463. Puññ±bhisaªkh±r±d²s³ti ±di-saddena k±yasañcetan±di lakkhaºe k±yasaªkh±r±dikepi saªgaºh±ti, na apuññ±neñj±bhisaªkh±re eva. K±yapaµibaddhatt± k±yena saªkhar²yati, na k±yasamuµµh±natt±. Cittasamuµµh±n± hi te dhamm±ti. Nibbatt²yat²ti ca ida½ k±ye sati sabbh±va½ asati ca abh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. V±canti vac²ghosa½. Saªkharot²ti janeti. Ten±ha “nibbattet²”ti. Na hi ta½ vitakkavic±rarahitacitta½ vac²ghosa½ nibbattetu½ sakkoti. Cittapaµibaddhatt±ti etena cittassa nissay±dipaccayabh±vo cittasaªkh±rasaªkharaºanti dasseti. Aññamaññamiss±ti atthato bhinn±pi k±yasaªkh±r±divacanavacan²yabh±vena aññamaññamissit± abhinn± viya, tato eva ±lu¼it± sa½kiºº± avibh³t± ap±kaµ± dudd²pan± duviññ±pay±. ¾d±naggahaºamuñcanacopan±n²ti yassa kassaci k±yena ±d±tabbassa ±d±nasaªkh±ta½ gahaºa½, vissajjanasaªkh±ta½ muñcana½, yath±tath±calanasaªkh±ta½ copananti im±ni p±petv± s±dhetv± uppann±. K±yato pavatt± saªkh±r±, k±yena saªkhar²yant²ti ca k±yasaªkh±r±tveva vuccanti. Hanusa½copananti hanusañcalana½. Vac²bhedanti v±c±nicch±raºa½. V±ca½ saªkharont²ti katv± idha vac²saªkh±r±tveva vuccanti.
464. Sam±pajjissanti pada½ nirodhassa ±sann±n±gatabh±vavisaya½ ±sanna½ vajjetv± d³rassa gahaºe payojan±bh±vato. Nirodhap±dakassa nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanacittassa ca gahaºato paµµh±ya nirodha½ sam±pajjati n±m±ti adhipp±yena “padadvayena nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±pattik±lo kathito”ti vutta½. Tath± citta½ bh±vita½ hot²ti ettha addh±naparicchedacittaggahaºa½ itaresa½ n±nantariyabh±vato. Na hi baladvayañ±ºasam±dhicariy±na½ vas²bh±v±p±danacittehi vin± addh±naparicchedacitta½ acittakabh±v±ya hoti.
Sesasaªkh±reh²ti k±yasaªkh±racittasaªkh±rehi. Dutiyajjh±neyeva nirujjhati anuppattinirodhena. Itaresupi eseva nayo. Vuµµhahissanti pada½ vuµµhahanassa ±sann±n±gatabh±vavisaya½ ±sanna½ vajjetv± d³rassa gahaºe payojan±bh±vato. Nirodhato vuµµh±nassa ca cittupp±dena paricchinnatt± tato oramev±ti ±ha “padadvayena antonirodhak±lo kathito”ti. Tath± citta½ bh±vita½ hot²ti yath± yath±paricchinnak±lameva acittakabh±vo, tato para½ sacittakabh±vo hoti, tath± nirodhassa parikammacitta½ upp±dita½ hoti.
Paµisaªkh±ti paµisaªkh±ya idameva k±tabba½ j±nitv± appavattimatta½. Sam±pajjant²ti acittakabh±va½ sampadeva ±pajjanti. Atha kasm± satt±hameva sam±pajjant²ti? Yath±k±laparicchedakaraºato, tañca yebhuyyena ±h±r³paj²v²na½ satt±na½ up±dinnakapavattassa ekadivasa½ bhutt±h±rassa satt±hameva y±panato.
