4. C³¼avedallasuttavaººan±

460. Aya½ desan± yasm± pucch±vissajjanavasena pavatt±, tasm± pucchakavissajjake pucch±nimittañca samud±yato vibh±vetu½ “ko pan±yan”ti-±di vutta½. Up±sakattanti amagg±gata½ up±sakatta½. Tesanti ek±dasanahut±na½. Magg±gatena upasamena santindriyo santam±naso.
“Ki½ nu kho ajja bhavissati ayyaputto”ti v²thi½ olokayam±n±. Olambanatthanti tassa hatth±valambanattha½ pubb±ciººavasena attano hattha½ pas±resi. Bahiddh±ti attan± añña½ visabh±gavatthu½ sandh±ya vadati. Paribhedaken±ti pesuññav±din±.
Adhigamappicchat±ya “na pak±setabbo”ti cintesi. Puna ta½ anukampanto “sace kho pan±han”ti-±di½ cintesi. Eso dhammoti eso lokuttaradhammo. Vivaµµa½ uddissa upacita½ nibbedhabh±giya½ kusala½ upanissayo. “Yadi me upanissayo atthi, sakk± eta½ paµiladdhu½. Sacepi natthi, ±yati½ upanissayo bhavissat²”ti cirak±laparibh±vit±ya ghaµe pad²paj±l± viya abbhantare dippam±n±ya hetusampattiy± codiyam±n± ±ha “eva½ sante mayha½ pabbajja½ anuj±n±th±”ti.
L±bhasakk±ro uppajji sucirak±la½ kat³pacitapuññat±ya. Abhin²h±rasampannatt±ti suj±tattherassa padumuttarassa bhagavato aggas±vakassa nipaccak±ra½ katv±– “tumhehi diµµhadhammassa bh±g² assan”ti nibbedhabh±giya½ d±na½ datv± katapatthan±saªkh±tasampann±bhin²h±ratt±. N±ticira½ kilamitth±ti kammaµµh±na½ bh±vent² vipassan±ya parip±kavasena cira½ na kilamittha. Vuttamevattha½ vivaritu½ “ito paµµh±y±”ti-±di vutta½. Dutiyagamanen±ti pabb±janattha½ gamanato dutiyagamanena.
Upanetv±ti pañhassa atthabh±vena upanetv±. Sakk±yanti sak±ya½. Upanikkhitta½ kiñci vatthu½ sampaµiccham±n±, viya sampaµicchant² viya. Eko eva p±so etiss±ti ekap±sak±, gaºµhi. S± hi sumociy±, anekap±s± pana dummociy±, ekap±saggahaºa½ vissajjanassa sukarabh±vadassanattha½ Paµisambhid±visaye µhatv±ti etena theriy± pabhinnapaµisambhidata½ dasseti. Paccayabh³t±ti ±rammaº±divasena paccayabh³t±.
Theriy± vises±dhigamassa attano avisayat±ya vis±kho “na sakk±”ti-±din± cintes²ti daµµhabba½. Saccavinibbhogapañhaby±karaºen±ti saccapariy±pannassa dhammassa dassanato aññ±naññatthaniddh±raºabhedan±saªkh±tassa vinibbhogapañhassa vissajjanena. Dve sacc±n²ti dukkhasamudayasacc±ni. Paµinivattetv±ti parivattetv±. Gaºµhipañhanti dubbinibbedhat±ya gaºµhibh³ta½ pañha½.
