Sañj±n±ti vij±n±t²ti ettha “paj±n±t²”ti pada½ ±netv± vattabba½ paj±nanavasenapi visesassa vakkham±natt±. J±n±t²ti aya½ saddo ca laddatoyevettha aviseso, atthato pana visesato icchitabbo. Anekatthatt± hi dh±t³na½ tena ±khy±tapadena n±mapadena ca vuttamattha½ upasaggapada½ jotakabh±vena viseseti, na v±cakabh±vena. Ten±ha “tassapi j±nanatthe viseso veditabbo”ti Etena saññ±viññ±ºapaññ±pad±ni antogadhaj±nanatthe yath±saka½ visiµµhavisaye ca niµµh±n²ti dasseti. Tenev±ha “saññ± h²”ti-±di. Sañj±nanamattamev±ti ettha matta-saddena visesanivatti-atthena vij±nanapaj±nan±k±re nivatteti, eva-saddena kad±cipi imiss± te vises± natthev±ti avadh±reti. Tenev±ha “anicca½ dukkhan”ti-±di. Tattha viññ±ºakiccampi k±tu½ asakkont² saññ± kuto paññ±kicca½ kareyy±ti “lakkhaºapaµivedha½ p±petu½ na sakkoti”cceva vutta½, na vutta½ “maggap±tubh±van”ti.
¾rammaºe pavattam±na½ viññ±ºa½ na saññ± viya n²lap²t±dimattasañj±nanavasena pavattati, atha kho tattha aññampi t±disa½ visesa½ j±nantameva pavattat²ti ±ha “viññ±ºan”ti-±di. Katha½ pana viññ±ºa½ lakkhaºapaµivedha½ p±pet²ti? Paññ±ya dassitamaggena. Lakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan±ya hi anekav±ra½ lakkhaº±ni paµivijjhitv± pavattam±n±ya paguºabh±vato paricayavasena ñ±ºavippayuttacittenapi vipassan± sambhavati, yath± ta½ paguºassa ganthassa ajjhayane tattha tattha gat±pi v±r± na upadh±r²yanti. “Lakkhaºapaµivedhan”ti ca lakkhaº±na½ ±rammaºakaraºamatta½ sandh±ya vutta½, na paµivijjhana½. Ussakkitv±ti udayabbayañ±º±diñ±ºapaµip±µiy± ±rabhitv±. Maggap±tubh±va½ p±petu½ na sakkoti asambodhasabh±vatt±. ¾rammaºampi sañj±n±ti avabujjhanavaseneva, na sañj±nanamattena. Tath± lakkhaºapaµivedhampi p±peti, na vij±nanamattena, attano pana aññ±s±dh±raºena ±nubh±vena ussakkitv± maggap±tubh±vampi p±peti.
Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha aj±tabuddh²ti asañj±tabyavah±rabuddhi. Upabhogaparibhoganti upabhogaparibhog±raha½, upabhogaparibhogavatth³na½ paµil±bhayogganti attho. K³µoti kah±paºapatir³pako tambaka½s±dimayo. Chekoti mah±s±ro. Karatoti a¹¹has±ro. Saºhoti muduj±tiko samas±ro. Iti-saddo ±di-attho. Tena p±das±raparop±das±ra-a¹¹has±r±d²na½ saªgaho. J±nanto ca pana na½ r³pa½ disv±pi…pe… asuk±cariyena katotipi j±n±ti tath± heraññikaganthassa suggahitatt±. Evamevanti-±di upam±sa½sandana½. Saññ±vibh±ga½ akatv± piº¹avaseneva ±rammaºassa gahaºato d±rakassa kah±paºadassanasadis± vutt±. Tath± hi s± yath±-upaµµhitavisayapadaµµh±n± vuccati. Viññ±ºa½ ±rammaºe ekaccavisesaggahaºasamatthabh±vato g±mikapurisakah±paºadassanasadisa½ vutta½. Paññ± pana ±rammaºe anavases±vabodhato heraññikakah±paºadassanasadis± vutt±. Nesanti saññ±viññ±ºapaññ±na½ Visesoti sabh±vaviseso. Duppaµivijjho pakatipaññ±ya. Imin±va nesa½ accantasukhumata½ dasseti.
Ek±rammaºe pavattam±n±nanti ekasmi½yeva ±rammaºe pavattam±n±na½. Tena abhinnavisay±bhinnak±lat±dassanena avinibbhogavuttita½ vibh±vento duppaµivijjhata½yeva ulliªgeti. Vavatth±nanti asaªkarato µhapana½. Aya½ phasso…pe… ida½ cittanti nidassanamattameta½. Iti-saddo v± ±di-attho. Tena sesadhamm±nampi saªgaho daµµhabbo. Idanti ar³p²na½ dhamm±na½ vavatth±nakaraºa½. Tatoti ya½ vutta½ tilatel±di-uddharaºa½, tato. Yadi dukkaratara½, katha½ tanti ±ha “bhagav± pan±”ti-±di.