Sabb± phalasam±patti ass±sapass±se na samuµµh±pet²ti ida½ natth²ti ±ha “samuµµh±pet²”ti. Y± pana na samuµµh±peti, ta½ dassento “imassa pana…pe… na samuµµh±pet²”ti ±ha. Tattha imass±ti idha p±¼iya½ vuttanirodhasam±pajjanabhikkhuno. Tassa pana phalasam±patti catutthajjh±nik±v±ti niyamo natth²ti ±ha “ki½ v± eten±”ti-±di. Abboh±rik±ti sukhumattabh±vappattiy± “atth²”ti voharitu½ asakkuºeyy±ti keci. Nirodhassa pana p±dakabh³t±ya catutthajjh±n±disam±dhicariy±ya vasena acatutthajjh±nik±pi nirodh±nantaraphalasam±patti ass±sapass±se na samuµµh±pet²ti abh±vato eva te abboh±rik± vutt±. Evañca katv± sañj²vattheravatthumhi ±n²tasam±pattiphalanidassanampi suµµhu upapajjati. Ten±ha “bhavaªgasamayeneveta½ kathitan”ti. Kiriyamayapavattava¼añjanak±leti ettha kiriyamayapavatta½ k±yavac²viññattivipph±ro, tassa va¼añjanak±le pavattanasamaye. V±ca½ abhisaªkh±tu½ na sakkonti aviññattijanakatt± tesa½ vitakkavic±r±na½.
Saguºen±ti sarasena, sabh±ven±ti attho. Suññat± n±ma phalasam±patti r±g±d²hi suññatt±. Tath± r±ganimitt±d²na½ abh±v± animitt±, r±gapaºidhi-±d²na½ abh±v± appaºihit±ti ±ha “animitta-appaºihitesupi eseva nayo”ti. Animitta½ appaºihitañca nibb±na½ ±rammaºa½ katv± uppannaphalasam±pattiya½ phasso animitto phasso appaºihito phasso n±m±ti imamattha½ “eseva nayo”ti imin± atidisati.
Attasuññat±dassanato anatt±nupassan± suññat±, niccanimittuggh±µanato anicc±nupassan± animitt±, sukhappaºidhipaµikkhepato dukkh±nupassan± appaºihit±ti ±ha– “suññat±…pe… vipassan±pi vuccat²”ti. Aniccato vuµµh±t²ti saªkh±r±na½ anicc±k±ragg±hiniy± vuµµh±nag±miniy± parato ekatovuµµh±na-ubhatovuµµh±nehi nimittapavattato vuµµh±ti. Aniccato pariggahetv±ti ca ida½ “na ekantika½ evampi hot²”ti katv± vutta½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Appaºihitavipassan±ya maggoti-±din±, suññatavipassan±ya maggoti-±din± ca yojana½ sandh±y±ha “eseva nayo”ti. Vikappo ±pajjeyya ±gamanassa vavatth±nassa abh±vena avavatth±nakaratt±. Evañhi tayo phass± phusant²ti eva½ saguºato ±rammaºato ca n±mal±bhe suññat±din±mak± tayo phass± phusant²ti aniyamavacana½. Sameti yujjati ekasseva phassassa n±mattayayogato.
Sabbasaªkhatavivittat±ya nibb±na½ viveko n±ma upadhivivekoti katv±. Ninnat± tappaµipakkhavimukhassa tadabhimukhat±. Poºat± onamana½, pabbh±rat± tato vissaµµhabh±vo.
465. Cakkh±dito r³p±d²su pavattar³pak±yato uppajjanato pañcadv±rika½ sukha½ k±yika½ n±ma, manodv±rika½ cetophassaj±t±ya cetasika½ n±ma. Sabh±vaniddeso sukhayat²ti katv±. Madhurabh±vad²pakanti iµµhabh±vajotana½. Vedayitabh±vad²pakanti vedakabh±vavibh±vaka½. Vedan± eva hi paramatthato ±rammaºa½ vedeti, ±rammaºa½ pana veditabbanti. Dukkhanti sabh±vaniddesoti-evam±di-atthavacana½ sandh±y±ha “eseva nayo”ti. Ýhitisukh±ti µhitiy± dharam±nat±ya sukh±, na µhitikkhaºamattena. Ten±ha “atthibh±vo sukhan”ti. Vipariº±madukkh±ti vipariºamanena vigamanena dukkh±, na nirodhakkhaºena. Ten±ha “natthibh±vo dukkhan”ti. Apariññ±tavatthuk±nañhi sukhavedanuparamo dukkhato upaµµh±ti. Sv±yamattho piyavippayogena d²petabbo. Ýhitidukkh± vipariº±masukh±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Ten±ha “atthibh±vo dukkha½, natthibh±vo sukhan”ti. Dukkhavedanuparamo hi satt±na½ sukhato upaµµh±ti. Evañhi vadanti– “tassa rogassa v³pasamena aho sukha½ j±tan”ti. J±nanabh±voti y±th±vasabh±vato avabujjhana½. Adukkhamasukhañhi vedana½ j±nantassa sukha½ hoti tassa sukhumabh±vato, yath± tadaññe dhamme salakkhaºato s±maññalakkhaºato ca sammadeva avabodho parama½ sukha½. Tenev±ha–
“Yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
labhat² p²tip±mojja½, amata½ ta½ vij±natan”ti. (Dha. pa. 374).