Na ta½yeva up±d±na½ te pañcup±d±nakkhandh± ekadesassa samud±yat±bh±vato, samud±yassa ca ekadesat±bh±vato. N±pi aññatra pañcahi up±d±nakkhandhehi up±d±na½ tassa tadekadesabh±vato. Na hi ekadeso samud±yavinimutto hoti. Yadi hi taññev±ti-±din± ubhayapakkhepi dosa½ dasseti. R³p±disabh±vamp²ti r³pavedan±saññ±viññ±ºasabh±vampi, phassacetan±disabh±vampi up±d±na½ siy±. Aññatra siy±ti pañcahi up±d±nakkhandhehi visu½yeva up±d±na½ yadi siy±. Parasamayeti nik±yav±de. Cittavippayutto anusayoti nidassanamattameta½ nik±yav±de cittasabh±v±bh±vaviññ±º±d²nampi cittavippayuttabh±vapaµij±nanato. Eva½ by±k±s²ti “na kho, ±vuso”ti-±din± khandhagatachandar±gabh±vena by±k±si. Atthadhammanicchayasambhavato asambandhena. Tesu katthacipi asammuyhanato avitth±yantena. Pucch±visaye mohandhak±ravigamanena pad²pasahassa½ j±lentena viya. Sa-up±d±nup±d±naµµh±na½ anutt±nat±ya pacurajanassa g³¼ho. Aggahitasaªket±na½ kesañci paµicch±ditasadisatt± paµicchanno. Tilakkhaºabbh±hatadhammavisayat±ya tilakkhaº±hato. Gambh²rañ±ºagocarat±ya gambh²ro. Laddhapatiµµh± ariyasaccasampaµivedhanato. Eva½ diµµhadhamm±dibh±vato ves±rajjappatt±. Sabbaso nivutthabrahmacariyat±ya tiººa½ bhav±nampi aparabh±ge nibb±ne nivutthavat²ti bhavamatthake µhit±.
461. “R³pa½ attato samanupassat²”ti paduddh±ra½ katv± “idhekacco”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.130) paµisambhid±p±µhena tadattha½ vivarati. Tattha attato samanupassat²ti att±ti samanupassati, attabh±vena samanupassati. Ahanti att±na½ niddisati. Aha½buddhinibandhanañhi att±na½ attav±d² paññapeti, tasm± ya½ r³pa½ so ahanti yadeta½ mama r³pa½ n±ma, so ahanti vuccam±no mama att± ta½ mama r³panti r³pañca attañca advaya½ anañña½ samanupassati. Tath± passato ca att± viya r³pa½, r³pa½ viya v± att± aniccoti ±pannameva Acc²ti j±lasikh±. S± ce vaººo, cakkhuviññeyy±va siy±, na k±yaviññeyy±, vaººopi v± k±y±diviññeyyo acciy± anaññatt±ti upameyya½ viya upam±pi diµµhigatikassa ayutt±va. Diµµhipassan±y±ti micch±diµµhisaªkh±t±ya passan±ya passati, na taºh±m±napaññ±nupassan±ya. Ar³pa½ vedan±di½ att±ti gahetv± ch±y±ya rukkh±dh²nat±ya ch±y±vanta½ rukkha½ viya, r³passa santakabh±vena att±dh²nat±ya r³pavanta½ att±na½ samanupassati. Pupph±dh²nat±ya pupphasmi½ gandha½ viya ±dheyyabh±vena att±dh²nat±ya r³passa attani r³pa½ samanupassati. Yath± karaº¹o maºino ±dh±ro, eva½ r³pampi attano ±dh±roti katv± att±na½ r³pasmi½ samanupassati. Eseva nayoti imin± attano vedan±d²hi anaññatta½ tesañc±dh±raºata½ nissitatañca yath±vutta½ atidisati.
Ar³pa½ att±ti kathita½ “vedan±vantan”ti-±d²su viya r³pena vomissakat±ya abh±vato. R³p±r³pamissako att± kathito r³pena saddhi½ ses±r³padhamm±na½ att±ti gahitatt±. Ucchedadiµµhi kathit± r³p±d²na½ vin±sadassanato. Tenev±ha “r³pa½ att±ti yo vadeyya, ta½ na upapajjati, att± me uppajjati ca veti c±ti iccassa evam±gata½ hot²”ti-±di. Avaseses³ti pannarasasu µh±nesu. Sassatadiµµhi kathit± r³pavant±dibh±vena gahitassa aniddh±ritar³patt±.
