8. Kosambiyasuttavaººan±

491. Tasm±ti yasm± kosambarukkhavat², tasm± nagara½ kosamb²tisaªkhamagam±si. Kusambassa v± isino niv±sabh³mi kosamb², tass±vid³re bhavatt± nagara½ kosamb².
Ghositaseµµhin± k±rite ±r±meti ettha ko ghositaseµµhi, kathañc±nena ±r±mo k±ritoti antol²n±ya codan±ya vissajjane samud±gamato paµµh±ya ghositaseµµhi½ dassetu½ “addilaraµµha½ n±ma ahos²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Ked±raparicchinnanti tattha tattha ked±rabh³miy± paricchinna½. Gacchantoti ked±rap±¼iy± gacchanto. Pah³tap±yasanti pah³tatara½ p±yasa½, ta½ pana garu siniddha½ antar±magge app±h±rat±ya mandagahaºiko sam±no j²r±petu½ n±sakkhi. Ten±ha “j²r±petu½ asakkonto”ti-±di. Yasavati r³pavati kulaghare nibbatti. Ghositaseµµhi n±ma j±toti evamettha saªkhepeneva ghositaseµµhivatthu½ katheti, vitth±ro pana dhammapadavatthumhi (dha. pa. aµµha. 1.s±m±vat²vatthu) vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Upasa½kappanavasen±ti upasaªkappananiy±mena. ¾h±raparikkh²ºak±yass±ti ±h±ranimittaparikkh²ºak±yassa, ±h±rakkhayena parikkh²ºak±yass±ti attho. Suññ±g±reti janavivitte ph±sukaµµh±ne.
Kalahassa pubbabh±go bhaº¹ana½ n±m±ti kalahassa hetubh³t± paribh±s± ta½sadis² ca aniµµhakiriy± bhaº¹ana½ n±ma. Hatthapar±m±s±divasen±ti kujjhitv± aññamaññassa hatthe gahetv± par±masana-accantabandhan±divasena. “Aya½ dhammo”ti-±din± viruddhav±dabh³ta½ ±pann±ti viv±d±pann±. Ten±ha “viruddhabh³tan”ti-±di. Mukhasannissitat±ya v±c± idha “mukhan”ti adhippet±ti ±ha “mukhasatt²h²ti v±c±satt²h²”ti. Saññattinti saññ±pana½ “aya½ dhammo, aya½ vinayo”ti saññ±petabbata½. Nijjhattinti y±th±vato tassa nijjh±na½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “saññattivevacanamevetan”ti vutta½.
Sace hoti desess±m²ti subbacat±ya sikkh±k±mat±ya ca ±patti½ passi. Natthi te ±patt²ti an±pattipakkhopi ettha sambhavat²ti adhipp±yen±ha. S± pan±patti eva. Ten±ha– “tass± ±pattiy± an±pattidiµµhi ahos²”ti.
492. Kalahabhaº¹anavasen±ti kalahabhaº¹anassa nimittavasena. Yath±nusandhin±va gatanti kalahabhaº¹an±na½ s±raº²yadhammapaµipakkhatt± tadupasam±vah± heµµh±desan±ya anur³p±va uparidesan±ti yath±nusandhin±va uparisuttadesan± pavatt±. Saritabbayutt±ti anussaraº±rah±. Sabrahmac±r²nanti sahadhammik±na½. Piya½ piy±yitabba½ karont²ti piyakaraº±. Garu½ garuµµh±niya½ karont²ti garukaraº±. Saªgahaºatth±y±ti saªgahavatthuvisesabh±vato sabrahmac±r²na½ saªgaºhan±ya sa½vattant²ti sambandho. Aviv±danatth±y±ti saªgahavatthubh±vato eva na viv±dan±ya. Sati ca aviv±danahetubh³tasaªg±haºatte tesa½ vasena sabrahmac±r²na½ samaggabh±vo bhed±bh±vo siddhoyev±ti ±ha “s±maggiy±”ti-±di. Mijjati siniyhati et±y±ti mett±, mittabh±vo, mett± etassa atth²ti metta½, k±yakamma½. Ta½ pana yasm± mett±sahagatacittasamuµµh±na½, tasm± vutta½ “mettacittena kattabba½ k±yakamman”ti. Im±ni mettak±yakamm±d²ni bhikkh³na½ vasena ±gat±ni p±µhe bhikkh³hi paccupaµµhapetabbat±vacanato. Bhikkhuggahaºeneva cettha sesasahadhammik±nampi gahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Bhikkhuno sabbampi anavajjak±yakamma½ ±bhisam±c±rikakammantogadhamev±ti ±ha– “mettacittena…pe… k±yakamma½ n±m±”ti. Vattavasena pavattiyam±n± cetiyabodh²na½ vandan± mett±sadis²ti katv± tadatth±ya gamana½ metta½ k±yakammanti vutta½. ¾di-saddena cetiyabodhibhikkh³su vutt±vasesa-apac±yan±di½ mett±vasena pavatta½ k±yika½ kiriya½ saªgaºh±ti.
