²ti imin± sota-saddo viya kattus±dhano jeta-saddoti dasseti. Raññ±ti pasenadikosalar±jena. R±jagata½ jaya½ ±ropetv± kum±ro jitav±ti jetoti vutto. Maªgalakabyat±y±ti-±din± “jeyyo”ti etasmi½ atthe “jeto”ti vuttanti dasseti. Sabbak±masamiddhit±y±ti sabbehi upabhogaparibhogavatth³hi ph²tabh±vena vibhavasampannat±y±ti attho. Samiddh±pi maccharino kiñci na dent²ti ±ha “vigatamalamaccherat±y±”ti, r±gados±dimal±nañceva macchariyassa ca abh±ven±ti attho. Samiddh± amaccharinopi ca karuº±saddh±diguºavirahit± attano santaka½ paresa½ na dadeyyunti ±ha “karuº±diguºasamaªgit±ya c±”ti. Ten±ti an±th±na½ piº¹ad±nena. Saddatthato pana d±tabbabh±vena sabbak±la½ upaµµhapito an±th±na½ piº¹o etassa atth²ti an±thapiº¹iko. Pañcavidhasen±sanaªgasampattiy±ti “n±tid³ra½ nacc±sanna½ gaman±gamanasampannan”ti eka½ aªga½, “div± app±kiººa½ ratti½ appasadda½ appanigghosan”ti eka½, “appa¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphassan”ti eka½, “tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane viharantassa appakasirena uppajjanti c²vara…pe… parikkh±r±”ti eka½, “tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane ther± bhikkh³ viharanti bahussut±”ti eka½, evametehi pañcavidhasen±sanaªgehi sampannat±ya. Yadi jetavana½ tatha½ an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±moti ±ha “so h²”ti-±di.
K²tak±lato paµµh±ya an±thapiº¹ikasseva ta½ vana½, atha kasm± ubhinna½ parikittananti ±ha “jetavane”ti-±di. “Yadipi so bh³mibh±go koµisantharena mah±seµµhin± k²to, rukkh± pana jetena na vikk²t±ti jetavananti vattabbata½ labh²”ti vadanti.
Kasm± ida½ suttamabh±s²ti kathetukamyat±ya suttanikkhepa½ pucchati. S±maññato hi bhagavato desan±k±raºa½ p±kaµamev±ti. Ko pan±ya½ suttanikkhepoti? Attajjh±sayo. Parehi anajjhiµµho eva hi bhagav± attano ajjh±sayena ima½ sutta½ deset²ti ±cariy±. Yasm± panesa bhikkh³na½ upakkiliµµhacittata½ viditv± “ime bhikkh³ im±ya desan±ya upakkilesavisodhana½ katv± ±savakkhay±ya paµipajjissant²”ti aya½ desan± ±raddh±, tasm± parajjh±sayoti apare. Ubhayampi pana yutta½. Attajjh±say±d²nañhi sa½saggabhedassa sambhavo heµµh± dassitov±ti. Tesa½ bhikkh³nanti tad± dhammapaµigg±hatabhikkh³na½. Upakkilesavisodhananti samathavipassanupakkilesato cittassa visodhana½. Paµhamañhi bhagav± anupubbikath±din± paµipattiy± sa½kilesa½ n²haritv± pacch± s±mukka½sika½ desana½ deseti khette kh±ºukaºµakagumb±dike avaharitv± kasana½ viya, tasm± kammaµµh±nameva avatv± im±ya anupubbiy± desan± pavatt±ti adhipp±yo.
Sa½varabh³tanti s²lasa½var±disa½varabh³ta½ sa½varaºasabh±va½ k±raºa½, ta½ pana atthato dassan±di ev±ti veditabba½. Sa½varit±ti pavattitu½ appad±navasena samm±, sabbath± v± v±rit±. Eva½bh³t± ca yasm± pavattidv±rapidh±nena pihit± n±ma honti, tasm± vutta½ “vidahit± hutv±”ti. Eva½ accantikassa sa½varassa k±raºabh³ta½ anaccantika½ sa½vara½ dassetv± id±ni accantikameva sa½vara½ dassento yasmi½ dassan±dimhi sati uppajjan±rah± ±sav± na uppajjanti, so tesa½ anupp±do nirodho khayo pah±nanti ca vuccam±no atthato appavattimattanti tassa ca dassan±di k±raºanti ±ha “yena k±raºena anupp±danirodhasaªkh±ta½ khaya½ gacchanti pah²yanti nappavattanti, ta½ k±raºanti attho”ti.
Cakkhutopi…pe… manatop²ti (dha. sa. m³laµ². 14-19) cakkhuviññ±º±div²th²su tadanugatamanoviññ±ºav²th²su ca kiñc±pi kusal±d²nampi pavatti atthi, k±m±sav±dayo eva pana vaºato y³sa½ viya paggharaºaka-asucibh±vena sandanti, tasm± te eva “±sav±”ti vuccanti. Tattha hi paggharaºa-asucimhi niru¼ho ±sava-saddoti. Dhammato y±va gotrabhunti tato para½ maggaphalesu appavattanato vutta½. Ete hi ±rammaºavasena dhamme gacchant± tato para½ na gacchanti. Nanu tato para½ bhavaªg±d²nipi gacchant²ti ce? Na, tesampi pubbe ±lambitesu lokiyadhammesu s±savabh±vena antogadhatt± tato parat±bh±vato. Ettha ca gotrabhuvacanena gotrabhuvod±naphalasam±pattipurec±rikaparikamm±ni vutt±n²ti veditabb±ni. Paµhamamaggapurec±rikameva v± gotrabhu avadhinidassanabh±vena gahita½, tato para½ pana maggaphalasam±nat±ya aññesu maggesu maggav²thiya½ sam±pattiv²thiya½ nirodh±nantarañca pavattam±nesu phalesu nibb±ne ca ±sav±na½ pavatti niv±rit±ti veditabba½. Savant²ti gacchanti, ±rammaºakaraºavasena pavattant²ti attho. Avadhi-attho ±-k±ro, avadhi ca mariy±d±bhividhibhedato duvidho. Tattha mariy±da½ kiriya½ bahi katv± pavattati yath± “±p±µaliputt± vuµµho devo”ti. Abhividhi pana kiriya½ by±petv± pavattati yath± “±bhavagg± bhagavato yaso pavattat²”ti. Abhividhi-attho c±ya½ ±-k±ro idha gahitoti vutta½ “antokaraºattho”ti.
