7. V²ma½sakasuttavaººan±

487. Atthav²ma½sakoti attatthaparatth±di-atthavij±nanako. Saªkh±rav²ma½sakoti saªkhatadhamme salakkhaºato s±maññalakkhaºato v± ±yatan±divibh±gato ca v²ma½sako. Satthuv²ma½sakoti “satth± n±ma guºato ediso ediso c±”ti satthu upaparikkhako. V²ma½sakoti vic±rako. Ya½ cetaso sar±g±divibh±gato paricchindana½, ta½ cetopariy±yo. Ten±ha “cittaparicchedan”ti. Yasm± cetopariy±yañ±ºal±bh²– “ida½ citta½ ito para½ pavatta½ idamito paran”ti parassa cittuppatti½ paj±n±ti, tasm± vutta½ “cetopariy±yanti cittav±ran”ti. V±ratthepi hi pariy±ya-saddo hoti– “kassa nu kho, ±nanda, pariy±yo ajja bhikkhuniyo ovaditun”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.398). Cittac±rantipi p±µho, cittapavattinti attho. Eva½ vij±nanatth±y±ti id±ni vuccam±n±k±rena v²ma½sanatth±ya.
488. Kaly±ºamitt³panissayanti kaly±ºamittasaªkh±ta½ brahmacariyav±sassa balavasannissaya½. Upa¹¹ha½ attano ±nubh±ven±ti imin± puggalena samp±diyam±nassa brahmacariyassa upa¹¹habh±gamatta½ attano vimuttiparip±cakadhamm±nubh±vena sijjhati. Upa¹¹ha½ kaly±ºamitt±nubh±ven±ti itaro pana upa¹¹habh±go ya½ niss±ya brahmacariya½ vussati, tassa kaly±ºamittassa upades±nubh±vena hoti, sijjhat²ti attho. Lokasiddho eva ayamattho. Lokiy± hi–
“P±do siddho ±cariy±, p±do hiss±nubh±vato;
ta½vijj±sevak± p±do, p±do k±lena paccat²”ti.–

Vadanti. Attano dhammat±y±ti attano sabh±vena, ñ±ºen±ti attho. Kaly±ºamittat±ti kaly±ºo bhadro sundaro mitto etass±ti kaly±ºamitto, tassa bh±vo kaly±ºamittat±, kaly±ºamittavantat±. S²l±diguºasampannehi kaly±ºapuggaleheva ayana½ pavatti kaly±ºasah±yat±. Tesu eva cittena ceva k±yena ca ninnapoºapabbh±rabh±vena pavatti kaly±ºasampavaªkat±. M±hevanti eva½ m± ±ha, “upa¹¹ha½ brahmacariyass±”ti m± katheh²ti attho. Tadamin±ti ettha nti nip±tamatta½ da-k±ro padasandhikaro i-k±rassa a-k±ra½ katv± niddeso. Imin±p²ti id±ni vuccam±nenap²ti attho. Pariy±yen±ti k±raºena. Id±ni ta½ k±raºa½ dassetu½ “mama½ h²”ti-±di vutta½.

Yath± cettha, aññesupi suttesu kaly±ºamittupanissayameva visesoti dassento “bhikkh³na½ b±hiraªgasampatti½ kathentop²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha vimuttiparip±caniyadhammeti vimuttiy± arahattassa parip±cakadhamme. Paccayeti gil±napaccayabhesajje. Mah±jaccoti mah±kul²no.