Tepiµakampi buddhavacana½ kathiyam±nanti adhipp±yo. T²ºi sucarit±ni k±yavac²manosucarit±ni. Cintananti imin± eva½ cintanamattampi metta½ manokamma½, pageva vidhipaµipann± bh±van±ti dasseti.
Sah±yabh±v³pagamana½ tesa½ purato. Tesu karontesuyeva hi sah±yabh±v³pagamana½ sammukh± k±yakamma½ n±ma hoti. Kevala½ “devo”ti avatv± guºehi thirabh±vajotana½ devattheroti vacana½ paggayha vacana½. Mamattabodhana½ vacana½ mam±yanavacana½. Ekantatirokkhakassa manokammassa sammukhat± n±ma viññattisamuµµh±panavaseneva hoti, tañca kho loke k±yakammanti p±kaµa½ paññ±ta½ hatthavik±r±di½ an±masitv± eva dassento “nayan±ni umm²letv±”ti ±ha. Tath± hi vac²bhedavasena pavatti na gahit±.
Laddhapaccay± labbhant²ti l±bh±, parisuddh±gaman± paccay±. Na samm± gayham±n±pi na dhammaladdh± n±ma na hont²ti tappaµisedhanattha½ p±¼iya½ “dhammaladdh±”ti vutta½. Deyya½ dakkhiºeyyañca appaµivibhatta½ katv± bhuñjat²ti appaµivibhattabhog². Ten±ha “dve paµivibhatt±ni n±m±”ti-±di. Cittena vibhajananti etena– “cittupp±damattenapi vibhajana½ paµivibhatta½ n±ma, pageva payogato”ti dasseti.
Paµiggaºhantova…pe… passat²ti imin± ±gamanato paµµh±ya s±dh±raºabuddhi½ upaµµh±peti. Eva½ hissa s±dh±raºabhogit± sukar±, s±raº²yadhammo cassa sup³ro hoti. Vattanti s±raº²yadhammap³raºavatta½.
D±tabbanti avassa½ d±tabba½. Attano palibodhavasena sapalibodhasseva p³retu½ asakkuºeyyatt± odissakad±nampissa na sabbattha v±ritanti dassetu½ “tena pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Ad±tump²ti pi-saddena duss²lassapi atthikassa sati sambhave d±tabbanti dasseti. D±nañhi n±ma kassaci na niv±rita½.
Mah±girig±mo n±ma n±gad²papasse eko g±mo. S±raº²yadhammo me, bhante, p³rito…pe… pattagata½ na kh²yat²ti ±ha tesa½ kukkuccavinodanattha½. Ta½ sutv± tepi ther± “s±raº²yadhammap³rako ayan”ti abbhañña½su. Daharak±le eva kiresa s±raº²yadhammap³rako ahosi, tass± ca paµipattiy± avañjhabh±vavibh±vanattha½ “ete mayha½ p±puºissant²”ti ±ha.
Aha½ s±raº²yadhammap³rik±, mama pattapariy±pannenapi sabb±pim± bhikkhuniyo y±pessant²ti ±ha “m± tumhe tesa½ gatabh±va½ cintayitth±”ti.
