Tath±gatav±ra-aµµhamanayavaººan±

13. Purimataºh±ti purimataresu bhavesu nibbatt± paccuppannattabh±vahetubh³t± taºh±. Taggahaºeneva ca at²taddhasaªgah± avijj±saªkh±r± saddhi½ up±d±nena saªgahit±ti daµµhabb±. Etth±ti “bhav± j±t²”ti etasmi½ pade. Tena upapattibhaven±ti “bhav± j±t²”ti j±tis²sena vutta-upapattibhavena. Bh³tass±ti nibbattassa. So pana yasm± satto n±ma hoti, tasm± vutta½ “sattass±”ti. Evañca j±nitv±ti imin± “bh³tassa jar±maraºan”ti etth±pi “iti viditv±”ti ida½ pada½ ±netv± yojetabbanti dasseti.
Yadipi tebh³mak± up±d±nakkhandh± “ya½ kiñci r³pan”ti-±din± (vibha. 2; ma. ni. 1.244) ek±dasasu ok±sesu pakkhipitabb± sammasitabb± ca, te pana yasm± bhagavat± “kimhi nu kho sati jar±maraºa½ hoti, ki½paccay± jar±maraºan”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.57; sa½. ni. 2.4, 10) paµiccasamupp±damukhena sammasit±, paµiccasamupp±do ca pavattipavattihetubh±vato purimasaccadvayameva hoti, tasm± tadabhisamaya½ “maññan±bh±vahetu paccay±k±rapaµivedho”ti vibh±vento “ya½ bodhirukkham³le…pe… dassento”ti ±ha. Sa½khippanti ettha avijj±dayo viññ±º±dayo c±ti saªkhep±, at²te hetu-±dayo “hetu, phalan”ti eva½ sa½khippant²ti v± saªkhep±, avijj±dayo viññ±º±dayo ca. Saªkhepa-saddo bh±g±dhivacananti daµµhabbo. Ten±ha “koµµh±s±ti attho”ti. Te pana at²te hetusaªkhepo, etarahi phalasaªkhepo, etarahi hetusaªkhepo, ±yati½ phalasaªkhepoti catt±ro saªkhep± etass±ti catusaªkhepo, ta½ catusaªkhepa½. Hetuphalasandhi, phalahetusandhi, puna hetuphalasandh²ti eva½ tayo sandh² etass±ti tisandhi, ta½ tisandhi½. At²tapaccuppann±n±gatabhed± tayo addh± etass±ti tiyaddho, ta½ tiyaddha½. Sar³pato avutt±pi tasmi½ tasmi½ saªkhepe ±kir²yanti avijj±saªkh±r±diggahaºehi pak±s²yant²ti ±k±r±, at²tahetu-±d²na½ v± pak±r± ±k±r±, te ekekasaªkhepe pañca pañca katv± v²sati ±k±r± etass±ti v²sat±k±ro, ta½ v²sat±k±ra½.
Esa sabboti esa catusaªkhep±dipabhedo anavaseso paccayo. Paccayalakkhaºen±ti paccayabh±vena attano phalassa paµisandhiviññ±ºassa paccayabh±vena, avin±bh±valakkhaºen±ti attho. Yath± hi taºha½ vin± avijj±dayo viññ±ºassa paccay± na honti, eva½ taºh±pi avijj±dike vin±ti. Ettha dukkhaggahaºena viññ±ºan±mar³pasa¼±yatanaphassavedan±na½, bhavaggahaºena ca taºh±saªkh±rup±d±n±na½ gahitat± vuttanay± ev±ti na uddhaµ±.