K±yiko sam±c±roti abhikkamapaµikkam±diko satisampajaññaparikkhato p±katiko ca. V²ma½sakassa upaparikkhakassa. Cakkhuviññeyyo n±ma cakkhudv±r±nus±rena viññ±tabbatt±. Sotaviññeyyoti etth±pi eseva nayo. Sa½kiliµµh±ti r±g±disa½kilesadhammehi vib±dhit±, upat±pit± vid³sit± mal²n± c±ti attho. Te pana tehi samann±gat± hont²ti ±ha “kilesasampayutt±”ti. Yadi na cakkhusotaviññeyy±, p±¼iya½ katha½ tath± vutt±ti ±ha “yath± pan±”ti-±di. K±yavac²sam±c±r±pi sa½kiliµµh±yeva n±ma sa½kiliµµhacittasamuµµh±nato. Bhavati hi ta½hetukepi tadupac±ro yath± “semho gu¼o”ti. “M± me ida½ as±ruppa½ paro aññ±s²”ti pana paµicchannat±ya na na upalabbhanti. “Na kho maya½, bhante, bhagavato kiñci garah±m±”ti vatv± garahitabb±bh±va½ dassento “bhagav± h²”ti-±dim±ha. Abh±vitamaggassa hi garahitabbat± n±ma siy±, na bh±vitamaggassa. Esa uttaro m±ºavo “buddhampi garahitv± pakkamiss±m²”ti katv± anubandhi. Eva½ cintesi mah±bhinikkhamanadivase attano vacane aµµhitatt±. Kiñci vajja½ apassanto m±ro evam±ha–
“Satta vass±ni bhagavanta½, anubandhi½ pad±pada½;
ot±ra½ n±dhigacchissa½, sambuddhassa sat²mato”ti. (Su. ni. 448).
K±le kaºh±, k±le sukk±ti yath±sam±dinna½ samm±paµipatti½ parisuddha½ katv± pavattetu½ asakkontassa kad±ci kaºh± aparisuddh± k±yasam±c±r±dayo, kad±ci sukk± parisuddh±ti eva½ antarantar± by±missavasena vomissak±. Nikkiles±ti nirupakkiles± anupakkiliµµh±.
Anavajja½ vajjarahitatt±. D²gharattanti accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. Sam±pannoti samm± ±panno samaªg²bh³to. Ten±ha “samann±gato”ti. Attan± katassa as±ruppassa paµicch±danattha½ ±raññako viya hutv±. Tassa parih±ranti u¼±rehi p³j±sakk±rehi manussehi tassa parihariyam±nata½. Atidappitoti eva½ manuss±na½ sambh±van±ya ativiya datto gabbito.
Na ittarasam±pannoti j±n±ti. Kasm±? S²la½ n±ma d²ghena addhun± j±nitabba½, na ittarena. Id±ni anekaj±tisamud±c±ravasena tath±gato ima½ kusala½ dhamma½ d²gharatta½ sam±panno, tañcassa ativiya acchariyanti dassetu½ “anacchariya½ cetan”ti-±di vutta½.
Araññag±maketi araññapadese ekasmi½ khuddakag±me. Tattha nesa½ divase divase piº¹±ya caraºassa avicchinnata½ dassetu½ “piº¹±ya carant²”ti vutta½. Pivant²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Dullabhaloºo hoti samuddassa d³rat±ya.
Tad± kira videharaµµhe so¼asa g±masahass±ni mahant±neva. Ten±ha– “hitv± g±masahass±ni, paripuºº±ni so¼as±”ti. Id±ni kasm± “sannidhi½ d±ni kubbas²”ti ma½ ghaµµeth±ti vatthuk±mo ta½ an±vikatv± “loºa…pe… na karoth±”ti ±ha. Gandh±ro tass±dhipp±ya½ vibh±vetuk±mo “ki½ may± kata½ vedeh²s²”ti ±ha.
Itaro attano adhipp±ya½ vibh±vento “hitv±”ti g±tham±ha. Itaro “dhamma½ bhaº±m²”ti g±thanti eva½ sabb±pi nesa½ vacanapaµivacanag±th±. Tattha pas±sas²ti ghaµµento viya anus±sasi. Na p±pamupalimpati cittappakop±bh±vato. Mahatthiyanti mah±-atthasa½hita½. No ce assa sak± buddh²ti-±di vedeha-isino– “±cariyo mama hitesit±ya µhatv± dhamma½ eva bhaºat²”ti yoniso ummujjan±k±radassana½. Ten±ha “evañca pana vatv±”ti-±di.