Sattasu ±pattikkhandhesu ±dimhi v± ante v±, vemajjheti ca ida½ uddes±gatap±¼ivasena vutta½. Na hi añño koci ±pattikkhandh±na½ anukkamo atthi. Pariyante chinnas±µako viy±ti vatthante, dasante v± chinnavattha½ viya. Khaº¹anti khaº¹avanta½, khaº¹ita½ v±. Chiddanti etth±pi eseva nayo Visabh±gavaººena upa¹¹ha½, tatiyabh±ga½ v± sambhinnavaººa½ sabala½, visabh±gavaººeheva pana bind³hi antarantar± vimissa½ kamm±sa½, aya½ imesa½ viseso. Taºh±d±sabyato mocanavacaneneva tesa½ s²l±na½ vivaµµupanissayatam±ha. Bhujissabh±vakaraºatoti imin± bhujissakar±ni bhujiss±n²ti uttarapadalopen±ya½ niddesoti dasseti. Aviññ³na½ appam±ºat±ya “viññuppasatth±n²”ti vutta½. Taºh±diµµh²hi apar±maµµhatt±ti– “imin±ha½ s²lena devo v± bhaviss±mi devaññataro v±”ti taºh±par±m±sena– “imin±ha½ s²lena devo hutv± tattha nicco dhuvo sassato bhaviss±m²”ti diµµhipar±m±sena ca apar±maµµhatt±. Par±maµµhunti codetu½. S²la½ n±ma avippaµis±r±dip±rampariyena y±vadeva sam±dhisamp±danatthanti ±ha “sam±dhisa½vattak±n²”ti. Sam±nabh±vo s±mañña½, paripuººacatup±risuddhibh±vena majjhe bhinnasuvaººassa viya bhed±bh±vato s²lena s±mañña½ s²las±mañña½, ta½ gato upagatoti s²las±maññagato. Ten±ha “sam±nabh±v³pagatas²lo”ti.
Y±ya½ diµµh²ti y± aya½ diµµhi mayhañceva tumh±kañca paccakkhabh³t±. Catusaccadassanaµµhena diµµhi, “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±, sabbe saªkh±r± dukkh±, sabbe dhamm± anatt±”ti, “samm±sambuddho bhagav±, sv±kh±to bhagavat± dhammo, suppaµipanno saªgho”ti ca diµµhiy± s±mañña½ sam±nadiµµhibh±va½. Agga½ itaresa½ s±raº²yadhamm±na½ padh±nabh±vato. Etasmi½ sati sukhasiddhito tesa½ saªg±hika½, tato eva tesa½ saªgh±µanika½ gop±nasiyo aparipatante katv± saªgaºh±ti dh±ret²ti saªg±hika½. Saªgh±µanti aggabh±vena saªgh±µabh±va½. Saªgh±µana½ etesa½ atth²ti saªgh±µanika½, saªgh±µaniyanti v± p±µho, saªgh±µane niyuttanti v± saªgh±µanika½, ka-k±rassa ya-k±ra½ katv± saªgh±µaniya½. S±maññato eva gahitatt± napu½sakaniddeso.
493. Paµhamamaggasamm±diµµhipi eva½sabh±v±, aññamaggasamm±diµµh²su vattabbameva natth²ti ±ha “y±ya½ sot±pattimaggadiµµh²”ti. Ett±vat±p²ti ettakenapi r±g±d²su ekekena pariyuµµhitacittat±yapi pariyuµµhitacittoyeva n±ma hoti, pageva dv²hi, bah³hi v± pariyuµµhitacittat±ya. Sabbatth±ti sabbesu aµµhasupi v±resu. Suµµhu µhapitanti yath± maggabh±van± upari sacc±bhisambodho hoti, eva½ samm± µhapita½. Ten±ha “sacc±na½ bodh±y±”ti. Ta½ ñ±ºanti “natthi kho me ta½ pariyuµµh±nan”ti-±din± pavatta½ paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½. Ariy±na½ hot²ti ariy±nameva hoti. Tesañhi ekadesatopi pah²na½ vattabbata½ arahati. Ten±ha “na puthujjan±nan”ti. Ariyanti vutta½ “ariyesu j±tan”ti katv±. Lokuttarahetukat±ya lokuttaranti vutta½. Tenev±ha “yesa½ pan±”ti-±di. Tath± hissa puthujjanehi as±dh±raºat±. Ten±ha “puthujjan±na½ pana abh±vato”ti. Sabbav±res³ti sabbesu itaresu chasu v±resu.
494. Paccattanti p±µiyekka½ attani mama citteyeva. Ten±ha “attano citte”ti. “Paccatta½ attano citte nibbuti½ kilesav³pasama½ labh±m²”ti imamattha½ “eseva nayo”ti imin± atidisati.
495. Tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy±ti ida½ “yath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± samann±gato”ti imassa atthassa pacc±masananti ±ha “tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy±ti evar³p±ya sot±pattimaggadiµµhiy±”ti.