Diµµhigatiko ya½ vatthu½ att±ti samanupassati, yebhuyyena ta½ nicca½ sukhanti ca samanupassateva. S±vako pana tappaµikkhepena sabbe dhamm± anatt±ti sudiµµhatt± r³pa½ att±ti na samanupassati, tath±bh³to ca anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±ti samanupassati, tath± vedan±dayoti dassento “na r³pa½ attato”ti-±dim±ha. Eva½ bhavadiµµhipi avijj±bhavataºh± viya vaµµassa samudayoyev±ti diµµhikath±ya½ “ettakena gamana½ hot²”ti-±di. Diµµhippah±nakath±yañca “ettakena gamana½ na hot²”ti-±di vutta½.
462. Heµµh± vuttamatthameva pucchitatt± “theriy± paµipucchitv± vissajjetabbo”ti vatv± paµipucchanavidhi½ dassetu½ “up±sak±”ti-±di vutta½. Paµipattivasen±ti sakk±yanirodhag±minipaµipad±bh±vena. Saªkhat±saªkhatavasena lokiyalokuttaravasena saªgahit±saªgahitavasen±ti “vasen±”ti pada½ pacceka½ yojetabba½. Tattha k±ma½ asaªkhato n±ma maggo natthi, ki½ saªkhato, ud±hu asaªkhatoti pana pucch±vasena tath± vutta½? “Ariyo”ti vacaneneva maggassa lokuttarato siddh±, saªg±hakakhandhapariy±pann±na½ pana maggadhamm±nampi siy± lokiyat±ti idha lokiyaggahaºa½. Kiñc±pi saªgahitapadameva p±¼iya½ ±gata½, na asaªgahitapada½, ye pana saªg±hakabh±vena vutt±, te saªgahit± na hont²ti aµµhakath±ya½ asaªgahitaggahaºa½ katanti daµµhabba½. Saªkhatoti-±d²su samecca sambhuyya paccayehi katoti saªkhato. Tath±bh³to ca ta½samaªgino puggalassa pubbabh±gacetan±ti mayha½ maggo aµµhaªgiko hotu sattaªgiko v±ti cetitabh±vena cetito. Sahaj±tacetan±yapi cetitova tass± sahak±r²k±raºabh±vato, tato eva pakappito ±y³hito. Paccayehi nipph±ditatt± kato nibbattito ca. Sam±pajjantena attano sant±ne sammadeva ±pajjantena upp±dentena. Iti sattahipi padehi paccayanibbattita½yeva ariyamaggassa dasseti.
Asaªgahito khandh±na½ padeso etassa atth²ti maggo sappadeso. Natthi etesa½ pades±ti khandh± nippades±. Padissati etena samud±yoti hi padeso, avayavo. Ayanti maggo. Sappadesatt± ekadesatt±. Nippadesehi samud±yabh±vato niravasesapadesehi. Yath± nagara½ rajjekadesabh³ta½ tadantogadhatt± rajjena saªgahita½, eva½ ariyamaggo khandhattayekadesabh³to tadantogadhatt± t²hi khandhehi saªgahitoti dasseti “nagara½ viya rajjen±”ti imin±. Saj±titoti sam±naj±tit±ya, sam±nasabh±vatt± ev±ti attho. Ettha ca s²lakkhandho “nava koµisahass±n²”ti-±din± (visuddhi. 1.20; apa. aµµha. 2.55.55; paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.1.37) vuttapabhedavasena ceva sampattasam±d±navirati-±divasena ca gayham±no nippadeso, maggas²la½ pana ±j²vaµµhamakameva samucchedaviratimattamev±ti sappadesa½. Sam±dhikkhandho parittamahaggat±divasena ceva upac±rappan±sam±dhivasena ca anekabhedat±ya nippadeso, maggasam±dhi pana lokuttarova appan±sam±dhi ev±ti sappadeso. Tath± paññ±kkhandho parittamahaggat±divasena ceva sutamayañ±º±divasena ca anekabhedat±ya nippadeso, maggapaññ± pana lokuttar±va, bh±van±may± ev±ti sappades±. Attano dhammat±y±ti sahak±r²k±raºa½ anapekkhitv± attano sabh±vena attano balena appetu½ na sakkoti v²riyena anupatthambhita½, satiy± ca anupaµµhita½. Paggahakiccanti yath± kosajjapakkhe na patit± cittaµµhiti, tath± paggaºhanakicca½. Apil±panakiccanti yath± ±rammaºe na pilavati, eva½ apil±panakicca½.
