Kakkha¼atta½ kathinabh±vo. Paggharaºa½ dravabh±vo. Lokiyav±yun± bhastassa viya yena v±yun± ta½ta½kal±passa uddhum±yana½, thaddhabh±vo v±, ta½ vitthambhana½. Vijjam±nepi kal±pantarabh³t±na½ kal±pantarabh³tehi samphuµµhabh±ve ta½ta½bh³tavivittat± r³papariyanto ±k±soti yesa½ yo paricchedo, tehi so asamphuµµhova, aññath± bh³t±na½ paricchedasabh±vo na siy± by±p²bh±v±pattito, aby±pit±va asamphuµµhat±ti yasmi½ kal±pe bh³t±na½ paricchedo, tehi asamphuµµhabh±vo asamphuµµhalakkhaºa½. Ten±ha bhagav± ±k±sadh±tuniddese (dha. sa. 637) “asamphuµµha½ cat³hi mah±bh³teh²”ti.
Virodhipaccayasannip±te visadisuppatti ruppana½. Cetan±padh±natt± saªkh±rakkhandhadhamm±na½ cetan±vaseneta½ vutta½ “saªkh±r±na½ abhisaªkharaºalakkhaºan”ti. Tath± hi suttantabh±jan²ye saªkh±rakkhandhavibhaªge (vibha. 92) “cakkhusamphassaj± cetan±”ti-±din± cetan±va vibhatt±. Abhisaªkharaºalakkhaº± ca cetan±. Yath±ha “tattha katamo puññ±bhisaªkh±ro? Kusal± cetan± k±m±vacar±”ti-±di. Pharaºa½ savipph±rikat±. Assaddhiyeti asaddhiyahetu. Nimittatthe bhumma½. Esa nayo kosajjeti-±d²su. Upasamalakkhaºanti k±yacittapari¼±h³pasamalakkhaºa½. L²nuddhaccarahite adhicitte pavattam±ne paggahaniggahasampaha½sanesu aby±vaµat±ya ajjhupekkhana½ paµisaªkh±na½ pakkhap±tupacchedato.
Mus±v±d±d²na½ visa½v±dan±dikiccat±ya l³kh±na½ aparigg±hak±na½ paµipakkhabh±vato parigg±hakasabh±v± samm±v±c± siniddhabh±vato sampayuttadhamme samm±v±c±paccayasubh±sit±na½ sot±rañca puggala½ pariggaºh±t²ti tass± parigg±halakkhaºa½ vutta½. K±yikakiriy± kiñci kattabba½ samuµµh±peti, sayañca samuµµhahana½ ghaµana½ hot²ti samm±kammanta saªkh±t±ya viratiy± samuµµh±nalakkhaºa½ daµµhabba½. Sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± ukkhipana½ samuµµh±pana½ k±yikakiriy±ya bh±rukkhipana½ viya. J²vam±nassa sattassa, sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± j²vitindriyappavattiy±, ±j²vasseva v± suddhi vod±na½. Sasampayuttadhammassa cittassa sa½kilesapakkhe patitu½ adatv± sammadeva paggaºhana½ paggaho.
“Saªkh±r±”ti idha cetan± adhippet±ti vutta½ “saªkh±r±na½ cetan±lakkhaºan”ti. Namana½ ±rammaº±bhimukhabh±vo. ¾yatana½ pavattana½. ¾yatan±na½ vasena hi ±yasaªkh±t±na½ cittacetasik±na½ pavatti. Taºh±ya hetulakkhaºanti vaµµassa janakahetubh±vo, maggassa pana nibb±nasamp±pakattanti ayametesa½ viseso.
Tathalakkhaºa½ avipar²tasabh±vo. Ekaraso aññamaññ±nativattana½ an³n±nadhikabh±vo. Yuganaddh± samathavipassan±va. Saddh±paññ± paggah±vikkhep±tipi vadanti.