“Ñatt±”ti loke ñ±yati vissutoti ñ±to, ñ±tassa bh±vo ñatta½. Ajjh±pannoti upagato. Ñatta-ggahaºena patthaµayasat± vibh±vit±ti ±ha “yasañca pariv±rasampattin”ti. Kinti ki½payojana½, ko ettha dosoti adhipp±yo.
Tattha tattha vijjhantoti yasamadena pariv±ramadena ca matto hutv± g±mepi vih±repi janavivittepi saªghamajjhepi aññe bhikkh³ ghaµµento “mayha½ n±ma p±d± itaresa½ p±daphusanaµµh±na½ phusant²”ti aphusituk±mat±ya aggap±dena bh³mi½ phusanto viya carati. Onamat²ti niv±tavuttit±ya avanamati anuddhato atthaddho hoti. Akiñcanabh±vanti “pabbajitena n±ma akiñcanañ±ºena samapariggahena bhavitabban”ti akiñcanajjh±saya½ paµi-avekkhitv±. L±bhepi t±d², al±bhepi t±d²ti yath± al±bhak±le l±bhassa laddhak±lepi tathev±ti t±d² ekasadiso. Yase satipi mah±pariv±rak±lepi.
Abhayo hutv± uparatoti nibbhayo hutv± bhayassa abh±veneva oramitabbato uparato bhayahet³na½ pah²natt±. Tañca kho na katipayak±la½, atha kho accantameva uparatoti accant³parato. Atha kho bh±yitabbavatthu½ avekkhitv± tato bhayena uparato. Kiles± eva bh±yitabbato kilesabhaya½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Satta sekkh±ti satta sekkh±pi bhay³parat±, pageva puthujjanoti adhipp±yo.
Thaº¹ilap²µhakanti thaº¹ilamañcasadisa½ p²µhakanti attho. Niss±y±ti apass±ya ta½ apass±ya½ katv±. Dvinna½ majjhe thaº¹ilap²µhak± dv±re µhatv± olokentassa nev±sikabhikkhussa na paññ±yi. Asaññatan²h±ren±ti na saññat±k±rena. “Ma½ bh±yanto heµµh±mañca½ paviµµho bhavissat²”ti heµµh±mañca½ oloketv±. Ukk±si “bahi gacchanto akkositv± m± apuñña½ pasav²”ti. Adhiv±setunti t±disa½ iddh±nabh±va½ disv±pi paµapaµ±yanto attano kodha½ adhiv±setu½ asakkonto.
Khayenev±ti r±gassa accantakkhayeneva v²tar±gatt±. Na paµisaªkh±ya v±retv±ti na paµisaªkh±nabalena r±gapariyuµµh±na½ niv±retv± v²tar±gatt±. Eva½ vuttappak±rena. K±yasam±c±r±d²na½ sa½kiliµµh±na½ v²tikkamiy±nañca abh±va½ ±c±rassa vod±na½ cirak±lasam±ciººat±ya ñ±tassa sahitabh±vepi anupakkiliµµhat±ya abhay³paratabh±vasamannesan±ya ±kar²yati ñ±petu½ icchito attho pak±rato ñ±p²yati eteh²ti ±k±r±, upapattis±dhanak±raº±ni. T±ni pana yasm± attano yath±numatassa atthassa ñ±pakabh±vena vavatth²yanti, tasm± t±ni tesa½ m³lak±raºabh³t±ni anum±nañ±º±ni ca dassento bhagav±– “ke pan±yasmato ±k±r± ke anvay±”ti avoc±ti imamattha½ vibh±vento “±k±r±ti k±raº±ni, anvay±ti anubuddhiyo”ti ±ha. Yath± hi loke diµµhena dh³mena adiµµha½ aggi½ anveti anum±nato j±n±ti, eva½ v²ma½sako bhikkhu– “bhagav± ekekavih±resu suppaµipannesu duppaµipannesu ca yath± ekasadisat±dassanena abhay³paratata½ anveti anum±nato j±n±ti, suppaµipannaduppaµipannapuggalesu anuss±dan±napas±danappatt±ya satthu avipar²tadhammadesanat±ya samm±sambuddhata½ saªghasuppaµipattiñca anveti anum±nato j±n±ti, eva½ j±nanto ca abhay³parato tath±gato sabbadhi v²tar±gatt±, yo yattha v²tar±go, na so tannimitta½ kiñci bhaya½ passati seyyath±pi brahm± k±mabhavanimitta½, tath± samm±sambuddho bhagav± avipar²tadhammadesanatt±, sv±kh±to dhammo ekantaniyy±nikatt±, suppaµipanno saªgho aveccappasannatt±”ti vatthuttaya½ guºato y±th±vato j±n±ti.