Ekato j±t±ti sahaj±t±. Piµµhi½ datv± onatasah±yo viya v±y±mo sam±dhissa ±rammaºe appan±ya visesapaccayabh±vato. A½sak³µa½ datv± µhitasah±yo viya sati sam±dhissa ±rammaºe da¼hapavattiy± paccayabh±vato. Kiriyatoti upak±rakiriyato.
¾koµetv±ti ±rammaºa½ ±hanitv±. Tath± hi vitakko “±hananaraso”ti, yog±vacaro ca “kammaµµh±na½ takk±hata½ vitakkapariy±hata½ karot²”ti vuccati. Idh±p²ti samm±diµµhisaªkappesu. Kiriyatoti vuttappak±ra-upak±rakiriyato.
Subhasukh±dinimittagg±havidhamana½ catukiccas±dhana½. Paccayatten±ti sahaj±t±dipaccayabh±vena. Catukiccas±dhanavasenev±ti ida½ maggav²riyasseva gahitabh±vadassana½. Tañhi eka½yeva hutv± catukicca½ yath±vutta-upak±rakasabh±vena ca pariv±raµµhena parikkh±ro hoti. Maggasampayuttadhamm±nanti imin± maggadhamm±nampi gahaºa½, na ta½sampayuttaphass±d²na½yeva. Ekacittakkhaºik±ti maggacittupp±davasena ekacittakkhaºik±.
Sattahi ñ±ºeh²ti paramukka½sagatehi sattahi javanehi sampayuttañ±ºehi, sattahi v± anupassan±ñ±ºehi. ¾dito sevan± ±sevan±, tato para½ va¹¹han± bh±van±, punappuna½ karaºa½ bahul²kammanti adhipp±yen±ha “aññena citten±”ti-±di. Adhipp±yavasena niddh±retv± gahetabbattha½ sutta½ neyyattha½. Yath±rutavasena gahetabbattha½ n²tattha½. Eva½ santeti yadi ida½ sutta½ n²tattha½, ±sevan±di ca visu½ visu½ cittehi hoti, eva½ sante. ¾sevan±di n±ma cittassa anekav±ra½ uppattiy± hoti na ekav±ramev±ti ±ha “eka½ cittan”ti-±di. Tatr±ya½ saªkhepattho– ±sevan±vasena pavattam±na½ citta½ sucirampi k±la½ ±sevan±vaseneva pavatteyya, tath± bh±van±bahul²kammavasena pavattam±n±nipi, na cettha ettak±neva citt±ni ±sevan±vasena pavattanti, ettak±ni bh±van±vasena, bahul²kammavasen±ti niyamo labbhati. Iti anekacittakkhaºika-ariyamagga½ vadantassa dunniv±riyov±ya½ doso. Yath± pana pubbabh±gepi n±n±cittesu pavattapariññ±dikicc±na½ samm±diµµhi-±d²na½ paµivedhak±le yath±raha½ catukiccas±dhana½, ekacittakkhaºik± ca pavatti, eva½ vipassan±ya pavatt±bhisaªkh±ravasena ±sevan±bh±van±bahul²kamm±ni paµivedhak±le ekacittakkhaºik±neva hont²ti vadant±na½ ±cariy±na½ na koci doso ±sevan±d²hi k±tabbakiccassa tad± ekacittakkhaºeyeva sijjhanato. Ten±ha “ekacittakkhaºik±v±”ti-±di. Sace sañj±n±t²ti sace saññatti½ gacchati. Y±gu½ piv±h²ti uyyojetabbo dhammas±kacch±ya abhabbabh±vatoti adhipp±yo.