Aj±nanabh±voti ettha vuttavipariy±yena attho veditabbo. Dukkhañhi sammohavih±roti. Aparo nayo j±nanabh±voti j±nanassa ñ±ºassa sabbh±vo. ѱºasampayutt± hi ñ±ºopanissay± ca adukkhamasukh± vedan± sukh± iµµh±k±r±. Yath±ha “iµµh± ceva iµµhaphal± c±”ti. Aj±nanabh±vo dukkhanti ettha vuttavipariy±yena attho veditabbo.
Katamo anusayo anuset²ti k±mar±g±nusay±d²su sattasu anusayesu katamo anusayo anusayavasena pavattati? Appah²nabh±vena hi sant±ne anusayant²ti anusay±, anur³pa½ k±raºa½ labhitv± uppajjant²ti attho. Etena k±raºal±bhe sati uppajjan±rahat± nesa½ dassit±. Appah²n± hi kiles± k±raºal±bhe sati uppajjanti. Ten±ha “appah²naµµhena sayito viya hot²”ti. Te ca nippariy±yato an±gat± kiles± daµµhabb±, at²t± paccuppann± ca ta½sabh±vatt± tath± vuccanti. Na hi dhamm±na½ k±labhedena sabh±vabhedo atthi. Yadi appah²naµµho anusayaµµho, nanu sabbepi kiles± appah²n± anusay± bhaveyyunti? Na maya½ appah²nat±mattena anusayaµµha½ vad±ma, atha kho pana appah²naµµhena th±magat± kiles± anusay±. Ida½ th±magamanañca r±g±d²nameva ±veºiko sabh±vo daµµhabbo, yato abhidhamme– “th±magata½ anusaya½ pajahat²”ti vutta½. Soti r±g±nusayo. Appah²noti appah²nabh±vamukhena anusayanaµµham±ha. So ca apariññ±takkhandhavatthuto, pariññ±tesu patiµµha½ na labhati. Ten±ha “na sabb±ya sukh±ya vedan±ya so appah²no”ti. ¾rammaºavasena c±ya½ anusayaµµho adhippeto. Ten±ha “na sabba½ sukha½ vedana½ ±rabbha uppajjat²ti attho”ti.
Vatthuvasenapi pana anusayaµµho veditabbo, yo “bh³miladdhan”ti vuccati. Tena hi aµµhakath±ya½ (visuddhi. 2.834) vutta½–
“Bh³m²ti vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh³t± tebh³mak± pañcakkhandh±. Bh³miladdha½ n±ma tesu khandhesu uppattiraha½ kilesaj±ta½. Tena hi s± bh³miladdh± n±ma hoti, tasm± bh³miladdhanti vuccati, s± ca kho na ±rammaºavasena. ¾rammaºavasena hi sabbepi at²t±n±gate pariññ±tepi ca kh²º±sav±na½ khandhe ±rabbha kiles± uppajjanti mah±kacc±na-uppalavaºº±d²na½ khandhe ±rabbha soreyyaseµµhinandam±ºavak±d²na½ viya. Yadi ca ta½ bh³miladdha½ n±ma siy±, tassa appaheyyato na koci bhavam³la½ pajaheyya, vatthuvasena pana bh³miladdha½ veditabba½. Yattha yattha hi vipassan±ya apariññ±t± khandh± uppajjanti, tattha tattha upp±dato pabhuti tesu vaµµam³la½ kilesaj±ta½ anuseti. Ta½ appah²naµµhena bh³miladdhanti veditabban”ti-±di.
Esa nayo sabbatth±ti imin± “na sabb±ya dukkh±ya vedan±ya so appah²no, na sabba½ dukkha½ vedana½ ±rabbha uppajjat²”ti-±di½ atidisati. Tattha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½. “Yo anusayo yattha anuseti so pah²yam±no tattha pah²no n±ma hot²”ti tattha tattha pah±napucch±, ta½ sandh±y±ha “ki½ pah±tabbanti aya½ pah±napucch± n±m±”ti.