Id±ni te v²sati ±k±re paµisambhid±maggap±¼iy± vibh±vetu½ “evamete”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha (paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.47) purimakammabhavasminti purime kammabhave, at²taj±tiya½ kammabhave kayiram±neti attho. Moho avijj±ti yo tad± dukkh±d²su moho, yena m³¼ho kamma½ karoti, s± avijj±. ¾y³han± saªkh±r±ti ta½ ta½ kamma½ karonto d±nupakaraº±di sajjan±divasena y± purimacetan±yo, te saªkh±r±. Paµigg±hak±na½ pana hatthe deyyadhamma½ patiµµh±payato cetan± bhavo. Ek±vajjanajavanesu v± purim± cetan± ±y³han± saªkh±r±, sattam± bhavo. Y± k±ci v± pana cetan± bhavo, sampayutt± ±y³han± saªkh±r±. Nikanti taºh±ti ya½ kamma½ karontassa upapattibhave tassa phalassa nik±man± patthan±, s± taºh± n±ma. Upagamana½ up±d±nanti ya½ kammabhavassa paccayabh³ta½ “ida½ kamma½ katv± asukasmi½ n±ma µh±ne k±me seviss±mi ucchijjiss±m²”ti-±din± nayena pavatta½ upagamana½ gahaºa½ par±masana½, ida½ up±d±na½ n±ma. Cetan± bhavoti dv²su atthavikappesu vuttassa ±y³hanassa avas±ne vuttacetan±, tatiye pana ±y³hanasampayuttacetan± bhavo. Iti ime pañca dhamm± purimakammabhavasmi½ idha paµisandhiy± paccay±ti ime yath±vutt± moh±dayo pañca dhamm± at²takammabhavasiddh± etarahi paµisandhiy± paccayabh³t±ti attho.
Idha paµisandhiviññ±ºanti ya½ bhavantarapaµisandh±navasena uppannatt± paµisandh²ti vuccati, ta½ viññ±ºa½. Okkanti n±mar³panti y± gabbhe r³p±r³padhamm±na½ okkanti ±gantv± pavisant² viya, ida½ n±mar³pa½. Pas±do ±yatananti ida½ cakkh±dipañc±yatanavasena vutta½. Phuµµho phassoti yo ±rammaºa½ phuµµho phusanto uppanno, aya½ phasso. Vedayita½ vedan±ti ya½ paµisandhiviññ±ºena v± sa¼±yatanapaccayena v± phassena sahuppanna½ vip±kavedayita½, s± vedan±. Iti ime…pe… paccay±ti ime viññ±º±dayo pañca koµµh±sik± dhamm± purimabhave katassa kammassa kammavaµµassa paccay±, paccayabh±vato ta½ paµicca idha etarahi upapattibhavasmi½ upapattibhavabh±vena v± hont²ti attho.
Idha paripakkatt± ±yatan±na½ mohoti paripakk±yatanassa kammakaraºak±le asammoha½ dasseti. Daharassa hi cittappavatti bhavaªgabahul± yebhuyyena bhavantarajanakakamm±y³hanasamatth± na hot²ti. Kammakaraºak±leti ca imin± sabbo kammassa paccayabh³to sammoho gahito, na sampayuttova. Sesa½ vuttanayameva.
Padayojan±y±ti “tasm±”ti-±d²na½ pad±na½ sambandhena saha. Atthanigamananti imasmi½ aµµhamav±re desanatthanigamana½. Nand²ti eva½ vutt±na½ sabbataºh±nanti “nand² dukkhassa m³lan”ti eva½ nandanatthas±maññato ekavacanena vutt±na½ sabbataºh±na½ sant±n±rammaºasampayuttadhammappavatti-±k±r±dibhedena anekabhed±na½ sabb±sa½ taºh±na½. Khayavevacan±nev±ti samucchedapah±navevacan±neva. “Accantakkhay±”ti hi vutta½. Catumaggakiccas±dh±raºametanti catunna½ ariyamagg±na½ pah±nakiccassa s±dh±raºa½ s±maññato gahaºa½ eta½ khay±divacananti attho. Tesa½ pana magg±na½ kamena pavattana½ kiccakameneva dassetu½ “vir±g±”ti-±di vuttanti dassento “tato…pe… yojetabban”ti ±ha. Tath± satipi khay±disadd±na½ pah±napariy±yabh±ve pah±tabb±ya pana visayabhedabhinn±ya taºh±ya anavasesato pah²nabh±vad²panattha½ khay±dipariy±yantaraggahaºa½ katanti dassento “y±h²”ti-±dim±ha. Yath±vuttasañjanan±dihetubh³t±ya taºh±ya pah²natt± tappah±nad²pana½ katv± vuccam±na½ khay±divacana½ na kathañci dhammata½ vilomet²ti vutta½ “na kiñci virujjhat²”ti.