Kh²ºoti kilese khepat²ti khayo, maggo. Anupp±dapariyos±nat±ya anupp±do, phala½. Passaddhi kilesav³pasamo. Chandass±ti kattuk±mat±chandassa. M³lalakkhaºa½ patiµµh±bh±vo. Samuµµh±nabh±vo samuµµh±nalakkhaºa½ ±rammaºapaµip±dakat±ya sampayuttadhamm±na½ uppattihetut±. Samodh±na½ visay±disannip±tena gahetabb±k±ro, y± saªgat²ti vuccati. Sama½ saha odahanti anena sampayuttadhamm±ti v± samodh±na½, phasso. Samosaranti sannipatanti etth±ti samosaraºa½. Vedan±ya vin± appavattam±n± sampayuttadhamm± vedan±nubhavananimitta½ samosaµ± viya hont²ti eva½ vutta½. Gop±nas²na½ k³µa½ viya sampayutt±na½ p±mokkhabh±vo pamukhalakkhaºa½. Tato, tesa½ v± sampayuttadhamm±na½ uttari padh±nanti tatuttari, paññuttar± hi kusal± dhamm±. Vimuttiy±ti phalassa. Tañhi s²l±diguºas±rassa paramukka½sabh±vena s±ra½. Ayañca lakkhaºavibh±go chadh±tupañcajh±naªg±divasena ta½ta½suttapad±nus±rena por±ºaµµhakath±ya½ ±gatanayena ca katoti daµµhabba½. Tath± hi pubbe vuttopi koci dhammo pariy±yantarapak±sanattha½ puna dassito. Tato eva ca “chandam³lak± kusal± dhamm± manasik±rasamuµµh±n± phassasamodh±n± vedan±samosaraº±”ti, “paññuttar± kusal± dhamm±”ti, “vimuttis±ramida½ brahmacariyan”ti, “nibb±nogadhañhi ±vuso brahmacariya½ nibb±napariyos±nan”ti (ma. ni. 1.466) ca suttapad±na½ vasena “chandassa m³lalakkhaºan”ti-±di vutta½.
Tathadhamm± n±ma catt±ri ariyasacc±ni avipar²tasabh±vatt±. Tath±ni ta½sabh±vatt±. Avitath±ni amus±sabh±vatt±. Anaññath±ni aññ±k±rarahitatt±. J±tipaccayasambh³tasamud±gataµµhoti j±tipaccay± sambh³ta½ hutv± sahitassa attano paccay±nur³passa uddha½ ±gatabh±vo, anupavattanaµµhoti attho. Atha v± sambh³taµµho ca samud±gataµµho ca sambh³tasamud±gataµµho, na j±tito jar±maraºa½ na hoti, na ca j±ti½ vin± aññato hot²ti j±tipaccayasambh³taµµho. Itthañca j±tito samud±gacchat²ti j±tipaccayasamud±gataµµho, y± y± j±ti yath± yath± paccayo hoti, tadanur³pa½ p±tubh±voti attho. Avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµhoti etth±pi na avijj± saªkh±r±na½ paccayo na hoti, na ca avijja½ vin± saªkh±r± uppajjanti, y± y± avijj± yesa½ yesa½ saªkh±r±na½ yath± yath± paccayo hoti, aya½ avijj±ya saªkh±r±na½ paccayaµµho paccayabh±voti attho.
Bhagav± ta½ sabb±k±rato j±n±ti passat²ti sambandho. Ten±ti bhagavat±. Ta½ vibhajjam±nanti yojetabba½. Tanti rup±yatana½. Iµµh±niµµh±d²ti ±di-saddena majjhatta½ saªgaºh±ti, tath± at²t±n±gatapaccuppannaparitta-ajjhattabahiddh±tadubhay±dibheda½. Labbham±nakapadavasen±ti “r³p±yatana½ diµµha½, sadd±yatana½ suta½, gandh±yatana½ ras±yatana½ phoµµhabb±yatana½ muta½, sabba½ r³pa½ manas± viññ±tan”ti (dha. sa. 966) vacanato diµµhapadañca viññ±tapadañca r³p±rammaºe labbhati, r³p±rammaºa½ iµµha½ aniµµha½ majjhatta½ paritta½ at²ta½ an±gata½ paccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ bahiddh± diµµha½ viññ±ta½ r³pa½ r³p±yatana½ r³padh±tu vaººanibh± sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ n²la½ p²takanti evam±d²hi anekehi n±mehi.
Terasahi v±reh²ti r³pakaº¹e (dha. sa. 616) ±gate terasa niddesav±re sandh±y±ha. Ekekasmiñca v±re catunna½ catunna½ vavatth±pananay±na½ vasena “dvepaññ±s±ya nayeh²”ti ±ha. Tathameva avipar²tadassit±ya appaµivattiyadesanat±ya ca. “J±n±mi abhiññ±sin”ti vattam±n±t²tak±lesu ñ±ºappavattidassanena an±gatepi ñ±ºappavatti vutt±yev±ti daµµhabb±. Vidita-saddo an±maµµhak±laviseso veditabbo “diµµha½ suta½ mutan”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 966) viya. Na upaµµh±s²ti attattaniyavasena na upagacchi. Yath± r³p±rammaº±dayo dhamm± ya½sabh±v± ya½pak±r± ca, tath± ne passati j±n±ti gacchat²ti tath±gatoti eva½ padasambhavo veditabbo. Keci pana “niruttinayena pisodar±dipakkhepena (p±ºini 6.3.109) v± dassi-saddassa lopa½, ±gata-saddassa c±gama½ katv± tath±gato”ti vaººenti.