496. Sabh±ven±ti niyatapañcasikkh±padat±disabh±vena. Saªghakammavasen±ti m±nattacariy±disaªghakammavasena. Daharoti b±lo. Kum±roti d±rako. Yasm± daharo “kum±ro”ti ca “yuv±”ti ca vuccati, tasm± mandoti vutta½. Mandindriyat±ya hi mando. Ten±ha “cakkhusot±d²na½ mandat±y±”ti. Evampi yuv±vatth±pi keci mandindriy± hont²ti tannivattanattha½ “utt±naseyyako”ti vutta½. Yadi utt±naseyyako, kathamassa aªg±rakkamananti? Yath± tath± aªg±rassa phusana½ idha “akkamanan”ti adhippetanti ±ha “ito cito c±”ti-±di. Manuss±nanti mahallakamanuss±na½. Na s²gha½ hattho jh±yati kathinahatthat±ya. Khippa½ paµisa½harati mudutaluºasar²rat±ya. Adhiv±seti kiñci payojana½ apekkhitv±.
497. Ucc±vac±n²ti mahant±ni ceva khuddak±ni ca. Tatthev±ti sudh±kamm±dimhiyeva. Kas±vapacana½ sudh±disaªkharaºattha½, udak±nayana½ dhovan±di-attha½, haliddivaººadh±tulepanattha½ kucchakaraºa½. Bahalapatthanoti da¼hachando. Vacchakanti nibbattadhenupagavaccha½. Apacin±t²ti apavindati, ±loket²ti attho. Ten±ha “apaloket²”ti. Tanninno hot²ti adhis²lasikkh±dininnova hoti ucc±vac±nampi ki½karaº²y±na½ c±rittas²lassa p³raºavaseneva karaºato, yonisomanasik±ravaseneva ca tesa½ paµipajjanato. Therassa santike aµµh±si yonisomanasik±r±bh±vato “ta½ ta½ samullapiss±m²”ti.
498. Bala½ eva balat±ti ±ha “balena samann±gato”ti. Atthikabh±va½ katv±ti tena dhammena savisesa½ atthikabh±va½ upp±detv±. Sakalacitten±ti desan±ya-±dimhi majjhe pariyos±neti sabbattheva pavattat±ya sakalena anavasesena cittena.
500. Sabh±voti ariyas±vakassa puthujjanehi as±dh±raºat±ya ±veºiko sabh±vo. Suµµhu samannesitoti sammadeva upaparikkhito. Sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±y±ti sot±pattiphalassa sacchikaraºena, sacchikatabh±ven±ti attho. Ten±ha “sot±pattiphalasacchikatañ±ºen±”ti. Paµhamamaggaphalassa paccavekkhaºañ±ºavises± hete pavatti-±k±rabhinn±. Tenev±ha “sattahi mah±paccavekkhaºañ±ºeh²”ti. Aya½ t±va ±cariy±na½ sam±nakath±ti “idamassa paµhama½ ñ±ºan”ti-±din± vutt±ni paccavekkhaºañ±º±ni, na maggañ±º±n²ti eva½ pavatt± parampar±gat± pubb±cariy±na½ sam±n± s±dh±raº± imiss± p±¼iy± aµµhakath± atthavaººan±. Tattha k±raºam±ha “lokuttaramaggo hi bahucittakkhaºiko n±ma natth²”ti. Yadi so bahucittakkhaºiko siy± n±n±bhisamayo, tath± sati sa½yojanattay±d²na½ ekadesappah±na½ p±puº±t²ti ariyamaggassa anantaraphalatt± ekadesasot±pannat±dibh±vo ±pajjati, phal±na½ v± anekabh±vo, sabbameta½ ayuttanti tasm± ekacittakkhaºikova ariyamaggo.
Ya½ pana suttapada½ niss±ya vitaº¹av±d² ariyamaggassa ekacittakkhaºikata½ paµikkhipati, ta½ dassento “satta vass±n²ti hi vacanato”ti ±ha. Kiles± pana lahu…pe… chijjant²ti vadantena hi khippa½ t±va kilesappah±na½, dandhapavattik± maggabh±van±ti paµiññ±ta½ hoti. Tattha sace maggassa bh±van±ya ±raddhamatt±ya kiles± pah²yanti, ses± maggabh±van± niratthak± siy±, atha pacch± kilesappah±na½, kiles± pana lahu chijjant²ti ida½ micch±, “sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±y±”ti vakkhat²ti. Tato suttapaµij±nanato. Magga½ abh±vetv±ti ariyamagga½ paripuººa½ katv± abh±vetv±. Attharasa½ viditv±ti suttassa avipar²to attho eva attharaso, ta½ y±th±vato ñatv±. Eva½ vitaº¹av±div±da½ bhinditv± vuttamevattha½ nigametu½ “im±ni satta ñ±º±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Kosambiyasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.