Uttaravirahitanti att±na½ uttaritu½ samatthatt± uttarena adhikena virahita½. Ayañcassa uttaravirahat± attano seµµhabh±ven±ti ±ha “sabbaseµµhan”ti. Yath± samm±-sa½-sadd± “avipar²ta½, s±man”ti imesa½ pad±na½ attha½ vadanti, eva½ p±sa½sasobhanatthep²ti ±ha “samm± s±mañca bodhi½ pasattha½ sundarañca bodhin”ti. Bujjhi ettha paµivijjhi catt±ri ariyasacc±ni, sabbampi v± neyyanti rukkho bodhi, bujjhati eten±ti pana maggo bodhi, tath± sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, nibb±na½ pana bujjhitabbato bodh²ti ayamettha s±dhanavibh±go daµµhabbo. Paººattiyampi attheva bodhi-saddo “bodhir±jakum±ro”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.324; c³¼ava. 268). Apareti s±rasam±s±cariy±. Ettha ca sa-upasaggassa bodhi-saddassa atthuddh±re anupasagg±na½ ud±haraºe k±raºa½ heµµh± vuttameva.
Lokuttarabh±vato v± tatth±pi heµµhimamagg±na½ viya tatuttarimagg±bh±vato ca “siy± nu kho anuttar± bodh²”ti ±saªka½ sandh±ya ta½ vidhamitu½ “s±vak±nan”ti-±di vutta½. Abhin²h±rasampattiy± phalavisesabh³tehi ñ±ºavisesehi ekaccehi sakalehi saddhi½ samijjham±no maggo ariy±na½ ta½ ta½ ñ±ºavises±di½ dento viya hot²ti tassa asabbaguºad±yakatta½ vutta½. Tena anaññas±dh±raº±bhin²h±rasampad±siddhassa niratisaya-guº±nubandhassa vasena arahattamaggo anuttar± bodhi n±ma hot²ti dasseti. S±vakap±ramiñ±ºa½ aññehi s±vakehi as±dh±raºa½ mah±s±vak±na½yeva ±veºika½ ñ±ºa½. Pacceka½ sacc±ni buddhavantoti paccekabuddh±. Nanu ca sabbepi ariy± paccekameva sacc±ni paµivijjhanti dhammassa paccatta½ vedan²yabh±vatoti? Sacca½, nayidam²disa½ paµivedha½ sandh±ya vutta½, yath± pana s±vak± aññasannissayena sacc±ni paµivijjhanti paratoghosena vin± tesa½ dassanamaggassa anuppajjanato, yath± ca samm±sambuddho aññesa½ nissayabh±vena sacc±ni abhisambujjhanti, na evamete, ete pana aparaneyy± hutv± apariº±yakabh±vena sacc±ni paµivijjhanti. Tena vutta½ “pacceka½ sacc±ni buddhavantoti paccekabuddh±”ti.
It²ti kar²yati ucc±r²yat²ti itik±ro, iti-saddo. K±raºattho aniyamar³pen±ti adhipp±yo, tasm±ti vutta½ hoti. Ten±ha “yasm± c±”ti. Pubbe pana iti-sadda½ pak±rattha½ katv± “eva½ j±nitv±”ti vutta½, idh±pi ta½ pak±ratthameva katv± atho yujjati. Katha½? Viditv±ti hi pada½ hetu-atthe daµµhabba½ “paññ±ya cassa disv±”ti (ma. ni. 1.271), “ghata½ pivitv± bala½ hot²”ti ca evam±d²su viya, tasm± pak±ratthepi iti-sadde paµiccasamupp±dassa viditatt±ti aya½ attho labbhateva. Paµiccasamupp±da½ viditv±ti etth±pi hetu-atthe viditv±-sadde yath±vutt± atthayojan± yujjateva. Ettha ca paµhamavikappe paµiccasamup±dassa viditattha½ maññan±bh±vassa k±raºa½ vatv± taºh±m³lakassa paµiccasamupp±dassa dassitatt± ettha taºh±ppah±na½ samm±sambodhiy± adhigamanak±raºa½ uddhatanti dassita½, tasm± “pathavi½ na maññat²”ti-±di nigamana½ daµµhabba½. Dutiyavikappe pana paµiccasamupp±davedana½ taºh±ppah±nassa k±raºa½ vutta½, ta½ abhisambodhiy± abhisambodhimaññan±bh±vass±ti ayamattho dassitoti ayametesa½ dvinna½ atthavikapp±na½ viseso, tasm± “nand² dukkhassa m³lan”ti vutta½.