451. Nissaµen±ti nikkhantena ata½sambandhena. Pariccatten±ti pariccattasadisena paccayabh±v±nupagamanena paccayuppannasambandh±bh±vato. Nissakkavacana½ ap±d±nad²panato. Karaºavacana½ kattu-atthad²panato. K±m±vacaramanoviññ±ºa½ na niyamato “ida½ n±ma pañcadv±rik±sambandh±”ti sakk± vattu½, r³p±vacaraviññ±ºa½ pana na tath±ti, tasseva pañcahi indriyehi nissaµat± vutt±ti ±ha “r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nacitten±”ti. Catutthajjh±naggahaºa½ tasseva ar³p±vacarassa padaµµh±nabh±vato. Parisuddhen±ti visesato asa½kilesikatt±va. Tañhi vigat³pakkilesat±ya visesato parisuddha½. Ten±ha “nirupakkilesen±”ti. J±nitabba½ neyya½, saparasant±nesu ida½ atisaya½ j±nitabbato bujjhitabba½ bodhetabba½ v±ti attho. Neyyanti v± attano sant±ne netabba½ pavattetabbanti attho. Ten±ha “nibbattetu½ sakk± hoti. Ettha µhitassa hi s± ijjhat²”ti. P±µiyekkanti visu½ visu½, anupadadhammavasen±ti attho. Abhinives±bh±vatoti vipassan±bhinivesassa asambhavato. Kal±pato nayatoti kal±pasammasanasaªkh±tato nayavipassanato. Bhikkhunoti s±vakassa. S±vakasseva hi tatra anupadadhammavipassan± na sambhavati, na satthu. Ten±ha “tasm±”ti-±di. Vissajjes²ti tappaµibaddhachandar±gappah±nena pajahati.
Hatthagatatt±ti hatthagatasadisatt±, ±sannatt±ti attho. Yad± hi lokan±tho bodhim³le apar±jitapallaªke nisinno– “kiccha½ vat±ya½ loko ±panno”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.57; sa½. ni. 2.4, 10) paµiccasamupp±damukhena vipassan±bhinivesa½ katv± adhigantabbasabbaññutaññ±º±nur³pa½ chatti½sakoµisahassamukhena mah±vajirañ±ºa½ n±ma mah±bodhisattasammasana½ pavattento anek±k±rasam±pattidhammasammasane anupadameva nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanadhammepi apar±para½ sammasi. Ten±ha “bhagav± pan±”ti-±di. Paropaññ±s±ti dvepaññ±sa½. K±mañcettha keci dhamm± vedan±dayo phassapañcamak±d²su vutt±pi jh±nakoµµh±s±d²supi saªgahit±, ta½ta½paccayabh±vavisiµµhena pana atthavisesena dhammantar±ni viya hont²ti eva½ vutta½. Tath± hi lokuttaracittupp±desu navindriyat± vuccati. Aªguddh±ren±ti tattha labbham±najh±naªgabojjhaªgamaggaªg±na½ uddharaºena. Aªga-saddo v± koµµh±sapariy±yo, tasm± aªguddh±ren±ti phassapañcamak±dikoµµh±s±na½ samuddharaºena. Y±vat± saññ±sam±pattiyoti yattak± saññ±sahagat± jh±nasam±pattiyo, t±hi vuµµh±ya adhigandhabbatt± t±vatik± veneyy±na½ aññ±paµivedho arahattasamadhigamo.
Dassanapariº±yakaµµhen±ti andhassa yaµµhikoµi½ gahetv± maggadesako viya dhamm±na½ yath±sabh±vadassanasaªkh±tena pariº±yakabh±vena. Yath± v± so tassa cakkhubh³to, eva½ satt±na½ paññ±. Ten±ha “cakkhubh³t±ya paññ±y±”ti. Sam±dhisampayutt± paññ± sam±dhipaññ±. Sam±dhi cettha ±ruppasam±dh²ti vadanti, sammasanapayogo pana koci jh±nasam±dh²ti yutta½. Vipassan±bh³t± paññ± vipassan±paññ±. Sam±dhipaññ±ya antosam±pattiya½ kiccato paj±n±ti, “sam±hito yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²”ti pana vacanato (sa½. ni. 3.5; 4.99-100; 3.5.1071-1072; netti. 40; mi. pa. 2.1.14) asammohato paj±n±ti. Tattha kiccatoti gocarajjhatte ±rammaºakaraºakiccato. Asammohatoti sampayuttadhammesu sammohavidhamanato yath± p²tipaµisa½vedan±d²su. Kimatthiy±ti ki½payojan±ti ±ha “ko etiss± attho”ti. Abhiññeyye dhammeti y±th±vasarasalakkhaº±vabodhavasena abhimukha½ ñeyye j±nitabbe khandh±yatan±didhamme. Abhij±n±t²ti salakkhaºato s±maññalakkhaºato ca abhimukha½ avirajjhanavasena j±n±ti. Etena ñ±tapariññ±by±p±ram±ha. Pariññeyyeti anicc±tipi dukkh±tipi anatt±tipi paricchijja j±nitabbe. Parij±n±t²ti “ya½ kiñci r³pa½…pe… anicca½ khayaµµhen±”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 1.48) paricchinditv± j±n±ti. Imin± t²raºapariññ±by±p±ram±ha. Pah±tabbe dhammeti niccasaññ±dike y±va arahattamaggavajjh± sabbe p±padhamme. Pajahati pakaµµhato jahati, vikkhambheti ceva samucchindati c±ti attho. Imin± pah±napariññ±by±p±ram±ha. S± panes± paññ± lokiy±pi tippak±r± lokuttar±pi, t±sa½ visesa½ sayamev±ha. Kiccatoti abhij±nanavasena ±rammaºakiccato. Asammohatoti yath±bala½ abhiññeyy±d²su sammohavidhamanato. Nibb±nam±rammaºa½ katv± pavattanato abhiññeyy±d²su vigatasammohato ev±ti ±ha “lokuttar± asammohato”ti.