Niddosat±ya anupavajja½. Pakkhipitabb±bh±vena an³na½. Apanetabb±bh±vena anadhika½. Atthabyañjan±disampattiy± sabb±k±raparipuººa½. No aññath±ti “tathev±”ti vuttamevattha½ byatirekena samp±deti. Tena yadattha½ bh±sita½, ekantena tadatthanipph±danato yath± bh±sita½ bhagavat±, tathev±ti avipar²tadesanata½ dasseti. Gada-atthoti etena tatha½ gadat²ti tath±gatoti da-k±rassa ta-k±ro kato niruttinayen±ti dasseti.
Tath± gatamass±ti tath±gato. Gatanti ca k±yav±c±pavatt²ti attho. Tath±ti ca vutte ya½ta½sadd±na½ abyabhic±risambandhit±ya yath±ti ayamattho upaµµhitoyeva hoti, k±yavac²kiriy±nañca aññamaññ±nulomena vacanicch±ya½ k±yassa v±c±, v±c±ya ca k±yo sambandh²bh±vena upatiµµhat²ti imamattha½ dassento ±ha “bhagavato h²”ti-±di. Imasmi½ pana atthe tath±v±d²t±ya tath±gatoti ayampi attho siddho hoti. So pana pubbe pak±rantarena dassitoti ±ha “eva½ tath±k±rit±ya tath±gato”ti.
Tiriya½ aparim±º±su lokadh±t³s³ti etena yadeke “tiriya½ viya upari adho ca santi lokadh±tuyo”ti vadanti, ta½ paµisedheti. Desan±vil±soyeva desan±vil±samayo yath± “puññamaya½, d±namayan”ti-±d²su.
Nip±t±na½ v±cakasaddasannidh±ne tadatthajotanabh±vena pavattanato gata-saddoyeva avagatattha½ at²tatthañca vadat²ti ±ha “gatoti avagato at²to”ti.
Atha v± abhin²h±rato paµµh±ya y±va samm±sambodhi, etthantare mah±bodhiy±napaµipattiy± h±naµµh±nasa½kilesanivatt²na½ abh±vato yath± paºidh±na½, tath± gato abhin²h±r±nur³pa½ paµipannoti tath±gato. Atha v± mahiddhikat±ya paµisambhid±na½ ukka½s±dhigamena an±varaºañ±ºat±ya ca katthacipi paµigh±t±bh±vato yath± ruci, tath± k±yavac²citt±na½ gat±ni gaman±ni pavattiyo etass±ti tath±gato. Yasm± ca loke vidha-yutta-gata-ppak±ra-sadd± sam±natth± dissanti. Tasm± yath±vidh± vipass²-±dayo bhagavanto, ayampi bhagav± tath±vidhoti tath±gato yath±yutt± ca te bhagavanto, ayampi bhagav± tath±yuttoti tath±gato. Atha v± yasm± sacca½ taccha½ tathanti ñ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½, tasm± tathena ñ±ºena ±gatoti tath±gato. Evampi tath±gata-saddassa attho veditabbo.
Pah±ya k±m±dimale yath± gat±,
sam±dhiñ±ºehi vipassi-±dayo;
mahesino sakyamun² jutindharo,
tath± gato tena mato tath±gato.
Tathañca dh±t±yatan±dilakkhaºa½,
sabh±vas±maññavibh±gabhedato;
sayambhuñ±ºena jino sam±gato,
tath±gato vuccati sakyapuªgavo.
Tath±ni sacc±ni samantacakkhun±,
tath± idappaccayat± ca sabbaso;
anaññaneyyena yato vibh±vit±,
y±th±vato tena jino tath±gato.
Anekabhed±supi lokadh±tusu,
jinassa r³p±yatan±digocare;
vicitrabheda½ tathameva dassana½,
tath±gato tena samantalocano.
Yato ca dhamma½ tathameva bh±sati,
karoti v±c±yanulomamattano;
guºehi loka½ abhibhuyyir²yati,
tath±gato tenapi lokan±yako.