Ekeneva by±karaºen±ti “idh±vuso, vis±kha, bhikkhu vivicceva k±meh²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.374) ekeneva vissajjanena. Dve pucch±ti anusayapucch± pah±napucch±ti dvepi pucch± vissajjesi. “R±ga½ tena pajahat²”ti idameka½ vissajjana½, “na tattha r±g±nusayo anuset²”ti idameka½ vissajjana½, pucch±nukkamañcettha an±diyitv± pah±nakkamena vissajjan± pavatt± “Dve pucch± vissajjes²”ti saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “idh±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tath±vikkhambhitameva katv±ti imin± yo r±ga½ vikkhambhetv± puna uppajjitu½ appad±nato tath±vikkhambhitameva katv± maggena samuggh±teti, tassa vasena “r±ga½ tena pajahati, na tattha r±g±nusayo anuset²”ti vattabbanti dasseti. K±mogh±d²hi cat³hi oghehi sa½s±rabhavogheneva v± vegas± vuyham±nesu sattesu ta½ uttaritv± pattabba½, tassa pana g±dhabh±vato patiµµh±nabh³ta½. Ten±ha bhagav±– “tiººo p±raªgato thale tiµµhati br±hmaºo”ti (sa½. ni. 4.238; itivu. 69; pu. pa. 187).
Suññat±dibhedena anekabhedatt± p±¼iya½ “anuttares³”ti bahuvacananiddesoti “anuttar± vimokkh±”ti vatv± puna tesa½ sabbesampi arahattabh±vas±maññena “arahatte”ti vutta½. Visaye ceta½ bhumma½. Patthana½ paµµhapentass±ti “aho vat±ha½ arahatta½ labheyyan”ti patthana½ upaµµhapentassa, patthentass±ti attho. Paµµhapentass±ti cettha hetumhi antasaddo. Katha½ pana arahattavisay± patthan± uppajjat²ti? Na k±ci arahatta½ ±rammaºa½ katv± patthan± uppajjati anadhigatatt± avisayabh±vato. Parikappitar³pa½ pana ta½ uddissa patthan± uppajjati. “Uppajjati pih±paccay±”ti vutta½ paramparapaccayata½ sandh±ya, ujuka½ pana paccayabh±vo natth²ti vutta½ “na patthan±ya paµµhapanam³laka½ uppajjat²”ti. Ida½ pana sevitabba½ domanassa½ akusalappah±nassa kusal±bhivu¹¹hiy± ca nimittabh±vato. Ten±ha bhagav±– “domanassamp±ha½, dev±naminda, duvidhena vad±mi sevitabbampi asevitabbamp²”ti (d². ni. 2.359-362). T²hi m±sehi sampajjanak± tem±sik± Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo. Imasmi½ v±reti imasmi½ pav±raºav±re. Visuddhipav±raºanti “parisuddho ahan”ti eva½ pavatta½ visuddhipav±raºa½. Arahant±nameva hesa pav±raº±.
Na kad±ci pah±tabbassa pah±yakat± atth²ti dassento “na domanassena v±”ti-±di½ vatv± pariy±yeneta½ vutta½, ta½ vibh±vento “aya½ pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ parato vitth±rena ±gamissati. Paµipada½ gahetv± patthana½ katv± patthana½ µhapetv±. Paµisañcikkhat²ti ov±davasena att±na½ samuttejento katheti. S²lena h²naµµh±nanti aññehi arahatt±ya paµipajjantehi s²lena h²naµµh±na½ ki½ tuyha½ atth²ti adhipp±yo. Suparisuddhanti akhaº¹±dibh±vato sudhotaj±timaºi viya suµµhu parisuddha½. Supaggahitanti kad±cipi saªkoc±bh±vato v²riya½ suµµhu paggahita½. Paññ±ti vipassan±paññ± paµipakkhehi anadhibh³tat±ya akuºµh± tikkhavisad± saªkh±r±na½ sammasane s³r± hutv± vahati pavattati. Pariy±yen±ti tassa domanassassa arahattupanissayat±pariy±yena. ¾rammaºavasena anusayana½ idh±dhippetanti ±ha “na ta½ ±rabbha uppajjat²”ti. Anuppajjanamettha pah±na½ n±m±ti vutta½ “pah²nova tattha paµigh±nusayoti attho”ti. Tatiyajjh±nena vikkhambhetabb± avijj±, s± eva ariyamaggena samucchind²yat²ti “avijj±nusaya½ vikkhambhetv±”ti-±di vutta½, anusayasadisat±ya v±. “R±g±nusaya½ vikkhambhetv±”ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Catutthajjh±ne n±nuseti n±ma tattha k±tabbakicc±karaºato.