452. Kammassakat± samm±diµµhi ca vaµµanissitatt± idha n±dhippet±, vivaµµakath± hes±ti vutta½ “vipassan±samm±diµµhiy± ca maggasamm±diµµhiy± c±”ti. Parato ghosoti parato satthuto, s±vakato v± labbham±no dhammaghoso. Ten±ha “sapp±yadhammassavanan”ti. Tañhi samm±diµµhiy± paccayo bhavitu½ sakkoti, na yo koci paratoghoso. Up±yamanasik±roti yena n±mar³papariggah±di sijjhati, t±diso pathamanasik±ro. Ayañca samm±diµµhiy± paccayoti niyamapakkhiko, na sabbasa½g±hakoti dassento “paccekabuddh±na½ pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Yonisomanasik±rasmi½yev±ti avadh±raºena paratoghosameva nivatteti, na padaµµh±navisesa½ paµiyog²nivattanatthatt± eva-saddassa.
Laddhupak±r±ti (a. ni. µ². 3.5.25) yath±raha½ nissay±divasena laddhapaccay±. Vipassan±samm±diµµhiy± anuggahitabh±vena gahitatt± maggasamm±diµµh²su ca arahattamaggasamm±diµµhi, anantarassa hi vidhi, paµisedho v±. Aggaphalasam±dhimhi tapparikkh±radhammesuyeva ca kevalo cetopariy±yo niru¼hoti samm±diµµh²ti arahattamaggasamm±diµµhi. Phalakkhaºeti anantare k±lantare c±ti duvidhe phalakkhaºe. Paµippassaddhivasena sabbasa½kilesehi ceto vimuccati et±y±ti cetovimutti, aggaphalapañña½ µhapetv± avases± phaladhamm±. Ten±ha “cetovimutti phala½ ass±ti. Cetovimuttisaªkh±ta½ phala½ ±nisa½so”ti, sabbasa½kilesehi cetaso vimuccanasaªkh±ta½ paµippassambhanasaññita½ pah±na½ phala½ ±nisa½so c±ti yojan±. Idha ca cetovimutti-saddena pah±namatta½ gahita½, pubbe pah±yakadhamm±, aññath± phaladhamm± eva ±nisa½soti gayham±ne punavacana½ niratthaka½ siy±.
Paññ±vimuttiphal±nisa½s±ti etth±pi evameva attho veditabbo. Samm±v±c±kammant±j²v± s²lasabh±vatt± visesato sam±dhissa upak±r±, tath± samm±saªkappo jh±nasabh±vatt±. Tath± hi so “appan±”ti niddiµµho. Samm±satisamm±v±y±m± pana sam±dhipakkhiy± ev±ti ±ha “avases± dhamm± cetovimutt²ti veditabb±”ti. Catup±risuddhis²lanti ariyamagg±dhigamassa padaµµh±nabh³ta½ catup±risuddhis²la½. Sut±d²supi eseva nayo. Attano cittappavatti-±rocanavasena saha kathana½ sa½kath±, sa½kath±va s±kacch±. Idha pana kammaµµh±napaµibaddh±ti ±ha “kammaµµh±ne…pe… kath±”ti. Tattha kammaµµh±nassa ekav±ra½ v²thiy± appaµipajjana½ khalana½, anekav±ra½ pakkhalana½, tadubhayassa vicchedan²kath± khalanapakkhalanachedanakath±. P³rentass±ti vivaµµanissita½ katv± p±lentassa br³hentassa ca. Suºantass±ti “yath±-uggahitakammaµµh±na½ ph±ti½ gamissat²”ti eva½ suºantassa. Teneva hi “sapp±yadhammassavanan”ti vutta½. Kamma½ karontass±ti bh±van±nuyogakamma½ karontassa.