Yath±bhin²h±ramato yath±ruci,
pavattav±c± tanucittabh±vato;
yath±vidh± yena pur± mahesino,
tath±vidho tena jino tath±gatoti. (Itivu. aµµha. 38; d². ni. µ². 1.7 c³¼as²lavaººan±).
¾rakatt±ti-±d²na½ pad±na½ attho visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.125) buddh±nussatisa½vaººan±ya vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Samm± s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt±ti imin±ssa paropadesarahitassa sabb±k±rena sabbadhamm±vabodhanasamatthassa ±kaªkh±paµibaddhavuttino an±varaºañ±ºasaªkh±tassa sabbaññutaññ±ºassa adhigamo dassito.
Nanu ca (itivu. aµµha. 38) sabbaññutaññ±ºato añña½ an±varaºañ±ºa½, aññath± cha as±dh±raºañ±º±ni buddhañ±º±n²ti vacana½ virujjheyy±ti? Na virujjhati visayappavattibhedavasena aññehi as±dh±raºañ±ºabh±vadassanattha½ ekasseva ñ±ºassa dvidh± vuttatt±. Ekameva hi ta½ ñ±ºa½ anavasesasaªkhat±saªkhatasammutidhammavisayat±ya sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, tattha ca ±varaº±bh±vato nissaªgac±ramup±d±ya an±varaºañ±ºanti vutta½. Yath±ha paµisambhid±ya½ (paµi. ma. 1.119) “sabba½ saªkhat±saªkhatamanavasesa½ j±n±t²ti sabbaññutaññ±ºa½, tatth±varaºa½ natth²ti an±varaºañ±ºan”ti-±di, tasm± natthi nesa½ atthato bhedo, ekantena ceta½ evamicchitabba½, aññath± sabbaññut±n±varaºañ±º±na½ s±varaºat± asabbadhamm±rammaºat± ca ±pajjeyya. Na hi bhagavato ñ±ºassa aºumatampi ±varaºa½ atthi, an±varaºañ±ºassa ca asabbadhamm±rammaºabh±ve yattha ta½ nappavattati, tatth±varaºasabbh±vato an±varaºabh±voyeva na siy±. Atha v± pana hotu aññameva an±varaºañ±ºa½ sabbaññutaññ±ºato, idha pana sabbattha appaµihatavuttit±ya an±varaºañ±ºanti sabbaññutaññ±ºameva adhippeta½, tassa c±dhigamena bhagav± sabbaññ³ sabbavid³ samm±sambuddhoti ca vuccati, na sakimeva sabbadhamm±vabodhato. Tath± ca vutta½ paµisambhid±ya½ (paµi. ma. 1.162) “vimokkhantikameta½ buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ bodhiy± m³le saha sabbaññutaññ±ºassa paµil±bh± sacchik± paññatti yadida½ buddho”ti. Sabbadhamm±vabodhanasamatthañ±ºasamadhigamena hi bhagavato sant±ne anavasesadhamme paµivijjhitu½ samatthat± ahos²ti.
Etth±ha– ki½ panida½ ñ±ºa½ pavattam±na½ saki½yeva sabbasmi½ visaye pavattati, ud±hu kamen±ti. Kiñcettha– yadi t±va saki½yeva sabbasmi½ visaye pavattati, at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna-ajjhattabahiddh±dibhedena bhinn±na½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ asaªkhatasammutidhamm±nañca ekajjha½ upaµµh±ne d³rato cittapaµa½ avekkhantassa viya paµivibh±gen±vabodho na siy±, tath± ca sati “sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti vipassant±na½ anatt±k±rena viya sabbe dhamm± anir³pitar³pena bhagavato ñ±ºassa visay± hont²ti ±pajjati. Yepi “sabbañeyyadhamm±na½ µhitalakkhaºavisaya½ vikapparahita½ sabbak±la½ buddh±na½ ñ±ºa½ pavattati, tena te sabbavid³ti vuccanti. Evañca katv± ‘cara½ sam±hito n±go, tiµµhantopi sam±hito’ti idampi vacana½ suvutta½ hot²”ti vadanti, tesampi vuttados±nativatti. Ýhitalakkhaº±rammaºat±ya hi at²t±n±gatasammutidhamm±na½ tadabh±vato ekadesavisayameva bhagavato ñ±ºa½ siy±, tasm± saki½yeva ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti na yujjati.