Ta½ kuto labbhat²ti codana½ sandh±y±ha “yattha yattha h²”ti-±di. S±sanayutti aya½ s±sanepi eva½ sambandho dissat²ti katv±. Lokepi hi ya½-ta½-sadd±na½ abyabhic±risambandhat± siddh±.
Eva½ abhisambuddhoti vad±m²ti abhisambuddhabh±vassa gahitatt±, asabbaññun± eva½ desetu½ asakkuºeyyatt± ca “sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ dassento”ti-±dim±ha.
Vicitranayadesan±vil±sayuttanti puthujjanav±r±divibh±gabhinnehi vicittehi tanti nayehi, lakkhaºakammataºh±maññan±divibh±gabhinnehi vicittehi atthanayehi, abhinandanapaccay±k±r±divises±padesasiddhena desan±vil±sena ca yutta½. Yath± te na j±nanti, tath± deses²ti imin±pi bhagavato desan±vil±sa½yeva vibh±veti. Ta½yeva kira pathavinti ettha pathav²gahaºa½ upalakkhaºamatta½ ±p±divasenapi, tath± “k²dis± nu kho idha pathav² adhippet±, kasm± ca bh³tar³p±niyeva gahit±ni, na sesar³p±n²”ti-±din±pi tesa½ sa½sayuppatti niddh±retabb±. Atha v± katha½ n±midanti ettha iti-saddo pak±rattho. Tena imasmi½ sutte sabb±yapi tesa½ sa½sayuppattiy± pariggahitatt± daµµhabb±. Antanti mariy±da½, desan±ya anta½ paricchedanti attho, yo anusandh²ti vuccati. Koµinti pariyanta½, desan±ya pariyos±nanti attho. Ubhayena sutte ajjh±say±nusandhi yath±nusandh²ti vadati.
Antar±kath±ti kammaµµh±namanasik±ra-uddesaparipucch±d²na½ antar± aññ± ek± tath±. Vippakath±ti aniµµhit± sikha½ appatt±. Kaªkhaº±nur³pen±ti tasmi½ khaºe dhammasabh±ya½ sannipatit±na½ bhikkh³na½ ajjh±say±nur³pena. Idanti id±ni vuccam±na½ m³lapariy±yaj±taka½.
Dis±p±mokkhoti paº¹itabh±vena sabbadis±su pamukhabh³to. Br±hmaºoti brahma½ aºat²ti br±hmaºo, mante sajjh±yat²ti attho. Tiººa½ ved±nanti iruveda-yajuveda-s±maved±na½. P±rag³ti atthaso byañjanaso ca p±ra½ pariyanta½ gato. Saha nighaº¹un± ca keµubhena c±ti sanighaº¹ukeµubh±, tesa½. Nighaº¹³ti rukkh±d²na½ vevacanappak±saka½ sattha½. Keµubhanti kiriy±kappavikappo, kav²na½ upak±r±vaha½ sattha½. Saha akkharappabheden±ti s±kkharappabhed±, tesa½, sikkh±niruttisahit±nanti attho. Itih±sapañcam±nanti ±thabbaºaveda½ catuttha½ katv± “itiha asa, itiha as±”ti ²disavacanapaµisa½yutto pur±ºakath±saªkh±to itih±so pañcamo etesanti itih±sapañcam±, tesa½. Pada½ tadavasesañca by±karaºa½ k±yati ajjheti vedeti c±ti padako, veyy±karaºo. Lok±yata½ vuccati vitaº¹asattha½. Mah±puris±na½ buddh±d²na½ lakkhaºad²panagantho mah±purisalakkhaºa½. Tesu an³no parip³rak±r²ti anavayo.