Gaºabandhanen±ti “mama saddhivih±rik± mama antev±sik±”ti eva½ gaºe apekkh±saªkh±tena bandhanena baddh± payutt±. T±ya t±ya paµipattiy±ti “sugat± duggat±”ti vutt±ya suppaµipattiy± duppaµipattiy± ca. Uss±dan±ti guºavasena ukka½san±. Apas±dan±ti h²¼an±. Ubhayattha gehassitavasen±ti imin± samm±paµipattiy± paresa½ uyyojanattha½– “paº¹ito, bhikkhave, mah±kacc±no”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.205; 3.285, 322) guºato ukka½sanampi ±yati½ sa½var±ya yath±par±dha½ garahaºampi na niv±reti.
489. V²ma½sakassapi adhipp±yo v²ma½sanavasena pavatto. M³lav²ma½sako hetuv±dit±ya. Gaºµhiv²ma½sakassa anussutibh±vato vutta½ “parasseva kath±ya niµµhaªgato”ti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “parassa cetopariy±ya½ aj±nanten±”ti. Tath±gatova paµipucchitabboti imin± pubbe s±dh±raºato vutta½ anum±na½ ukka½sa½ p±petv± vadati. Ukka½sagatañheta½ anum±na½, yadida½ sabbaññuvacana½ avisa½v±da½ s±maññato aputhujjanagocarassa atthassa anum±nato. Tividho hi attho, koci paccakkhasiddho, yo r³p±didhamm±na½ paccattavedaniyo aniddisitabb±k±ro. Koci anum±nasiddho, yo ghaµ±d²su pasiddhena paccay±yattabh±vena s±dhiyam±no sadd±d²na½ aniccat±di-±k±ro. Koci okappanasiddho, yo pacurajanassa accantamadiµµho saddh±visayo paralokanibb±n±di. Tattha yassa satthuno vacana½ paccakkhasiddhe anum±nasiddhe ca atthe na visa½v±deti avipar²tappavattiy±, tassa vacanena saddheyyatthasiddhi, saddheyyar³p± eva ca yebhuyyena satthuguº± accantasambhavato.
Esa mayha½ pathoti yv±ya½ ±j²vaµµhamakas²lasaªkh±to mayha½ oramattako guºo, esa aparacittaviduno v²ma½sakassa bhikkhuno mama j±nanapatho j±nanamaggo. Esa gocaroti eso ettako eva tassa mayi gocaro, na ito para½. Tath± hi brahmaj±lepi (d². ni. 1.7) bhagavat± ±j²vaµµhamakas²lameva niddiµµha½. Et±p±thoti ettak±p±tho. Yo s²le patiµµhito “eta½ mam±”ti, “imin±ha½ s²lena devo v± bhaviss±mi devaññataro v±”ti taºh±ya par±masanto, tassa visesabh±giyat±ya, nibbedhabh±giyat±ya v± ak±raºena taºha½ anativattanato so tammayo n±ma. Ten±ha “na tammayo na sataºho”ti-±di.