Atha kamena sabbasmi½ visaye ñ±ºa½ pavattati, evampi na yujjati. Na hi j±tibh³misabh±v±divasena dis±desak±l±divasena ca anekabhedabhinne neyye kamena gayham±ne tassa anavasesapaµivedho sambhavati apariyantabh±vato ñeyyassa. Ye pana “atthassa avisa½v±danato ñeyyassa ekadesa½ paccakkha½ katv± sesepi evanti adhimuccitv± vavatth±panena sabbaññ³ bhagav±, tañca ñ±ºa½ ananum±nika½ sa½say±bh±vato. Sa½say±nubandhañhi loke anum±nañ±ºan”ti vadanti, tesampi ta½ na yutta½. Sabbassa hi appaccakkhabh±ve atthassa avisa½v±danena ñeyyassa ekadesa½ paccakkha½ katv± sesepi evanti adhimuccitv± vavatth±panassa asambhavato. Yañhi ta½ sesa½, ta½ appaccakkhanti. Atha tampi paccakkha½, tassa sesabh±vo eva na siy±ti? Sabbameta½ ak±raºa½. Kasm±? Avisayavic±raºabh±vato. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat± “buddhavisayo bhikkhave, acinteyyo na cintetabbo, yo cinteyya, umm±dassa vigh±tassa bh±g² ass±”ti (a. ni. 4.77). Ida½ panettha sanniµµh±na½– ya½ kiñci bhagavat± ñ±tu½ icchita½ sakalamekadeso v±, tattha appaµihatavuttit±ya paccakkhato ñ±ºa½ pavattati, niccasam±dh±nañca vikkhep±bh±vato, ñ±tu½ icchitassa ca sakalassa avisayabh±ve tassa ±kaªkh±paµibaddhavuttit± na siy±, ekanteneva ca s± icchitabb± “sabbe dhamm± buddhassa bhagavato ±vajjanapaµibaddh± ±kaªkhapaµibaddh± manasik±rapaµibaddh± cittupp±dapaµibaddh±”ti (mah±ni. 69, 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5) vacanato. At²t±n±gatavisayampi bhagavato ñ±ºa½ anum±n±gamatakkagahaºavirahitatt± paccakkhameva.
Nanu ca etasmimpi pakkhe yad± sakala½ ñ±tu½ icchita½, tad± saki½yeva sakalavisayat±ya anir³pitar³pena bhagavato ñ±ºa½ pavatteyy±ti vuttados±nativattiyev±ti? Na, tassa visodhitatt±. Visodhito hi so buddhavisayo acinteyyoti. Aññath± pacurajanañ±ºasam±navuttit±ya buddh±na½ bhagavant±na½ ñ±ºassa acinteyyat± na siy±, tasm± sakaladhamm±rammaºampi ta½ ekadhamm±rammaºa½ viya suvavatth±piteyeva te dhamme katv± pavattat²ti idamettha acinteyya½, anantañca ñ±ºa½ ñeyya½ viya. Vuttañheta½ “y±vataka½ ñeyya½, t±vataka½ ñ±ºa½. Y±vataka½ ñ±ºa½, t±vataka½ ñeyya½. Ñeyyapariyantika½ ñ±ºa½, ñ±ºapariyantika½ ñeyyan”ti (mah±ni. 69, 156; c³¼ani. 85; paµi. ma. 3.5). Evamekajjha½, visu½ saki½, kamena v± icch±nur³pa½ samm± s±mañca sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± samm±sambuddho.
Tanti yath±vutta½ pathav²-±dibheda½. Pariññ±tanti parito samantato sabb±k±rato ñ±ta½, ta½ parij±nitabbabh±va½ kiñci asesetv± ñ±tanti attho. Ayameva hi attho “pariññ±tantan”ti imin±pi padena pak±sitoti dassento “pariññ±tanta½ n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Tena tena maggena kilesappah±nena viseso natth²ti ida½ ta½ta½maggavajjhakiles±na½ buddh±na½ s±vak±nañca tena tena maggeneva pah±tabbabh±vas±mañña½ sandh±ya vutta½, na s±vakehi buddh±na½ kilesappah±navises±bh±vato. Tath± hi samm±sambuddh± eva sav±sanakilese jahanti, na s±vak±. Ekadesamev±ti attano sant±nagatameva. Sasantatipariy±pannadhammapariññ±mattenapi hi catusaccakammaµµh±nabh±van± samijjhati. Tenev±ha– “imasmi½yeva by±mamatte ka¼evare sasaññimhi samanake lokañca paññapemi lokasamudayañca paññapem²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 1.107; a. ni. 4.45). Aºuppam±ºampi …pe… natthi, yato chatti½sakoµisatasahassamukhena buddh±na½ mah±vajirañ±ºa½ pavattat²ti vadanti.

Tath±gatav±rasattamanayavaººan± niµµhit±.