Manteti vede. Yadipi vedo “manto, brahma½, kappo”ti tividho, manto eva pana m³lavedo, tadatthavivaraºa½ brahma½, tattha vuttanayena yaññakiriy±vidh±na½ kappo. Tena vutta½ “manteti vede”ti. Paº¹it±ti paññ±vanto. Tath± hi te puthupaññ±t±ya bahu½ sahassadvisahass±diparim±ºa½ gantha½ p±kaµa½ katv± gaºhanti uggaºhanti, javanapaññat±ya lahu½ s²gha½ gaºhanti, tikkhapaññat±ya suµµhu avirajjhant± upadh±renti, satinepakkasampattiy± gahitañca nesa½ na vinassati na sammussat²ti. Sabbampi sippanti aµµh±rasavijj±µµh±n±dibheda½ sikkhitabbaµµhena sippanti saªkhya½ gata½ sabba½ b±hirakasattha½ mokkh±vahasammatampi na mokkha½ ±vahat²ti ±ha “diµµhadhammasampar±yahitan”ti. Sampiº¹it± hutv±ti yath± mitt±, tath± piº¹itavasena sannipatit± hutv±. “Eva½ gayham±ne ±din± virujjheyya, eva½ anten±”ti cintent± ñ±tu½ icchitassa atthassa pubben±para½ aviruddha½ nicchaya½ gahetu½ asakkont± na ±di½, na anta½ addasa½su.
Lomas±n²ti lomavant±ni, ghanakesamassuv±n²ti attho. Kes±pi hi lomaggahaºena gayhanti yath± “lomanakha½ phusitv± suddhi k±tabb±”ti. Kaººa½ viy±ti kaººa½, paññ±, t±ya sutv± k±tabbakiccas±dhanato vutta½ “kaººav±ti paññav±”ti.
Yasm± satt±na½ gacchante gacchante k±le ±yuvaºº±diparikkhayo hoti, tasm± ta½ k±lena kata½ viya katv± vutta½ “nesa½ ±yu…pe… kh±dat²ti vuccat²”ti.
Abhiññ±y±ti kusal±dibheda½ khandh±dibhedañca desetabba½ dhamma½, veneyy±nañca ±say±nusayacariy±vimutti-±dibheda½, tassa ca nesa½ desetabbappak±ra½ y±th±vato abhij±nitv±. Dhamma½ desem²ti diµµhadhammikasampar±yikanibb±nahit±vaha½ saddhamma½ kathay±mi. No anabhiññ±y±ti yath± b±hirak± asamm±sambuddhatt± vuttavidhi½ aj±nant±ya½ kiñci takkapariy±hata½ v²ma½s±nucarita½ saya½paµibh±na½ kathenti, eva½ na desem²ti attho. Sanid±nanti sak±raºa½, veneyy±na½ ajjh±sayavasena v± pucch±ya v± aµµhuppattiy± v± sanimitta½ hetu-ud±haraºasahitañc±ti attho. Sapp±µih±riyanti sanissaraºa½ sappaµiharaºa½, paccan²kapaµiharaºena sapp±µih±riyameva katv± desem²ti attho. Apare pana “yath±raha½ iddhi-±desan±nus±sanip±µih±riyasahitan”ti vadanti, anus±sanip±µih±riyahit± pana desan± natth²ti. Hit³padesan± ov±do, s± eva anus±san². Anotiººavatthuvisayo v± ov±do, otiººavatthuvisay± anus±san². Paµham³padeso v± ov±do, itar± anus±san². Alañca pan±ti yuttameva. Niµµhamagam±s²ti atthasiddhi½ gat±.

Tath±gatav±ra-aµµhamanayavaººan± niµµhit±.

Aya½ t±vettha aµµhakath±ya l²natthavaººan±.