Sutassa upar³pari vises±vahabh±vena uttaruttarañceva tassa ca visesassa anukkamena paº²tatarabh±vato paº²tatarañca katv± deseti. Savipakkhanti pah±tabbapah±yakabh±vena sappaµipakkha½. Kaºha½ paµib±hitv± sukkanti ida½ dhammaj±ta½ kaºha½ n±ma, imassa pah±yaka½ ida½ sukka½ n±m±ti eva½ kaºha½ paµib±hitv± sukka½. Sukka½ paµib±hitv± kaºhanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Idha pana “imin± pah±tabban”ti vattabba½. Sa-uss±hanti saby±p±ra½. Kiriyamayacitt±nañhi anupacchinn±vijj±taºh±m±n±dike sant±ne saby±p±rat± sa-uss±hat±, savip±kadhammat±ti attho. Tasmi½ desite dhammeti tasmi½ satth±r± desite lokiyalokuttaradhamme. Ekacca½ ekadesabh³ta½ maggaphalanibb±nasaªkh±ta½ paµivedhadhamma½ abhiññ±ya abhivisiµµh±ya maggapaññ±ya j±nitv±. Paµivedhadhammena maggena. Desan±dhammeti desan±ru¼he pubbabh±giye bodhipakkhiyadhamme niµµha½ gacchati– “addh± im±ya paµipad±ya jar±maraºato mucciss±m²”ti. Pubbe pothujjanikasaddh±yapi pasanno, tato bhiyyosomatt±ya avipar²tadhammadesano samm±sambuddho so bhagav±ti satthari pas²dati. Niyy±nikatt±ti vaµµadukkhato eva tato niyy±n±vahatt±. Vaªk±d²ti ±di-saddena añña½ as±m²cipariy±ya½ sabba½ dosa½ saªgaºh±ti.
490. Imehi satthuv²ma½sanak±raºeh²ti “parisuddhak±yasam±c±rat±d²hi ceva uttaruttaripaº²tapaº²ta-avipar²tadhammadesan±hi c±”ti imehi yath±vuttehi satthu-upaparikkhanak±raºehi. Akkharasampiº¹anapadeh²ti tesa½yeva k±raº±na½ sambodhanehi akkharasamud±yalakkhaºehi padehi. Idha vuttehi akkhareh²ti imasmi½ sutte vuttehi yath±vuttassa atthassa abhibyañjanato byañjanasaññitehi akkharehi. Okappan±ti saddheyyavatthu½ okkantitv± pas²danato okappanalakkhaº±. Saddh±ya m³la½ n±m±ti aveccappas±dabh³t±ya saddh±ya m³la½ n±ma k±raºanti saddahanassa k±raºa½ parisuddhak±yasam±c±r±dika½. Thir± paµipakkhasamucchedena suppatiµµhitatt±. Haritu½ na sakk±ti apanetu½ asakkuºeyy±. Itaresu samaºabr±hmaºadevesu vattabbameva natth²ti ±ha “samitap±pasamaºena v±”ti-±di.
“Buddh±na½ kesañci s±vak±nañca vib±dhanattha½ m±ro upagacchat²”ti sutapubbatt± “aya½ m±ro ±gato”ti cintesi. ¾nubh±vasampannena ariyas±vakena pucchitatt± mus±v±da½ k±tu½ n±sakkhi. Eteti yath±vutte samitap±pasamaº±dayo µhapetv±. Sabh±vasamannesan±ti y±th±vasamannesan± avipar²tav²ma½s±. Sabh±venev±ti sabbh±veneva yath±bh³taguºato eva. Suµµhu sammadeva. Samannesitoti upaparikkhito. Sesa½ suviññeyyamev±ti.

V²ma½sakasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.