Madir±dayoti ±di-saddena sindhavak±dambarik±potik±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Cirap±riv±siyaµµho viraparivutthat± pur±ºabh±vo. Avijj± n±hos²ti-±d²ti ettha ±di-saddena “purim±, bhikkhave, koµi na paññ±yati bhavataºh±y±”ti (a. ni. 10.62) ida½ sutta½ saªgahita½. Avijj±savabhav±sav±na½ ciraparivutthat±ya dassit±ya tabbh±vabh±vino k±m±savassa ciraparivutthat± dassit±va hoti. Aññesu ca yath±vutte dhamme ok±sañca ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattam±nesu m±n±d²su vijjam±nesu attattaniy±digg±havasena abhiby±pana½ madakaraºavasena ±savasadisat± ca etesa½yeva, na aññesanti etesveva ±sava-saddo niru¼hoti daµµhabbo. Na cettha diµµh±savo n±gatoti gahetabba½ bhavataºh±ya viya bhavadiµµhiy±pi bhav±savaggahaºeneva gahitatt±. ¾yata½ an±dik±likatt±. Pasavant²ti phalanti. Na hi ta½ kiñci sa½s±radukkha½ atthi, ya½ ±savehi vin± uppajjeyya. Purim±ni cetth±ti ettha etesu cat³su atthavitappesu purim±ni t²ºi. Yatth±ti yesu sutt±bhidhammapadesesu. Tattha yujjanti kilesesuyeva yath±vuttassa atthattayassa sambhavato. Pacchima½ “±yata½ v± sa½s±radukkha½ savant²”ti vuttanibbacana½. Kammepi yujjati dukkhappasavanassa kilesakammas±dh±raºatt±.
Diµµhadhamm± vuccanti paccakkhabh³t± khandh±, diµµhadhamme bhav± diµµhadhammik±. Viv±dam³labh³t±ti viv±dassa m³lak±raºabh³t± kodh³pan±ha-makkha-pa¼±sa-iss±-macchariya-m±y±-s±µheyya-thambha-s±rambha-m±n±tim±n±.
Yena dev³papatyass±ti yena kammakilesappak±rena ±savena devesu upapatti nibbatti assa mayhanti sambandho. Gandhabbo v± vihaªgamo ±k±sac±r² assanti vibhatti½ pariº±metv± yojetabba½. Ettha ca yakkhagandhabbat±ya vinimutt± sabb± devagati devaggahaºena gahit±. Avases± ca akusal± dhamm±ti akusalakammato avases± akusal± dhamm± ±sav±ti ±gat±ti sambandho.
Paµigh±t±y±ti paµisedhan±ya. Par³pav±…pe… upaddav±ti ida½ yadi bhagav± sikkh±pada½ na paññapeyya, tato asaddhammappaµisevana-adinn±d±nap±º±tip±t±dihetu ye uppajjeyyu½ par³pav±d±dayo diµµhadhammik± n±nappak±r± anatth±, ye ca tannimitt± eva niray±d²su nibbattassa pañcavidhabandhanakammak±raº±divasena mah±dukkh±nubhav±dippak±r± anatth±, te sandh±ya vutta½. Te paneteti ete k±mar±g±dikilesa-tebh³makakammapar³pav±d±di-upaddavappak±r± ±sav±. Yatth±ti yasmi½ vinay±dip±¼ipadese. Yath±ti yena duvidh±dippak±rena aññesu ca suttantesu ±gat±ti sambandho.
Niraya½ gament²ti nirayag±miniy±. Chakkanip±te ±huneyyasutte. Tattha hi ±sav± chadh± ±gat± ±sava-sadd±bhidheyyassa atthassa pabhedopac±rena ±sava-pade pabhedoti vutto, koµµh±sattho v± pada-saddoti ±savapadeti ±savappak±re saddakoµµh±se atthakoµµh±se v±ti attho.
Tath± ti tasm± sa½varaºa½ pidahana½ pavattitu½ appad±na½, teneva k±raºen±ti attho. S²l±disa½vare adhippete pavattitu½ appad±navasena thakanabh±vas±maññato dv±ra½ sa½varitv±ti gehadv±rasa½varaºampi ud±haµa½. S²lasa½varoti-±di heµµh± m³lapariy±yavaººan±ya vuttampi imassa suttassa atthavaººana½ paripuººa½ katv± vattuk±mo puna vadati. Yutta½ t±va s²lasatiñ±º±na½ sa½varattho p±¼iya½ tath± ±gatatt±, khantiv²riy±na½ pana kathanti ±ha “tesañc±”ti-±di. Tassattho– yadipi “khamo hoti…pe… s²tassa uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±set²”ti-±diniddese khantiv²riy±na½ sa½varapariy±yo n±gato, uddese pana sabb±savasa½varapariy±yanti sa½varapariy±yena gahitatt± attheva tesa½ sa½varabh±voti.