466. Tasm±ti paccan²katt± sabh±vato kiccato paccayato c±ti adhipp±yo. Visabh±gapaµibh±go kathito “kaºhasukkasappaµibh±g± dhamm±”ti-±d²su viya. Andhak±r±ti andhak±rasadis± appak± sabh±vato. Avibh³t± ap±kaµ± ano¼±rikabh±vato. Tato eva dudd²pan± duviññ±pan±. T±dis±v±ti upekkh±sadis±va. Yath± upekkh± sukhadukkh±ni viya na o¼±rik±, eva½ avijj± r±gados± viya na o¼±rik±. Atha kho andhak±r± avibh³t± dudd²pan± duviññ±pan±ti attho. Sabh±gapaµibh±go kathito “paºidhi paµighoso”ti-±d²su viya. Yattakesu µh±nes³ti dukkh±d²su yattakesu µh±nesu, yattha v± ñeyyaµµh±nesu. Visabh±gapaµibh±goti andhak±rassa viya ±loko vigh±takapaµibh±go. Vijj±ti maggañ±ºa½ adhippeta½, vimutt²ti phalanti ±ha “ubhopete dhamm± an±sav±”ti. An±savaµµhen±ti-±d²su paº²taµµhen±tipi vattabba½. Sopi hi vimuttinibb±n±na½ s±dh±raºo, vimuttiy± asaªkhataµµhena nibb±nassa visabh±gat±pi labbhateva. Pañha½ atikkamitv± gatosi, apucchitabba½ pucchantoti adhipp±yo. Pañh±na½ paricchedapam±ºa½ gahetu½ yuttaµµh±ne aµµhatv± tato para½ pucchanto n±sakkhi pañh±na½ pariyanta½ gahetu½. Appaµibh±gadhammass±ti nippariy±yato sabh±gapaµibh±gena appaµibh±gadhammassa. An±gat±dipariy±yena nibb±nassa sabh±gapaµibh±go vutto, visabh±ge ca attheva saªkhatadhamm±, tasm± nippariy±yato kiñci sabh±gapaµibh±ga½ sandh±ya pucchat²ti katv± “accay±s²”ti-±di vutta½. Asaªkhatassa hi appatiµµhassa ekantaniccassa sato nibb±nassa kuto nippariy±yena sabh±gassa sambhavo. Ten±ha “nibb±na½ n±metan”ti-±di.
Viraddhoti ettha sabh±gapaµibh±ga½ pucchiss±m²ti nicchay±bh±vato pucchitamattha½ virajjhitv±va pucchi, na aj±nitv±ti attho. Etena heµµh± sabbapucch± diµµhasa½sandananayena j±nitv±va pavatt±ti d²pita½ hoti. Ther² pana ta½ ta½ pucchitamattha½ sabh±vato vibh±vent² satthu desan±ñ±ºa½ anugantv±va vissajjesi. Nibb±nogadhanti nibb±na½ og±hitv± µhita½ nibb±nantogadha½. Ten±ha “nibb±nabbhantara½ nibb±na½ anupaviµµhan”ti. Ass±ti brahmacariyassa.
467. Paº¹iccena samann±gat±ti ettha vuttapaº¹icca½ dassetu½ “dh±tukusal±”ti-±di vutta½. Tenev±ha– “kitt±vat± nu kho, bhante, paº¹ito hoti? Yato kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu dh±tukusalo ca hoti, ±yatanakusalo ca paµiccasamupp±dakusalo ca µh±n±µµh±nakusalo ca. Ett±vat± nu kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu paº¹ito hot²”ti (ma. ni. 3.124). Paññ±mahatta½ n±ma theriy± asekkhappaµisambhidappatt±ya paµisambhid±yo p³retv± µhitat±ti ta½ dassetu½ “mahante atthe”ti-±di vutta½. R±jayutteh²ti rañño kamme niyuttapurisehi. ¾haccavacanen±ti satth±r± karaº±d²ni ±hanitv± pavattitavacanena. Yadettha atthato na vibhatta½, ta½ heµµh± vuttanayatt± suviññeyyameva.

C³¼avedallasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.