6. Catuby³hah±ravaººan±

Pathav²-±d²su vatth³su byañjanacch±y±ya attha½ gahetv± dhammagambh²rata½ asallakkhetv± asaddhammassavan±din± vañcit± hutv± saddhammassavanadh±raºaparicayamanasik±ravimukh± pathav²-±d²su vatth³su puthujjanasekkh±sekkhatath±gat±na½ paµipattivisesa½ aj±nant± ca veneyy± imiss± desan±ya nid±na½. Te “katha½ nu kho yath±vuttadosavinimutt± yath±vuttañca visesa½ j±nant± samm±paµipattiy± ubhayahitapar±yaº± saveyyun”ti ayamettha bhagavato adhipp±yo. Padanibbacana½ nirutta½, ta½ “evan”ti-±dinid±napad±na½, “sabbadhammam³lapariy±yan”ti-±dip±¼ipad±nañca aµµhakath±ya½, tass± l²natthavaººan±yañceva vuttanayena suviññeyyatt± ativitth±rabhayena na vitth±rayimha.
Padapadatthadesan±nikkhepasuttasandhivasena pañcavidh± sandhi. Tattha padassa padantarena sambandho padasandhi, tath± padatthassa padatthantarena sambandho padatthasandhi, yo “kiriy±k±rakasambandho”ti vuccati. N±n±nusandhikassa suttassa ta½ta½anusandh²hi sambandho, ek±nusandhikassa pana pubb±parasambandho desan±sandhi. Y± aµµhakath±ya½ “pucch±nusandhi ajjh±say±nusandhi yath±nusandh²”ti tidh± vibhatt±. Ajjh±sayo cettha attajjh±sayo parajjh±sayoti dvidh± veditabbo. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± nid±navaººan±ya½ vuttameva. Nikkhepasandhi catunna½ suttanikkhep±na½ vasena veditabbo. Suttasandhi idha paµhamanikkhepavaseneva veditabbo. Kasm± panettha m³lapariy±yasuttameva paµhama½ nikkhittanti? N±yamanuyogo katthaci nappavattati, apica yasm± maññan±m³laka½ sakk±ya½, sabbamaññan± ca tattha eva anekabhedabhinn± pavattati, na tass± savisay±ya lesamattampi s±ra½ atth²ti pathav²-±divibh±gabhinnesu maññan±su ca s±tisaya½ nibbedhavir±gasañjanan² upari sekkh±sekkhatath±gataguºavibh±van² ca aya½ desan±. Suttantadesan± ca visesato diµµhiviniveµhanakath±, tasm± sanissayassa diµµhigg±hassa ±dito as±rabh±vad²pana½ upari ca sabbesa½ ariy±na½ guºavisesavibh±vanamida½ sutta½ paµhama½ nikkhitta½. Kiñca sakk±ye maññan±maññan±mukhena pavattinivatt²su ±d²nav±nisa½savibh±vanato sabbesa½ puggal±na½ paµipattivibh±gato ca idameva sutta½ paµhama½ nikkhitta½.
Ya½ pana ekiss± desan±ya desanantarena saddhi½ sa½sandana½, ayampi desan±sandhi, s± eva½ veditabb±. “Assutav± puthujjano…pe… nibb±na½ abhinandat²”ti aya½ desan±. “Idha, bhikkhave, assutav± puthujjano…pe… sappurisadhamme avin²to manasikaraº²ye dhamme nappaj±n±ti, amanasikaraº²ye ca dhamme nappaj±n±ti, so manasikaraº²ye dhamme appaj±nanto amanasikaraº²ye ca dhamme appaj±nanto ye dhamm± na manasikaraº²y±, te dhamme manasi karoti…pe… anuppanno v± k±m±savo uppajjati, uppanno v± k±m±savo pava¹¹hati. Anuppanno v± bhav±savo uppajjati, uppanno v± bhav±savo pava¹¹hati, anuppanno v± avijj±savo uppajjati, uppanno v± avijj±savo pava¹¹hat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.17) im±ya desan±ya sa½sandati. Tath± “tasseta½ p±µikaªkha½ subhanimitta½ manasi karissati, tassa subhanimittassa manasik±r± r±go citta½ anuddha½sessati, so sar±go sadoso samoho s±ªgaºo sa½kiliµµhacitto k±la½ karissat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.59) im±ya desan±ya sa½sandati. Tath± “cakkhuñc±vuso paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºa½, tiººa½ saªgati phasso, phassapaccay± vedan±. Ya½ vedeti ta½ sañj±n±ti, ya½ sañj±n±ti ta½ vitakketi, ya½ vitakketi ta½ papañceti, ya½ papañceti tatonid±na½ purisa½ papañcasaññ±saªkh± samud±carant²”ti (ma. ni. 1.204) im±ya desan±ya sa½sandati. Tath± “idha, bhikkhave, asutav± puthujjano…pe… sappurisadhamme avin²to r³pa½ ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±’ti samanupassati. Vedana½…pe…, sañña½…pe…, saªkh±re…pe…, viññ±ºa½ ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±’ti samanupassati. Yampi ta½ diµµha½…pe… yampi ta½ diµµhiµµh±na½, so loko so att± so pecca bhaviss±mi nicco dhuvo sassato avipariº±madhammo sassatisama½ tatheva µhass±m²ti, tampi ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±’ti samanupassat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.241) im±ya desan±ya sa½sandati.
“Yopi so, bhikkhave, bhikkhu…pe… nibb±na½ m±bhinand²”ti aya½ desan±. “Idha, dev±naminda, bhikkhuno suta½ hoti ‘sabbe dhamm± n±la½ abhinives±y±’ti, evañceta½, dev±naminda, bhikkhuno suta½ hoti ‘sabbe dhamm± n±la½ abhinives±y±’ti, so sabba½ dhamma½ abhij±n±ti, sabba½ dhamma½ abhiññ±ya sabba½ dhamma½ parij±n±ti, sabba½ dhamma½ pariññ±ya ya½ kiñci vedana½ vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, so t±su vedan±su anicc±nupass² viharati, vir±g±nupass² viharati, nirodh±nupass² viharati, paµinissagg±nupass² viharat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.390) im±ya desan±ya sa½sandati. “Yopi so, bhikkhave, bhikkhu araha½…pe… abhisambuddhoti vad±m²”ti aya½ desan± “sutav± ca kho, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako…pe… sappurisadhamme suvin²to r³pa½ ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti samanupassati, vedana½…pe…, sañña½…pe…, saªkh±re…pe…, viññ±ºa½ ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti samanupassati. Yampi ta½ diµµha½ suta½ viññ±ta½ patta½ pariyesita½ anuvicarita½ manas±, tampi ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti samanupassati. Yampi ta½ diµµhiµµh±na½, so loko so att± so pecca bhaviss±mi ‘nicco dhuvo sassato api pariº±madhammo sassatisama½ tatheva µhass±m²’ti, tampi ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti samanupassati. So eva½ samanupassanto na paritassat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.241) evam±didesan±hi sa½sandat²ti, aya½ catuby³ho h±ro.